Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Madhya 08 - Talks Between Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Ramananda Raya


Uploaded by davidlugan on 01.12.2011

Transcript:
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who is known as Gauranga, is the ocean of all conclusive knowledge in devotional service.
He empowered Sri Ramananda Raya, who may be likened to a cloud of devotional service.
This cloud was filled with the water of all the conclusive purports of devotional service
and was empowered by the ocean to spread this water over the ocean of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
Himself. Thus the ocean of Caitanya Mahaprabhu became filled with the jewels of the knowledge
of pure devotional service. All glories to Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu!
All glories to Lord Nityananda! All glories to Advaita Acarya! And all glories to all
the devotees of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu! According to His previous program, Lord Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu went forward on His tour and after some days arrived at the place of
pilgrimage known as Jiyada-nrsimha. After seeing the Deity of Lord Nrsimha in
the temple, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu offered His respectful obeisances by falling flat.
Then, in ecstatic love, He performed various dances, chanted, and offered prayers.
" 'All glories to Nrsimhadeva! All glories to Nrsimhadeva, who is the Lord of Prahlada
Maharaja and, like a honeybee, is always engaged in beholding the lotuslike face of the goddess
of fortune. " 'Although very ferocious, the lioness is
very kind to her cubs. Similarly, although very ferocious to nondevotees like Hiranyakasipu,
Lord Nrsimhadeva is very, very soft and kind to devotees like Prahlada Maharaja.' "
In this way Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu recited different verses from the sastra. The priest
of Lord Nrsimhadeva then brought garlands and the remnants of the Lord's food and offered
them to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. As usual, a brahmana offered Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu an invitation. The Lord passed the night in the temple and then commenced
His tour again. The next morning, in the great ecstasy of love,
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu started on His tour with no knowledge of the proper direction,
and He continued the whole day and night. As previously, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu converted
to Vaisnavism many people He met on the road. After some days, the Lord reached the banks
of the River Godavari. When He saw the River Godavari, the Lord remembered
the River Yamuna, and when He saw the forest on the banks of the river, He remembered Sri
Vrndavana-dhama. After performing His usual chanting and dancing
for some time in this forest, the Lord crossed the river and took His bath on the other bank.
After bathing in the river, the Lord walked a little distance from the bathing place and
engaged in chanting the holy name of Krsna. At that time, accompanied by the sounds of
music, Ramananda Raya came there on a palanquin to take his bath.
Many brahmanas, following the Vedic principles, accompanied Ramananda Raya. According to the
Vedic rituals, Ramananda Raya took his bath and offered oblations to his forefathers.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu could understand that the person who had come to bathe in the river
was Ramananda Raya. The Lord wanted so much to meet him that His mind immediately began
running after him. Although Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was running
after him mentally, He patiently remained sitting. Ramananda Raya, seeing the wonderful
sannyasi, then came to see Him. Srila Ramananda Raya then saw Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu to be as brilliant as a hundred suns. The Lord was covered by a saffron garment.
He was large in body and very strongly built, and His eyes were like lotus petals.
When Ramananda Raya saw the wonderful sannyasi, he was struck with wonder. He went to Him
and immediately offered his respectful obeisances, falling down flat like a rod.
The Lord stood up and asked Ramananda Raya to arise and chant the holy name of Krsna.
Indeed, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very eager to embrace him.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then inquired whether he was Ramananda Raya, and he replied, "Yes,
I am Your very low servant, and I belong to the sudra community."
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then embraced Sri Ramananda Raya very firmly. Indeed, both the
master and the servant almost lost consciousness due to ecstatic love.
Their natural love for each other was awakened in them both, and they embraced and fell down
on the ground. When they embraced each other, ecstatic symptoms-paralysis,
perspiration, tears, shivering, paleness and standing up of the bodily hairs-appeared.
The word "Krsna" came from their mouths falteringly. When the stereotyped, ritualistic brahmanas
who were following the Vedic principles saw this ecstatic manifestation of love, they
were struck with wonder. All these brahmanas began to reflect as follows.
These brahmanas began to think, "We can see that this sannyasi has a luster like the effulgence
of Brahman, but how is it He is crying upon embracing a sudra, a member of the fourth
caste in the social order?" They thought, "This Ramananda Raya is the
Governor of Madras, a highly learned and grave person, a maha-pandita, but upon touching
this sannyasi he has become restless like a madman."
While the brahmanas were thinking in this way about the activities of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
and Ramananda Raya, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu saw those outsiders and restrained His transcendental
emotions. When they regained their sanity, they both
sat down, and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu smiled and began to speak as follows.
"Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya spoke of your good qualities, and he made a great endeavor to
convince Me to meet you. "Indeed, I have come here just to meet you.
It is very good that even without making an effort I have gotten your interview here."
Ramananda Raya replied, "Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya thinks of me as his servant. Even in my absence
he is very careful to do me good. "By his mercy I have received Your interview
here. Consequently I consider that today I have become a successful human being.
"I can see that You have bestowed special mercy upon Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya. Therefore
You have touched me, although I am untouchable. This is due only to his love for You.
"You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Narayana Himself, and I am only a government
servant interested in materialistic activities. Indeed, I am the lowest amongst men of the
fourth caste. "You do not fear the Vedic injunctions stating
that You should not associate with a sudra. You were not contemptuous of my touch, although
in the Vedas You are forbidden to associate with sudras.
"You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself; therefore no one can understand Your
purpose. By Your mercy You are touching me, although this is not sanctioned by the Vedas.
"You have come here specifically to deliver me. You are so merciful that You alone can
deliver all fallen souls. "It is the general practice of all saintly
people to deliver the fallen. Therefore they go to people's houses, although they have
no personal business there. " 'My dear Lord, sometimes great saintly persons
go to the homes of householders, although these householders are generally low-minded.
When a saintly person visits their homes, one can understand that it is for no other
purpose than to benefit the householders.' "Along with me there are about a thousand
men-including the brahmanas-and all of them appear to have had their hearts melted simply
by seeing You. "I hear everyone chanting the holy name of
Krsna. Everyone's body is thrilled with ecstasy, and there are tears in everyone's eyes.
"My dear Sir, according to Your behavior and bodily features, You are the Supreme Personality
of Godhead. It is impossible for ordinary living beings to possess such transcendental
qualities." The Lord replied to Ramananda Raya, "Sir,
you are the best of the topmost devotees; therefore simply the sight of you has melted
everyone's heart. "Although I am a Mayavadi sannyasi, a nondevotee,
I am also floating in the ocean of love of Krsna simply by touching you. And what to
speak of others? "Knowing this, in order to rectify My heart,
which is very hard, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya asked Me to meet you."
In this way each of them praised the qualities of the other, and both of them were pleased
to see each other. At this time a brahmana Vaisnava following
the Vedic principles came and offered obeisances. He fell flat before Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
and invited Him for lunch. Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu accepted the
brahmana's invitation, knowing him to be a devotee, and, slightly smiling, spoke as follows
to Ramananda Raya. "I wish to hear from you about Lord Krsna.
Indeed, My mind is inclined to desire this; therefore I wish to see you again."
