Wednesday, August 15, 2012


Uploaded by KPBSSanDiego on 15.08.2012

Transcript:
>> >>DWANE: TONIGHT ON KPBS EVENING EDITION AN UPDATE ON A SERIES F FIRES IN NORTH EASTERN
SAN DIEGO COUNTY. AND SAN DIEGO BRACES FOR A WHOOPING COUGH
EPIDEMIC. >> >>AMITA: TODAY MARKS THE FIRST DAY FOR
CHILDREN AND ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS TO APPLY AND WORK AND LIVE OPENLY WITHOUT FEAR OF DEPORTATION.
AND AIR IN IMPERIAL COUNTY IS FUELING ASTHMA RATES.
KPBS EVENING EDITION STARTS NOW. HAD
>> >>DWANE: HELLO, GOOD EVENING, THANKS FOR JOINING US, I'M DWANE BROWN.
ABOUT 400 PEOPLE IN SAN DIEGO'S RURAL BACK COUNTRY HAVE BEEN FORCED FROM THEIR HOMES
BY FIRE SPARKED BY LIGHTNING. FIRE FIGHTERS ARE ATTACKING IT FROM THE AIR
AND ON THE GROUND. KPBS BUSINESS AND ENVIRONMENT REPORTER ERIK
ANDERSON SAYS MORE THAN 1400 FIRE FIGHTERS ARE ON THE JOB.
>> >>: THE FLAMES JUST WEST OF BORREGO SPRINGS. CREWS SET BACK FIRES ALONG THE ROAD HOPING
TO STOP THE ADVANCING FLAMES BY STARVING THE WILD FIRE.
KAREN FRITS WATCHED THE SMOKE FOR A DAY BEFORE SHE LOOKD FOR HELP FROM THE RED CROSS SHELTER
AT WARNER SPRINGS HIGH SCHOOL. >> >>: THE MAIN REASON IS BECAUSE THE WIND
WAS SHIFTING THE OTHER WAY TOWARDS THE HOUSE AND TOWARDS THE THE ANIMALS THAT BOTHERED
ME. AND I STARTED TO MY EYES WERE BURNING A LOT
AND I STARTED SMELLING SMOKE FROM MY BEDROOM WINDOW.
>> >>: IT WAS A TENSE TIME FOR RANCHITA RESIDENT PAT, HE BOUGHT LAND NINE YEARS AGO AFTER THE
2003 WILD FIRES. >> >>: WE HAD FIRE CREWS AT OUR HOUSE YESTERDAY
WITH ENGINE STATIONS AROUND US. SO WE FELT THE MORE URGENCY.
THEN THEY LEFT YESTERDAY EVENING, AND THEN WE GOT A KNOCK ON THE DOOR ABOUT 1030 LAST
NIGHT FROM THE HIGHWAY PATROL ADVISING US THERE WAS A MANDATORY EVACUATION.
>> >>: THIS IS REAL REALLY WHAT THE FIRE FIGHTERS ARE WORRY ABOUT.
THEY COVER THIS VALLEY FLOOR AND A FIRE GETS IN HERE, ESPECIALLY IF IT'S DRIVEN BY WIND,
IT MOVES VERY QUICKLY. >> >>: WHAT'S BEST RIGHT NOW IN TERMS OF WEATHER
IS THAT THE WEATHER REMAINS STABLE F.WE GET THOSE WINDS OUT OF THE SOUTH WEST AND THEY
CONTINUE AT A MODERATE RATE WE CAN PLAN FOR THE POTENTIAL GROWTH OF THIS INCIDENT.
WHEN THE WINDS SHIFT, WE HAVE TO FIGHT IT FROM MULTIPLE FRONTS.
>> >>: CAL FIRE CREWS A HAVE SET UP ON AN EAST COUNTY RANCH.
THEY USE THE SAME AREA TO FIGHT WILD FIRES IN 2007.
FIRE FIGHTERS SAY THEY HAVE NO PREDICTION FOR WHEN THE FIRE MIGHT BE SURROUNDED AND
UNDER CONTROL. >> >>DWANE: KPBS REPORTER ERIK ANDERSON.
HELICOPTERS FROM MARINE CORPS STATION MIRAMAR AND CAMP PENDLETON ARE ASSISTING IN THE FIRE.
