Mahabharat - Episode 73


Uploaded by rajshri on 12.10.2010

Transcript:
Today, I am not Time
Time waits for no man and yet ...
... today, like a disciple with folded hands ...
... I stand in Kurukshetra looking at the Lord
The Lord stands between Arjun and I
Though he is addressing Arjun ...
... He is actually talking to me ...
... because I represent ...
... the Past, Present and Future
The questions which Arjun has asked ...
... are also relevant to the Past ...
... the Present ...
... and the Future
As long as I am there ...
... man will have to lace these questions
So, do not think, Arjun is asking these questions
I am speaking through him because ...
... every day, every era has its own Kurukshetra
So, if you wish to lace your Present and Future ...
... turn your attention to Kurukshetra ...
... and listen to what the Lord is saying ...
... about matters which have always troubled you
Do not lose yourself in Victory and Defeat ...
... Life and Death, Happiness and Sorrow but light
If you win, you'll get success and a kingdom
If you lose, you'll still get success and Heaven
So, awake Arjun! Profit, Loss; Happiness, Sorrow ...
... Victory, Defeat are all equal. So, light!
This is a warrior's duty and Man's religion
My hands still refuse to pick up the Gandiva
I don't understand how I will benefit from this war
Benefit! Loss!
These are irrelevant
I know you want neither Heaven nor Earth
Hence, Arjun ...
Go beyond Victory, defeat, Loss, Gain, Happiness, Sorrow
I still cannot move
Till now I was appealing to your conscious mind
which can look into the depths ...
... of Truth and recognise the voice of the Soul
You are probably lost in its immortality
Weigh this moment in the balance of earthly action
Decide about your duty from this viewpoint
Even then you'll reach the same decision
You must light this war
That is exactly what I cannot decide
You cannot decide this because you are ...
... Looking at it from a personal viewpoint
That is the problem: the bond of attachment
From therein arises your sorrow ...
... neither good for you nor society
... neither Present nor Future
Don't think of profit or loss
Do your duty! Act!
Action in itself is pure and meritorious
It is for the good of society
Action is its own reward
But if you act for your own good ...
... the action will be impure
So, walk along the path of Desire less Action
The reward of your action is not in your control
So, Act but do not expect any reward
Geeta Chapter 2 Verse 47 ''Yoga of Knowledge''
How is Desire less Action possible, Krishna?
Reward motivates Action
Without reward who will act?
Because Life is impossible without Action
You will do something. You'll either eat or not
You'll either give away food or not
You'll either wage war or not
You have the option to do something or not
The result, the reward is not in your hands
This option is the limit of your control
You can either wage war or not but ...
... the result is not in your control
Even if you desire victory it may not be yours
You could also lose!
Your desire to win will make you fear defeat
If you are indifferent to victory and defeat ...
... but light the war as your duty then ...
... there will be no question of Happiness or Sorrow
Such a desire less person is imperturbable
Hence, shed any desire for reward
Do what is within your control
Which means, do your duty
This is Karma Yoga. Understand it well!
you can opt to do or not to do but ...
... that is the end of your right
You cannot control the result
You are an ace archer but ...
... if your target moves a little you'll miss it
You control your bow and your vision but ...
... you cannot control the target
The true man does not cross his limits
Be steady and firm in your duty because ...
... its efficient fulfilment is Yoga
What is Yoga?
That's what I am telling you
Yoga is fulfilment of duty ...
... giving up temptation to do one's duty ...
... and the ability to be imperturbable
Geeta Chapter 2 Verse 50 ''Sell Realization''
Yes, my king!
If your voice can reach them, shout ...
... and tell Arjun not to listen to Krishna
He's misleading you
Just think, Sanjay
Krishna came here as a peace messenger
Today he is not even talking of peace
Which means he did not want peace at all
He just wanted History to say that ...
... it was Dhritirashtra who did not want peace
What hidden enmity is this?
He is not talking of enmity
He is explaining the mystery of Truth and Karma Yoga
Now you are talking like him
Are you no longer loyal to me?