Ramananda Raya replied, "My Lord, although You have come to correct me, a fallen soul,
my mind is not yet purified simply by seeing You. Please stay for five or seven days and
kindly cleanse my polluted mind. After that much time, my mind will certainly be pure."
Although neither could tolerate the other's separation, Ramananda Raya nonetheless offered
his obeisances to Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and departed.
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then went to the house of the brahmana who had invited
Him and took His lunch there. When the evening of that day arrived, both Ramananda Raya and
the Lord were eager to meet each other again. After finishing His evening bath, Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu sat down and waited for Ramananda Raya to come. Then Ramananda Raya, accompanied
by one servant, came to meet Him. Ramananda Raya approached Lord Sri Caitanya
and offered his respectful obeisances, and the Lord embraced him. Then they began to
discuss Krsna in a secluded place. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu ordered Ramananda
Raya to recite a verse from the revealed scriptures concerning the ultimate goal of life. Ramananda
replied that if one executes the prescribed duties of his social position, he awakens
his original Krsna consciousness. "The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord
Visnu, is worshiped by the proper execution of prescribed duties in the system of varna
and asrama. There is no other way to satisfy the Supreme Personality of Godhead. One must
be situated in the institution of the four varnas and asramas."
The Lord replied, "This is external. You had better tell Me of some other means." Ramananda
replied, "To offer the results of one's activities to Krsna is the essence of all perfection."
Ramananda Raya continued, " 'My dear son of Kunti, whatever you do, whatever you eat,
whatever you offer in sacrifice, whatever you give in charity, and whatever austerities
you perform, all the results of such activities should be offered to Me, Krsna, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead.' " "This is also external," Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
said. "Please proceed and speak further on this matter." Ramananda Raya replied, "To
give up one's occupational duties in the varnasrama is the essence of perfection."
Ramananda Raya continued, " 'Occupational duties are described in the religious scriptures.
If one analyzes them, he can fully understand their qualities and faults and then give them
up completely to render service unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Such a person is considered
a first-class man.' "As stated in scripture [Bg. 18.66], 'After
giving up all kinds of religious and occupational duties, if you come to Me, the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, and take shelter, I will give you protection from all of life's sinful reactions.
Do not worry.' "
After hearing Ramananda Raya speak in this way, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu again rejected
his statement and said, "Go ahead and say something more." Ramananda Raya then replied,
"Devotional service mixed with empiric knowledge is the essence of perfection."
Ramananda Raya continued, "According to the Bhagavad-gita, 'One who is thus transcendentally
situated at once realizes the Supreme Brahman and becomes fully joyful. He never laments
or desires to have anything. He is equally disposed toward every living entity. In that
state he attains pure devotional service unto Me.' "
After hearing this, the Lord, as usual, rejected it, considering it to be external devotional
service. He again asked Ramananda Raya to speak further, and Ramananda Raya replied,
"Pure devotional service without any touch of speculative knowledge is the essence of
perfection." Ramananda Raya continued, "Lord Brahma said,
'My dear Lord, those devotees who have thrown away the impersonal conception of the Absolute
Truth and have therefore abandoned discussing empiric philosophical truths should hear from
self-realized devotees about Your holy name, form, pastimes and qualities. They should
completely follow the principles of devotional service and remain free from illicit sex,
gambling, intoxication and animal slaughter. Surrendering themselves fully with body, words
and mind, they can live in any asrama or social status. Indeed, You are conquered by such
persons, although You are always unconquerable.' "
At this point, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "This is all right, but still you can speak
more on the subject." Ramananda Raya then replied, "Ecstatic love for the Supreme Personality
of Godhead is the essence of all perfection." Ramananda Raya continued, " 'As long as there
is hunger and thirst within the stomach, varieties of food and drink make one feel very happy.
Similarly, when the Lord is worshiped with pure love, the various activities performed
in the course of that worship awaken transcendental bliss in the heart of the devotee.'
" 'Pure devotional service in Krsna consciousness cannot be had even by pious activity in hundreds
and thousands of lives. It can be attained only by paying one price-that is, intense
greed to obtain it. If it is available somewhere, one must purchase it without delay.' "
Hearing up to the point of spontaneous love, the Lord said, "This is all right, but if
you know more, please tell Me." In reply, Ramananda Raya said, "Spontaneous loving service
in servitude-as exchanged by master and servant-is the highest perfection.
" 'A man becomes purified simply by hearing the holy name of the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, whose lotus feet create the holy places of pilgrimage. Therefore what remains
to be attained by those who have become His servants?'
" 'By serving You constantly, one is freed from all material desires and is completely
pacified. When shall I engage as Your permanent eternal servant and always feel joyful to
have such a perfect master?' " Hearing this from Ramananda Raya, the Lord
again requested him to go a step further. In reply, Ramananda Raya said, "Loving service
to Krsna rendered in fraternity is the highest perfection.
" 'Neither those who are engaged in self-realization, appreciating the Brahman effulgence of the
Lord, nor those engaged in devotional service while accepting the Supreme Personality of
Godhead as master, nor those who are under the clutches of Maya, thinking the Lord an
ordinary person, can understand that certain exalted personalities-after accumulating volumes
of pious activities-are now playing with the Lord in friendship as cowherd boys.' "
The Lord said, "This statement is very good, but please proceed even further." Ramananda
Raya then replied, "Loving service to the Lord in the parental relationship is the highest
perfectional stage." Ramananda Raya continued, " 'O brahmana, what
pious activities did Nanda Maharaja perform by which he received the Supreme Personality
of Godhead Krsna as his son, and what pious activities did mother Yasoda perform that
made the Absolute Supreme Personality of Godhead Krsna call her "mother" and suck her breasts?'
" 'The favor mother Yasoda obtained from Sri Krsna, the bestower of liberation, was never
obtained even by Lord Brahma or Lord Siva, nor even by the goddess of fortune, who always
remains on the chest of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Visnu.' "
The Lord said, "Your statements are certainly getting better and better one after the other,
but surpassing all of them is another transcendental mellow, and you can speak of that as the most
sublime." Ramananda Raya then replied, "Conjugal attachment for Krsna is the topmost position
in love of Godhead. " 'When Lord Sri Krsna was dancing with the
gopis in the rasa-lila, He put His arms around their necks and embraced them. This transcendental
favor was never bestowed upon the goddess of fortune or the other consorts in the spiritual
world. Nor was such a thing even imagined by the most beautiful girls in the heavenly
planets, girls whose bodily luster and aroma resemble the lotus flower. And what to speak
of worldly women who may be very, very beautiful according to material estimation?'
" 'Suddenly, due to the their feelings of separation, Lord Krsna appeared among the
gopis dressed in yellow garments and wearing a flower garland. His lotus face was smiling,
and He was directly attracting the mind of Cupid.'
"There are various means and processes by which one may attain the favor of Lord Krsna.
All those transcendental processes will be studied from the viewpoint of comparative
importance. "It is true that whatever relationship a particular
devotee has with the Lord is the best for him; still, when we study all the different
methods from a neutral position, we can understand that there are higher and lower degrees of
love. " 'Increasing love is experienced in various
tastes, one above another. But that love which has the highest taste in the gradual succession
of desires manifests itself in the form of conjugal love.'
