Fad Dieting

Uploaded by famsciEIU on 25.06.2010

[no dialogue].
My name is Tiffany Cavaretto, and I'm a graduate dietetics
nutrition student at Eastern Illinois University.
Today, I want to talk to you about fad diets.
A fad diet is a diet that becomes popular very quickly
and just as quickly falls out of popularity.
There are many ways that you can recognize a fad diet.
A fad diet often makes claims that are too good to be true,
such as lose 10 pounds in two days.
It also promises a quick fix or makes recommendations
based on a single study.
Fad diets also may eliminate one or more of the five food groups
and may label foods as good or bad and it may have
complex rules or guidelines for you to follow.
There are many examples of fad diets out there, but today
I want to highlight specifically three of them
and I will explain what the premise of the diet is,
the pros and cons of the diet, and why it is a fad diet.
The first I'd like to talk about is the Atkins diet.
I have the book right here, you can still get it today.
The book was written by Dr. Robert Atkins in the 1970s
but the diet didn't become popular until 2003 and 2004.
It's a low-carbohydrate diet with four phases with the first
being the most restrictive, only allowing 20 grams of
carbohydrates per day.
As a person goes through the phases of the diet,
they gradually add in more carbohydrates only to the
point where weight is maintained.
The pros of the Atkins diet are that it does help the person
lose weight and improve their health, but the cons far
outweigh the pros because it's a very high-fat diet and
it relies on ketosis for weight loss, which is the process of
the body using fat for energy instead of carbohydrates.
It is unclear what the long-term effects of ketosis are on the
body because many organs have to work very hard
in order to sustain the process.
The Atkins diet is considered a fad diet because it
labels carbohydrates as bad.
The next item I want to talk about is the cabbage soup diet,
and I have a printout from the internet about
what the guidelines are.
It is a seven-day meal plan that incorporates homemade cabbage
soup daily with different foods each day such as bananas,
other fruit, vegetables, meat, brown rice, milk, and tomatoes.
The pros of the cabbage soup diet are that it does help
people lose weight quickly and the cabbage, broccoli,
and cauliflower in the soup do help prevent cancer and
it also helps people to curb their junk food eating habits.
There are several cons to the diet though, however.
It's very bland, it promotes gas, it is very high in sodium,
and it doesn't help people to learn long-term
weight maintenance strategies.
The cabbage soup diet is considered a fad diet because
it is very restrictive and only has certain guidelines
of what you can do on certain days and it does have you
lose weight really quickly.
The last item I want to talk about is the zone diet,
and I have the book right here.
It was written by Dr. Barry Sears, and it incorporates
nutrient ratios of 40% carbohydrate, 30% fat,
and 30% protein in every meal.
The pros of the diet are that it does help people lose
weight and it does incorporate balance of having
carbohydrate and protein and fat in every meal and snack.
The cons of the diet, however, are that it is very complex
and hard to understand because there's many ratios and
percentages which make it hard to incorporate in
practical terms in everyday life.
And also people have difficulty eating with their friends and
family because they have such a structured meal plan,
and it doesn't promote excercise.
The zone diet is a fad diet because it has very complex
rules and guidelines.
So I have these examples that I showed you already of the
diets but this is a book that I read for a class
called the Paleo Diet.
This essentially tells you to eat like a caveman by
incorporating lean meats, fruits, and vegetables while
eliminating the grain and dairy products groups.
And that's precisely why this book is a fad diet in the
diet plan because it does eliminate the two food groups.
So in conclusion, some diet plans incorporate slow steady
weight loss, they emphasize moderation and variety, and
they do not focus on a single food or eliminate any
of the five food groups.
Let the dieter beware.