Will you also shift your loyalty?
I am merely a narrator
My description has nothing to do with loyalty
I am only doing my duty
Then, do your duty as a narrator
Do not explain the meaning of Karma Yoga
Keep your eyes on them and ...
... tell me what's happening there
How do I recognize an Imperturbable Man?
What are the signs?
How does he behave?
How does he talk?
It is not difficult to recognise such a man
Geeta Chapter 2 Verse 55 ''Language of the perfect''
Like him, you must shed your desires
Free yourself from ambition
Go beyond Happiness and Sorrow
Neither happiness nor sorrow can move you
The Imperturbable Man always remains calm and balanced
None can make him lose his balance
When he speaks ...
... it is not with sorrow or happiness but ...
... from the depths of his Soul
He speaks not of attachment but of desire less Action
When he sits he withdraws into himself like a tortoise
He is his own fort
His senses are in his control
Only he can control his senses ...
... who can control his mind
Geeta Chapter 2 Verse 62
Geeta Chapter 2 Verse 63 ''Source of all evil''
The ordinary mortal thinks of objects
This in turn leads to attachment ...
... which further leads to the birth of desire
When desire is unfulfilled, it leads to anger
From anger is born greater attachment to the object
With this, the ability to think begins to stray
When this happens, Intelligence is destroyed
This, in turn, leads to the downfall of Man
Temptation will destroy your Intelligence
How can you get Peace without Intelligence?
How can a person who cannot ...
... distinguish between Peace and Turmoil ever be happy?
Like a gust of wind bullets the boat ...
... desires make the Intelligence stray
Geeta Chapter 2 Verse 67 ''Means of Deliverance''
Hence, control your senses
Let not the senses control you
Listen to this with care and understand it
When the world sleeps the Perfect man awakes
He only sleeps when the world awakes
What is this sleeping and awakening, night and day?
I am not talking of night or day
I am talking of sleeping and awakening
The ordinary man is prey to temptation
That is the aim of his awakening
He wants food when he is hungry
He wants water when he is thirsty
He needs a house to save himself from the weather
His thoughts are selfish
The Perfect Man's thoughts are selfless
He is beyond selfish hunger and thirst
He does not think of the fallen fruit but the tree
The ordinary man needs fuel for his engine
He will go on cutting trees till the forest is destroyed
The Perfect Man thinks of the importance of forest ...
... about the balance of Nature and ...
... the relation of forests and the seasons
The Sensual Man's day is the Perfect Man's night
The letter has none beyond Duality
The Sensual Man's night is the Perfect Man's day
His Sun awakens in the stillness of the night
the Perfect Man is also interested in solutions
This is what separates him from the Sensual Man
Geeta Chapter 2 Verse 6$ ''Contrast between evil and wise''
O Arjun! Truth is beyond the senses
It is not that the Perfect Man is not hungry ...
... but he goes beyond hunger ...
... and thinks of a solution for hunger
That's why the Sensual Man's day is his night
The Sensual Man can make himself Perfect
The Sensual Man is like the river ...
... which allows on eagerly ...
... without realising where it is going
... only to squander its water into the sea
Even then the sea does not cross the limit of its shore
The river of desires overwhelms the Sensual Man
The Perfect Man, however, can absorb it ...
... and still not cross his limits
O Arjun! Become like the sea
The sea is Knowledgeable
You, too, be Knowledgeable. Knowledge is excellent
Geeta Chapter 3 Verse 1 ''Arjun's Conclusion''
O Krishna! O All Knowing!
If Knowledge is better than Action ...
... why do you ask me to Act and light this war?
You have confused me
if Knowledge is excellent why do this terrible deed?
Why light this war?
Why not be the Perfect Man and avow silence?
My lord! Show me the path of welfare
Geeta Chapter 3 Verse 3 ''Sell Development through action''
Arjun! There are two types of people in this world
The Mediators and the Doers
The Mediators search for God within themselves
This is the Path of Knowledge
The Doers try to attain God through Action
But there is no freedom from Action
Searching for God within is also Action
So Arjun! There are only two paths:
The Path of Knowledge and the Path of Action
Then why should I not walk the Path of Knowledge?
