COBA TOUR - Riviera Maya Part 1 (cc)


Uploaded by JCVdude on 12.11.2010

Transcript:
This is the map of this archaeological site. I am Mario if you have any questions during the 1.5 hour tour.
We're going to start the tour in the first group of buildings; Grupo Coba
Plus I am going to show you one of the ancient ball fields of this group.
After we're going to walk almost 1 km to go to the next point that I call Conjunto Pinturas which means the Painted Group
Then we're going to walk 1 km more to arrive at the big temple.
Nohoch Mul is the name. 'Nochol' means big, 'Mul' means mountain of hill; big hill, big mountain.
That's the highest building all around the Yucutan Penninsula.
This is the first lake of Coba, where you arrive.
Just a few minutes out of the first buildings, there is another lake. In this region there are 5 lakes.
That's why 'Coba' is Maya and it's has significance
The right way to pronounce 'Coba' is 'cove-ha'
The last part 'ha' means water and 'cove' means turbulence - turbulent water.
That's why Coba - because it is by the 5 lakes.
And its surrounded by a system of roads called sacbe or Sacbeob in plural.
I will show you part of road #1, which is the longest.
That road goes almost to Chichen Itza, but that is not straight. So it goes to another city.
The city near Chichen Itza called Uxmal
They have found in Coba site, 45 roads. This is the only archaeological site with 45 roads.
Coba was a big city.It was bigger than Chichen Itza and much older than Chichen Itza.
The population was about 55,000 Mayans lived between the years 800-1100 AD
The whole city of Coba covered 70 square kms or 42 sqare miles.
And the city was founded by Mayan people during the years 200 BC from the Pre-Classic Period
and the city was occupied during the years 1450 AD
So it's about 1600 years that the Mayans occupied the site of Coba
and that's in 3 periods; Pre-Classic, Classic and Post-Classic Period.
The most important Mayan buildings were built during the Classical Period which is from 300 to 900 AD
It was the peak time of the Mayans in Coba.
55,000 Mayans lived in Coba so archaeologist say it was the second largest city of the Mayan Civilization.
It's just after the city in Guatemala called Tikal
Tikal Guatemala was the first largest city of Mayan people
and Coba is the next.
The architecture of the Coba buildings is similar to the Tikal architecture
because according to the inscriptions found, the Queen from the state of Coba
married one of the Kings from the state of Guatemala.
That's why the architecture of these cities is very similar.
We're also going to see some stelles in this archaeological site.
The stellas are big monolithe stones standing.
We have one of them over here. Come over here.
The archaeologists have found 44 stelles in Coba
We have 2 types; 11 of them are flat or smooth like this one
And 33 of them are carved, like this picture you can see over here.
You can see some figures
We'll see this one. It's near the big temple.
According to archaeologists, the stelles have great meaning to the Mayans
The Mayan people would cover this stelle with stucco
Something like a plaster, and then paint it.
After, the Mayans would use the writing, the hieroglyphics to write any of the most important information
They wrote important days, dates, events, wedding days.
important histories talking about the life of the Priest, the King or information about the life of the Warriors
We know that when the Mayans used this kind of stelle
It was not a problem to change all the information on this type of stelles.
Most of the time Mayan people would take out the other information and just recalibrate
with new plaster and paintings of other new information
which is something like a kind of billboard or bulletin board
The other kind of stelles, this one, is where the Mayan people wrote permanent information they didn't change
It was difficult to change this information. We don't know the significance of all of them because
when the Spanish arrived in the Yucutan, they destroyed almost 5000 of the Mayan Codex
that were written on Mayan paper. That's why today, it is very difficult to know the significance of the writings
During recent investigations of Coba, archaeologists have found around 6,500 buildings
but only 5% of them have been excavated. 95% have not been excavated.
They are still covered by trees and bushes.
You can see one of them in jungle over here. That is one of the 6,500 buildings of Coba
We don't know what it was for, but under each of the piles of rocks, there is Mayan original foundations
bases of important buildings
The archaeologists have to chop down trees and bushes and
remove the stones,marking each of them to allow them to put back the stones for the original foundation