PhD dissertations in one minute or less

Uploaded by UniversityofMinn on 17.05.2010

[Music Playing] Humans arent the only organisms that cheat
taking more than their fair share.
The bacteria that I study live inside legumes
where they help the plant
by using the plants energy to make fertilizer.
The U.S. ranks 29th in the world in infant mortality
and more women die of childbirth related causes today
than 20 years ago.
Why do Northern Nigerian women go to school?
What meaning are they making of their schooling experiences?
At a time where investors and producers can move money
and commodities across national borders with unprecedented speed
and ease, workers and particularly workers
from European colonies face a proliferation of restrictions
on their movement and settlement;
Everything from fences and walls to elaborate systems
of surveillance and protection.
Some of these bacteria cheat, siphoning energy away
from fertilizer production and instead using it to make fat.
I've spent the last eight years sitting on birth balls,
like this one, in following pregnant women
in the United States and Netherlands as they prepare for
and give birth at home.
The dropout rate is so high, about 7.3 million in Northern Nigeria
and out of which 60% of them are women.
It's becoming increasingly difficult for the police
and the state to draw boundaries between these workers
who are already a part of local communities
and who are helping the economy to grow
and helping these corporations to prosper.
My research shows that childbirth is accomplished
in different ways in different societies
and that home birth can be a legitimate option even
in developed countries with high-tech health care systems.
When the plant dies these bacteria are released
into the soil and those with more fat have a higher chance
of finding a plant in the future.
So it's not a question of what we want, what educators
or policymakers want them to learn,
but what do women also want to learn?
What their values are, what their views are,
what their interests are, what they care about.
If those things are also brought into the curriculum,
I think education would be more meaningful for them.
I'm also interested in how these workers are mobilizing
politically; in ways that cut across national boundaries
and how they challenge our ideas
about national identity and labor.
This work, along with other research done in our lab,
helps us understand how cooperation can be stable
and maintained through thousands of years
when cheating, cheaters are present.
In addition, it provides novel opportunities
to improve agriculture.