The Spangler Effect - Egg in a Bottle Season 01 Episode 24


Uploaded by TheSpanglerEffect on 01.08.2012

Transcript:
STEVE SPANGLER: All right.
Well, today is a good day.
My chemistry teacher is coming over.
I know the secret to get him over here.
I want to show him a demo.
All I have do is put a lot of food out, and
everything is just fine.
So mix up a little bit of this for lunch.
This is a variation of something he taught me
over 25 years ago.
The old is forever new.
And chances are he'll have no memory that he taught me this
25 years ago.
[MUSIC PLAYING]
STEVE SPANGLER: I'm Steve Spangler.
And I'm all about making science fun.
For the last 20 years, I've been teaching ways to turn
ordinary science experiments into unforgettable learning
experiences.
I have an amazing team who will do whatever it takes to
affect the way people think about science.
And to do that, I live by one motto, make it big, do it
right, give it class.
[MUSIC PLAYING]
STEVE SPANGLER: Oh, here he is, my first chemistry teacher
ever, the amazing Doug Houdus.
DOUG HOUDUS: Hi, Steve.
How are you?
Geez, where is--
I thought you said we were having lunch?
STEVE SPANGLER: Yeah.
And I thought you were going to be here two hours ago.
Did the home, the nursing home bus not pick
you up on time or--
DOUG HOUDUS: Well, what day is this?
STEVE SPANGLER: Thank you.
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
I thought this was Thursday.
STEVE SPANGLER: Oh my god This is going to be a long taping.
Here's what I'd like you to do.
I have got a new demo for you that I thought it would be fun
to show you.
DOUG HOUDUS: Oh, excellent.
STEVE SPANGLER: I just made it a little bit bigger in size.
So, here, watch this.
So it uses an Erlenmeyer flask.
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
STEVE SPANGLER: And of course, safe science.
DOUG HOUDUS: Oh, you always have to
have your safety glasses.
STEVE SPANGLER: Put your safety glasses on.
Isn't it weird that I'm now telling you this?
Isn't that strange?
DOUG HOUDUS: I think it's great.
STEVE SPANGLER: All right.
So here's what we're going to do.
There's fire, and then there's a balloon.
So instead of doing the classic way,
this is a water balloon.
Got it?
DOUG HOUDUS: Uh-huh.
STEVE SPANGLER: So the object is to put the water balloon in
the bottle.
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
STEVE SPANGLER: So here's how we get the water balloon in
the bottle.
We have to have paper here.
So you can light the paper on fire.
I know you're pretty excited about this.
But you get to be in charge of this.
OK.
DOUG HOUDUS: Wow.
I love fire.
I--
STEVE SPANGLER: In today's day and age, this
is how we make fires.
This is--
DOUG HOUDUS: We don't need a match.
STEVE SPANGLER: This is a little stick that you squeeze,
like magic, fire comes out.
All right.
So you're ready?
All right.
So light it up.
DOUG HOUDUS: You really want to get a good,
good flame, like this.
STEVE SPANGLER: Yeah.
There you go.
So a good flame that goes down inside.
Nice.
DOUG HOUDUS: Put that in there.
Oh, perfect.
STEVE SPANGLER: So this goes here like this.
DOUG HOUDUS: Oh, look at it vibrate.
STEVE SPANGLER: All over the [INAUDIBLE].
Good.
Here it goes.
All right.
Come on baby.
Come on.
[POP]
DOUG HOUDUS: Oh, wow.
STEVE SPANGLER: Yes.
That's good, huh?
DOUG HOUDUS: That's really good.
STEVE SPANGLER: Because it's visual.
It's huge for an audience.
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
It's bigger.
I never had a flask like this.
Where did you get a flask like this?
STEVE SPANGLER: Actually, from your lab, so that's why you
didn't have a flask like that.
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
STEVE SPANGLER: You know, right before you retired--
DOUG HOUDUS: I was just wondering.