"There is a gradual order of improvement in transcendental mellows from the initial ones
to the later ones. In each subsequent mellow the qualities of the previous mellows are
manifest, counting from two, then three, and up to the point of five complete qualities.
"As the qualities increase, so the taste also increases in each and every mellow. Therefore
the qualities found in santa-rasa, dasya-rasa, sakhya-rasa and vatsalya-rasa are all manifest
in conjugal love [madhurya-rasa]. "The qualities in the material elements-sky,
air, fire, water and earth-increase one after another by a gradual process of one, two and
three, and at the last stage, in the element earth, all five qualities are completely visible.
"Complete attainment of the lotus feet of Lord Krsna is made possible by love of Godhead,
specifically madhurya-rasa, or conjugal love. Lord Krsna is indeed captivated by this standard
of love. This is stated in Srimad-Bhagavatam. "Lord Krsna told the gopis, 'The means of
attaining My favor is loving service unto Me, and fortunately you are all thus engaged.
Those living beings who render service unto Me are eligible to be transferred to the spiritual
world and attain eternal life with knowledge and bliss.'
"Lord Krsna has made a firm promise for all time. If one renders service unto Him, Krsna
correspondingly gives him an equal amount of success in devotional service to the Lord.
"According to Lord Krsna in the Bhagavad-gita [4.11],'As all surrender unto Me, I reward
them accordingly. Everyone follows My path in all respects, O son of Prtha.'
"In Srimad-Bhagavatam [10.32.22] it is said that Lord Krsna cannot proportionately reciprocate
devotional service in the madhurya-rasa; therefore He always remains a debtor to such devotees.
"When the gopis were overwhelmed with dissatisfaction due to Lord Krsna's absence from the rasa-lila,
Krsna returned to them and told them, 'My dear gopis, our meeting is certainly free
from all material contamination. I must admit that in many lives it would be impossible
for Me to repay My debt to you because you have cut off the bondage of family life just
to search for Me. Consequently I am unable to repay you. Therefore please be satisfied
with your honest activities in this regard.' "Although Krsna's unparalleled beauty is the
topmost sweetness of love of Godhead, His sweetness increases unlimitedly when He is
in the company of the gopis. Consequently Krsna's exchange of love with the gopis is
the topmost perfection of love of Godhead. " 'Although the son of Devaki, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, is also the reservoir of all kinds of beauty, when He is among the
gopis He nonetheless becomes more beautiful, for He resembles a marakata jewel surrounded
by gold and other jewels.' " Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "This is
certainly the limit of perfection, but please be merciful to Me and speak more if there
is more." Raya Ramananda replied, "Until this day I
did not know anyone within this material world who could inquire beyond this perfectional
stage of devotional service. "Among the loving affairs of the gopis," Ramananda
Raya continued, "Srimati Radharani's love for Sri Krsna is topmost. Indeed, the glories
of Srimati Radharani are highly esteemed in all revealed scriptures.
" 'Just as Srimati Radharani is most dear to Sri Krsna, Her bathing place known [Radha-kunda]
is also dear to Him. Among all the gopis, Srimati Radharani is supermost and very dear
to Lord Krsna.' "When the gopis began to talk among themselves,
they said, 'Dear friends, the gopi who has been taken away by Krsna to a secluded place
must have worshiped the Lord more than anyone else.' "
Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Please speak on. I am very happy to hear you because
a river of unprecedented nectar is flowing from your mouth.
"During the rasa dance Sri Krsna did not exchange loving affairs with Srimati Radharani due
to the presence of the other gopis. Because of the dependence of the others, the intensity
of love between Radha and Krsna was not manifest. Therefore He stole Her away.
"If Lord Krsna rejected the company of the other gopis for Srimati Radharani, we can
understand that Lord Sri Krsna has intense affection for Her."
Ramananda Raya continued, "Please therefore hear from me about the glories of Srimati
Radharani's loving affairs. They are beyond compare within these three worlds.
"Finding Herself treated equally with all the other gopis, Srimati Radharani displayed
Her tricky behavior and left the circle of the rasa dance. Missing Srimati Radharani's
presence, Krsna became very unhappy and began to lament and wander throughout the forest
to search Her out. " 'Lord Krsna, the enemy of Kamsa, took Srimati
Radharani within His heart, for He desired to dance with Her. Thus He left the arena
of the rasa dance and the company of all the other beautiful damsels of Vraja.'
" 'Being afflicted by the arrow of Cupid and unhappily regretting His mistreating Radharani,
Madhava, Lord Krsna, began to search for Srimati Radharani along the banks of the Yamuna River.
When He failed to find Her, He entered the bushes of Vrndavana and began to lament.'
"Simply by considering these two verses one can understand what nectar there is in such
dealings. It is exactly like freeing a mine of nectar.
"Although Krsna was in the midst of hundreds of thousands of gopis during the rasa dance,
He still kept Himself in one of His transcendental forms by the side of Srimati Radharani.
"Lord Krsna is equal to everyone in His general dealings, but due to the conflicting ecstatic
love of Srimati Radharani, there were opposing elements.
" 'The progress of loving affairs between a young boy and a young girl is like the movement
of a snake. On account of this, two types of anger arise between a young boy and girl-anger
with cause and anger without cause.' "When Radharani left the rasa dance out of
anger and resentment, Lord Sri Krsna became very anxious because He could not see Her.
"Lord Krsna's desire in the rasa-lila circle is perfectly complete, but Srimati Radharani
is the binding link in that desire. "The rasa dance does not shine in the heart
of Krsna without Srimati Radharani. Therefore, He also gave up the circle of the rasa dance
and went out to search for Her. "When Krsna went out to search for Srimati
Radharani, He wandered here and there. But not finding Her, He became afflicted by the
arrow of Cupid and began to lament. "Since Krsna's lusty desires were not satisfied
even in the midst of hundreds of thousands of gopis and He was thus searching after Srimati
Radharani, we can easily imagine how transcendentally qualified She is."
After hearing this, Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu said to Ramananda Raya, "That for which I
have come to your residence has now become an object of truth in My knowledge.
"Now I have come to understand the sublime goal of life and the process of achieving
it. Nevertheless, I think that there is something more ahead, and My mind is desiring to have
it. "Kindly explain the transcendental features
of Krsna and Srimati Radharani. Also explain the truth of transcendental mellows and the
transcendental form of love of Godhead. "Kindly explain all these truths to Me. But
for yourself, no one can do so." Sri Ramananda Raya replied, "I do not know
anything about this. I simply vibrate the sound You make me speak.
"I simply repeat like a parrot whatever instructions You have given me. You are the Supreme Personality
of Godhead Himself. Who can understand Your dramatic performances?
"You inspire me within the heart and make me speak with the tongue. I do not know whether
I am speaking well or badly." Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "I am a Mayavadi
in the renounced order of life, and I do not even know what transcendental loving service
to the Lord is. I simply float in the ocean of Mayavada philosophy.
