Shaping the Way We Teach English: Module 08, Authentic Materials


Uploaded by UOregon on 15.01.2009

Transcript:
AUTHENTIC MATERIALS ARE USED
BY NATIVE SPEAKERS OF A LANGUAGE
FOR ACTUAL COMMUNICATION.
AUTHENTIC MATERIALS ARE GOOD TOOLS
FOR LANGUAGE TEACHING AND LEARNING
BECAUSE THEY ARE INTERESTING,
THEY USE REAL LANGUAGE,
THEY CAN BE CHOSEN FOR INDIVIDUAL INTERESTS,
THEY ILLUSTRATE ACCURATE USE OF LANGUAGE
IN THE TARGET CULTURE,
AND THEY CAN HELP STUDENTS LEARN HOW TO GET
AS MUCH INFORMATION AS THEY CAN,
EVEN IF THEY CAN'T UNDERSTAND EVERYTHING
OR EVEN VERY MUCH.
THE FOCUS IN MODULE EIGHT IS ON...
GUIDELINES FOR CHOOSING AUTHENTIC MATERIALS
INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING:
THEY ARE OF INTEREST TO THE AGE GROUP,
THEY CONTAIN EXAMPLES OF THE POINT OF THE LESSON,
THEY ARE IN A STYLE OF ENGLISH LEARNERS WILL HEAR AND USE,
THEY ARE AVAILABLE LOCALLY,
AND THEY ARE OF GOOD QUALITY IN BOTH PICTURE AND SOUND.
NUMBER ONE: VIEWING POINTS FOR AUTHENTIC MATERIALS:
REALIA.
VIDEO SEGMENT NUMBER ONE.
THIS IS A KINDERGARTEN CLASS ON THE FIRST DAY OF SCHOOL.
THE TEACHER IS USING REALIA.
LOOK FOR THE KIND OF REALIA,
THE TEACHING PURPOSE,
THE APPROPRIATENESS FOR AGE AND LANGUAGE LEVEL,
AND STUDENT RESPONSES.
THIS IS ANA LORENA!
EVERYONE SAY "GOOD MORNING, ANA LORENA!"
COME ON!
[ hesitant responses ]
ANA LORENA.
ANA LORENA IS A GIRL OR A BOY?
WHO DOES SHE LOOK LIKE?
LIKE MARIA PILAR OR LIKE HIM?
LIKE MARIA PILAR.
MARIA PILAR IS A GIRL, AND THIS IS A...GIRL!
SHE IS A...GIRL.
AND THIS IS A -- MELANIE?
WHAT'S THIS? GIRL.
HER NAME IS ANA LORENA.
OH, AND ANA LORENA HAS SOME FRIENDS HERE.
LET'S SEE. [ gasps ]
HELLO?
(high-pitched) HELLO!
(normal voice) HIS NAME -- LET'S SEE.
JOSE PAULO! HELLO, JOSE PAULO!
(high-pitched) HELLO, TEACHER!
(normal voice) THIS IS JOSE PAULO AND ANA LORENA AND...
WE ALSO HAVE MARIA.
LET'S -- CAN WE WAVE TO MARIA?
EVERYONE WAVE TO MARIA!
AND WHO IS THIS ONE?
[ gasps ] PEDRO.
THEY ARE GOING TO BE IN THIS CLASS.
HELLO, DANIELLA.
THEY'RE GOING TO BE IN THIS CLASS, NOW, TODAY.
ONLY TODAY.
SO WE HAVE TO BE VERY NICE TO THEM.
AND TEDDY LOOKS JUST LIKE PEDRO.
THIS IS TEDDY, AND THIS IS PEDRO.
THEY ARE GIRLS OR BOYS?
HMM...
IF SHE IS A GIRL AND DANIELLA IS A GIRL,
HE IS A...BOY.
AND HE IS A...BOY.
AND HE?
BOY.
AND DANIELLA?
COME ON.
GIRL! VERY GOOD!
GIVE ME FIVE!
SUMMARY:
IN THIS KINDERGARTEN CLASS,
FOUR LARGE DOLLS ARE THE REALIA.
THREE OF THEM ARE DRESSED IN THE SAME SHIRTS
THE STUDENTS ARE WEARING.
THE DOLLS ARE USED TO TEACH VOCABULARY
AT A VERY BEGINNING LEVEL TO VERY YOUNG CHILDREN.
THE CHILDREN THOUGHT THE DOLLS WERE FUNNY.
SLOWLY, AFTER MUCH REPETITION, THEY BEGAN TO SAY THE WORDS.
THEY BEGAN TO SAY THE WORDS.
LEARNERS CAN ALSO BRING THEIR OWN REALIA TO CLASS.
THEY CAN BRING THEIR FAVORITE TOYS OR ITEMS
AND TALK ABOUT THEM.