Seeking Knowledge does not mean giving up Action
Life without Action is impossible
The eyes will see and the eyelids blinks
The ears will hear
The man who forcibly suppresses his senses ...
... and tries to meditate ...
... is not a Yogi but a liar
The Yogi does not suppress the senses but controls them
He does not live with his eyes closed
The Body's journey without Action is impossible
So long as a man breaths he will experience ...
... both a perfume and an odour
If there is a rhythm or noise around him ...
... his ears will not wait for an order to hear it
The Perfect Man controls the senses ...
... and gives them a direction ...
... with his awakened mind
He realises his options and knows how to organise them
Doing routine tasks is better than doing nothing
It is true that the eyes see but ...
... the Yogi decides what they should see
None of his senses are completely free
This separates the Yogi from the Sensual Man
So, Action is essential for salvation ...
... but Act like the Perfect Man
Geeta Chapter 3 Verse $_ ''Spirit of sell dedicated activities''
Action should be like a ritual offering
Action is a ritual, its aim being Indestructible Godhead
The path of Action goes straight to Godhead
His life becomes valueless if he does not ...
... participate in the life cycle
Don't go towards a valueless life
The one who thinks of only himself is a sinner
So, recognise your duty and do it
Desire for the reward is the real obstacle
It is the real millstone around the neck
It does not allow him to rise above himself
This isolates the person from his society ...
... pushing him into the mire of profit and loss
Society is not a part of you. You are a part of it
So, your prime duty is the peoples welfare
What is good for society is good for you
Acting for the peoples' good is your salvation
Selfish action is a Sin
It takes you away from the path of salvation
Remember Arjun! You are a great man
Other people will walk the path of desire and greed
Great men are always emulated as ideals
Take me for example
Geeta Chapter 3 Verse 22 ''Reasons for action''
I need not do anything in the Three Worlds
There is nothing that I cannot obtain
And yet, I am before you. Doing my duty!
I'm proving that ...
... life can be spent in desire less Action
What is this that Krishna said?
Krishna's voice changed at this point ...
... as if it was someone else speaking
Who else?
I don't know what Arjun understood but ...
... none but the Lord can speak in such a tone
None in the Three Worlds can say ...
... there isn't anything which he cannot obtain
He said there was nothing worth doing and yet ...
... He did not desist from Action
If he did not Act, the life cycle would stop ...
... and society would be destroyed
And he would be responsible for it
No ordinary man can say this
Even a Sage would be accused of pride
There was no pride in the manner Krishna said it
That is what makes me afraid
If he asked me to pick up the bow in such a voice ...
... I would forget my blindness and do so
Will Arjun pick up the Gandiva?
I can answer that question but ...
... the Future is beyond my right
If God wanted Man to know the Future, He would have ...
... given him that knowledge
So, let the Future be born from the Present
We can only wait!
Maybe ...
You are right!
Maybe I know the result of this war
Even then I am hoping it will be different ...
... from what is going to happen
Till yesterday I thought ...
... as a lather of a hundred sons ...
... I'll never be alone
But I am going to be alone
So, tell me about what's happening at Kurukshetra
Geeta Chapter 3 Verse 25
Even the Sensual Man acts but ...
... it is from the selfish point of view
The Yogi's Acts are selfless for the world ...
... and the welfare of the people
Do not burden your mind
Dedicate your Actions to me and light this war
Death in the path of duty is welcome
Even if you kill your Teachers and Elders ...
... in the course of duty then it is not a Sin
If they die, their death will be for the good
If you die, your death will also be for the good
Therefore, light!
The path of truth cannot be the path of Sin
Talking of Sin ...
... why is a man sometimes compelled to Sin?
Who compels him?
His lust and his selfishness
His anger and temptation compel him to Sin
Recognise these enemies
Like the smoke cloaks lire, dust cloaks the mirror ...
... Desire, Anger, Lust cloak Knowledge ...