"Due to the association of Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, My mind has been enlightened. Therefore I
have asked Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya about the truths of transcendental loving service to
Krsna. "Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya told me, 'I do not
actually know about the topics of Lord Krsna. They are all known only to Ramananda Raya,
but he is not present here.' " Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "After
hearing about your glories, I have come to your place. But you are offering Me words
of praise out of respect for a sannyasi, one in the renounced order of life.
"Whether one is a brahmana, a sannyasi or a sudra-regardless of what he is-he can become
a spiritual master if he knows the science of Krsna."
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "Please do not try to cheat me, thinking of Me as
a learned sannyasi. Please satisfy My mind by just describing the truth of Radha and
Krsna." Sri Ramananda Raya was a great devotee of
the Lord and a lover of God, and although his mind could not be covered by Krsna's illusory
energy, and although he could understand the mind of the Lord, which was very strong and
intense, Ramananda's mind became a little agitated.
Sri Ramananda Raya said, "I am just a dancing puppet, and You pull the strings. Whichever
way You make me dance, I will dance. "My dear Lord, my tongue is just like a stringed
instrument, and You are its player. Therefore I simply vibrate whatever arises in Your mind."
Ramananda Raya then began to speak on krsna-tattva. "Krsna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead,"
he said. "He is personally the original Godhead, the source of all incarnations and the cause
of all causes. "There are innumerable Vaikuntha planets as
well as innumerable incarnations. In the material world also there are innumerable universes,
and Krsna is the supreme resting place for all of them.
"The transcendental body of Sri Krsna is eternal and full of bliss and knowledge. He is the
son of Nanda Maharaja. He is full of all opulences and potencies, as well as all spiritual mellows.
" 'Krsna, who is known as Govinda, is the supreme controller. He has an eternal, blissful,
spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin, for He is the prime cause
of all causes.' "In the spiritual realm of Vrndavana, Krsna
is the spiritual ever-fresh Cupid. He is worshiped by the chanting of the Kama-gayatri mantra
with the spiritual seed klim. "The very name Krsna means that He attracts
even Cupid. He is therefore attractive to everyone-male and female, moving and inert
living entities. Indeed, Krsna is known as the all-attractive one.
" 'When Krsna left the rasa-lila dance, the gopis became very morose, and when they were
grieving, Krsna reappeared dressed in yellow garments. Wearing a flower garland and smiling,
He was attractive even to Cupid. In this way Krsna appeared among the gopis.'
"Each and every devotee has a certain type of transcendental mellow in relation to Krsna.
But in all transcendental relationships the devotee is the worshiper [asraya], and Krsna
is the object of worship [visaya]. " 'Let Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
be glorified! By virtue of His expanding attractive features, He subjugated the gopis named Taraka
and Pali and absorbed the minds of Syama and Lalita. He is the most attractive lover of
Srimati Radharani and is the reservoir of pleasure for devotees in all devotional mellows.'
"Krsna is all-attractive for devotees in all devotional mellows because He is the personification
of the conjugal mellow. Krsna is attractive not only to all the devotees, but to Himself
as well. " 'My dear friends, just see how Sri Krsna
is enjoying the season of spring! With the gopis embracing each of His limbs, He is like
amorous love personified. With His transcendental pastimes, He enlivens all the gopis and the
entire creation. With His soft bluish black arms and legs, which resemble blue lotus flowers,
He has created a festival for Cupid.' "He also attracts Narayana, who is the incarnation
of Sankarsana and the husband of the goddess of fortune. He attracts not only Narayana
but also all women, headed by the goddess of fortune, the consort of Narayana.
"Addressing Krsna and Arjuna, Lord Maha-Visnu [the Mahapurusa] said, 'I wanted to see both
of you, and therefore I have brought the sons of the brahmana here. Both of you have appeared
in the material world to reestablish religious principles, and you have both appeared here
with all your potencies. After killing all the demons, please quickly return to the spiritual
world.' " 'O Lord, we do not know how the serpent
Kaliya attained such an opportunity to be touched by the dust of Your lotus feet. For
this end, the goddess of fortune performed austerities for centuries, giving up all other
desires and observing austere vows. Indeed, we do not know how this serpent Kaliya got
such an opportunity.' "Lord Krsna's sweetness is so attractive that
it steals away His own mind. Thus He even wants to embrace Himself.
" 'Upon seeing His own reflection in a bejeweled pillar of His Dvaraka palace, Krsna desired
to embrace it, saying, "Alas, I have never seen such a person before. Who is He? Just
by seeing Him I have become eager to embrace Him, exactly like Srimati Radharani." ' "
Sri Ramananda Raya then said, "I have thus briefly explained the original form of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead. Now let me describe the position of Srimati Radharani.
"Krsna has unlimited potencies, which can be divided into three main parts. These are
the spiritual potency, the material potency and the marginal potency, which is known as
the living entities. "In other words, these are all potencies of
God-internal, external and marginal. But the internal potency is the Lord's personal energy
and stands over the other two. " 'The original potency of Lord Visnu is superior,
or spiritual. The living entity actually belongs to that superior energy, but there is another
energy, called the material energy, and this third energy is full of ignorance.'
"Originally Lord Krsna is sac-cid-ananda-vigraha, the transcendental form of eternity, bliss
and knowledge; therefore His personal potency, the internal potency, has three different
forms. "Hladini is His aspect of bliss; sandhini,
of eternal existence; and samvit, of cognizance, which is also accepted as knowledge.
" 'My dear Lord, You are the transcendental reservoir of all transcendental qualities.
Your pleasure potency, existence potency and knowledge potency are actually all one spiritual
internal potency. The conditioned soul, although actually spiritual, sometimes experiences
pleasure, sometimes pain and sometimes a mixture of pain and pleasure. This is due to his being
touched by matter. But because You are above all material qualities, these are not found
in You. Your superior spiritual potency is completely transcendental, and for You there
is no such thing as relative pleasure, pleasure mixed with pain, or pain itself.'
"The potency called hladini gives Krsna transcendental pleasure. Through this pleasure potency, Krsna
personally tastes all spiritual pleasure. "Lord Krsna tastes all kinds of transcendental
happiness, although He Himself is happiness personified. The pleasure relished by His
pure devotees is also manifest by His pleasure potency.
"The most essential part of this pleasure potency is love of Godhead [prema]. Consequently,
the explanation of love of Godhead is also a transcendental mellow full of pleasure.
"The essential part of love of Godhead is called mahabhava, transcendental ecstasy,
and that ecstasy is represented by Srimati Radharani.
" 'Among the gopis of Vrndavana, Srimati Radharani and another gopi are considered chief. But
when we compare the gopis, it appears that Srimati Radharani is most important because
Her real feature expresses the highest ecstasy of love. The ecstasy of love experienced by
the other gopis cannot be compared to that of Srimati Radharani.'
"The body of Srimati Radharani is a veritable transformation of love of Godhead; She is
the dearmost friend of Krsna, and this is known throughout the world.
" 'I worship Govinda, the primeval Lord, who resides in His own realm, Goloka, with Radha,
who resembles His own spiritual figure and who embodies the ecstatic potency [hladini].
Their companions are Her confidantes, who embody extensions of Her bodily form and who
are imbued and permeated with ever-blissful spiritual rasa.'