MY NAME IS FABIAN.
I LIVE IN SAN...
MY FAVORITE ACTIVITY IS CAR.
MY NAME IS CARLA. I LIVE IN CARTAGO.
I AM A STUDENT.
I LIKE TO... PLAY...
AND...I PLAY BASKETBALL AND LISTEN TO MUSIC.
TEACHERS CAN GRADUALLY BUILD UP THEIR OWN COLLECTION OF REALIA
TO USE IN THE CLASSROOM.
NUMBER TWO VIEWING POINTS FOR AUTHENTIC MATERIALS:
PRINTED TEXT.
VIDEO SEGMENT NUMBER TWO.
IN THIS SEGMENT,
THE AUTHENTIC MATERIALS ARE PRINTED TEXTS, SUCH AS...
THE AUTHENTIC TEXT IN THE FIRST CLASS IS
IN A PROJECT CREATED BY STUDENTS.
WHAT KIND OF MATERIALS WERE COLLECTED FOR IT?
FOR WHAT PURPOSE DID THE STUDENTS CREATE THE PROJECT?
Young man: THIS ALBUM INCLUDES SOME SECTIONS
ABOUT THE ANCIENT -- ABOUT THE EGYPTIAN --
ABOUT THE EGYPTIAN SINAI PENINSULA.
FIRST, IT INCLUDES INFORMATION ABOUT TOURISM IN SINAI.
THERE ARE MANY TOURISM PLACES IN SINAI THAT ARE PERFECT.
THIS SECTION INCLUDES TOURISM IN SOUTHERN SINAI.
THIS ONE INCLUDES INFORMATION ABOUT TOURISM
IN THE NORTHERN SINAI
AND THE TOURIST CITIES IN SINAI.
WHERE DID THE PICTURES COME FROM?
TELL US ABOUT THE PICTURES AND THE WRITING.
THE PICTURE IS FROM THE NEWSPAPER AND MAGAZINES,
BUT THE ENGLISH WRITING IS FROM ENGLISH NEWSPAPERS.
SOME PICTURES WERE CORRECTED BY THE --
WERE COLLECTED BY THE PEOPLE FROM THE INTERNET
AND FROM VARIOUS SOURCES
BECAUSE EACH PUPIL HAS TO MAKE SOME PART OF IT.
AND YOU ARE TAKING THE RESOURCES HERE DOWN
FROM EVERY PART -- EVERY PICTURE...
EVERYTHING -- EVERY TEXT, WE ARE WRITING THE RESOURCE.
AND DO YOU KEEP ADDING TO THE BOOK?
WE KEEP ADD--
IF ANY SOMETHING HAS HAPPENED NEW, WE MUST ADD IT.
WE ARE NOT GOING TO MAKE ANOTHER ALBUM.
TO MAKE THIS ALBUM FOR MANY YEARS COMING LATER --
IT'S ALBUM ABOUT SINAI. FROM OLD WE HAVE MAKE IT.
WE ARE GOING TO GO OUT OF SCHOOL
BECAUSE WE ARE THE LAST YEAR HERE IN THE SCHOOL.
WHEN WE ARE FINISH, ANOTHER PEOPLE WILL CONTINUE IT
AND MAKING THIS ALBUM FOR SCHOOL,
NOT FOR US, AND FOR PUPILS.
SUMMARY:
THE PROJECT IS A BOOK OF AUTHENTIC MATERIALS
IN ENGLISH ABOUT THEIR OWN COUNTRY.
THE STUDENTS CREATED THE COLLECTION FOR TOURISTS.
THE WHOLE CLASS PARTICIPATED IN MAKING THE BOOK.
IT CAN BE ADDED TO BY FUTURE CLASSES.
THIS AND OTHER BOOKS LIKE IT
WILL STAY IN THE SCHOOL LIBRARY COLLECTION,
WHERE PEOPLE CAN READ IT.
THERE ARE ALSO WAYS
TO MAKE AUTHENTIC MATERIALS AVAILABLE
TO LEARNERS IN THE CLASSROOM.
WALLS CAN BE USED TO POST USEFUL MATERIALS
LIKE CALENDARS AND VOCABULARY POSTERS.
BOOK CARTS CAN HELP CREATE
A LITERACY-RICH ENVIRONMENT FOR LEARNERS,
MAKING BOOKS AND OTHER READING MATERIALS
AVAILABLE FOR EXTENSIVE READING.
CORNERS OF THE ROOM CAN BE USED FOR CONTENT-AREA MATERIALS.
THERE COULD BE A MATH CORNER
OR A SOCIAL-STUDIES OR SCIENCE CORNER.
MATERIALS FOR CORNERS LIKE THIS DON'T HAVE TO BE PURCHASED.
THEY CAN BE MADE BY THE TEACHER OR BY THE STUDENTS.
