Car Seat Safety By Age: Toddlers in Forward-facing Seats (The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia)


Uploaded by ChildPassengerSafety on 20.03.2012

Transcript:
>> IN THE UNITED STATES NEARLY 300 CHILDREN AGES 1
THROUGH 3 ARE KILLED IN AUTO CRASHES EVERY YEAR.
THAT'S THE BAD NEWS.
NOW, HERE'S THE GOOD NEWS:
RESEARCH HAS SHOWN THAT A PROPERLY INSTALLED CHILD
SAFETY SEAT CAN DRAMATICALLY REDUCE THE RISK OF SERIOUS
INJURY TO CHILDREN IN THE EVENT OF A CRASH.
WHEN A CRASH OCCURS A CHILD WILL CONTINUE TO MOVE AT THE
SAME SPEED AS THE VEHICLE UNTIL HITTING SOMETHING
WHICH SLOWS HIM DOWN.
IF HE IS NOT PROPERLY RESTRAINED,
HE MAY SUFFER DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
HOWEVER, A PROPERLY RESTRAINED TODDLER WILL BE
HELD IN PLACE AND COME TO A MORE GRADUAL STOP WITH THE
VEHICLE AND USUALLY AVOID SERIOUS INJURY.
SAFETY EXPERTS RECOMMEND THAT CHILDREN STAY
REAR-FACING UNTIL THEY ARE 2 YEARS OLD OR UNTIL THEY
REACH THE HIGHEST WEIGHT AND HEIGHT ALLOWED BY THE
MANUFACTURER OF THEIR CHILD SAFETY SEAT.
IF YOUR CHILD IS OVER AGE 1,
CONTINUE TO USE A REAR-FACING SAFETY SEAT TO
THE MAXIMUM WEIGHT OR HEIGHT FOR THE CAR SEAT.
JUST BE SURE YOUR CHILD'S HEAD IS ONE INCH BELOW
THE TOP OF THE SAFETY SEAT'S BACK.
IF YOUR CHILD HAS REACHED THE MAXIMUM WEIGHT OR HEIGHT
FOR HIS INFANT CAR SEAT, USE A CONVERTIBLE CHILD SAFETY
SEAT THAT HAS A HIGHER REAR-FACING WEIGHT LIMIT.
CHILDREN WHO ARE TURNED FORWARD-FACING TOO SOON ARE
MORE LIKELY TO BE INJURED IN A CRASH.
REMEMBER, TODDLERS OVER AGE 1 CAN STAY REAR-FACING
UNTIL THEY REACH THE MAXIMUM WEIGHT OR HEIGHT OF THE CAR SEAT.
WHEN YOUR CHILD IS READY TO MOVE TO SIT FACING-FORWARD,
YOU HAVE SEVERAL OPTIONS.
THE FIRST IS THE CONVERTIBLE SAFETY SEAT.
WHEN FORWARD-FACING, THIS SEAT CAN BE USED UP UNTIL
YOUR CHILD REACHES THE MAXIMUM WEIGHT OR HEIGHT
OF THE CAR SEAT.
ALWAYS LOOK AT THE LABELS ON YOUR CAR SEAT TO FIND
THE MAXIMUM WEIGHT AND HEIGHT ALLOWED.
SOME CAR SEATS GO UP TO 65 POUNDS OR MORE, LIKE THIS ONE.
NEXT, IS THE COMBINATION CHILD SEAT WHICH IS A BOOSTER
SEAT THAT COMES WITH AN INTERNAL HARNESS.
THESE ARE USED WITH THE SEAT'S INTERNAL HARNESS
UNTIL YOUR CHILD REACHES THE MAXIMUM HEIGHT OR WEIGHT FOR
THE HARNESS, WHICH IS USUALLY 40 POUNDS AND THEN IT
CONVERTS TO A BELT-POSITIONING BOOSTER.
