Madeleine Truel, el documental


Uploaded by MadeleineTruel on 14.07.2012

Transcript:
The Second World War caused the death of 55 million civilians and soldiers.
More than 6 million Jews were killed, most of them died in concentration camps.
Some Peruvians were also victims of the Nazi hatred.
This is the story of one of them.
Madeleine Truel, The Peruvian heroine of the Second World War.
Based on the book “Estación Final” ("The last station") by Hugo Coya
19th June 1944
Name: Madeleine Truel Larrabure
Nationality: Peruvian
Charge of Arrest: subversion - forgery of documents
Sentence: immediate imprisonment
Madeleine Truel Larrabure , born on the 28th of August 1904,
the last of eight siblings.
Her parents Alexandre Truel & Marguerite Larrabure are French immigrants
who arrive to Peru in second half of the 19th Century.
At the beginning of the 20th Century in Lima, Madeleine´s had a happy and pleasant childhood
in the family home located in old Arequipa Street, today Av. Emancipación.
In her home, French was spoken, which allowed to perfect the language.
since the 18th Century many scientific,
military and commercial expeditions were made
by the French crown to Peru or to the pacific
and even more expeditions were made in th 19th Century when Peru found their independence.
More than an organized migration, The French presence in the life of the Peruvian Republic has been very important:
The French influence in the religious institutions that arrived to Peru during the second half of 19th Century.
For example, the Daughters of Charity, the Congregation of Sacred Heart,
St. Joseph of Cluny, this was a huge influence.
There is a fascination for Peru,
even now the expression is taught in France
“Ce n’est pas le Pérou”, that could be understood that Peru is a place where there is much prosperity and many possibilities.
From a family of catholic values,
Madeleine, together with her siblings studied at the San José de Cluny School in downtown Lima.
In the school archives, there still are preserved records of registration of a Madeleine
which are kept as valuable treasure.
Looking at the school records
it seems like she spent 4 years at the school,
strikes us but think that at that time
were in the same year, make two or three of the programming coming from France:
quality training and a lot of depth,
in which these human values and Christian values were always at hand.
On the act of enrollment on the records appears the name of Magdalena,
their families and friends affectionately called "Madeleine".
Madeleine is a real "Limeña".
She Enjoyed walks with her friends around the streets of the old Lima
showing in each corner of elegance and distinction.
Elle était péruvienne. Fille d’immigrants français, elle a été élevée à Lima.
She studied at the College of St. Joseph of Cluny,
walked through Downtown ,
the Jiron de la Union, the Plaza Francia, were the places where he lived his childhood, spent his adolescence,
Peruvian culture was integral, central of her life.
Soon the pain knocks at the door of the heart of Madeleine.
Not yet reached the age of13, her mother, Marguerite, died after a long illness.
Her father Alexandre had to support the education of his eight children.
Alexandre Truel ran a hardware business located in Jiron de la Union,
allowing him to support his family without financial hardship.
The two brothers Truel , who managed the Truel House.
They brought Alexandre for help. He worked with them in the Truel House.
Like many other members of the French colony in Lima,
Alexandre Truel was a volunteer firefighter of the Fire "Bomba France".
In his youth, Alexandre Truel participated as a firefighter
in the fires caused by Chilean troops that invaded Lima.
From a very young age entry into the ranks of the fire department. He served as company commander from 1902 to 1910.
He had, a serious accident
Shortly after the death of Mother Marguerite the family Truel had to suffer another tragedy.
In Baquijano Street, in the shop “Pergamino”…
Lost a leg in a fire.
Had his left leg infected in a building collaspe.
He was admitted to the clinic Maison de Santé and died on May 26, 1918.
Every year on February 18th at Jr. Union No. 702, formerly Baquijano Street,
at Jr. Union No. 702, formerly Baquijano Street,
all members of the fire company pay honor to him, for the heroic act he offered to citizens.
Due to the absence of their parets, the Truel siblings decided to go to France in 1924.
Some returned to Peru, like Paul Truel , the eldest brother of Madeleine.
I was Born on July 19th, 1919. I first met Paul Truel Larrabure at the wake for my father.
And Paul was the brother of Madeleine Truel.
Madeleine and her sister Lucha decided to stay in Paris.
Madeleine enrolled at the prestigious Sorbonne University to study philosophy.
She was a practicing catholic at the Church of Saint Francois de Sales,
in the neighborhood of the Arc de Triomphe and Montmartre, where she lived most of her life in Paris.
After graduating, she found a job as a secretary
at the first chain of the Spanish Bilbao Bank, located on Richelieu St.
She used to talk with her workmates anecdotes about Peru, its traditions and events.
With her sister Lucha, she made typical Peruvian dishes.
At the same time, a threat against world peace was beginning to start in Germany.