"That supreme ecstasy of Srimati Radharani is the essence of spiritual life. Her only
business is to fulfill all the desires of Krsna.
"Srimati Radharani is the topmost spiritual gem, and the other gopis-Lalita, Visakha and
so on-are expansions of Her spiritual body. "Srimati Radharani's transcendental body is
brilliant in luster and full of all transcendental fragrances. Lord Krsna's affection for Her
is like a perfumed massage. "Srimati Radharani takes Her first bath in
the shower of the nectar of compassion, and She takes Her second bath in the nectar of
youth. "After Her midday bath, Radharani takes another
bath in the nectar of bodily luster, and She puts on the garment of shyness, which is exactly
like a black silk sari. "Srimati Radharani's affection for Krsna is
the upper garment, which is pinkish in color. She then covers Her breasts with another garment,
comprised of affection and anger toward Krsna. "Srimati Radharani's personal beauty is compared
to the reddish powder known as kunkuma. Her affection for Her associates is compared to
sandalwood pulp, and the sweetness of Her smile is compared to camphor. All these, combined
together, are smeared over Her body. "Conjugal love for Krsna is just like an abundance
of musk. By that musk, Her whole body is decorated. "Craftiness and covered anger constitute the
arrangement of Her hair. The quality of anger due to jealousy is just like the silk garment
covering Her body. "Her attachment for Krsna is the reddish color
of betel nuts on Her brilliant lips. Her double-dealings in loving affairs are just like the black
ointment around Her eyes. "The decorated ornaments on Her body are the
blazing ecstasies of goodness, and these constantly existing ecstasies are headed by jubilation.
All these ecstasies are like ornaments all over Her body.
"These bodily ornaments constitute twenty kinds of ecstatic symptoms, beginning with
kila-kincita. Her transcendental qualities are the flower garland hanging in fullness
over Her body. "The tilaka of good fortune is on Her beautiful
broad forehead. Her various loving affairs are a gem, and Her heart is the locket.
"Srimati Radharani's gopi friends are Her mental activities, which are concentrated
on the pastimes of Sri Krsna. She keeps Her hand on the shoulder of a friend, who represents
youth. "Srimati Radharani's bedstead is pride itself,
and it is situated in the abode of Her bodily aroma. She is always seated there thinking
of Krsna's association. "Srimati Radharani's earrings represent the
name, fame and qualities of Lord Krsna. The glories of Lord Krsna's name, fame and qualities
are always inundating Her speech. "Srimati Radharani induces Krsna to drink
the honey of the conjugal relationship. She is therefore engaged in satisfying all the
lusty desires of Krsna. "Srimati Radharani is exactly like a mine
filled with valuable jewels of love for Krsna. Her transcendental body is complete with unparalleled
spiritual qualities. " 'If one asks about the origin of love of
Krsna, the answer is that the origin is in Srimati Radharani alone. Who is the most dear
friend of Krsna? The answer again is Srimati Radharani alone. No one else. Srimati Radharani's
hair is very curly, Her two eyes are always moving to and fro, and Her breasts are firm.
Since all transcendental qualities are manifest in Srimati Radharani, She alone is able to
fulfill all the desires of Krsna. No one else.' "Even Satyabhama, one of the queens of Sri
Krsna, desires the fortunate position and excellent qualities of Srimati Radharani.
All the gopis learn the art of dressing from Srimati Radharani, and even the goddess of
fortune, Laksmi, and the wife of Lord Siva, Parvati, desire Her beauty and qualities.
Indeed, Arundhati, the celebrated chaste wife of Vasistha, also wants to imitate the chastity
and religious principles of Srimati Radharani. "Even Lord Krsna Himself cannot reach the
limit of the transcendental qualities of Srimati Radharani. How, then, can an insignificant
living entity count them?" Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "Now
I have come to understand the truth of the loving affairs between Radha and Krsna. Nonetheless,
I still want to hear how both of Them gloriously enjoy such love."
Raya Ramananda replied, "Lord Krsna is dhira-lalita, for He can always keep His girlfriends in
a subjugated state. Thus His only business is enjoying sense gratification.
" 'A person who is very cunning and always youthful, expert in joking and without anxiety,
and who can keep his girlfriends always subjugated, is called dhira-lalita.'
"Day and night Lord Sri Krsna enjoys the company of Srimati Radharani in the bushes of Vrndavana.
Thus His pre-youthful age is fulfilled through His affairs with Srimati Radharani.
" 'Thus Lord Sri Krsna spoke of the sexual activities of the previous night. In this
way He made Srimati Radharani close Her eyes out of shyness. Taking this opportunity, Sri
Krsna painted various types of dolphins on Her breasts. Thus He became a very expert
artist for all the gopis. During such pastimes, the Lord enjoyed the fulfillment of His youth.'
" Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, "This is all
right, but please continue." At that time Raya Ramananda replied, "I don't think my
intelligence goes beyond this." Raya Ramananda then informed Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu that there was another topic, known as prema-vilasa-vivarta. "You may hear of
this from me," Ramananda Raya said, "but I do not know whether You will be happy with
it or not." Saying this, Ramananda Raya began to sing
a song he had composed, but Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, out of the ecstasy of love of Godhead, immediately
covered Ramananda's mouth with His own hand. " 'Alas, before We met there was an initial
attachment between Us brought about by an exchange of glances. In this way attachment
evolved. That attachment has gradually grown, and there is no limit to it. Now that attachment
has become a natural sequence between Ourselves. It is not that it is due to Krsna, the enjoyer,
nor is it due to Me, for I am the enjoyed. It is not like that. This attachment was made
possible by mutual meeting. This mutual exchange of attraction is known as manobhava, or Cupid.
Krsna's mind and My mind have merged together. Now, during this time of separation, it is
very difficult to explain these loving affairs. My dear friend, Krsna might have forgotten
all these things. However, you can understand and bring this message to Him, but during
Our first meeting there was no messenger between Us, nor did I request anyone to see Him. Indeed,
Cupid's five arrows were Our via media. Now, during this separation, that attraction has
increased to another ecstatic state. My dear friend, please act as a messenger on My behalf
because if one is in love with a beautiful person, this is the consequence.'
" 'O my Lord, You live in the forest of Govardhana Hill, and, like the king of elephants, You
are expert in the art of conjugal love. O master of the universe, Your heart and Srimati
Radharani's heart are just like shellac and are now melted in Your spiritual perspiration.
Therefore one can no longer distinguish between You and Srimati Radharani. Now You have mixed
Your newly invoked affection, which is like vermilion, with Your melted hearts, and for
the benefit of the whole world You have painted both Your hearts red within this great palace
of the universe.' "
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu confirmed these verses recited by Sri Ramananda Raya, saying, "This
is the limit of the goal of human life. Only by your mercy have I come to understand it
conclusively. "The goal of life cannot be achieved unless
one practices the process. Now, being merciful upon Me, please explain that means by which
this goal can be attained." Sri Ramananda Raya replied, "I do not know
what I am saying, but You have made me speak what I have spoken, be it good or bad. I am
simply repeating that message. "Within these three worlds who is so undisturbed
that he can remain steady as You manipulate Your different energies?