JUST LIKE THE CONVERTIBLE CAR SEAT,
THE HARNESS SHOULD BE USED UNTIL THE MAXIMUM WEIGHT
OR HEIGHT ALLOWED.
THE HARNESS IS REMOVED AND THE BOOSTER SEAT IS USED
WITH THE VEHICLE'S LAP AND SHOULDER BELT.
WE ENCOURAGE PARENTS TO USE A CAR SEAT WITH A FULL
HARNESS AS LONG AS POSSIBLE.
FINALLY, SOME VEHICLES HAVE BUILT-IN CHILD SEATS WITH
A HARNESS, BUT THEY ARE NOT VERY COMMON.
THEY MAY BE USED FOR CHILDREN WHO ARE AT LEAST
1 YEAR OF AGE AND WEIGH AT LEAST 20 POUNDS.
SOME ALSO CONVERT TO BELT-POSITIONING BOOSTER
SEATS FOR OLDER CHILDREN ONCE THE INTERNAL HARNESS
IS OUTGROWN.
CHECK YOUR VEHICLE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR WEIGHT AND HEIGHT
INFORMATION.
CHILDREN SHOULD ALWAYS BE SECURED IN THE BACK SEAT OF
ANY VEHICLE PARTICULARLY IF IT HAS ACTIVE,
FRONTAL AIR BAGS WHICH CAN SERIOUSLY INJURE A CHILD.
YOUR CHILD IS SAFEST IN THE BACK SEAT WHERE YOU CAN
TIGHTLY INSTALL THE CAR SEAT.
TRACEY HEWITT IS A CHILD SAFETY PASSENGER TECHNICIAN
AT THE CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL OF PHILADELPHIA.
>> UNFORTUNATELY, MANY CAR SEATS ARE INSTALLED
INCORRECTLY.
AND SIMPLE MISTAKES LIKE THESE CAN BE FATAL FOR KIDS.
>> YOU SHOULD ALWAYS CHECK YOUR VEHICLE OWNER'S MANUAL
AND YOUR SAFETY SEAT INSTRUCTIONS FOR SPECIFIC
INFORMATION ON CORRECTLY INSTALLING YOUR CAR SEAT,
BUT HERE'S SOME GENERAL RULES TO FOLLOW:
WHEN TURNING A SAFETY SEAT FROM REAR- TO FORWARD-FACING,
MOST HARNESSES MUST BE RE-THREADED OR RE-ADJUSTED.
THE BEST TIME TO CHANGE THE HARNESS SETTINGS FOR YOUR
CHILD IS BEFORE YOU INSTALL THE CHILD SEAT IN YOUR CAR.
WHEN FORWARD-FACING, THE STRAPS SHOULD ALWAYS BE AT
OR ABOVE YOUR CHILD'S SHOULDERS.
IN SOME SEATS, THE TOP SLOTS ARE THE ONLY CORRECT SLOTS
TO USE FOR FORWARD-FACING CHILDREN.
SOME ALLOW THE USE OF OTHER SLOTS AS LONG AS THE HARNESS
IS AT OR ABOVE YOUR CHILD'S SHOULDERS.
IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO READ THE CAR SEAT MANUAL FOR
SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS ABOUT YOUR CAR SEAT.
WHEN YOUR CHILD'S SHOULDERS ARE ABOVE THE TOP SLOTS OR
THE TOP OF HIS EARS REACH THE TOP OF THE CAR SEAT,
YOUR CHILD HAS OUTGROWN THE SEAT AND NEEDS A LARGER
SAFETY SEAT OR MAY BE READY FOR A BELT-POSITIONING
BOOSTER SEAT.
BUCKLE THE HARNESS AND TIGHTEN THE STRAPS.
THE HARNESS STRAPS ARE TIGHT ENOUGH WHEN YOU CANNOT PINCH
A FOLD IN THE HARNESS AT THE CHILD'S SHOULDERS.
