Antecedent Interventions for Students with Autism

Uploaded by MrsBuckley100 on 14.07.2011

bjbj Hi, my name s Linda Buckley. I m a teacher at a middle school in Beaumont. I m going
to be telling you about a student that is going into 7th grade this school year. She
was with us last school year. She struggled controlling behaviors during high stress and
anxiety. Some of the behaviors she exhibited: screaming, yelling, hitting, crying, lashing
out, banging her head and biting herself. These behaviors occurred, um, when she felt
overwhelmed with academic demands and also during transition times between and within
school or classroom activities and environments. I have developed a couple of tools for her
to use. One of the things that I m going to talk about is the, um, is a strategy called
Home base. It s ah, where we provide an area for students, cool down area for them to go
to at their request; it s not a punishment, when they feel stress overwhelming and overcoming
them. And so, it s a cool down place where they can decrease their stress and anxiety,
just for a few minutes. That way they can, um, go on and move on back into their regular
environment and be successful. Another thing I m going to talk about is priming and that
strategy is basically giving kids a heads up of what to expect, what s coming next.
So what I ve used is, uh, priming through print with some visual cues for Sissy. Hopefully,
that will help her be more successful at school. The reason I had you come sit back here is
because I want to show you what we are going to do this year. We are going to try this
with you. When math got to hard for you and you felt a little overwhelmed. Okay, um, and
then, um, transitioning and sometime when there was a substitute teacher that would
really upset you. So what I want to do is give you a couple of tools that you can use
so that um when you feel that anxiety and that stress coming on you you can have an
outlet, something to go to, something to use. Okay? Does that sound like a good idea? (Student
nods head, yes.) Alrighty! Okay, the first thing that we are going to do this is called
Home base. This is going to be your home-base. You know when you played baseball, and you
slid into home and nobody could touch you? That was your safe zone. Okay, that is what
this is going to be for you. Come here, um, when the first bell rings, when you are outside,
you re going to come in here and come to this spot right here. And I m going to go over
with you what to expect for today. So if there s any substitute teachers, I m going to let
you know ahead of time. Okay? (Student nods head, yes.) This year, if you feel really
stressed and pressured in math or any other subject, you can use this little card here
that I made for you with a little baseball diamond on it. And it says, Need Home Base
. That means you can show this to the teachers and let them know that you feel the need to
come over here. Come in here and you can set the timer. This is your 5-minutes. You ll
get 5-minutes here. You can reach in here and take the timer out. Push the start button.
You have used this timer before, so you know what to expect with it. So, you are just going
to hit the start button and then you can use your Winnie the Pooh book, because we know
you like Winnie the Pooh, Right? (Student smiles.) Okay! So you can read your Winnie
the Pool book for five-minutes and just kind of relax for a few minutes. Alright? (Nod
of head, yes.) When the timer goes off though, I will expect you to put the timer back in
here, put the book back in here, pick up your stud, and then head on back to your next class.
Okay? (Student nods head, yes.) So this is what we are going to do, when you first come
in in the morning I m going to have this for you and at the end of the day you will need
to bring this back to me. Right? So this notebook here it has for you when school starts when
school ends. So anytime you say, What time is it going to end? What time do I get out?
You can look at these clocks and then look up at the clock in the classroom and then
see. Does that match that, and then you will see how much time you have. Now this is in
the front of the book, so that I can change this each day. On Wednesdays we have early
release days, so this schedule is going to look a little different. So we have papers
to put in here for Wednesdays on early release days or minimum days. Okay, that will change.
(Student smiles and nods head, yes.) But when you come in in the morning, you will come
in and sit down here. I ll give you this and we ll go over this very quickly. Okay, this
is your work in progress, so from all of your classes you will put work in here that you
need to do. And then when you come to see me at the end of the day, we will pull this
out and we will figure out what you need to take home and what you need to do. And then
when you come in the morning we can put it here, because this then will be completed.
Then when you go to your classes, you ll turn these in to your teachers. Okay, sweetie?
(Student nods head up and down, smiles.) Alright. So the first thing is period one, is your
Study Skills class. So you ll start that at 8:00. You ll come in here because this is
where you re going to have it and then we ll do these things here: go over what you
re going to do for the day; talk about your home base; and you can take five-minutes and
look at this if you want to to start the day. Okay? (Nod.) This tells you the rules of this
classroom and the class procedures. Every class that you go into there are certain things
that you need to do. So for study skills, when you come in here for the first quarter,
you re going to enter the class quietly, pick up your blue notebook that s over there on
the cabinet. And then you re going to take out your pencil and paper; you re going to
place your backpack on the back of your chair. Okay? (Student smiles.) And then if you need
help, you re going to raise your hand and then you re going to wait for the teacher
to call on your name. Okay? (Nod.) If you get tired of waiting, just put your hand down
and raise your hand again. Okay? (Student smiles.) The teacher will signal you, by putting
up one finger to let you know that she sees your hand up and that she is going to get
to you as soon as she can . Okay? (Student nods head and smiles.) An then you ll quietly
complete the work in your folder. Alright, that s for Study Skills. h{^' h8K9 hhC( hVG$
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