STEVE SPANGLER: --obviously, that came to you.
Now it's mine.
DOUG HOUDUS: I was wondering if we could do it--
STEVE SPANGLER: When you had your--
DOUG HOUDUS: -- the old traditional one.
STEVE SPANGLER: -- that's all you had.
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
But I think everybody would like to see the traditional
one with the egg going into the bottle.
Is that possible?
STEVE SPANGLER: It's pretty easy.
You just take an egg and put it in the bottle.
DOUG HOUDUS: Ohh, no, no, no.
STEVE SPANGLER: How hard is that?
DOUG HOUDUS: What I want you to see is this.
And don't take your eyes away from it.
I want you see that egg actually going bla, la, loo,
loo, loo, a little fluttering.
STEVE SPANGLER: How does that go?
DOUG HOUDUS: Bla, la, loo, loo, loo.
Can you do that?
STEVE SPANGLER: No.
I can't.
DOUG HOUDUS: [INAUDIBLE].
STEVE SPANGLER: OK.
And what is the fluttering action that we're seeing?
DOUG HOUDUS: Well, let's actually see
how this takes place.
STEVE SPANGLER: All right.
DOUG HOUDUS: And then we want do the experiment of course
first and the explanation second.
STEVE SPANGLER: You know what this is?
This is a fuse--
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
STEVE SPANGLER: -- so that you'll get going with this.
All right.
DOUG HOUDUS: Gotta get it going.
OK.
Now watch this.
STEVE SPANGLER: Good.
Good.
[POP]
DOUG HOUDUS: It didn't flutter.
STEVE SPANGLER: It didn't?
There was a little bit of flutter.
I saw that.
DOUG HOUDUS: No, there was not.
STEVE SPANGLER: Video will show there was a little
fluttering.
DOUG HOUDUS: Watch this.
STEVE SPANGLER: Good.
[GROWLING SOUND]
[POP]
DOUG HOUDUS: It didn't flutter.
STEVE SPANGLER: It didn't?
There is a little bit of flutter.
I saw that--
DOUG HOUDUS: No, there was not.
STEVE SPANGLER: Video will show there was a little
fluttering.
And I liked your way of getting it in.
So, again, just as a quick review.
The hot air that was inside, as soon as you put the fire
that goes down inside, you now have all that
air that heats up.
As the air heats up, just as we saw with the balloon and a
little bit with this, you see the air escaping
from the very top.
Then when the fire goes out, that warm air inside begins to
cool, contract.
And the outside air pressure pushes the
egg into the bottle.
DOUG HOUDUS: Well, the gravity, also,
because the egg has mass.
And why I was trying to get a little bit more
fluttering in there--
STEVE SPANGLER: Did you just say gravity to me?
Yes, the egg will fall into the bottle.
But don't you think the air is pushing it in more than
gravity is pulling it down?
Here let's see how well--
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
STEVE SPANGLER: -- gravity works.
DOUG HOUDUS: Wait.
STEVE SPANGLER: Let's just sit here and wait for gravity.
Hmmm.
Wonder how well gravity is doing?
DOUG HOUDUS: No.
STEVE SPANGLER: All that gravity is pretty good.
DOUG HOUDUS: No.
Yeah.
You were right.
STEVE SPANGLER: Doug, I got another way to put the egg
inside the bottle.
It's the upside down egg in the bottle.
DOUG HOUDUS: No, it won't work.
STEVE SPANGLER: It is.
Watch this.
DOUG HOUDUS: No, un-uh.
STEVE SPANGLER: So new Erlenmeyer flask.
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
STEVE SPANGLER: Got it.
And let's find an egg this time that actually seals all
the way around.
All right.
DOUG HOUDUS: [INAUDIBLE].
STEVE SPANGLER: So why don't we look and see if this--
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
STEVE SPANGLER: You just want to make sure there's a seal
all the way around.
OK.
Perfect.
In fact, that would be even better.
OK.
So now watch.
