Bon Jovi - Wiki Article

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Bon Jovi Bon Jovi is an American rock band from Sayreville, New Jersey. Formed in 1983,
Bon Jovi consists of lead singer and namesake Jon Bon Jovi (John Francis Bongiovi, Jr.),
guitarist Richie Sambora, keyboardist David Bryan, drummer Tico Torres. The band's lineup
has remained mostly static during their history, the only exception being the departure of
bass player Alec John Such in 1994, who was unofficially replaced by Hugh McDonald. The
band achieved widespread recognition with their third album, Slippery When Wet, released
in 1986. Their fourth album New Jersey, which was released in 1988, became just as successful
as its predecessor. Bon Jovi went onto achieve thirteen U.S. Top 40 hits between 1986-1995,
including four number-ones with "You Give Love a Bad Name", "Livin' on a Prayer", "Bad
Medicine", and "I'll Be There for You". Other Top 10 hits included "Wanted Dead or Alive",
"Bed of Roses" and "Always". Their 2000 single "It's My Life", successfully introduced the
band to a younger audience. Bon Jovi has been known to use different styles in their music,
which has included country for their 2007 album Lost Highway which debuted at number
one on the Billboard 200. Their latest album, The Circle was released in 2009, reaching
number one as well. Throughout their career, the band have released eleven studio albums,
three compilation albums and one live album, and have sold 130 million records worldwide.
They have performed more than 2,700 concerts in over 50 countries for more than 35 million
fans. Bon Jovi was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2006. The band was also honored
with the Award of Merit at the American Music Awards in 2004, and as songwriters and collaborators,
Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora inducted into Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2009. History
Jon Bon Jovi began playing piano and guitar in 1975, at the age of 13, with his first
band 'Raze'. At 16, Bon Jovi met David Bryan and formed a band called Atlantic City Expressway.
Still in his teens, Bon Jovi played in the band "John Bongiovi and the Wild Ones," playing
local clubs like "The Fast Lane," and opening for known acts in the area. By 1980, he formed
another band, "The Rest", and opened up for New Jersey acts such as Southside Johnny and
the Asbury Jukes. By mid-1982, out of school and working part-time at a women's shoe store,
Jon Bon Jovi took a job at the Power Station Studios, a Manhattan recording facility where
his cousin Tony Bongiovi was co-owner. Bon Jovi made several demos—including one produced
by Billy Squier—and sent them to record companies, though failing to make an impact.
His first professional recording was as lead vocals in "R2-D2 We Wish You a Merry Christmas,"
which was part of the Christmas in the Stars album which his cousin co-produced. Bon Jovi
visited local radio station WAPP 103.5FM "The Apple" in Lake Success, New York. He spoke
directly to the promotion director, John Lassman, who accepted the song "Runaway" for inclusion
on the station's compilation album of local homegrown talent. Bon Jovi was initially reluctant,
but eventually gave them the song, on which Bon Jovi had used studio musicians to play
on the track. The studio musicians who helped record "Runaway"—known as The All Star Review—were
guitarist Tim Pierce, keyboardist Roy Bittan, drummer Frankie LaRocka, and bassist Hugh
McDonald. The song began to get airplay in the New York area, then other sister stations
in major markets picked up the song. In March 1983, Bon Jovi called David Bryan, who in
turn called bassist Alec John Such (b. Alec John Such, November 14, 1952, Yonkers, New
York, USA) ex-Phantom's Opera and an experienced drummer named Tico Torres. Tapped to play
lead guitar was Bon Jovi's neighbor, Dave Sabo (a.k.a. The Snake)—who later formed
the group Skid Row. Sabo was eventually replaced by Richie Sambora (b. Richard Stephen Sambora,
July 11, 1959, Perth Amboy, New Jersey, USA). Before joining the group, Sambora had toured
with Joe Cocker, played with a group called Mercy and had been called up to audition for
Kiss. He also played on the album Lessons with the band Message, which was re-released
on CD through Long Island Records in 1995. Message was originally signed to Led Zeppelin's
Swan Song Records label, although the album was never released. Tico Torres was also an
experienced musician, having recorded and played live with Phantom's Opera, The Marvelettes,
and Chuck Berry. He appeared on 26 records and had recently recorded with Franke and
the Knockouts, a Jersey band with hit singles during the early 1980s. David Bryan had quit
the band that he and Bon Jovi had founded in order to study medicine. While in college,
he realized that he wanted to pursue music full-time, and was accepted to Juilliard School,
a New York music school. When Bon Jovi called his friend and said that he was putting together
a band, and a record deal looked likely, Bryan followed Bon Jovi's lead and gave up his studies.