THE MILITARY WAS CALLED UP FOR THE FIRST TIME THIS MORNING INCLUDING FLIGHT CREWS FROM THE
THIRD MARINE AIR CRAFT WING AT MIRAMAR. IN RIVERSIDE COUNTY TWO PEOPLE IN A TRAILER
HOME SUR SUFFERED BURNS FROM A WILD FIRE. IT'S THREATENING AT LEAST 47 HOMES IN A COMMUNITY
EAST OF TEMECULA, FOUR STRUCTURES INCLUDING ONE HOME HAVE BURNED. THE FIRE HAS SCORCHED
NEARLY 5 SQUARE MILES. A JURY FOUND A SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA MAN GUILTY
OF MURDERING FIVE PEOPLE AFTER DELIBERATELY STARTING A WILD FIRE.
PROSECUTORS CHARGED RICKEY FOWLER WITH THE MURDERS OF 5 ELDERLY MEN WHO DIED OF HEART
ATTACKS IN 2003, WHEN THEIR HOME SAID BURNED TO THE GROUND IN A MASSIVE FIRE T.CONVICT
WOULD TWO COUNTS OF AS ARSON WITH SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES.
TWO MARINES KILLED IN HELMAND PROVINCE IN AFGHANISTAN, STAFF SERGEANT SCOTT DICKINSON
OF SAN DIEGO AND CORPORAL RICHARD RIVERA OF VENTURA, LANCE CORPORAL BUCKLEY OF OCEANSIDE
WAS ALSO KILLED IN THE FRIDAY ATTACKED. NEARLY 40 U.S. AND NATO PERSONNEL HAVE BEEN
KILLED THIS YEAR IN SIMILAR ATTACKS. TODAY MARK AS MILE STONE FOR MORE THAN A MILLION
ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT WHOSE CAME HERE AS CHILDREN. AMITA SHARMA TAKE AS CLOSER LOOK.
>> >>AMITA: UNDER A NEW INITIATIVE BY PRESIDENT OBAMA, YOUNG UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS CAN APPLY
TO LIVE AND WORK IN THE UNITED STATES OPENLY, WITHOUT THE FEAR OF DEPORTATION.
I'M JOINED BY IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION ATTORNEY LILIA VELASQUEZ AND LUPE SANDOVAL,
ONE OF AN ESTIMATED 20,000 PEEP 8 IN THE SAN DIEGO REGION WHO STAND TO BENEFIT UNDER THE
POLICY CHANGE. LUPE, WHAT ARE YOUR FEELINGS AS YOU MOVING
TO APPLY TO THIS PROGRAM TODAY, YOUR HOPES AND YOUR FEARS?
>> >>LILIA VELASQUEZ: THE FIRST TIME I HEARD ABOUT THE NEWS, I GOT A CALL AND THEY SAID
I WAS ELIGIBLE TO FOR THIS NEW POLICY, AND I JUST REMEMBER TALKING WITH MY PARENTS AND
CRYING BECAUSE WE KNEW THIS WAS GOING TO BENEFIT ME SINCE I WAS ALREADY IN REMOVAL PROCEEDINGS.
>> >>AMITA: SO YOU WERE IN REMOVAL PROCEEDINGS AND IMMEDIATELY YOU GOT TO JUST GET OUT OF
THAT PROGRAMハ DID U.S. AUTHORITIES CALL YOU?
>> >>LUPE SANDOVAL: ACTUALLY Y HAD ALREADY BEEN IN REMOVAL PROCEEDINGS ABOUT TWO YEARS
BEFORE, EVEN BEFORE I GRADUATED HIGH SCHOOL. JUST KNOWING I COULD BE DEPORTED WITHOUT FINISHINGハ
GETTING MY HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA WAS A VERY TERRIFYING THING.
AFTER I HEARD ABOUT THE NEWS, I KNEW I WAS ELIGIBLE TO GET THIS AND THAT I COULD BE ABLE
TO WORK LEGALLY AND PAY FOR MY TUITION. >> >>AMITA: HOW DO YOU EXPECT THIS DECISION,
THIS PROGRAM TO CHANGE YOUR LIFE? >> >>LUPE SANDOVAL: IT'S DEFINITELY GOING
TO CHANGE MY LIFE. I FINALLY GET MY CALIFORNIA IMPLEMENTED, I
CAN FINALLY GET MY DRIVER'S LINES, I CAN WORK LEGALLY AND PAY TAXES, SOMETHING THAT I MEAN
EVERYONE REALLY NEEDS AND DESERVES AT THIS TIME.
>> >>AMITA: WHAT KIND OF PEACE OF MIND DOES IT GIVEN YOU, GIVEN THAT IT'S A TEMPORARY
PROGRAM? >> >>LUPE SANDOVAL: IT'S TWO YEARS.