"Actually You are speaking through my mouth, and at the same time You are listening. This
is very mysterious. Anyway, kindly hear the explanation by which the goal can be attained.
"The pastimes of Radha and Krsna are very confidential. They cannot be understood through
the mellows of servitude, fraternity or paternal affection.
"Actually, only the gopis have the right to appreciate these transcendental pastimes,
and only from them can these pastimes be expanded. "Without the gopis, these pastimes between
Radha and Krsna cannot be nourished. Only by their cooperation are such pastimes broadcast.
It is their business to taste the mellows. "Without the help of the gopis, one cannot
enter into these pastimes. Only he who worships the Lord in the ecstasy of the gopis, following
in their footsteps, can engage in the service of Sri Sri Radha-Krsna in the bushes of Vrndavana.
Only then can one understand the conjugal love between Radha and Krsna. There is no
other procedure for understanding. " 'The pastimes of Sri Radha and Krsna are
self-effulgent. They are happiness personified, unlimited and all-powerful. Even so, the spiritual
humors of such pastimes are never complete without the gopis, the Lord's personal friends.
The Supreme Personality of Godhead is never complete without His spiritual potencies;
therefore unless one takes shelter of the gopis, one cannot enter into the company of
Radha and Krsna. Who can be interested in Their spiritual pastimes without taking their
shelter?' "There is an inexplicable fact about the natural
inclinations of the gopis. The gopis never want to enjoy themselves with Krsna personally.
"The happiness of the gopis increases ten million times when they serve to engage Sri
Sri Radha and Krsna in Their transcendental pastimes.
"By nature, Srimati Radharani is just like a creeper of love of Godhead, and the gopis
are the twigs, flowers and leaves of that creeper.
"When the nectar of Krsna's pastimes is sprinkled on that creeper, the happiness derived by
the twigs, flowers and leaves is ten million times greater than that derived by the creeper
itself. " 'All the gopis, the personal friends of
Srimati Radharani, are equal to Her. Krsna is pleasing to the inhabitants of Vrajabhumi,
just as the moon is pleasing to the lotus flower. His pleasure-giving potency is known
as ahladini, of which the active principle is Srimati Radharani. She is compared to a
creeper with newly grown flowers and leaves. When the nectar of Krsna's pastimes is sprinkled
on Srimati Radharani, all Her friends, the gopis, immediately appreciate the pleasure
a hundred times more than if they were sprinkled themselves. Actually this is not at all wonderful.'
"Although the gopis, Srimati Radharani's friends, do not desire to enjoy themselves directly
with Krsna, Srimati Radharani makes a great endeavor to induce Krsna to enjoy Himself
with the gopis. "Presenting various pleas for the gopis, Srimati
Radharani sometimes sends the gopis to Krsna just to enable them to associate with Him
directly. At such times, She enjoys a happiness ten million times greater than that enjoyed
through direct association. "The transcendental mellow is nourished by
that mutual behavior in transcendental love of Godhead. When Lord Krsna sees how the gopis
have developed pure love for Him, He becomes very satisfied.
"It is to be noted that the natural characteristic of the gopis is to love the Supreme Lord.
Their lusty desire is not to be compared to material lust. Nonetheless, because their
desire sometimes appears to resemble material lust, their transcendental love for Krsna
is sometimes described as lust. " 'The dealings of the gopis with Krsna are
on the platform of pure love of Godhead, yet they are sometimes considered to be lusty.
But because such dealings are completely spiritual, Uddhava and all the other dearmost devotees
of the Lord desire to participate in them.' "Lusty desires are experienced when one is
concerned with his own personal sense gratification. The mood of the gopis is not like that. Their
only desire is to satisfy the senses of Krsna. "Among the gopis, there is not a pinch of
desire for sense gratification. Their only desire is to give pleasure to Krsna, and this
is why they mingle with Him and enjoy with Him.
"All the gopis said, 'Dear Krsna, we carefully hold Your delicate lotus feet upon our hard
breasts. When You walk in the forest, Your soft lotus feet are pricked by small bits
of stone. We fear that this is paining You. Since You are our life and soul, and our minds
are very disturbed when Your lotus feet are pained.'
"One who is attracted by that ecstatic love of the gopis does not care about popular opinion
or the regulative principles of Vedic life. Rather, he completely surrenders unto Krsna
and renders service unto Him. "If one worships the Lord on the path of spontaneous
love and goes to Vrndavana, he receives the shelter of Vrajendra-nandana, the son of Nanda
Maharaja. "In his liberated stage the devotee is attracted
by one of the five humors in the transcendental loving service of the Lord. As he continues
to serve the Lord in that transcendental mood, he attains a spiritual body to serve Krsna
in Goloka Vrndavana. "Those saintly persons who presented the Upanisads
are vivid examples of this. By worshiping the Lord on the path of spontaneous love,
they attained the lotus feet of Vrajendra-nandana, the son of Nanda Maharaja.
" 'Great sages conquer the mind and senses by practicing the mystic yoga system and controlling
their breath. Thus engaging in mystic yoga, they see the Supersoul within their hearts
and ultimately enter into impersonal Brahman. But even the enemies of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead attain that position simply by thinking of the Supreme Lord. However, the
damsels of Vraja, the gopis, being attracted by the beauty of Krsna, simply wanted to embrace
Him and His arms, which are like serpents. Thus the gopis ultimately tasted the nectar
of the lotus feet of the Lord. Similarly, we Upanisads can also taste the nectar of
His lotus feet by following in the footsteps of the gopis.' "
"The word 'sama-drsah,' mentioned in the fourth line of the previous verse, means 'following
the mood of the gopis.' The word 'samah' means 'the srutis' attaining a body like those of
the gopis.' "The word 'anghri-padma-sudha' means 'associating
intimately with Krsna.' One can attain such perfection only by spontaneous love of God.
One cannot obtain Krsna in Goloka Vrndavana simply by serving the Lord according to regulative
principles. " 'The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna,
the son of mother Yasoda, is accessible to those devotees engaged in spontaneous loving
service, but He is not as easily accessible to mental speculators, to those striving for
self-realization by severe austerities and penances, or to those who consider the body
the same as the self.' "Therefore one should accept the mood of the
gopis in their service. In such a transcendental mood, one should always think of the pastimes
of Sri Radha and Krsna. "After thinking of Radha and Krsna and Their
pastimes for a long time and after getting completely free from material contamination,
one is transferred to the spiritual world. There the devotee attains an opportunity to
serve Radha and Krsna as one of the gopis. "Unless one follows in the footsteps of the
gopis, he cannot attain the service of the lotus feet of Krsna, the son of Nanda Maharaja.
If one is overcome by knowledge of the Lord's opulence, he cannot attain the Lord's lotus
feet, even though he is engaged in devotional service.
