History of Chinese in Singapore - Part 3 (新加坡華人史 - 3)


Uploaded by yhjow on 19.05.2010

Transcript:
They helped raise funds to help the Anti-Japanese war effort in China
Singapore is positioned in the center of South East Asia
Today, it's not just a trading hub of the East and West
It's a mix of East-West culture or in fact a mix of cultures from various different ethnic groups.
In the 1950s, with the change in political and social changes around the world.
Singaporeans began to gain independence from the British
After Singapore gained independence, our national identity underwent a big change.
Our immigrants, no matter whether you're from India, Malaysia, Indonesia, or immigrants from China
We began to take our homeland as Singapore.
At that time, the government also took measures to execute a fair racial policy.
All races are equal and 4 languages are equal
They also built community centers
to let different races get together and take part in activities.
Thus, at that time, we do not encourage too much Clans activities.
With both internal and external influence, the Chinese in Singapore began to have a greater sense of belonging to this land.
More and more people began to take roots in Singapore
From immigrants to citizenship
A national identity that transcends all borders of ethnicity
began to take roots in the Chinese in Singapore
With this, the clans association and various Chinese organizations began to undergo decline.
The role of these clans associations were being overtaken by the government.
In 1965, Singapore faced problems such as lack of resources, high unemployment, economic difficulties etc.
However, in only 20 years' time, under leadership from the government, this small nation and immigrant country rose up to an important world center for finance, trade, commerce, transport and service.
So-called "the no.1 of the 4 Asian tigers."
However, after achieving remarkable economic development
the Chinese in Singapore fell into a perplexed confusion over their own cultural identity.
Founded in 1906, the Tao Nan School was initially a school under the Hokkien Clans Association.
Its name came from the motto and objectives when the school was founded.
Propagate Chinese Philosophy, Tradition, Culture and Ideal to the South
Initially, this was an entirely Chinese-medium school.
After Singapore became independence, in order to fulfil the needs of economic development
English gradually became the medium language in all schools in Singapore
In the 1980s, Tao Nan also changed to become an English-medium school in order to adapt to the change.
However, the sharp decline in the command of Chinese language amongst young people in Singapore
caused the eldely Singaporeans to worry about the prospect of the ethnic culture amongst the Chinese Singaporeans.
In 1990s, Singapore announced the new Chinese language policy to allow students greater chance to learn Chinese language.
Tao Nan became a Special Assistance Program School.
providing specialized Chinese language teaching.
And now in Tao Nan school, besides hearing teacher imparting knowledge in Chinese,
they can also take part in traditional Chinese culture lessons.
In each lesson, they shorterned their distance towards China's culture.
Today, more and more schools use the same method as Tao Nan school to provide more Chinese culture lessons.
And Chinese cultural activities such as calligraphy, chess etc. are regularly held and are popular amongst the public.
If one says the first generation Chinese built the clan association to remember their hometown and kinship in China,
then today the descendents of the rich Chinese in Singapore are feeling a greater need for a Chinese cultural identity.
Walking along the mouth of Singapore river..
the towering skyscrapers make it hard to remember the wild land of the past.
these achievements are unable to depart from the 100 years of hardwork of the Chinese in Singapore
Though they build their homes far away from their ancestors place
the Chinese blood lineage laid inside them still do not change