"Крылатая память Победы" ч.1


Uploaded by DEDATV on 08.10.2012

Transcript:
It was only one hundred years ago, when the 17 December of 1903 the air pioneers, the
brothers Wrights took their first control flight in the apparatus which was heavier
then air. But today in the 21 century it’s clear, that this 12-minutes Oliver Wright’s
flight at a really tiny distance, as it seems today, of 36,5 meters considerably revolutionized
our world. This flight realized centuries old human’s dream about the flight, it turned
wishful thinking into daily, but not less amazing reality. Russia extends from the North
to South to about 5000 km and from the West to the East this extension is about 10 000
km. This fact explains why the aviation has been always vital for Russia. But more than
one decade had passed before our country was recognized as the State making the aviation
materiel on the international level. In the middle of thirties of the last century the
explosion of the aircraft industry began in Russia as in others countries. The halo of
the romantic ardour for aeronautic flights in the beginning of 20 century was amplified
with the practicalness of the application of the aviation in the Economy and in the
Defense. The lag of the soviet aircraft industry was overcome unprecedentedly quickly. The
mastering of licensed engines of foreign companies and elaboration of own models and also the
enthusiasm and selflessness of millions of simple people played a crucial part in it.
And the development of military aviation became an affair of the paramount importance for
the existence of the Soviet State. The names of the chief designers Tupolev, Ilyushin,
Antonov, Sukhoi, Yakovlev went down for forever in the history of world aviation. During last
years the code of aviation rules – the instructions for flight operations which canonizes every
step of the pilot devolving the great responsibility for the abidance by these rules was drawn
by “blood” as it’s said. And the professionalism beside the deep knowledge has been resting
on a real experience and practice and the richer they are the higher their level is.
That’s why during the Soviet time the first persons in national aviation were people who
made a way from a working man or an engineer to a head of the enterprise. At the head of
the first engineering bureaus were the people who began their professional career at drawing
boards. Experienced captains, who passed well-adjusted preparation system on the principle of “from
easy to difficult” were at the wheel of the plain. They graduated from military or
civil aviation academies, mastered new aviation technology and raised it in the sky. Only
after many years of perfect work, gained precious experience and practice according to their
qualification they got access to the captain wheel. Working people were at commanding posts,
from the minister of civil aviation to the head of aviation enterprise. They have instructor
license and it means that the could check the qualification of their subordinate themselves.
The possibility of Russian pilot to adapt quickly to any equipment became the basis
of his flight mentality. Our pilot, living in the conditions which are far from the reclaimed
ideas, very often has been acting not according to the standards but according to the common
sense, that’s why new technical decisions were unofficially criticized. Measures for
the facelift and the adjustability to the innovations have been elaborated in the crews,
the ways of possible duplicated actions, of the assurance and of the mutual control have
been worked out. In spite of the strict implementation of requirements
of guideline documents, the approach to the flight has been always innovative in Russia.
Before speaking about the particularities of aviation restoration in Russia let’s
study out the terms. We would like to remind that restoration is the reconstruction, the
renewal of something in original or close to initial form. That’s why under the term
of aviation restoration we understand the repair or reconstruction of the flying machine
issued many years ago. However, the aviation restoration can be full when the plane is
reconstructed till its go condition and can fly again as well as it can be partial when
the restored aircraft gets it original look but it can’t fly anyway. It is evident that
the second way of restoration is easier and cheaper. And with its help in Russia more
then dozens of planes of the Second World War were restored at the very least and turned
into the monuments or exhibits in museum. Today the museum collection of planes on the
airdrome Monino is the biggest in the country, however the condition of its exhibits still
leaves much to be desired, and their great number only exists in the fragments of constructions
and in wrecks. There is only one reason for it, the museum of aviation in Monino simply
doesn’t have money for restoration. We also have to mention the collection of the private
museum of techniques of Vadim Zadorozny in Arkhangelsky located near Moscow which is
now in a perfect state and where the collection of planes Yak was transferred for keeping
from the united design office of Yakovlev. Boris Osetinsky, the president of the foundation
“The winged memory of victory” Behind my back you can see the plane from
the collection of the design office of Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev. In due time we arranged
with them about the transferring of this wonderful plane for the safe storage and for the exhibit.
The area of the design bureau is closed for public. Here, in the museum of Vadim Zadorozny
this plane is available for public. Unluckily, now it’s the only example of the cooperation
of the foundation and aviation corporations. The activity of the aviation restorers, restoring
the planes of the Second World War is definitely respected and necessary. But really exclusive
work is considered the restoration of legendary planes after which the can fly again.
However the majority of military planes of forties of the 20 century restored in Russia
got off the ground only abroad. In fact the first foreign orders in the beginning of 90-s
pushed the development of full aviation restoration in our country.
Boris Osetinsky: Very often we speak about our country as about
great aviation State. Now it is all in the past. It’s sad but today there are only
14 flying historical planes in Russia. And it’s a shame for our country! And I can’t
say that nobody knows about this situation. I spoke a lot with the heads of private and
national aviation companies and I told them about our project. Unfortunately our army
men don’t understand people trying to restore our planes. It’s strange but they are not
interested at all in the past of their aviation companies. They are not interested in the
history of the military and civil planes created by these companies. They don’t have very
strong will to help us in restoration works. They live today and they don’t care a lot
about the past. The first plane restored to the flyable status
by the specialists of the enterprise of Novosibirsk was I-16, a famous plane of Nikolai Polikarpov
designed in 1935. In October “Aviarestoration” started filling this order for the collector
Thomas Wallace from New Zeeland. By the chance the collector met Boris Osetinsky – a physicists
and an oceanologist, ex-director of museum and the man hipped on the history of aviation.