Anti-Semitic ideas of hatred spread from the Nazis were incorporating more supporters.
Adolf Hitler rose to power by popular vote in 1933.
There are several pretexts for war. In the case of Germany, racism, anti-Semitism, and discrimination,
were a breeding ground to blame the Jewish people for the German defeats and tragedies.
It was the annihilation of one of every three Jews in the world.
Before the rise of Hitler before the outbreak of the war, World War II
and the offensive of extermination against the Jewish people, there were 18 million Jews in the world.
When the war ended, there were only 12 million left.
There was virtually no Jewish family in the world,
and almost no family "Ashkenazi", but many families "Sephardim",
that were not touched by the tragedy unleashed by the Nazi beast.
On September 1, 1939 the troops of Hitler and Stalin invaded Poland.
Few months later German troops invaded Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Belgium,
with an overwhelming speed.
In June 1940, Hitler's troops pass through Paris under the Arc de Triomphe.
The Second World War was a humiliation for the French, the army was defeated within in a month ,
which also then was considered as the world's first, and was the occupation of half of France.
In Paris "The Resistance" was immediately formed by French civilians who chose to fight the Nazis.
They also seek to save Jews who were in hiding.
At the time of war when the military catastrophe of France,
when France falls and is eventually occupied by German troops,
Paris is invaded by German troops.
meanwhile a group collaborates with the Nazis,
another group of brave and deeply dedicated French patriots, with a deep love of their country and the ideals of freedom
that arise from an underground resistance against the Nazi invader.
One of them is Madeleine.
And it was a rebirth of the French state, because the occupation was the collaboration on one side
and resistance on the other
and then the release with the participation of the French resistance and one of them was MadeleineTruel.
Magdalena Truel, perhaps the biggest Peruvian heroin of World War II.
A deeply Catholic woman , deeply Peruvian part of an extended family, with great Christian values
and at the time had the opportunity to do good, she did without any mitigating factors.
In January 1942, Madeleine is hit by a Nazi army truck. She was diagnosed with multiple fractures to the skull and legs.
She Spend a long period in hospital.
She suffered a terrible accident, and during that recovery period, in those the times the recovery period took almost a year,
she saw how the Nazis had invaded Paris, they took many of her neighbours. She took care of many of their children.
Outraged, she decides to join the French Resistance to help save potentially hundreds of lives.
During that period of convalescence, she tries to reconcile her care with children
and had a small Romanian Jewish boy whom she had taken a great affection, Pascal.
which she based a story,which she wrote called "The boy of the subway",
a story about a boy living in subway stations and imagined what the world was like from the names each of the station.
"The boy of the subway" so called Madeleine Truel the story that he wrote in 1943 to draw attention to the terrible oppression that Jewish children
and Jews in general had to endure in the France and Europe of World War II,
and in this story, "the boy of the subway," she reports in an allegorical manner The Nazi oppression.
The deportations from France to concentration camps in Germany and Poland is increasing day by day.
The train cars are crammed with Jews.
Nazi officers took control of all government agencies in the occupied area.
Madeleine decides not to be indifferent to the injustices they see their eyes, and soon joins the resistance.
Her mission: The forgery of documents that can help refugees escape the Nazi areas
and allow Allied soldiers to make intelligence activities.
She carried out tasks as quotas, to prepare documentation that would allow Jewish fugitives to escape,
members of the Allied forces usually arriving by parachute into France, also able to travel, or to escape after completing their mission,
that, for the preparation of these documents it was commissioned by her.
She was a very clever woman, you know that she falsified papers to help Jews,
and did it wonderfully well, so much so the Germans could not locate them for years.
The Nazis knew that there was a network of the French Resistance who specialized in document forgery.
We need to remember that identification documents at that time were made by hand,
not printed like today,
or the data filled in at hand, a special ink,
and as it was wartime ink was very expensive and very difficult to find.
On June 6, 1944, agents of the Gestapo captured Annie, a member of the French Resistance.
The Nazis had been following her every move. Other group members were in imminent danger. They knew but the struggle could not be stopped.
Resistance and suspected that they had been discovered because one of the best friends of Madeleine had been arrested,
but Magdalena insisted to go to that place because a small bottle of ink had been left behind which could mean life of several people.
She arrived at the scene despite the fact that her friends warned her not to go.
On June 19, 1944, Madeleine is captured by three German agents when she went to collect ink from one of the hideouts of the resistance.
After being captured, She was taken by the local SS located at the Avenue Foch
and then was moved on temporarily to Prison Fresnes.
During the days of the Second World War, at my grandmother's home, I heard
that the Germans in Paris had sent Madeleine Truel to prison.
Madeleine Truel is tortured with the objective of her betraying plans and names of the resistance.