THE HARNESS RETAINER CLIP WHICH SHOULD BE AT ARMPIT
LEVEL HELPS TO HOLD THE HARNESS STRAPS ON YOUR
CHILD'S SHOULDERS.
NOW YOU ARE READY TO INSTALL THE SAFETY SEAT INTO YOUR VEHICLE.
A LOOSELY INSTALLED SEAT IS ONE OF THE MOST COMMON
MISTAKES PARENTS MAKE.
FIRST, PULL THE SEAT BELT OUT.
THEN, CAREFULLY THREAD IT THROUGH THE FORWARD-FACING
BELT PATH OF YOUR CHILD'S SAFETY SEAT.
CHECK YOUR CAR SEAT MANUAL TO BE SURE YOU'RE USING THE
CORRECT BELT PATH FOR A FORWARD-FACING POSITION.
AND CHECK YOUR VEHICLE MANUAL TO MAKE SURE THAT YOU
HAVE LOCKED THE BELT CORRECTLY.
TO ENSURE A TIGHT FIT, USE YOUR UPPER BODY'S WEIGHT TO
PUSH THE SEAT DOWN AND BACK WHILE YOU FEED THE BELT BACK
INTO ITS RETRACTOR.
THE SEAT BELT SHOULD BE TIGHT AND LOCKED TO MAKE
SURE IT STAYS TIGHT.
MANY VEHICLES HAVE BUILT-IN LOCKING MECHANISMS
WITHIN THE SEAT BELT SYSTEM.
SEAT BELTS NORMALLY LOCK AT THE LATCH PLATE OR IN THE RETRACTOR.
TO LOCK THIS SEAT BELT, YOU MUST PULL THE BELT ALL THE
WAY OUT TO SWITCH IT OVER TO A LOCKED POSITION.
FORWARD-FACING SEATS HAVE THE ADDED SECURITY OF THE
TETHER SYSTEM.
A TETHER STRAP ATTACHES THE TOP OF THE CAR SEAT TO
SPECIAL TETHER ANCHORS IN YOUR VEHICLE.
IT HELPS TO KEEP YOUR CHILD'S HEAD FROM MOVING TOO
FAR FORWARD IN A CRASH.
WHEN YOU HOLD THE CAR SEAT AT THE BELT PATH,
THE SEAT SHOULD NOT MOVE MORE THAN AN INCH FROM SIDE
TO SIDE OR TOWARD THE FRONT OF YOUR VEHICLE.
SOME VEHICLES MANUFACTURED BEFORE 1997 MAY REQUIRE THE
USE OF A LOCKING CLIP TO LOCK THE SEAT BELT.
BE SURE TO READ YOUR VEHICLE OWNER'S MANUAL TO LEARN HOW
TO USE YOUR SEAT BELT CORRECTLY WITH A CHILD
SAFETY SEAT.
CARS MADE SINCE 2002 HAVE AN ATTACHMENT SYSTEM CALLED
LATCH WHICH MAKES IT POSSIBLE TO INSTALL SAFETY
SEATS WITHOUT USING THE SEAT BELT.
FOR MORE GOOD ADVICE ON KIDS AND CARS,
LOOK FOR A CERTIFIED CAR SEAT TECHNICIAN IN YOUR AREA.
YOU MAY FIND A FREE CHILD SAFETY SEAT CHECKPOINT
OR CAR SEAT CHECK AT A LOCAL HOSPITAL,
POLICE OR FIRE DEPARTMENT OR STATE HIGHWAY SAFETY OFFICE.
AND REMEMBER, CRASHES HAPPEN,
BUT WITH PROPER PRECAUTIONS, SERIOUS INJURIES DON'T HAVE TO.
THIS PRESENTATION WAS CREATED BY THE KOHL'S INJURY
PREVENTION PROGRAM AND THE CENTER FOR INJURY RESEARCH
AND PREVENTION AT THE CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL OF PHILADELPHIA.