So now instead of putting paper inside because you got
to warm up the air inside.
You--
DOUG HOUDUS: Absolutely.
STEVE SPANGLER: -- want the air to escape.
So now we just simply put birthday candles
down inside like this.
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
Got it.
STEVE SPANGLER: So here's a little birthday candle.
And here's your birthday candle.
DOUG HOUDUS: Can I light it this time, Steve?
STEVE SPANGLER: Yes.
DOUG HOUDUS: All right.
STEVE SPANGLER: OK.
Here we go.
Ready?
DOUG HOUDUS: All right.
STEVE SPANGLER: This goes over the top.
Watch how it works.
It's here like this.
DOUG HOUDUS: So we're going to heat that air up inside again.
STEVE SPANGLER: [INAUDIBLE] air like this.
Watch.
See the fluttering?
DOUG HOUDUS: [INAUDIBLE] the air.
STEVE SPANGLER: Watch when it goes out.
It's going to go out.
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah?
[POP]
DOUG HOUDUS: Amazing.
STEVE SPANGLER: Ta-da!
DOUG HOUDUS: So the air heated up.
STEVE SPANGLER: Upside down egg in the bottle.
Pops up.
You could actually feel the little fluttering
that's going on.
DOUG HOUDUS: So I guess maybe it's just the air heating up
instead of the gravity doing it.
STEVE SPANGLER: I don't think gravity has anything to do
with this, Doug.
It's not--
DOUG HOUDUS: [INAUDIBLE].
STEVE SPANGLER: -- a gravity thing.
Why did you say gravity?
DOUG HOUDUS: I just wanted to say gravity.
STEVE SPANGLER: I don't know why you would say gravity.
DOUG HOUDUS: I [INAUDIBLE]
STEVE SPANGLER: We got to get the egg out.
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
STEVE SPANGLER: And the way you get the egg out is you
just take a knife, and you kind of cut it up inside--
DOUG HOUDUS: No, no, no.
We don't want to do that.
That's not a scientific way of doing it.
Remember, we had a decrease in air pressure, OK, and that
made the egg actually fall in or get sucked into the bottle.
Now we want to is just the opposite.
STEVE SPANGLER: I'm so proud.
That's exactly what was on the script, and he remembered.
DOUG HOUDUS: We're both going to blow into the bottle.
STEVE SPANGLER: Right.
DOUG HOUDUS: And we're going to create extra air in here,
extra air pressure--
STEVE SPANGLER: So you push the air that's in here.
DOUG HOUDUS: -- and that's going to blow it out.
STEVE SPANGLER: Yeah.
And then air comes out.
DOUG HOUDUS: But what happens if we get the egg caught in
our throat?
STEVE SPANGLER: I don't know.
You choke.
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
But does anybody in here know the Heimlich Maneuver?
STEVE SPANGLER: Oh, I do.
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
But you'll be doing the egg.
STEVE SPANGLER: I'll help you.
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
STEVE SPANGLER: I've got your back.
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
You got me back?
STEVE SPANGLER: Yeah.
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
STEVE SPANGLER: So you're ready?
This is a race?
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
Wait.
Three, two--
STEVE SPANGLER: OK, I say, three, two, one, go.
OK?
Ready?
Three, two, one, go.
[SWOOSH]
STEVE SPANGLER: Oh, perfect.
And this is my egg right out of there.
The most amazing thing that can happen along the--
oh, oh, I'm sorry.
DOUG HOUDUS: Ahh.
Ohh.
Oh, my own student saved my life.
Oh, I am so thankful you were here, Steve.
You are my hero.
Give me five.
Oh.
STEVE SPANGLER: I think it's going well.
Here's what I'm afraid.
In all the kind of having fun, that we might have missed the
actual science behind this.
So let's do it again using what people would normally
probably use.
DOUG HOUDUS: [INAUDIBLE].
STEVE SPANGLER: In fact, I have to tell you that this
technique was really shared by Don Herbert, so Mr. Wizard
shared it with me in about 1997 or 1998 at Sacred Heart
University when he was doing a presentation.