Once the band began playing showcases and opening for local talent, they caught the
attention of record executive Derek Shulman, who signed them to Mercury Records and who
was part of the PolyGram company. Because Jon Bon Jovi wanted a group name, Pamela Maher,
a friend of Richard Fischer and an employee of Doc McGhee, suggested they call themselves
Bon Jovi, following the example of the other famous two word bands such as Van Halen. This
name was chosen instead of the original idea of Johnny Electric. Pamela's suggestion of
the name was met with little enthusiasm, but two years later they hit the charts under
that name. With the help of their new manager Doc McGhee they recorded the band's debut
album, Bon Jovi, which was released on January 21, 1984. The album included the band's first
hit single, "Runaway", reaching top forty on the Billboard Hot 100. The album peaked
at number forty-three on the Billboard 200 album chart. And the group found themselves
opening for Scorpions in U.S. and for Kiss in Europe. In 1985, Bon Jovi's second album
7800° Fahrenheit was released. The band released three singles "Only Lonely", "In and Out of
Love" and the ballad "Silent Night". The album peaked at number thirty seven on Billboard
200 and certified Gold by RIAA. While the album did not do as well as they'd hoped in
terms of sales, it allowed Bon Jovi to get out on the road touring again. In May 1985,
Bon Jovi headlined venues in Japan and Europe. At the end of the European tour, the band
began a six month run of U.S. tourdates supporting Ratt. In the midst of that tour they managed
to make appearances at the Texas Jam and Castle Donington's Monsters of Rock concerts in England.
Jon Bon Jovi also did a solo appearance at the very first Farm Aid in 1985. After two
moderately successful albums, the group changed their approach for their next album and hired
professional songwriter Desmond Child as a collaborator. Bruce Fairbairn was chosen as
the producer of the album. In early 1986 Bon Jovi moved to Vancouver, Canada to record
their third album. The band spent six-months recording the new album. The band decided
to name the album "Slippery When Wet" after visiting a strip club in Vancouver On August
16, 1986, Slippery When Wet was released. The album reached number one in U.S., where
it spent 8 weeks at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart and eventually received Diamond
certification by the Recording Industry Association of America. The first two singles from the
album, "You Give Love a Bad Name" and "Livin' on a Prayer", both reached number one on the
Billboard Hot 100 singles chart. Slippery When Wet was named the top selling album of
1987 by Billboard "Livin' On A Prayer" won an MTV Video Music Award for Best Stage Performance.
The band won an award for Favorite Pop/Rock Band at the American Music Awards and an award
for Favorite Rock Group at the People's Choice Awards. When Slippery When Wet was released
in August 1986, Bon Jovi was the support act for 38 Special. By the end of 1986, Bon Jovi
were well into six months of headline dates in arenas across America. In August 1987,
the band headlined England's "Monsters of Rock" festival. During their set Dee Snider,
Bruce Dickinson and Paul Stanley joined the band to perform "We're an American Band".
The band ended the year having headlined 130 shows in the "Tour Without End", grossing
$28,400,000. Jon Bon Jovi was asked what all this astronomical success meant, to which
he answered, "Everything is bigger, and it moves twice as fast. You're recognized twice
as often. This is bigger, the whole world gets bigger. You have to sell more records,
be huger. You get smarter and you understand the business a little more, so it's more responsibility.
