Integrated Pest Management


Uploaded by groworganic on 05.07.2012

Transcript:
Hi I'm Tricia an organic gardener every gardner has to deal with pests
today we're gonna talk about integrated pest management or IPM for short
with integrated pest management you use a combination of different types of
controls rather than just one all by itself
and they're basically four different types of controls
there are biological controls meaning you use a pests
natural enemy like lady bugs for aphids or bacillus thuringiensis also called
bt for mosquitoes
cultural controls are aimed at making the environment unsuitable for pests
for example don't leave dropped apples around your trees for pests to over winter in
mechanical controls are very effective
these are controls like fences for dear copper wire for slugs and snails and
traps
and then there's chemical controls which are pesticides
in IPM pesticides are a last resort
as an organic gardener I use natural sprays like insecticidal soap, spinosad
and neem oil
and using a combination of these controls at the right time is key to IPM

and the acronym
P A M S
will help you know
what to do and when to do it
"P" stands for preventive
for example to help prevent problems use disease and pest free seeds and
transplants
another way to take some preventive measures
is the setup your irrigation
to water in the early morning instead of in the evening
watering in the evening can promote
fungus growth
to prevent problems keep a tidy garden
remove any weeds or diseased or dead plants and rotten fruit
any of that can harbor pests
and "A" is for avoidance you want to avoid damage by pest that are present
practice crop rotation in other words don't plant garlic and onions in the
same place two years in a row
Choose plants that are resistant to diseases that are known to be in your
area
for example these contender beans resist mildew
put bird net over your cherries in berries
"M" is for monitoring pay attention to what's happening in your garden
identify and keep track of what kinds of pests and diseases you see
i'm putting up a pheromone trap and that will let me know if the specific pest is
present
if you find that pets are present that's time for the last step of P A M S
suppression
suppression techniques include weeding
you can use several types of pheromone lures to trap out insects like thrips
or cucumber beetles
the suppression technique that we're most familiar with is spraying with an
insecticide or fungicide
spraying should be your last resort
since many will kill beneficial insects as well
try the spray first with the least environmental impact
this may sound complicated but don't worry you're not in it alone.
contact your local ag extension office or your local master gardeners they have
strategies for I P M controls for virtually every kind of pest
so get your pests before they get your harvest and grow organic for life