Causes & Risk Factors of Fibromyalgia (Part 2 of 4) | HealthiNation

Uploaded by HealthiNation on 20.01.2012

Pinpointing the cause of a disease or syndrome can be difficult for researchers – and Fibromyalgia
has proven especially challenging. Here is Dr. ____ to share what the medical field has
learned about the nature of Fibromyalgia.
DOCTOR: Doctors and researchers are, for the most
part, still in the dark as to what causes Fibromyalgia. But most likely, several factors
are involved in its development: FS #4
-Physical or emotional traumas such as accidents, major surgeries, post-traumatic stress order,
and emotional stress can trigger Fibromyalgia, -Other conditions such as infections and sleep
disorders can lead to the condition -And abnormal sensory processing in the central
nervous system may cause increased pain sensations. This last factor is being studied further,
and is thought to be due to what’s called “central sensitization.”
Some researchers theorize that repeated nerve stimulation over time changes the brain chemistry
of a person who develops Fibromyalgia. In a case of central sensitization, the amount
of chemicals that signal pain may increase in the brain of the patient, resulting in
an overreaction to low levels of pain. For example, a simple pat on the back may
register as a painful pound to someone with Fibromyalgia.
So who is most likely to develop the varied symptoms of Fibromyalgia?
The number one risk factor for the condition is gender. It’s estimated that three to
five percent of Americans suffer from Fibromyalgia, and 75 to 90% are female. Most of these women
began showing signs of Fibromyalgia in their childbearing years. Besides gender, other
risk factors include: Age. While it can be diagnosed at any age,
studies have shown that seniors have a higher incidence of the condition.
Genetics. People who have family members with Fibromyalgia have a greater chance of developing
the condition themselves. It also often co-occurs with rheumatic conditions
like Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, and Anklyosing Spondilytis.
The causes and risk factors for Fibromyalgia aren’t as clearly defined as they are for
most conditions and diseases. But, if you or someone you know is experiencing some of
the symptoms we’ve talked about, it may be time to see a doctor about a diagnosis,
or at least to rule out other potential problems.