He said that over the years that he found that a water
balloon worked even better than that.
So I made this water balloon.
Of course, it's bigger, and it would be impossible to push it
in the bottle.
One of the reasons why is because there's
air inside the bottle.
So when you push down like this, you can't get it down
inside the bottle.
DOUG HOUDUS: You're forcing the air.
STEVE SPANGLER: Correct.
So the object here is this, is if we use the fire here like
this, and we heat it up, as you heat up the air, the
molecules will move away from each other.
It forces the hot air out.
That's the fluttering that you said that you saw before.
And then when it cools down, as soon as this goes out, you
see, it cools down, the air contracts, and the outside air
pressure kind of pushes down inside.
DOUG HOUDUS: That air goes up 30 miles, and
it's pushing down.
STEVE SPANGLER: Tremendous amount.
And the other secret here is sometimes I'll get this a
little wet just so that it will slip past here a little
bit easier.
DOUG HOUDUS: That's an [INAUDIBLE] idea.
STEVE SPANGLER: That's kind of what's going on there.
You handle the fire.
DOUG HOUDUS: I will.
STEVE SPANGLER: And we'll do it together.
Ready?
DOUG HOUDUS: All right.
STEVE SPANGLER: So this goes in.
We're going to get this burning pretty well because we
need to have that fire down inside.
And you'll actually see the fluttering here.
So this goes in.
DOUG HOUDUS: We want to heat up that air
inside really good.
STEVE SPANGLER: So listen, hear the fluttering?
[BANG]
DOUG HOUDUS: Whoa.
Wow.
STEVE SPANGLER: Bam.
Isn't that a great one?
DOUG HOUDUS: That is excellent.
I think much more dramatic.
STEVE SPANGLER: Now the kicker here is getting it out.
Using the egg, you can kind of blow in and
kind of get it out.
But I have not found good success this way.
And it's fun to have people try to do it like this, so
it's almost like a bet.
DOUG HOUDUS: Oh, yeah.
STEVE SPANGLER: Can you get the balloon out?
DOUG HOUDUS: You're creating a slight vacuum back here when
you're doing that.
STEVE SPANGLER: Right.
So I could say, I'll give you $20 if you can get the balloon
out of the bottle.
DOUG HOUDUS: How about $100?
STEVE SPANGLER: How about $20?
All right.
So how would you do that, Doug?
DOUG HOUDUS: I think if you had something like a straw,
you could actually put it along the side here.
STEVE SPANGLER: Look at what your star student has.
DOUG HOUDUS: Wow.
STEVE SPANGLER: A straw.
DOUG HOUDUS: Where did you get that at?
STEVE SPANGLER: Watch this.
So here we go.
We push this down here like this.
DOUG HOUDUS: Yes.
STEVE SPANGLER: All your--
[SHHHHH]
STEVE SPANGLER: Did you hear that little shhhh there?
DOUG HOUDUS: Yes.
STEVE SPANGLER: So now watch.
If we stick a straw down inside like this.
OK.
And this is here.
DOUG HOUDUS: Ahhh.
You're going to avoid that vacuum creation, huh.
STEVE SPANGLER: So now if we pull like this, we should be
able to let the air come in and the balloon come out.
[POP]
STEVE SPANGLER: Ahh.
DOUG HOUDUS: Don't you just love science?
STEVE SPANGLER: Isn't that good?
But there's something you need to know.
You don't have to use fire to get the egg into the bottle.
Here's the solution, 320 degrees below zero.
So we had heat.
This time why don't we go to extreme cold.
And this is perfect.
So this is our bath of liquid nitrogen.
And unlike using the other bottles that we were playing
with before, you have to use an Erlenmeyer
flask for this one.
Got it?
DOUG HOUDUS: That's because it won't crack.
STEVE SPANGLER: So here's what we're going to do with this.