THAT'S A LONG TIME IN ORDER TO BE ABLE TO WORK AND STAY HERE FOR TWO YEARS AND KNOW
THAT NOTHING CAN GO WRONG WITHIN THOSE TWO YEARS.
THAT REALLY PUTS ME AT PEACE WITH EVERYTHING. >> >>AMITA: NOW, LILIA, I KNOW THAT YOU'RE
AN IMMIGRATION ATTORNEY BUT ON A PERSONAL LEVEL, WHAT GOES THROUGH YOUR MIND AS YOU
SEE THESE PEOPLE APPLY FOR THE PROGRAM? >> >>LILIA VELASQUEZ: I SEE ME MANY DECADES
AGO, I'M PRETTY OLD ACTUALLY. BUT WHEN I CAME TO THE U.S., I WAS ALMOST
19 YEARS OF AGE AND EVEN THOUGH I CAME LEGALLY, I STILL HAD TO OVERCOME A LOT OF OBSTACLES,
LEARNING THE LANGUAGE, THE CULTURE, AND SO IT WAS A STRUGGLE FOR ME.
AND SO WHEN I SEE A LOT OF STUDENTS COMING INTO MY OFFICE TODAY THEN I'LL LOOK AT THE
REPORT CARDS, THE GRADES AND HOW WELL THEY'RE DOING, IT MAKE MIS FEEL GOOD BECAUSE I THINK
IT'S ALMOST LIKE AN EXTENSION OF ME. THEY ARE A REPRESENTATIVE OF THE IMMIGRANT
COMMUNITY. THOSE OF US WHO CAME HERE WITH A DESIRE TO
DO GOOD, TO GO TO SCHOOL, AND IMPROVE OUR LIVES AND SO IT'S PERSONAL FOR ME.
>> >>AMITA: LUPE'S TOLD US ABOUT SOME OF THE BENEFITS DERIVED FROM THIS PROGRAM.
BUT WHAT ARE THE RISKS HERE FOR THESE PEOPLE, GIVEN THAT IT IS TEMPORARY, IT DELAYS DEPORTATION,
THERE IS NO LEGAL STATUS. >> >>LILIA VELASQUEZ: WE HAVE TO TAKE IT ONE
STEP AT A TIME. WE COULD NOT GET THE DREAM ACT, WE HAVE BEEN
LOBBYING FOR THE DREAM ACT, DEMONSTRATING, DOING A LOT OF THINGS.
WE HAVE SOME WORK. PERHAPS OUT OF FRUSTRATION THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION
DECIDED WELL, WE NEED TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT THOSE KIDS.
A GENERAL AMNESTY IS NOT GOING TO PASS, IT'S A VERY UNPOPULAR IDEA, SO WHAT CAN WE GIVE
THATD YOU KNOW WOULD NOT INFLAME THE CENSUS OF PEOPLE HERE.
WHY ARE YOU REWARDING UNDOCUMENTED PEEP SNL BECAUSE YES, THEY ARE UNDOCUMENTED, BUT THEY'RE
NOT YOUR ORDINARY UNDOCUMENTED PERSON WHO DECIDED I AM GOING TO VIOLATE THE LAW, AND
CROSS THE BORDER ILLEGALLY, AND THEN GELT A JOB ILLEGALLY.
NO, WE'RE TALKING ABOUT INNOCENT KIDS. JOE THINK THAT WE NEED MAKE A BIG DISTINCTION
BETWEEN HER PARENTS WHO ARE NOT GOING TO GET THIS BENEFIT, AND LUPE, WHO IS GOING TO GET
THIS BENEFIT BECAUSE OF WHO SHE IS. >> >>AMITA: NONETHELESS, THIS PROGRAM HAS
SPARKED CRITICISM AMONG SOME WHO SAY THIS REALLY IS AMNESTY.
CONGRESSMAN DUNCAN HUNTER TODAY SAID THIS PROGRAM IS AN INSULT TO ANYONE WHO ENTERED
THIS COUNTRY LEGALLY. WHAT IS YOUR RESPONSE TO THAT?
>> >>LILIA VELASQUEZ: THE RESPONSE IS THAT WE NEED TO LOOK AT POLICIES WITH COMPASSION.
ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION IS NOT A POPULAR ISSUE, AND THEREFORE WE EXPECT THAT THE REPUBLICANS
WOULD BE AGAINST IT. THEY ALWAYS HAVE BEEN AGAINST IT.
THEY WERE AGAINST AMNESTY WHEN WE HAD IT IN THE 80S.
