COBA TOUR - Part 2 (cc)


Uploaded by JCVdude on 12.11.2010

Transcript:
The Mayan Calendar is for cyles of times, not months, not years, not the end of the world.
(approaching Gupo Coba)
We're going to climb a little bit here.
Iglesia Temple
This was a temple. It looks like a pyramid, but it's not a pyramid.
A pyramid is just from the Egyptian culture.
These are temples and are religious buildings for the Mayans.
The temple you're going to climb, if you like to climb is twice as tall as this.
This is 24 meters. The Mayan people would make different levels.
You can see on this side there are different levels of this building
According to archaeologists, Mayan people began to building this between 300 and 600 AD
The Mayan people changed the shape of the buildings every 52 years.
The last modification on this temple was done in the Post-Classical Period from the year 1100-1450 AD.
The purpose for the Mayans was to changed the building shape every 52 years
They would be different levels on top of the ones already there.
Inside this building, there is another different stucture. It's difficult to know the original one
In the year 1970 . . . come over here.
In the year 1970 that was the first part of the excavation by archaeologists
They cut open this little opening. You can see over there?
The purpose of that is to show the base of the building but that's not the original base
The archaeologist cut it so you could see there is more inside
and to get an idea of how the Mayans added levels on top of the other ones.
There are 9 levels on this building
When the Mayan people did the alteration it was to make the base wider and to make it taller or higher
And when the Mayans built temples higher, to them, it was much better
When the Priests climbed all the way to the top to worship
the Priests believed they would be closer to the Gods
It is believed only the Priests had the priviledge to climb the temples. Never the working class.
The working class built the temples, but after they were done, were not allowed to climb them anymore.
After it was done, the temple was a sacred building.
It had a big plaza, where everyone had to come to watch the ceremonies.
There would be dances, they would burn incense, and sacrifices
Mayans only did animal sacrifices, not human sacrifices.
People from Chichen Itza did human sacrifices. Mayans did not.
People from Chichen Itza did human sacrifices.
Chichen Itza is one of the cities where 2 cultures existed, but at different times, years.
Mayans first, then Toltecs invaded Chichen Itza
When the Toltecs arrived in Chichen Itza they influence the use of human sacrifice
and they also brought other architecture
That's why the architecture of Coba is different than Chichen Itza
The temple of Chichen Itza, you can see, is different than this
This square building has 91 steps high on each side of the temple of Chichen Itza
If you multiply 91 by 40 that's 364 and add the top of the temple, that's 365
That represents the days of the year, the days of the calendar
Most of the temples of Mayan people, they only built one side, only one access
This is the only access to climb this building, and the only access to come down
There's no evidence of steps on the sides of this building or behind it.
The back of this building has a round wall
This is a temple built in honor to the Rain God because
in 1970 archaeologists found a 'j' figure of the Rain God in this temple
That is why this is the Temple of Chac. In Mayan language, that means the Rain God
Archaeologists found pieces of beauty stones in this building
It's this figure of the Rain God. Um Cháak in Mayan
And we have some of the sea shells - we found figures on them, but we don't know the significance.