Mi experiencia en la Singularity University: Jordi Marti at TEDxMadrid


Uploaded by TEDxTalks on 09.10.2012

Transcript:
Hello, good evening. I was born the same year the mouse was invented and I was born seven months
before Gordon Moore announced his law. My oldest daughter was born the same year Deep Blue
beats the world chess champion Gary Gasparov and my third son was born the same
year Watson won the Jeopardy contest, showing that it was able to understand and answer
questions. With this I want to say that technology
grows exponentially. Today I would like to explain
my story leverage: Think of a child.
Think of a child who is crying inconsolably, and I wish that you might place yourself in his place.
He cries because he is in the doctor’s office,
and the doctor wants to take a blood sample with a needle and syringe.
This think already hurts. Those who do not have children, believe me, it hurts more
if you are the parent accompanying the child.
What we do is replace the dreaded syringe by a simple prick on a finger.
Now think of a pregnant woman who lives
in the middle of jungle of Guatemala, but it gets there just upriver.
Or think of a pregnant woman living in the favelas in Rio de Janeiro where there is only
one health center for more than 50,000 people.
They, like our mothers, want the best for their children, but can not pass it
because no one can guarantee that her blood sample, which can prevent of infectious diseases
transmission, maintains the cold chain at all times.
Without the cold chain sample coagulates and becomes unsuitable.
What we do is to replace the expensive cold chain for a simple piece
of paper, as I have on my hand. In this paper where we place one, two, three
drops of blood and once it dried we can send it by mail,
as if it were a Christmas. With these two simple solutions, we provide
a preventive blood diagnostic, we avoid much pain and suffering and yet save
many economic resources to all health authorities worldwide.
And with this initiative I won the last May Call to Innovation
Competition, which allowed me to go for 10 weeks, 2½ months, to the Singularity University.
What is the Singularity University?
Singularity University was founded by two visionaries: Ray Kurzweil and Peter Diamandis,
whereby the agenda is easy to understand: 95% of future and 5% of present.
The name of singularity is not random. Singularity means a future that,
thanks to technology, can achieve an intelligence, o super intelligence, superior
Kurweil Ray announces that, at 2020, a standard $ 1,000 computer
can emulate the human brain. And so in this way on June 16
you can see me entering the campus NASA-Ames Research Park in Mountain View, in the Silicon Valley.
There, during these 10 weeks, we have been in a dive of different but also
very convergent technologies. With these technologies we have tools
to be able to respond to the major challenges of our humanity.
What characterize all these technologies: They have in common exponential growth;
they follow Moore's law. What is Moore's Law? A law that says that
microchips’ capacity in an integrated board doubles every 18 months.
They are old technologies, early 1900 and now we are right
at this point where we will soon see big changes.
And today is what I liked to present. I am a chemical engineer, IQS, with more
than 20 years working in Global Health, so I do not believe many things.
I'm like Thomas Aquinas. To believe it I have to see it.
What I have seen these months there: The Google car, this car is driverless.
I had already gone inside, I had studied it, but the morning
it passed me on the highway I felt a joy, a really impressive technological victory.
Here I am filming on my mobile, following the Google car.
In the area of health, that I come from, with a sample of saliva,
can also be done with drop of blood —my specialty—, I can know my genetic profile. I know I have almost
5 times more likely to develop eye problems in the future, and that I have
50% more likely to develop Alzheimer's. Instead I have half for Multiple Sclerosis.
I know that now and I can fight them.
With the same sample I can know from where
my ancestors come. I have some that are famous as Marie Antoinette or Napoleon.
It’s just a curiosity. Whereupon, with the new tools
we have now, sensors, micro-robots, genetic profile, we now have
at hand, even economically, we can live better and longer.
Playing with my genetic profile, even I have an own melody that is mine,
I let you listen to it if you want.
(Music)
This is me.
I have to admit it has gone very sweet. The world we know will be very different.
We can create any object and print it. 3D printers.
We create what we imagine or, if we like something, we can take a photo, digitalize it
and print it. As the figure I have here. This is 3D printing.
All these objects are 3D printing. There are even prototypes to build houses
with 3D printers. A 2-bedroom house can be built in 2 ½ days.
We can print organs, with steam cells are the raw materials and that opens
a range of possibilities in regenerative medicine.
We can print food. This chocolate cookie was very hackneyed, I did not eat it,
or in the future we will be able to print burgers without raising cattle.
We can build robots that print robots, even at 0-gravity.
But while I was there, appeared this story: First 3D printed real gun.
All these technologies have risks; our mission is to minimize them.
The news that I liked and filled me with optimism comes from the sun and fusion.
1 hour of solar radiation in our planet gives us enough energy to supply
all the energy all mankind needs for 1 year.
Solar panes follows Moore's Law. Growing each year more than 50% and it drop in costs
by more than 20%. The big problem is how to store it. An MIT professor, Donald Sadoway
may have the solution: The liquid metal batteries.
Vinod Khosla and Bill Gates are betting on this technology.
Some of you will tell me that the sun is far away, but do not worry,
we can lower the energy of the stars to the earth: this is the Fusion.
I visited the National Ignition Facility, and for the first time this year, it is no longer
energy dependent. A couple of years ago the ratio was 4-1. We have it here!
With these technologies we have: That mother who lives
in the jungle of Guatemala, now thanks to nanotechnology and solar energy we can
make a solar panel, transportable in a backpack, and with this energy we can connect a scanner.
Thanks to communication technologies we can make that the physician who is
in the capital or elsewhere through telediagnosis can give his verdict. With biotechnology
we can take blood samples. With all this, the mother will not be so different
from our mothers.
Finally, as I have spent 10 weeks on campus as NASA guest, I want to tell
nother personal experience. In 2006 my daughter came home with an empty feeling,
just because Pluto stop being a planet. In 2009 NASA launched the Kepler
satellite to look for potential other planets. The news is that since 2009 it has found
1,235 potential planets in our Milky Way, 54 of which are in the habitable zone.
So every night before you go to bed, look at the sky. Thank you very much.