NOW THEY'RE AGAINST THIS PROGRAM EVEN THOUGH THEY WERE KIDS AND THEY HAD NOTHING TO DO
WITH THE CROSSING INTO THE U.S. ILLEGALLY, WE'RE STILL REWARDING UNDOCUMENTED PEOPLE.
WE NEED TO GET PAST THIS. I UNDERSTAND THE CRITICISM, BUT WE ALSO NEED
TO SEE WHAT IS HAPPENING TO YOUNG KIDS WHO GROW UP HERE, AND THEY WANT TO GO TO COLLEGE,
BUT THEY CAN'T. >> >>AMITA: LILIA, LUPE, THANK YOU SO MUCH
FOR SPEAKING TO US TODAY. >> >>LILIA VELASQUEZ: THANK YOU.
>> >>LUPE SANDOVAL: YOU'RE WELCOME, THANK YOU.
>> >>DWANE: SEVERAL CALIFORNIA LAW MAKERS ARE SUPPORTING AN ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS BID TO
BECOME A LAWYER. SERGIO GARCIA CAME TO THE U.S. AS A TODDLER,
HE LEFT THE COUNTRY WHEN HE WAS NINE AND RETURNED AT AGE 17.
GARCIA GRADUATED LAW SCHOOL, PASSED THE STATE BAR, WAITED 17 YEARS FOR A VISA TO BECOME
AVAILABLE. HE IS NOW 35.
A RULING COULD COME THIS FALL. SAN DIEGO COUNTY IS MAILING OUT NEARLY 1800
PROPERTY TAX REFUNDS IN THE COMING DAYS. THE COUNTY TAX COLLECTOR SAYS THE REFUNDS
TOTEM MORE THAN ONE MILLION DOLLARS. THE AVERAGE IS ABOUT 672 DOLLARS, THE LOWEST
10 DOLLARS, THE HIGHEST IS MORE THAN 91,000 DOLLARS.
IF YOU THINK YOU MAY BE OWE AD REFUND, YOU CAN CALL THE TREASURER TAX COLLECTORS REFUND
HOT LINE, (619)531 5813. CAPTIONS PROVIDED BY ECAPTIONS.
>> >>DWANE: IMPERIAL COUNTY IS A HOT AND DUSTY PLACE, AMITA SHARMA FINDS OUT WHETHER THERE'S
A LINK OF FOULING AGRICULTURAL LAND AND HIGH ASTHMA.
>> >>AMITA: IMPERIAL COUNTY HAS ONE OF THE COUNTY A CHILDHOOD ASTHMA IN CALIFORNIA, HOSPITALIZATIONS
IN ASTHMA ARE TOP OF THE STATE. EXPERTS DON'T HAVE EXACT ANSWERS FOR WHY THAT
IS. IMPERIAL COUNTY IS A HOT AND DUSTY PLACE,
IT'S ALSO AN AGRICULTURAL REGION AND A POPULAR PLACE FOR OFF ROAD VEHICLES.
OUR FRONTERAS REPORTER ADRIAN FLORIDO WENT OUT TO UNDERSTAND HOW AIR QUALITY AFFECTS
RESIDENTS IN THE AREA. HOW MANY PEOPLE SUFFER FROM ASTHMA THERE?
>> >>KEVIN CROWE: CHILDREN ARE HOSPITALIZED FOR ASTHMA RELATED EMERGENCIES AT THREE TIMES
THE STATE WIDE AVERAGE THERE, AND IN SOME SCHOOLS UP TO 60 TO 70ハPERCENT OF THE KIDS
SUFFER FROM ASTHMA. I SPOKE TO ONE FIFTH GRADER WHO SAID HIS SCHOOL
NURSE HAS A DRAWER FULL OF ASTHMA MEDICATIONS, INHALERS AND OTHERS SHE JUST KEEPS IN STORAGE
FOR KIDS WHENEVER THEY NEED THEM. >> >>AMITA: SO HOW DO PEOPLE COPE WITH THIS
THERE? >> >>ADRIAN FLORIDO: THERE'S A LOT OF WAYS,
THEY STAY INSIDE, IF POSSIBLE, THEY TRY NOT TO DO TOO MUCH EXERCISE WHEN IT'S HOT AND
DUSTY. I CAME UPON THIS INDOOR PLAY GROUND THAT THIS
ONE WOMAN FOUNDED IN THE CITY OF IMPERIAL, CALLED THE FAMILY TREE HOUSE, AND IT'S BASICALLY
A PLAY GROUND INSIDE AN AIR CONDITIONED ROOM KEPT COMPLETELY DUST FREE.