You understand it now, and you want to make sure everything goes right". Determined to
prove that the success of Slippery When Wet was not a fluke, Bon Jovi released their fourth
effort New Jersey in September 1988. New Jersey peaked at number in both the US and UK. The
album produced five Top 10 hits on the Billboard Hot 100, giving Bon Jovi the record for the
most Top 10 singles spawned by a hard rock album. Two of the hits, "Bad Medicine" and
"I'll Be There for You", managed to reach number one. The album's three other singles
"Born to Be My Baby", "Lay Your Hands on Me", and "Living in Sin" reached the top ten. Bon
Jovi even made the news when the video for "Living In Sin" was banned by MTV for featuring
some too racy romance/sex scenes. After that it was re-edited and MTV put it in heavy rotation.
Bon Jovi mounted another huge worldwide tour that continued throughout 1989 and 1990. They
visited more than 22 countries and performed more than 232 shows before it was all over.
The personal highpoint for the band was their June 11, 1989 sell-out homecoming at Giants
Stadium in New Jersey. In August 1989, the band headed to the Soviet Union for the Moscow
Music Peace Festival. Bon Jovi were the first band officially sanctioned by the Soviet government
to perform in the Soviet Union and New Jersey, became the first U.S. album to be released
legally in the U.S.S.R.. In September 1989, Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora performed
Livin' On A Prayer and Wanted Dead Or Alive only with two acoustic guitars on the 1989
MTV Video Music Awards. The performance has generally been acknowledged as the inspirational
spark that led to the MTV Unplugged series and the catalyst for the subsequent popularity
of the unplugged movement in popular music. The non-stop touring was taking its toll on
the band. By the end of the New Jersey tour, Bon Jovi had 16 months of concerts under their
belt and the band members were exhausted physically, mentally and emotionally. Finally, following
the last tour date in Mexico, and without any clear plans for their future, the band
members just went home. Between 1990 and 1991 the band members went their separate ways.
The exhaustion of recording both Slippery When Wet and New Jersey back to back, with
highly paced world tours after each album, took its toll on the band. The band has since
stated that there were few if any goodbyes between them at the end of the New Jersey
tour. During the time they took off from the scene, the band retreated to their own interests
and showed no desire for making another album. Jon Bon Jovi recorded a solo album, a soundtrack
to the movie Young Guns II more commonly known as Blaze of Glory. Released in 1990, the title
track, "Blaze of Glory" peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100. In 1991 "Blaze of
Glory" won an award for Favorite Pop/Rock Single at the American Music Awards and awarded
a Golden Globe, as well. The song also earned Jon Bon Jovi an Academy Award nomination and
a Grammy nomination. Richie Sambora, with the help of Tico Torres and David Bryan, released
a solo album entitled Stranger In This Town, in 1991. The album featured Eric Clapton on
the song "Mr. Bluesman". David Bryan recorded a soundtrack for the horror movie The Netherworld,
which was the brighter part of that year after he was hospitalized with an illness caused
by a South American parasite. Alec John Such took a fall off of his motorcycle which injured
his bass-playing hand, forcing him to develop a whole new way to hold and play his instrument.