"The unspoken example in this connection is the goddess of fortune, who worshiped Lord
Krsna in order to attain His pastimes in Vrndavana. But due to her opulent life-style, she could
not attain the service of Krsna in Vrndavana. " 'When Lord Sri Krsna was dancing with the
gopis in the rasa-lila, the gopis were embraced around the neck by the Lord's arms. This transcendental
favor was never enjoyed by the goddess of fortune or other consorts in the spiritual
world. Nor was such a thing ever imagined by the most beautiful girls from the heavenly
planets, whose bodily luster and aroma exactly resemble a lotus flower. And what to speak
of worldly women who are very beautiful according to the material estimation?' "
After hearing this, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu embraced Ramananda Raya, and both of them,
embracing shoulder to shoulder, began to cry. The entire night was passed in this way, in
ecstatic love of Godhead. In the morning they both departed to tend to their respective
duties. Before departing from Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
Ramananda Raya fell to the ground and caught hold of the Lord's lotus feet. He then spoke
submissively as follows. Sri Ramananda Raya said, "You have come here
just to show me Your causeless mercy. Therefore stay here for at least ten days and purify
my polluted mind. "But for You, there is no one who can deliver
all the living entities, for You alone can deliver love of Krsna."
The Lord replied, "Having heard about your good qualities, I have come here. I have come
to hear about Krsna from you and thus purify My mind.
"Now that I have actually seen your glories, what I heard about you is confirmed. As far
as the pastimes of Radha and Krsna in a loving mood are concerned, you are the limit of knowledge."
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "To say nothing of ten days, as long as I live I shall
find it impossible to give up your company. "You and I shall remain together at Jagannatha
Puri. We shall pass our time together in joy, talking about Krsna and His pastimes."
In this way they both departed to perform their respective duties. Then, in the evening,
Ramananda Raya returned to see Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Thus they met time and time again, sitting in a secluded place and jubilantly discussing
devotional service by the question and answer process.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked the questions, and Sri Ramananda Raya gave the answers. In
this way they were engaged in discussion throughout the night.
On one occasion the Lord inquired, "Of all types of education, which is the most important?"
Ramananda Raya replied, "No education is important other than the transcendental devotional service
of Krsna." Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then asked Ramananda
Raya, "Out of all glorious activities, which is the most glorious?" Ramananda Raya replied,
"That person who is reputed to be a devotee of Lord Krsna enjoys the utmost fame and glory."
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked, "Of the many capitalists who possess great riches, who
is the topmost?" Ramananda Raya replied, "He who is richest in love for Radha and Krsna
is the greatest capitalist." Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked, "Of all kinds
of distress, what is the most painful?" Sri Ramananda Raya replied, "Apart from separation
from the devotee of Krsna, I know of no unbearable unhappiness."
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then inquired, "Out of all liberated persons, who should be accepted
as the greatest?" Ramananda Raya replied, "He who has love for
Krsna has attained the topmost liberation." Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu next asked Ramananda
Raya, "Among many songs, which song is to be considered the actual religion of the living
entity?" Ramananda Raya replied, "That song describing
the loving affairs of Sri Radha and Krsna is superior to all other songs."
"Out of all auspicious and beneficial activities, which is best for the living entity?"
Ramananda Raya replied, "The only auspicious activity is association with the devotees
of Krsna." Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked, "What should
all living entities constantly remember?" Ramananda Raya replied, "The chief objects
of remembrance are always the Lord's holy name, qualities and pastimes."
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu further inquired, "Out of many types of meditation, which is
required for all living entities?" Srila Ramananda Raya replied, "The chief duty
of every living entity is to meditate upon the lotus feet of Radha and Krsna."
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked, "Where should the living entity live, abandoning all other
places?" Ramananda Raya replied, "The holy place known
as Vrndavana or Vrajabhumi, where the Lord performed His rasa dance."
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked, "Out of all topics people listen to, which is best for
all living entities?" Ramananda Raya replied, "Hearing about the
loving affairs between Radha and Krsna is most pleasing to the ear."
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked, "Among all worshipable objects, which is the chief?"
Ramananda Raya replied, "The chief worshipable object is the holy name of Radha and Krsna,
the Hare Krsna mantra." "And what is the destination of those who
desire liberation and those who desire sense gratification?" Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked.
Ramananda Raya replied, "Those who attempt to merge into the existence of the Supreme
Lord will have to accept a body like that of a tree. And those who are overly inclined
toward sense gratification will attain the bodies of demigods."
Ramananda Raya continued, "Those who are devoid of all transcendental mellows are like the
crows that suck the juice from the bitter fruits of the nimba tree of knowledge, whereas
those who enjoy mellows are like the cuckoos who eat the buds of the mango tree of love
of Godhead." Ramananda Raya concluded, "The unfortunate
empiric philosophers taste the dry process of philosophical knowledge, whereas the devotees
regularly drink the nectar of love of Krsna. Therefore they are most fortunate of all."
In this way Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Ramananda Raya passed the full night relishing the mellow
of krsna-katha, topics about Krsna. While they were chanting, dancing and crying, the
night ended. The next morning they both departed to perform
their respective duties, but in the evening Ramananda Raya returned to meet the Lord again.
That next evening, after discussing the topic of Krsna for some time, Ramananda Raya caught
hold of the lotus feet of the Lord and spoke as follows.
"There is transcendental variety in talks about Krsna and Radharani and Their transcendental
loving affairs, humors and pastimes." Ramananda Raya then admitted, "You have manifested
many transcendental truths in my heart. This is exactly the way Narayana educated Lord
Brahma." Ramananda Raya continued, "The Supersoul within
everyone's heart speaks not externally but from within. He instructs the devotees in
all respects, and that is His way of instruction." " 'O my Lord, Sri Krsna, son of Vasudeva,
O all-pervading Personality of Godhead, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You. I
meditate upon Lord Sri Krsna because He is the Absolute Truth and the primeval cause
of all causes of the creation, sustenance and destruction of the manifested universes.
He is directly and indirectly conscious of all manifestations, and He is independent
because there is no other cause beyond Him. It is He only who first imparted the Vedic
knowledge unto the heart of Brahmaji, the original living being. By Him even the great
sages and demigods are placed into illusion, as one is bewildered by the illusory representations
of water seen in fire, or land seen on water. Only because of Him do the material universes,
temporarily manifested by the reactions of the three modes of nature, appear factual,
although they are unreal. I therefore meditate upon Him, Lord Sri Krsna, who is eternally
existent in the transcendental abode, which is forever free from the illusory representations
of the material world. I meditate upon Him, for He is the Absolute Truth.' "
Ramananda Raya then said that he had but one doubt within his heart, and he petitioned
the Lord, "Please be merciful upon me and just remove my doubt."
Ramananda Raya then told Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, "At first I saw You appear like
a sannyasi, but now I am seeing You as Syamasundara, the cowherd boy.
"I now see You appearing like a golden doll, and Your entire body appears covered by a
golden luster. "I see that You are holding a flute to Your
mouth, and Your lotus eyes are moving very restlessly due to various ecstasies.
"I actually see You in this way, and this is very wonderful. My Lord, please tell me
without duplicity what is causing this." Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "You
have a deep love for Krsna, and one who has such deep ecstatic love for the Lord naturally
sees things in such a way. Please take this from Me to be certain.