THEY CLEAN FOR FOUR HOURS A DAY, BECAUSE SO MANY OF THESE KIDS THE SLIGHTEST TRIGGER WILL
HAVE AN ASTHMA ATTACK. >> >>AMITA: YOU JUST RETURNED FROM THE IMPERIAL
VALLEY. YOU GOT TO SEE THIS AIR FIRST HAND.
HOW BAD IS IT AND WHAT DID YOU FEEL? >> >>ADRIAN FLORIDO: IT'S AWFUL.
I PERSONALLY HAVE ASTHMA, SO I FELT IT AS I WAS GOING AROUND AND GETTING A TOUR, FROM
A LOCAL ACTIVIST WHO WAS SHOWING ME A LOT OF THESE DUST SOURCES.
ONE INTERESTING THING HAPPENING IN IMPERIAL COUNTY IS BECAUSE PLACES LIKE LOS ANGELES
ARE STARVED FOR WATER OR GOING DRY, THEY'RE BUYING SOME OF THE SHARE OF THE COLORADO RIVER
THAT THE IMPERIAL COUNTY HAS. SO THE IMPERIAL COUNTY IS TRANSFERRING A LOT
OF ITS WATER TO SAN DIEGO AND LOS ANGELES. THE COUNTY IS PAYING FARMERS TO STOP GROWING.
BECAUSE OF THAT, A LOT OF THIS AGRICULTURAL LAND IS GOING DRY AND THIS SCORCHING HEAT
SORT OF TURNS INT INTO THIS KIND OF CRISP EXPANSE, ONE THAT WIND PICKS UP, A LOT OF
THIS DUST GETS KICKED UP IN THE AIR AND THESE TOWN BUSINESS KM A GIANT DUST BOWL.
>> >>AMITA: THIS LAND IS HAVING AN AFFECT ON THE SALTON SEA, AND PEOPLE EXPECT THIS
TO GET WORSE, HOW MUCH WORSE? >> >>ADRIAN FLORIDO: IT'S VERY NEAR THESE
TOWNS, JUST NORTH WEST. A LOT OF THE WATER THAT WOULD BE USED FOR
AGRICULTURE ENDS UP AS AGRICULTURAL RUN OFF. IT'S WHAT KEEPS THE SALTON SEA FROM DISAPPEARING
AND DRYING UP. A LOT OF THIS WATER IS BEING TRANSFERRED TO
SAN DIEGO AND LOS ANGELES, THAT AGRICULTURAL RUN OFF IS NOT KEEPING IT AT LEVELS IT USED
TO BE. BECAUSE IT'S AGRICULTURAL RUN OFF T HAS A
LOT OF PESTICIDES. AS THE SEA DRIES UP, THE SEDIMENT IS BEING
EXPOSED AND THAT ONLY AGGRAVATES THE AIR WHEN THESE WIND STORMS COME BY AND KICK UP A LOT
OF THIS SEDIMENT. SO THAT'S ANOTHER BIG CONCERN IS HOW THE CONTINUED
DRYING UP ON THE SALTON SEA WILL ONLY FURTHER AGGRAVATE THE AIR QUALITY.
>> >>AMITA: WHAT ARE REGULATORY AGENCIES DOING ABOUT THIS?
>> >>ADRIAN FLORIDO: THERE ARE RULES THAT THE COUNTY HAS IN PLACE TO MAKE SURE THAT
FARMERS, FOR EXAMPLE, DO CERTAIN THINGS TO INSURE THAT WHEN THESE DUST STORMS COME BY,
WHEN THESE WIND STORMS COME BY, THAT DUST DOESN'T GET PICKED UP.
THE EPA ACTUALLY RECENTLY SLAPPED IMPERIAL COUNTY WITH SANCTIONS BECAUSE ITS RULES IT
FELT WERE NOT STRONG ENOUGH TO PREVENT POLLUTION IN THE AIR.
AND THEY'RE CURRENTLY IN THE NEGOTIATION PROCESS, THEY RECENTLY REACHED A SETTLEMENT AND THE
COUNTY IS GOING TO START TO REVISE ITS RULES TO INSURE THAT THINGS LIKE AGRICULTURE, OFF
ROAD VEHICLES REDUCE EMISSIONS. >> >>AMITA: WHAT IS THE FEELING OF RESIDENTS?