Disillusioned with the music business, despite all his success, and unhappy with the status
quo, in 1991 Jon Bon Jovi fired his management, business advisers, and agents, including his
long-time manager, Doc McGhee. Jon took on the quarterbacking responsibilities himself
by closing ranks and creating Bon Jovi Management. In October 1991 the band went to a Caribbean
island of St. Thomas to discuss plans for the future. They managed to resolve their
differences by allowing each member to speak about his feelings without interruption from
each other. Upon resolving their issues, they headed back into the Vancouver Little Mountain
studios with Bob Rock to work on the band's fifth album in January 1992. Bon Jovi's fifth
studio album Keep the Faith was released in November 1992, representing "the beginning
of a new chapter in the history of Bon Jovi" and marking a change in the band's sound and
image. The album turned away from heavy drums and wild guitar solos, but instead introduced
a more mature sound of Bon Jovi. The media focused considerable attention on Jon Bon
Jovi’s hair. When Jon Bon Jovi cut his hair he made headlines on CNN. To promote Keep
The Faith they returned to their roots playing a few dates at the small New Jersey clubs
where they had started their career. The band appeared on MTV Unplugged but that was different
from the other episodes of MTV Unplugged series. The performance captures Bon Jovi in an intimate,
"in the round" experience, performing acoustic and electric renditions of classic hits (Bon
Jovi and non-Bon Jovi tracks) and new material from Keep the Faith. The concert was released
commercially in 1993 as Keep the Faith: An Evening with Bon Jovi. The album debuted at
number one in UK and certified double platinum by RIAA in US. The album produced hit singles,
including, "Keep the Faith", "Bed of Roses" and "In These Arms". Bon Jovi embarked on
an extensive international world tour for the album, visiting countries the band had
never seen before and headlining stadiums in the South America, Europe, Asia and Australia.
They visited 37 countries, performed 177 shows and seen them play to 2.5 million fans on
the Keep the Faith Tour/I'll Sleep When I'm Dead Tour. In October 1994, Bon Jovi released
a greatest hits album titled Cross Road, with two new tracks: "Always" and "Someday I'll
Be Saturday Night". The first single from the album "Always" became Bon Jovi's highest
selling single and stayed on top ten of the Billboard Hot 100 for six months. In the UK,
Cross Road debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart and spent a total of five non-consecutive
weeks at number one later becoming the best-selling album of 1994 in UK. That year Bon Jovi won
an award for Best Selling Rock Band at the World Music Awards. That same year, bassist
Alec John Such left the band, the first lineup change since Bon Jovi began. Hugh McDonald
who was the bassist on "Runaway," unofficially replaced Such as bassist. Jon Bon Jovi said,
regarding the departure of Such: "Of course it hurts. But I learned to accept and respect
it. The fact that I'm a workaholic, studio in, studio out, stage on, stage off, want
to be dealing with music day and night, doesn't mean everyone else has to adjust to that pace.
Alec wanted to quit for a while now, so it didn't come as a complete surprise." Bon Jovi's
sixth studio album, These Days, was released in June 1995. The album debuted at number
one in UK, Ireland, Germany, Australia, Japan and many other countries. The album's first
single was the rhythm and blues influenced ballad "This Ain't a Love Song". With an exotic
video filmed in Thailand, "This Ain't a Love Song" reached top twenty on the Billboard
Hot 100, and was the only significant US hit from the album, however, the album produced
four UK top ten hits ("This Aint A Love Song", "Something for the Pain", "Lie To Me" and
"These Days"). That year the band earned a BRIT Award for best international band and
also won a MTV Europe Music Award for Best Rock. It was followed by These Days Tour.