"A devotee advanced on the spiritual platform sees everything movable and inert as the Supreme
Lord. For him, everything he sees here and there is but a manifestation of Lord Krsna.
"The maha-bhagavata, the advanced devotee, certainly sees everything mobile and immobile,
but he does not exactly see their forms. Rather, everywhere he immediately sees manifest the
form of the Supreme Lord." Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, " 'A person
advanced in devotional service sees within everything the soul of souls, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, Sri Krsna. Consequently he always sees the form of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead as the cause of all causes and understands that all things are situated in
Him.' " 'The plants, creepers and trees were full
of fruits and flowers due to ecstatic love of Krsna. Indeed, being so full, they were
bowing down. They were inspired by such deep love for Krsna that they were constantly pouring
showers of honey. In this way the gopis saw all the forest of Vrndavana.' "
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu continued, "My dear Raya, you are an advanced devotee and are
always filled with ecstatic love for Radha and Krsna. Therefore whatever you see-anywhere
and everywhere-simply awakens your Krsna consciousness." Ramananda Raya replied, "My dear Lord, please
give up all these serious talks. Please do not conceal Your real form from me."
Ramananda Raya continued, "My dear Lord, I can understand that You have assumed the ecstasy
and bodily complexion of Srimati Radharani. By accepting this, You are tasting Your own
personal transcendental humor and have therefore appeared as Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
"My dear Lord, You have descended in this incarnation of Lord Caitanya for Your own
personal reasons. You have come to taste Your own spiritual bliss, and at the same time
You are transforming the whole world by spreading the ecstasy of love of Godhead.
"My dear Lord, by Your causeless mercy You have appeared before me to grant me liberation.
Now You are playing in a duplicitous way. What is the reason for this behavior?"
Lord Sri Krsna is the reservoir of all pleasure, and Srimati Radharani is the personification
of ecstatic love of Godhead. These two forms has combined as one in Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
This being the case, Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu revealed His real form to Ramananda Raya.
Upon seeing this form, Ramananda Raya lost consciousness in transcendental bliss. Unable
to remain standing, he fell to the ground. When Ramananda Raya fell to the ground unconscious,
Caitanya Mahaprabhu touched his hand, and he immediately regained consciousness. But
when he saw Lord Caitanya in the dress of a sannyasi, he was struck with wonder.
After embracing Ramananda Raya, the Lord pacified him, informing him, "But for you, no one has
ever seen this form." In the Bhagavad-gita (7.25) Lord Krsna states:
naham prakasah sarvasya yoga-maya-samavrtah
mudho 'yam nabhijanati loko mam ajam avyayam
"I am never manifest to the foolish and unintelligent. For them I am covered by My internal potency
[yogamaya], and so they do not know Me, who am unborn and infallible."
The Lord always reserves the right of not being exposed to everyone. The devotees, however,
are always engaged in the service of the Lord, serving with the tongue by chanting the Hare
Krsna mantra and tasting maha-prasada. Gradually the sincere devotee pleases the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, and the Supreme Lord reveals Himself. One cannot see the Supreme Lord by making
personal efforts. Rather, when the Lord is pleased by the service of a devotee, He reveals
Himself. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu confirmed, "All the
truths about My pastimes and mellows are within your knowledge. Therefore I have shown this
form to you. "Actually My body does not have a golden complexion.
It only appears so because it has touched the body of Srimati Radharani. However, She
does not touch anyone but the son of Nanda Maharaja.
"I have now converted My body and mind into the ecstasy of Srimati Radharani; thus I am
tasting My own personal sweetness in that form."
Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu then admitted to His pure devotee, Ramananda Raya, "Now there
is no confidential activity unknown to you. Even though I try to conceal My activities,
you can understand everything in detail by virtue of your advanced love for Me."
The Lord then requested Ramananda Raya, "Keep all these talks a secret. Please do not expose
them anywhere and everywhere. Since My activities appear to be like those of a madman, people
may take them lightly and laugh." Caitanya Mahaprabhu then said, "Indeed, I
am a madman, and you are also a madman. Therefore both of us are on the same platform."
For ten nights Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Ramananda Raya spent a happy time discussing
the pastimes of Krsna. The conversations between Ramananda Raya and
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu contain the most confidential subject matters touching the conjugal love
between Radha and Krsna in Vrndavana [Vrajabhumi]. Although they talked at great length about
these pastimes, they could not reach the limit of discussion.
Actually, these conversations are like a great mine where, from a single place, one can extract
all kinds of metals-copper, bell metal, silver and gold-and also touchstone, the basis of
all metals. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Ramananda Raya
worked like miners, excavating all kinds of valuable metals, each one better than the
other. Their questions and answers are exactly like that.
The next day Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu begged Ramananda Raya to give Him permission to leave,
and at the time of farewell the Lord gave him the following orders.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu told him, "Give up all material engagements and come to Jagannatha
Puri. I will return there very soon after finishing My tour and pilgrimage.
"The two of us shall remain together at Jagannatha Puri and happily pass our time discussing
Krsna." Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then embraced Sri
Ramananda Raya, and after sending him back to his home, the Lord took rest.
After rising from bed the next morning, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu visited the local temple,
where there was a deity of Hanuman. After offering him obeisances, the Lord departed
for South India. All the residents of Vidyanagara were of different
faiths, but after seeing Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, they abandoned their own faiths and became
Vaisnavas. When Ramananda Raya began to feel separation
from Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he was overwhelmed. Meditating on the Lord, he gave up all his
material business. I have briefly described the meeting between
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Ramananda Raya. No one can actually describe this meeting
exhaustively. It is even impossible for Lord Sesa Naga, who has thousands of hoods.
The activities of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu are like condensed milk, and the activities
of Ramananda Raya are like large quantities of sugar candy.
Their meeting is exactly like a mixture of condensed milk and sugar candy. When they
talk of the pastimes of Radha and Krsna, camphor is added. One who tastes this combined preparation
is most fortunate. This wonderful preparation has to be taken
aurally. If one takes it, he becomes greedy to relish it even further.
By hearing the talks between Ramananda Raya and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, one becomes enlightened
with the transcendental knowledge of the mellows of Radha's and Krsna's pastimes. Thus one
can develop unalloyed love for the lotus feet of Radha and Krsna.
The author requests every reader to hear these talks with faith and without argument. By
studying them in this way, one will be able to understand the confidential truth of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu. This part of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's pastimes
is most confidential. One can derive benefit quickly only by faith; otherwise by arguing
one will always remain far away. He who has accepted as everything the lotus
feet of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Nityananda Prabhu and Advaita Prabhu can attain this
transcendental treasure. I offer ten million obeisances unto the lotus
feet of Sri Ramananda Raya because from his mouth much spiritual information has been
expanded by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. I have tried to preach the pastimes of Lord
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's meeting with Ramananda Raya in accordance with the notebooks of Sri
Svarupa Damodara. Praying at the lotus feet of Sri Rupa and
Sri Raghunatha, always desiring their mercy, I, Krsnadasa, narrate Sri Caitanya-caritamrta,
following in their footsteps. Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports to Sri
Caitanya-caritamrta, Madhya-lila, Eighth Chapter, describing the talks between Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu and Ramananda Raya.