ARE THEY UNITED IN FIGHTING THIS PROBLEM? >> >>ADRIAN FLORIDO: THE SORT OF ACTIVIST
AND ADVOCACY COMMUNITY IN IMPERIAL COUNTY IS VERY SMALL AND SEEMS TO BE JUST BE GETTING
OFF THE GROUND. THERE ARE KIND OF SMALL GROUPS OF PEOPLE TRYING
TO MOBILIZE AROUND THIS ISSUE. A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE JUST CONCERNED WITH THE
DAY TO DAY, PUTTING FOOD ON THE TABLE, SO THAT'S ONE OF THE CHALLENGES ADVOCATES THERE,
TRYING TO GET PEOPLE TO UNDERSTAND THE PROBLEM AND MOBILIZE PEOPLE TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT
IT. >> >>AMITA: THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR SPEAKING
TO US TODAY. >> >>DWANE: A NEW REPORT FINDS MORE SMOKERS
IN SAN DIEGO RURAL AREAS THAN ANYWHERE ELSE IN THE COUNTY. THE AMERICAN LUNG ASSOCIATION
SAYS SMOKING IS MORE ACCEPTABLE IN SOCIAL AREAS DUE IN PART TO DECADES OF TOBACCO ADS
FEATURING RULE THINGS LIKE THE MARL BAR O MAN. THE RATE IN IMPERIAL COUNTY IS 16%, THE
HIGHEST RATE IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. COUNTY HEALTH OFFICIALS ARE CONSIDERING WHETHER
KIDS NEED A SEVENTH DOSE OF WHOOPING COUGH VACCINE AS SAN DIEGO BRACES WORST EPIDEMIC
IN 50 YEARS. OUR INVESTIGATIONS DESKS LOOK AT HOW WELL
THE VACCINE WORKS. >> >>JOANN: TWO YEARS AFTER A KPBS INEWS SOURCE
INVESTIGATION POST SERIOUS QUESTIONS ABOUT HOW WELL THE WHOOPING COUGH VACCINE WORKS,
IT IS FAILING AT A HIGHER RATE THAN EXPECTED. TROUBLING NEWS IS THE COUNTRY IS ON TRACK
TO EXPERIENCE ITS WORST WHOOPING COUGH EPIDEMIC IN 50 YEARS. THE VAST MAJORITY OF PEOPLE GETTING
SICK ARE UP TO DATE WITH IMMUNIZATIONS. WE SPOKE WITH A FAMILY WHO FIRST HAD QUESTIONS
WITH THE VACCINE IN 2010. MATTHEW BRYCE WILL BE TWO IN OCTOBER.
HE'S A PRETTY TYPICAL TODDLER. THOSE ARE HIS TWO OLDER BROTHERS, JOSHUA AND
JORDAN. WE FIRST MET MATTHEW IN LATE 2010.
HE WAS SICK, RECOVERING FROM WHOOPING COUGH OR PERTUSSIS.
HIS FAMILY WAS BAFFLED AS TO HOW MATTHEW GOT SICK.
THEY HAD ALL BEEN IMMUNIZED. >> >>: I'M JUST GLAD THAT MY SON IS OVER IT.
>> >>JOANN: WHOOPING COUGH IS AN UPPER RESPIRATORY DISEASE THAT IN ADULTS MIMICS A BAD COLD,
BUT IN BABIES IT CAN BE DEADLY. >> >>: THE MOMENT I HEARD IT I IMMEDIATELY
STARTED THINKING THE WORST. >> >>JOANN: TEN BABIES DIED FROM WHOOPING
COUGH IN 2010, A TOTAL OF 9,000 PEOPLE GOT SICK MAKE IT THE WORST OUT BREAK IN CALIFORNIA
IN 60 YEARS. A DISEASE THAT HAD BEEN NEARLY WIPED OUT WITH
THE VACCINE DECADES AGO WAS MAKING A VENGEFUL COME BACK.
BEGGING THE QUESTION, WHY NOW. WHAT WE LEARNED MAY SURPRISE YOU OUR INVESTIGATION
FOUND THE MAJORITY OF PEOPLE WHO GOT WHOOPING COUGH IN SAN DIEGO COUNTY HAD BEEN UP TO DATE
WITH THEIR IMMUNIZATIONS. WE FOUND A SIMILAR TREND STATE WIDE.
OUR FINDINGS SUGGESTED THE VACCINE WAS FAILING AT N UNEXPECTED RATE.
BUT HEALTH OFFICIALS, EVEN PERTUSSIS EXPERTS WEREN'T BUYING IT.
>> >>: IT'S NOT A REFLECTION ON THE VACCINE. >> >>: THERE'S ABSOLUTELY NO EVIDENCE THAT
EITHER OF THE TWO VACCINES THAT ARE MOST COMMON TODAY IN USE IN THE U.S. THAT THERE'S INCREASED
VACCINE FAILED OF THOSE VACCINES. >> >>JOANN: THAT WAS THE COUNTRY'S LEADING
WHOOPING COUGH EXPERT DR.ハJAMES CHERRY IN 2010.