“Can you restore plains for me?” asked Wallace. “Ok. Of course I can” – answered
Boris, having at that time according to him very rough idea about it.
“I visited all aviation enterprises in Moscow” Boris says “”and everywhere the result
was the same: people didn’t understand at all what the restoration was and asked such
money as if it was the case of the elaboration of the new model of the supersonic fighter”.
Osetinsky Boris Leonidovich is a man interested seriously and for a long time at historical
panes. He has always had the reputation of the constant producer of the “craziest”
ideas and the organizer of the search and the restoration of rare planes in Russia.
Such person couldn’t and didn’t want give up.
Not having found the solution in Moscow the partners met later in Novosibirsk. Here under
the wing of the Siberian research institute of aviation the whole team of enthusiastic
people interested at planes met. The leader of this team has been Vladimir Berns. The
result of acquaintance with these people was existing today closed company “Aviarestoration”,
which undertook the restoration of fighting machines of the Second World War to the order
of the amateurs of aviation from New Zeeland. Like this, without making use of the absence
of experience. It always happened like this with people heartily fascinated with labor
of love. They learnt in process. For example at first
they used scantlings of Canadian spruce and pasted the construction with English glue
to make spars. But later restorers insisted on using Russian wood and Russian synthetic
glue. Far back in the past I-16 was pasted with ordinary caseic wood glue. As the samples
of the plain almost didn’t remain in Russia, as we said before, “Aviarestoration” collaborated
a lot with amateur search teams. Found at that time in forests wrecks of bagged
I-16 allowed to measure them, to make the drafts and finally to start working at their
flying copies. Yes, it was only copies because the first recreated planes I-16 were new planes
with just some parts of originals aircrafts. But we always had to start with something.
Even the idea to use in the reconstruction a strength member from the fighter which had
spent 50 years in a fen seemed exotic for inexperienced Russian restorers. Meanwhile
the level of the restoration is proved out in the world by the use at the maximum of
“native” details and elements. Of course they are checked carefully through chemical
analysis, x-ray and technological samples. According to accepted world standards every
authentic element of the construction should be painted in a special way, so everyone could
easily understand where a historical detail was used and where there is its modern copy.
The aviation restoration is organized perfectly in Great Britain, the USA, Australia, New
Zeeland and in some other countries. There are several reasons for it. These reasons
are the cultivation and love of the history, propaganda of achievements in aviation science
and techniques and multidimensional state support. These are allegiant air code and
fiscal policy about which Russian can only dream.
That’s why today our legendary plains fly not in Russian sky but abroad. Only recently
in Russia people who are ready to invest money in future national collection of historical
planes started appearing. It is based in the technical museum of the collector and fairy
godfather Vadim Zadorozny. With his help it became possible to bring back in Russia the
planes I-16 and I-153 made to the order of New Zealanders.
Vadim Zadorozny the owner of the private museum of military hardware:
Of course, the USA, England and other countries are ahead of Russia in the quantity of historical
information, books and military reconstruction in all of its aspects. Unfortunately we don’t
have well worked out mechanism of the solution of these problems. Requests expressed by our
president haven’t been almost realized yet. The project “Winged memory of the victory”
and my museum are real tools on which it’s possible to rely during the work in this direction.
Unfortunately the politicians in Russia don’t use these opportunities to tell about unknown
pages of military history. A lot of things are still lying on the “shelves” and are
not available for Russian public. I’d like to add that without real planes and other
historical military hardware every ceremony or show is perceived by people in the detached way
and even can be misunderstood or can not be heard.
Boris Osetinsky: Our foundation is non commercial organization.
It’s a living project uniting the groups of the enthusiasts in Russia who are interested
in preservation and creation of the collection of flying historical planes. I think that without state interest it’s
almost impossible to promote ideas connected with any project dedicated to the preservation
of the relics of the Second World War. What about the creation of the collection, if there
is no opportunity to show it in different events and celebrate with flights different
anniversaries connected with the history of Russian aviation, all events won’t be interesting
for public. In sum of all this we have to acknowledge
that the preservation of historical heritage of the Second World War leaves much to be
desired in our country. Imperfect legislation, the absence of real interest of different
officials doesn’t let a new generation of Russian citizens see flight hardwares of many
first class planes of their time. During the Second World War soviet aircraft
plants released about 143.000 of planes of more than 30 types. Of course a lot of these
planes were lost in air fights, destroyed with the attacks of the enemy or lost because
of failures. However the great number of warring planes which came to the victory was pensioned
off or simply exterminated in post-war years soon after the passage of national air forces
to rocketry. As a result, today the victor country has
only several flying planes of that time, which were restored by the efforts of enthusiastic
restorers for one and half of outermost (as aviators say) decade. Indeed during many years
after the victory there was no such plane at all! It’s possible to build new modern
aviation with such approach but it’s difficult. As the fighter of fifth generation didn’t
appear from nothing: its ancestors were the fighter of the Second World War, designed
by famous soviet aircraft designers such as Mikoyan, Gurevich, Polikarpov, Lavochkin,
Yakovlev and by many others personalities of the soviet airframe school.
Unfortunately, only few enthusiasts try today to restore living national aviation history.
Could
it be that the state can’t help them?