NUMBER THREE:
VIEWING POINTS FOR AUTHENTIC MATERIALS:
IMAGES.
VIDEO SEGMENT NUMBER THREE.
THESE PICTURES SHOW THE USE OF IMAGES
AS AUTHENTIC MATERIALS.
THERE ARE MANY DIFFERENT KINDS OF IMAGES.
FOR EXAMPLE...
THIS CLASS IS PLANNING A TRIP TO WASHINGTON, D.C.
THEY MADE A WALL MAP
AND CUT PICTURES OUT OF MAGAZINES
TO MAKE THEIR PLANS ABOUT WHAT TO SEE AND DO
AND PUT THEM ON A POSTER.
THIS CLASS CUT PICTURES OUT OF BROCHURES
FOR A POSTER ABOUT THEIR HOMETOWNS.
THEN THEY WROTE ABOUT THEIR HOMETOWNS,
USING THE PICTURES TO GUIDE THEIR IDEAS
AND PUT THEIR WRITING ON THE POSTER.
THIS KIND OF ACTIVITY CAN BE USED
FOR MANY DIFFERENT TOPICS.
THIS CLASS READ BIOGRAPHIES ABOUT FAMOUS PEOPLE
AND PUT THEIR PICTURES ON THE WALLS.
THEN THEY WROTE THEIR OWN VERSIONS OF THE BIOGRAPHIES
AND PUT THEM ON THE WALLS FOR OTHER STUDENTS TO READ.
THE LEARNERS IN THIS ADULT CLASS
ARE TRYING TO GET JOBS,
SO THEY ARE DOING A UNIT ON WORK.
THEY CUT OUT ARTICLES FROM MAGAZINES
TO CREATE A "WORLD OF WORK" BULLETIN BOARD,
THEY CREATED A POSTER OF WORK PLACES THEY VISITED
OVER A SCHOOL HOLIDAY OR BREAK,
AND THEY READ ENGLISH NEWSPAPERS
WITH INFORMATION ABOUT THE WORKING WORLD AND JOBS.
SUMMARY:
THESE PICTURES ARE ONLY A FEW WAYS
IN WHICH IMAGES CAN BE USED AS AUTHENTIC MATERIALS
IN THE LANGUAGE CLASSROOM.
WHAT SIMILAR KINDS OF RESOURCES CAN YOU IDENTIFY
IN YOUR OWN AREA?
NUMBER FOUR:
VIEWING POINTS FOR AUTHENTIC MATERIALS:
MULTIMEDIA.
VIDEO SEGMENT NUMBER FOUR.
MULTIMEDIA MATERIALS CAN BE VALUABLE TOOLS
FOR TEACHING AND PRACTICING INTEGRATED LANGUAGE SKILLS,
FOR ENRICHING THE CURRICULUM
WITH HIGH-INTEREST CONTENT MATTER,
AND INCORPORATING A WIDER RANGE OF LEARNING MODALITIES
SUCH AS VISUAL AND AUDITORY
THROUGH THE USE OF BOTH LOW-TECH
AND HIGH-TECH TYPES OF RESOURCES.
LOW-TECH MULTIMEDIA RESOURCES SUCH AS RADIO PROGRAMS,
AUDIO TAPES, OR CDs CAN MAKE USEFUL LISTENING MATERIALS
DURING CLASS TIME OR A STUDENT'S FREE TIME.
MULTIMEDIA MATERIALS CAN ALSO BE MORE INTERACTIVE.
FOR EXAMPLE, MATERIALS CREATED SPECIFICALLY FOR USE
ON THE COMPUTER OR THE INTERNET.
OTHER MULTIMEDIA MATERIALS INCLUDE VIDEOS
IN THE FORM OF DOCUMENTARIES, MOVIES,
ANIMATIONS, AND THE LIKE.
MODULE FOCUS: SUMMARY.
THE FOCUS IN MODULE EIGHT
HAS BEEN ON CHOOSING AND USING AUTHENTIC MATERIALS
AND CONSTRUCTING AUTHENTIC ACTIVITIES.
SOME IMPORTANT THINGS TO CONSIDER
ARE THAT THEY ARE OF INTEREST TO THE AGE GROUP,
THEY CONTAIN EXAMPLES OF THE POINT OF THE LESSON,
THEY ARE IN A STYLE OF ENGLISH LEARNERS WILL HEAR AND USE,
ARE AVAILABLE LOCALLY,
AND THAT THEY ARE OF GOOD QUALITY
IN BOTH PICTURE AND SOUND.
LOOK FOR OPPORTUNITIES TO FIND LOCALLY AVAILABLE MATERIALS
THAT ARE A GOOD MATCH FOR YOUR LEARNERS.
SEE THE MANUAL FOR READINGS AND MORE INFORMATION
ON THE TOPIC OF CHOOSING AND USING AUTHENTIC MATERIALS.