WE SAT DOWN WITH HIM RECENTLY AT UCLA'S CENTER FOR HEALTH SCIENCES.
>> >>: IN 2010 I THOUGHT CONTINUED BETTER OBSERVATION PLUS BERT TESTS.
MY FRIENDS AT THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH SORT OF SAYING VACCINE FAILURE
IS A MUCH BIGGER PART OF THIS AND I AGREE WITH THEM.
>> >>JOANN: STUD YES BY THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL
BOTH FOUND PROTECTION IN THE VACCINE WANED EARLIER THAN EXPECTED.
RESEARCHERS AT THE CDC SAY A NEW VACCINE, AN ACELLULAR VACCINE MAY BE PART OF THE PROBLEM.
IN 1997 THE U.S. SWITCHED FROM WHOLE SALE VACCINES TO ACELLULAR VACCINES BECAUSE THEY'RE
SAFER, BUT THEY MAY NOT BE AS EFFECTIVE. OTHER SCIENTISTS SAY A NEW MUTATE TD STRAIN
OF PERTUSSIS MAY BE AT FAULT. RAINY CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL DOCTOR AND A MEMBER
OF THE CDC ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR IMMUNIZATION PRACTICES.
>> >>: WE'RE SEEING WANING OVER TIME. COME UP WITH A VACCINE THAT HAS LONGER PROTECTION.
>> >>JOANN: CURRENTLY KIDS IN CALIFORNIA ARE REQUIRED TO GET SIX DOSES OF PERTUSSIS VACCINE,
AN ADDITIONAL BOOSTER WOULD MAKE IT SEVEN. SAWYER ADMITS THAT SEVENTH DOSE COULD CAUSE
SIGH EFFECTS, THINGS SUCH AS SWELLING AT THE INJECTION SITE OR FEVER AND THE PERTUSSIS
BOOSTER IS CURRENTLY FDA APPROVED FOR ONLY A SINGLE LIFETIME DOSE.
SAWYER SAYS GIVING MULTIPLE DOSES OF THE CURRENT VACCINE IS STILL THE BEST DEFENSE THEY'VE
GOT IF GOVERNMENT SAYS LET'S JUST GET ANOTHER BOOSTER, WHERE DOES THE PRESSURE COME FOR
INDUSTRY TO FINANCIALLY BE INCENTIVIZED TO MAKE A NEW VACCINE?
>> >>: WELL Y HOPE IT COMES FROM US, FROM US, THE PUBLIC.
>> >>JOANN: THINGS HAVE CHANGED SINCE WE FIRST MET THE BRYCE FAMILY NEARLY TWO YEARS AGO.
MARLIN, A RESERVIST IN THE MILITARY HAS BEEN DEPLOYED TO GERMANY FOR A YEAR.
>> >>: DADDY, WHEN YOU COME HOME FROM GERMANYハ >> >>JOANN: MARLIN BRYCE REFLECTS BACK ON
THE QUESTIONS HE HAD ABOUT THE VACCINE WHEN HIS SON FIRST GOT SICK.
>> >>: I'M JUST VERY, VERY HAPPY THAT HE'S HERE WITH US TODAY.
THE SAD THING IS THAT THERE'S SOME PARENTS OUT THERE TODAY THAT THEIR KIDS ARE NOT HERE
TODAY. >> >>JOANN: JOINING ME NOW IS INEWS SOURCE
REPORTER KEVIN CROWE. BACK IN 2010, I KNOW YOU ANALYZED THE DATA
THEN, AND ALSO LOOKED AT TODAY'S PICTURE IN TERMS OF WHOOPING COUGH CASES IN CALIFORNIA
AND THE COUNTY. >> >>KEVIN CROWE: THE PICTURE LOOK AS LOT
BETTER THESE DAYS. IN 2010, THERE WERE 9,000 CASES STATED WIDE,
THERE ARE 760 ACCOUNTING TO THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH.
IN SAN DIEGO WE'RE DOWN TO ABOUT 71 FROM MORE THAN A THOUSAND.
>> >>JOANN: YOU ALSO LOOK AT EPIC C, ONE STUDY IN PARTICULAR OUT OF MERIN COUNTY, WHAT DID
IT FIND IN TERMS OF AGE GROUP? >> >>KEVIN CROWE: MERIN COUNTY HAVE HONED
IN THIS GROUP OF 7 TO 10 OR 8 TO 12 YEAR OLDS. THEY FOUND THAT 7, 8, 9, THE MORE YOU TAKE
UP AN AGE, THE MORE THE IMMUNITY FALLS OFF. >> >>JOANN: IF YOU'RE LOOKING AT THOSE NUMBERS
YOU CAN GO TO OUR WEBSITE KPBS.ORG LINKS TO THE COMPLETE STUDY.