In June 1995, Bon Jovi sold out three-nights at London's historical Wembley Stadium. The
concerts were documented for Bon Jovi: Live From London. Bon Jovi visited 43 countries
and performed 126 shows on These Days Tour. Following the overwhelming success of the
These Days Tour, the members of Bon Jovi went their separate ways. But unlike the period
following the New Jersey tour, tainted with uncertainty, this hiatus was a conscious group
decision. The members of Bon Jovi agreed to a self-imposed two-year sabbatical from the
band. In 1997, Jon Bon Jovi landed lead roles in several movies. While he was free between
filming different movies, Jon wrote what would become his second solo album, 1997's Destination
Anywhere. A short movie of the same name was recorded around the record's release, based
entirely on the songs from the record and starring Jon Bon Jovi, Demi Moore, Kevin Bacon
and Whoopi Goldberg. Tico Torres used the opportunity to further pursue his painting
while David Bryan started writing and composing various musicals. In 1998, Richie Sambora
released his second solo outing titled Undiscovered Soul. Bon Jovi reunited in 1999 to record
the song "Real Life" for the movie EdTV. David Bryan who was recovering from an accident
in which he nearly severed his finger. After a nearly four year hiatus, during which several
band members worked on independent projects, Bon Jovi regrouped in 1999 to begin work on
their next studio album. In June 2000, Crush was released as the band's seventh studio
album and constituted something of a comeback. The first single "It's My Life" was noted
as one of the group’s most successful releases in a decade and most importantly, becoming
a symbol of the band's longevity as they prevailed through many different changes in the mainstream
rock scene with admirable success. It's My Life helped introduce them to a new, younger
fan base. The band received two Grammy nominations for Best Rock Album Crush and Best Rock Performance
by Duo/Group "It's My Life". The video for "It's My Life" won the My VH1 Music Awards
for "My Favorite Video". Bon Jovi played two sold-out concerts at London's historic Wembley
Stadium in 19, 20 August 2000, becoming the last ever concerts held at the legendary venue
before its demolition. That year the band played to 1.1 million fans in 40 arena and
stadium venues across North America, Europe and Japan. While on tour, Bon Jovi released
a collection of live performances from throughout their career in an album entitled One Wild
Night Live 1985–2001. This was Bon Jovi's first-ever live album. The songs were culled
from archives of recorded material the band had been collecting from their earliest days
on the road right through the current tour. The band sold out two homecoming concerts
at New Jersey's Giants Stadium in 27, 28 July 2001. The broadcast broke ratings records
for the VH-1 network. At the end of the year Bon Jovi awarded for "Hottest Live Show" at
the 2001 My VH1 Music Awards. The members of the band had anticipated a brief vacation
before work would begin on the band's 8th studio album. But on September 11, the world
changed. Within days of the terrorist attacks, Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora had filmed
Public Service Announcements for the Red Cross, recorded "America The Beautiful" for the NFL
and performed as part of the historic America: A Tribute to Heroes live telethon. One month
later, the band participated at two Monmouth County Alliance of Neighbors concerts in Red
Bank, NJ to raise funds for the families close the band's hometowns, which were affected
by the World Trade Center disaster. And on October 21, 2001, Bon Jovi performed at the
monumental Concert For New York at Madison Square Garden, raising relief funds and honoring
those who worked to save lives during the attack. . In spring 2002, the group entered
the studio to begin recording their eighth studio album. Bounce was influenced by the
September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, released on October 8, 2002. The album debuted at number
two in both the US and UK . The band went on the Bounce Tour for the album, during which
they made history as the last band to play Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia before it
was torn down. Discography Main articles: Bon Jovi discography and List of Bon Jovi
songs Bon Jovi (1984) 7800° Fahrenheit (1985) Slippery When Wet (1986) New Jersey (1988)
Keep the Faith (1992) These Days (1995) Crush (2000) Bounce (2002) Have a Nice Day (2005)
Lost Highway (2007) The Circle (2009) Awards and Nominations Brit Awards CMT Music Awards
Echo Awards Grammy Awards Juno Awards Premios Oye! MTV Europe Music Awards MTV Video Music
Awards World Music Awards Tours Bon Jovi Tour (1984) 7800 Fahrenheit Tour (1985) Slippery
When Wet Tour (1986–87) New Jersey Syndicate Tour (1988–90) Keep the Faith Tour (1993)
I'll Sleep When I'm Dead Tour (1993) Crossroad Promo Tour (1994) These Days Tour (1995–96)
Crush Tour (2000) One Wild Night Tour (2001) Bounce Tour (2002–03) Have a Nice Day Tour
(2005–06) Lost Highway Tour (2007–08) The Circle Tour (2010) Bon Jovi Live (2011)
What About Now Tour (2013-14) Solo tours Jon Bon Jovi Destination Anywhere Tour (1997–98)
Richie Sambora AFTERMATH OF THE LOWDOWN Tour (2012)