She resists and does not give away any details and assumes full responsibility for all her actions.
Her relatives visit her and are only allowed to leave a bible as her cellmate.
They found her, imprisoned her, abuse her and took her to Germany.
She was very badly treated by the Germans.
At all times one of the things that enhance her to her own colleagues, other prisoners who survived, that here was a woman, who first never gave away the details of the people she was with,
she had a saying that went: I am always solely responsible for my own actions and I will only answer before God.
And read the Bible and prayed constantly permanently after each torture,
terrible as it was , was a woman who had physical limitations,
Magdalena never declined, never wavered in her deep Catholic faith .
Madeleine is transferred to Sachsenhausen concentration camp in early 1945.
In the concentration camp she lived charity in an heroic way.
She left the little food they received to share with those who needed it most.
They maintained a joyful spirit despite the difficulties and she encouraged her fellow prisoners with stories of Peru.
For this reason, it received the affectionate nickname of "Bird Island".
Almost a year had passed for Madeleine in prison, but the end of the war is near.
The Soviet army was approaching from the east and the Allied army from the west.
German troops begin to break up and escape
in what is known as "death marches" referring to the transfer of thousands of prisoners, mostly Jews
from concentration camps near the war front to the within Germany
since late 1944 and early 1945.
Amongst those who survived, despite the physical limitations and the torture inflected
was Madeleine with a group of French resistance fighters.
On April 22 the call begins for a Death March of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp
at Lübeck, located just over 200 miles away.
Many prisoners, exhausted by malnutrition and weather, died along the way.
The purpose of these marches was to hide all evidence of the barbarism that existed in the concentration camps.
Magdalena walks and moves with her fellow prisoners ... Then they meet with procession of Nazi officials that moved very swiftly in a vehicle
and then return minutes later dressed as civilians.
At that time, the group arrives at the conviction that the Germans were mixing with the civilian population
because the Allies were just too close and made a gesture of celebration.
The command, upset, annoyed by this gesture of enthusiasm of the people, grabs and begins to beat with a rod of iron to anyone who was there.
Among them Magdalena and again hit in the head even tougher than she already had following the earlier accident.
And this makes Magdalena unable to keep pace with his companions and her companions try to help her even with all their limitations.
Madeleine loses consciousness for a while and is carried on a makeshift stretcher
for 6 people and despite the low weight of the Peruvian, They could not stand up due to fatigue.
The group of survivors come to a small German village called Stolpe.
When she wakes up complaining of a severe headache and high fever.
A few hours later she passed away with a peace that characterized her life.
Madeleine is buried in the cemetery of Stolpe on May 3, 1945, just four days before the German surrender.
What happened next was a certainty, maybe one of the most beautiful stories of WW2
because Magdalena was a proud Peruvian
and when she was buried someone remembered her deep love she had for her country
and they found red and white flowers to symbolize the Peruvian flag
and placed them on top as a tribute and thank you
to this notable Peruvian that saved so many lives.
Within hours of the death of Madeleine, Russian troops arrive, the end of the war is about to arrive.
When the memorial is made of the deportees, a monument stands in front of Notre Dame,
the only Peruvian included in this list of heroes who contributed to the liberation of France,
is the name of Magdalena Truel Larrabure.
In 2001 the Government of France recognizes the testimony of Madeleine Truel during the years of World War II.
Many times in the lives of countries, greats are Remembered but forget too many figures
as is the case of this lady Truel,
many were not Important figures who particularly were noticeable at the time, but have significant intrinsic value.
Peru has not been appreciated in the case of this lady Truel who was a member of the French Resistance
who risked her life to the point that at the end of the war she was arrested, taken to a concentration camp,
the abused and died shortly before the German surrender,
so we have not recognized her like other Peruvians.
It's a lovely story of heroism because we always have the opportunity to do nothing,
and if she would have wanted,
unlike many others maybe that war is inevitable, she could have declined to participate.
But did what she felt it was her duty, to help others.
Madeleine Truel is one of those outstanding examples of French resistance fighters who risked their lives
in defense of France but also of ideals that are linked to human rights, to the Republic, and democracy.
And she had risked so much to the point that it cost her life.
I think that just values such as the Madeleine should be known.
Today there are many negatives examples, everything is so easy, that to make the story known of the life of Madeleine
would be a living testimony, not as a character in a novel but the real life and there are Peruvian women who are willing to risk it all.
Her life was guided by values; a life devoted to service of the supreme values of freedom, dignity, an exemplary life which ended heroically.
So I firmly believe that we should consider her as a real, true national hero.
Her spirit was never defeated.
Nearly 70 years after her death, Peruvian society has not made a fair recognition of this courageous Peruvian.
There isn’t even a plaque, monument, street or square in Peru that has the name of Madeleine Truel