If we got it hot on the first time, and it forced the air
out, and then when it cooled down, the outside pressure
pushed it in, why don't we start with the air at room
temperature, put this on top, and submerge it in here, get
it cold, and see if the contraction will allow that to
push it in?
DOUG HOUDUS: So we're going to see if some of those molecules
will actually come a little bit closer,
creating a partial vacuum.
STEVE SPANGLER: All right.
You're ready?
This goes on top here like this.
And now we put it in the liquid nitrogen like this.
Make sure that we've got a good seal.
It's getting colder.
It's getting colder.
Doug, it's working.
DOUG HOUDUS: It is.
STEVE SPANGLER: Bam.
DOUG HOUDUS: Excellent.
STEVE SPANGLER: That is how to get the egg--
DOUG HOUDUS: Very, very cool.
STEVE SPANGLER: -- in the bottle.
Isn't that cool?
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
STEVE SPANGLER: Sticking to the bottle.
[BANG, BANG]
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah, it is.
Maybe because it's cold.
STEVE SPANGLER: There it is, bingo.
Here's a cool thing.
You could possibly get the egg back out of the bottle.
You have to warm this part of it up.
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
STEVE SPANGLER: Do you do pretty good clucking?
Can you go [CLUCKS LIKE ?
CHICKEN].
DOUG HOUDUS: Do I have to scratch while I'm doing that?
STEVE SPANGLER: Can you do--
DOUG HOUDUS: [CLUCKS LIKE A CHICKEN].
STEVE SPANGLER: Hold on to this.
Hold onto this.
And just make chicken sounds.
Hold on right here.
DOUG HOUDUS: [CLUCKS LIKE A CHICKEN]
STEVE SPANGLER: OK.
Hold onto it.
You can do it.
DOUG HOUDUS: OK.
We've got to warm this up and increase the
pressure, right at this--
STEVE SPANGLER: Just warm it up.
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
STEVE SPANGLER: Use our hands.
Warm it.
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
Use your hands.
STEVE SPANGLER: Come on.
Come on.
[CLUCKING LIKE CHICKENS]
DOUG HOUDUS: Maybe if I scratch a little bit.
[CLUCKING LIKE CHICKENS]
STEVE SPANGLER: Come on.
Do it harder.
[CLUCKING LIKE CHICKENS]
STEVE SPANGLER: Ahh.
DOUG HOUDUS: It did--
[COUGHS].
STEVE SPANGLER: Isn't that great?
Are you OK?
DOUG HOUDUS: Yeah.
I have a cold, see.
STEVE SPANGLER: This is your lunch.
DOUG HOUDUS: Wait a minute.
STEVE SPANGLER: There you go.
There's your lunch.
DOUG HOUDUS: Thank you.
STEVE SPANGLER: Thank you.
DOUG HOUDUS: This is what I came here for?
STEVE SPANGLER: Oh, guess what I hear right now?
Beep, beep.
Oh, that's the bus.
The bus is here.
DOUG HOUDUS: Oh, it is?
Will I be going back to the home?
STEVE SPANGLER: [SINGING]
The wheels on the bus go round and round--
DOUG HOUDUS: [SINGING]
Round and round--
STEVE SPANGLER: Goodbye, Doug.
See you later.
DOUG HOUDUS: -- and the wipers on the--
STEVE SPANGLER: Bye-bye.
DOUG HOUDUS: Bye-bye.
STEVE SPANGLER: Bye-bye.
DOUG HOUDUS: See you again.
STEVE SPANGLER: Thank you.
I think that went pretty well.

[MUSIC PLAYING]
STEVE SPANGLER: Oh, my goodness.
DOUG HOUDUS: It's on fire now.
It's still on fire.
STEVE SPANGLER: The [BLEEP]
are you thinking?
DOUG HOUDUS: Well, he said he wanted a good fire.
STEVE SPANGLER: Yeah.
DOUG HOUDUS: I'm going to hold this piece of [BLEEP]
in my hand--