Geeta Chapter 3 Verse 3$
... The lire of Temptation and Desire destroys Knowledge ...
... and is its enemy
So Arjun! Cleanse the mirror and puri_ the lire
Modi_ the senses and kill this enemy of Knowledge
Geeta Chapter 3 Verse 42 ''Scheme of Sell Discovery''
The power of the senses is no doubt great but ...
... greater than that is the mind
Greater than mind is Reason but the Soul is the greatest
So, worry about the Soul
Take it beyond the Senses Mind and Reason
You are my disciple and my friend
Hence, I am giving you this lost Knowledge
I revealed it to the Sun who gave it the Manu ...
... who gave it to his son King Ishvaku
You gave it to the Sun?
But you were born in this Age!
The Sun God is ancient
How could you then give this Knowledge to the Sun?
Geeta Chapter 4 Verse 5 ''Theory of Incarnation''
We have both taken many births
I remember all those births. You don't
In a sense, I am Eternal and Indestructible
The Lord of all animals
But through my wondrous power I incarnate myself
Geeta Chapter 4 Verse 74
I incarnate myself ...
... whenever truth is in danger ...
... whenever Evil threatens to overwhelm it
I come to protect the good and vanquish the Evil
I come in Age after Age to establish Truth
But why does Truth suffer?
Truth suffers when man cannot avoid temptation ...
... when he is unable to relate to society above sell
Why else did the Wax House tragedy happen?
Or Draupadi's disrobing? Why else are they lighting us?
Shouldn't I be angry at Draupadi's disrobing?
You have to decide that ...
... but her disrobing is not your personal problem
How can the society which kept quiet ...
... at the disrobing of Queen Draupadi ...
... protect an ordinary woman?
Hence, the disrobing is a social problem
It is your duty to destroy those ...
... who dared to disrobe Draupadi
They are the enemies of society
Do not hesitate to light with ...
... all those great men who side with Evil
Rise above personal anger and light for the people
That is your prime duty
Look at me
I did created this society and the lour castes ...
... but did not desire reward for it
Though I am the Creator I am beyond it
The man who sees this truth finds his freedom
Geeta Chapter 4 Verse 14
I desire no reward so my Action is not contaminated
Act without desire and selfish greed
Distinguish between Action. Inaction and Bad Action
What is the difference?
Action free from desire is Inaction
Action not good for society is Bad Action
Action is superior to Inaction
The Doer is superior to the non-Doer
The non-Doer does not desire reward
He is an Intelligent Man
For him the action is the reward
After the action, he does not wait for a reward
He moves to his new action
The lire of his Knowledge burns Anger, Temptation ...
... Ambition, Gain, Sorrow, Loss, Happiness ...
... and purifies his action
Thus the Doer becomes the non-Doer
He merely does what is essential for life
All other actions are for the good of society
Though a man, he is not contaminated by Sin
His very existence is good for society
Such a life is a ritual offering to God
You, too, make your life such an offering
Burn to ash all desire greed, anger
What is Yagna the ritual offering?
Different people define it differently
For some, it is Godhead
For them everything is Godhead
For some, it is a means to please the Gods
For some, it is the Soul's unification with God
Likewise, the offerings are also different
Some offer wealth, others action
There are lour types of ritual offerings
The first is Dravya Yagna
Wealth is used for the good of Society ...
... for the welfare of people
The second is Tapo Yagna
When a person makes his actions his penance ...
... his life becomes a Tapo Yagna
Doing your duty is also a Yagna
It is not Religion based but Eternal
It benefits the person as also Society
The third is Yoga Yagna
Yoga is studied as a part of this
It takes a person to meditation
Life’s very breath is the offering
The fourth is the Gyan Yagna
All lour Yagnas are important but ...
... the Gyan Yagna is the best because ...
... Knowledge can distinguish between good and bad
The lire of Knowledge can puri_ Action
Knowledge is the locus of the essence of Action
Knowledge frees you from the bonds of temptation
Only Knowledge can cross the sea of Sin
Act with Knowledge
Knowledge is Truth
The path of Action is the Truth
The path of Truth is Action