YOU TALKED TO ONE OF THE VACCINE MAKERS TWO MAJOR ONES IN THE WORLD WHAT DID THEY TELL
YOU ABOUT A NEW VACCINE? >> >>KEVIN CROWE: I EXCHANGED SOME E MAILS
AND THEY WERE KIND OF VAGUE, BUT WHAT THEY SAID IS THEY WERE DEVELOPING SOME NEW, MORE
EFFECTIVE PERTUSSIS VACCINES AND THEY WERE STUDYING THEM WORLD WIDE, AND FOR USE IN THE
UNITED STATES. >> >>AMITA:
>> >>JOANN: WE'VE GOT SO MUCH MORE INFORMATION ON OUR WEBSITE KPBS.ORG.
KEVIN CROWE, THANKS FOR BEING HERE. >> >>DWANE: THE NATION'S LARGEST AGRIBUSINESSES
ARE PUTTING BIG MONEY BEHIND THE FIGHT OF CALIFORNIA'S PROP 37.
IT'S THE FIRST INITIATIVE REQUIRING SPECIAL LABELS ON FOOD MADE WITH GENETICALLY MODIFIED
INGREDIENTS. SO FAR MON SANTO, DUPONT AND CAR GRILL HAVE
CONTRIBUTED MORE THAN 25ハMILLION DOLLARS TO DEFEAT THE STATE PROPOSAL.
THAT'S MORE THAN TEN TIMES MORE RAISED BY SUPPORTERS OF THE MEASURE.
>> >>AMITA: TONIGHT IN THE PUBLIC SQUARE, SAN DIEGO'S MAYORAL RACE TOOK A TURN AS CONGRESSMAN
BOB FILNER FOUGHT TO FIGHT CARL DEMAIO'S PARTNER; FILNER CONDEMNED JONATHAN HALE FOR PREVIEWING
THE WATER GUN FIGHT ON HIS WEBSITE. AN EX EMPLOYEE OF HALE'S WAS ONE OF THE ORGANIZERS
OF THE EVENT. FILNER SAYS HALE PROMOTED THE FIGHT.
ATTACK AND RUIN PEOPLE'S LIVES, SOME OF YOU HAD STRONG COMMENTS ON THE UPSET BETWEEN THE
TWO CANDIDATES. NO SOUP FOR YOU WROTE:
AND CALIFORNIA DEFENDER HAD THIS TO SAY: >> >>AMITA: YOU CAN WEIGH IN ON THE CONVERSATION
BY FOLLOWING US ON TWITTER, LIKING US ON FACEBOOK, AND OF COURSE YOU CAN E MAIL US.
>> >>DWANE: RECAPPING TONIGHT'S TOP STORIES 5 WILD FIRES CAUSED BY LIGHTNING HAVE BURNED
MORE THAN 14 MILES OF WILDERNESS IN NORTH EASTERN SAN DIEGO COUNTY.
ABOUT 180 HOMES EVACUATED IN THE COMMUNITIES OF RANCH ITA AND SANTA FE.
THE TWO LARGEST FIRES WHIPPED BY ERRATIC WINDS, MORE THAN 1400 FIRES FIRE FIGHTERS ARE HELPING
OUT. ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS CAN NOW APPLY TO LIVE AND
WORK IN THE U.S. TO BE ELIGIBLE, MUST BE YOUNGER THAN 31 AND
ARRIVED IN THE U.S. BEFORE THE AGE OF 16. THOSE WHO GET APPROVAL FOR U.S. CITIZENSHIP
AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES WILL BE GIVEN LEGAL AUTHORIZATION TO WORK AND A TWO YEAR DEFERRAL
FROM DEPORTATION. TWO MARINES KILLED IN HELMAND PROVINCE AFGHANISTAN
WERE KILLED ALONG WITH LANCE CORPORAL GREGORY BUCKLEY OF OCEANSIDE NEW YORK.
THEY WERE REPORT UDLY MURDERED BY SOMEONE POSING AS AN AFGHAN ALLY.
YOU CAN FIND TONIGHT'S STORIES ON OUR WEBSITE, KPBS.ORG/EVENINGEDITION.
THANKS FOR JOINING US. HAVE A GREAT NIGHT.