White House Hangout: Combating Human Trafficking


Uploaded by whitehouse on 27.09.2012

Transcript:
Joshua DuBois: Good afternoon, friends, good morning to the good folks on
the west coast.
My name is Joshua Dubois and I lead President Obama's
faith-based office where we connect with faith-based and
nonprofit organizations around the country to better serve
people in need.
And it's my pleasure to welcome you to this White House Google+
Hangout on the important topic of human trafficking.
As you know, the President offered some major remarks on
this issue this week and we're here to discuss them,
discuss the President's deliverables and our
partnerships with organizations across the country and around
the world on this issue.
We invite you and encourage you to participate in
this conversation.
You can watch us live at WhiteHouse.gov/Live.
Again, that's WhiteHouse.gov/Live.
And to ask a question just head on over to Twitter and use the
hashtag #WHHangout.
Again, that's #WHHangout.
So join in the conversation.
We're so pleased to have NGOs and faith leaders and other
folks from across the country join us, but first,
we're really honored to have some special guests from
the White House.
We're going to hear from Tina Tchen.
Tina is the Chief of Staff to First Lady Michelle Obama and
she's also the executive director of the White House
Council on Women and Girls, and one of our nation's leading
advocates fighting for women and girls across the country and
around the world.
Tina is going to provide an overview of our domestic
accomplishments and then I'll introduce our next guest.
But first, Tina, I'll pass it over to you.
Tina Tchen: Thank you, Joshua.
And thank you all for joining us for this Google Hangout and
thanks to many of you who I think probably tuned in, I hope,
to watch the President's speech on Tuesday,
where he gave really a major address lending his voice to
combat, you know, human trafficking and really name it
for what it is, which is modern day slavery.
Both importantly, not only internationally where this is
often discussed, but domestically,
and really speaking quite frankly about the issues that we
have right here at home and the issues we need to combat.
And the list of deliverables that he called upon the federal
government to come forward and work on really touching both of
those areas.
First, he importantly signed that day an executive order,
and my colleague Samantha Power will go into it in a little
more detail.
But essentially what it does is to strengthen protections in our
federal contracting process to really make sure that when we as
one of the largest buyers of goods and services in the world,
the federal government, go out into the marketplace that our
contractors are making sure that human trafficking is not
involved in their supply chains.
Secondly, we're going to be issuing new tools and training
to identify and assist trafficking victims.
You know, we know that importantly victims need to be
treated as victims, not as criminals by our system,
and we need to make sure that anyone who comes in contact with
them, whether it's educators, whether it's law enforcement,
whether it's child welfare workers or other workers in the
variety of juvenile justice and other systems that come into
touch with, victims of human trafficking,
that they are really treated and given the services
that they need.
So we're going to work on developing tools and
disseminating those and training for everyone who comes in
contact with these victims.
We're also going to increase resources for victims of
human trafficking.
You know we know that we need comprehensive services for
these victims.
And in association with that we're really pleased to announce
on Tuesday a partnership between Humanity United and the Goldman
Sachs Foundation to launch a $6 million partnership for freedom
innovation awards.
And that's to challenge local communities to come up with
services and comprehensive collaborations to address the
needs of victims.
And then when we have those in hand we'll be able to have best
practices that we can scale up and extend across the country.
Also as part of that the President announced that we are
going to establish a new presidential award for
extraordinary efforts to combat trafficking in persons.
And we're going to award that annually to really recognize the
work in this area and incentivize others to follow in
kind in developing those kinds of practices.
And then finally at the federal government level,
we are going to develop a comprehensive plan for
future actions.
Now the President, we already have a very active President's
Interagency Task Force to monitor and combat human
trafficking persons that's been led by Ambassador Luis CdeBaca
over at the State Department, that has the active involvement
of all of the federal agencies involved in this area.
And at the President's direction we're going to continue that
work and extend it and develop a very comprehensive plan that
will work with our intelligence community with our justice arms,
with our Social Service arms to comprehensively attack
this problem.
Just anticipate one of the questions I know has come
through is what are we doing with you know international
trafficking and some of the international crime issues.
That effort right now that we've already started which is to link
existing networks of state, federal,
and local law enforcement who already identify other kinds of
crimes and cooperate together, we're going to --
we've already started to establish the networks,
and allow them to be in touch with advocates.
To be in touch with information that's out there.
To address the issue of human trafficking.
And also as part of that as we announced on Tuesday we've
already started an effort, the leadership of the White House
Office of Science Technology and Policy and the White House
Council on Women and Girls, an effort that brings together the
technology industry and advocates and law enforcement
altogether with us to turn the tables on technology.
We know all too well that technology has been misused as a
tool by traffickers, given its anonymity and its ease,
especially in the sex trafficking of minor,
especially here in the United States.
And we're going to -- we've challenged,
we've already started that dialogue,
with players across all those sectors to come up with
innovative ways to address that and combat it.
And then beyond that, to actually use technology to reach
victims to provide easy ways on their smart phones.
We announced a technology app challenge over the weekend to
challenge app developers to develop new smart phone
applications that we can use to actually reach victims,
and allow them to quite easily get in touch with services and
know, as the President said so powerfully on Tuesday,
that they are not alone -- you're not alone if any of you
are listening to this.
We hear you, we are really with you and we are in this for the
long-term to address your needs.
Thanks, Joshua.
Joshua DuBois: Well, thank you so much Tina, and thank you for the tremendous
work that the Council on Women and Girls along with Domestic
Policy Council and others are doing on this issue.
But now for an international focus we are honored to have
with us Samantha Power.
Samantha is senior director for Multilateral Affairs at the
White House National Security staff and has really been one of
the global leaders on atrocity prevention.
I can't think of something that's more of an atrocity than
human trafficking.
So Samantha, we'd love to hear the international
components from you.
Samantha Power: Great, Joshua.
Well, first let me say what an honor it is to be here,
not only with Tina and Joshua who do such important work,
God's work, really, within the White House,
but also to be here with Malika and Randy and Kay and Kaitlyn
and Natalie.
I mean we really, without you, this conversation and these
efforts would be in a very different place.
It's just phenomenal, the work that you've done and the way
you've mobilized America, really,
at a very grassroots level.
I'd start just with a couple of points I made to some of you in
advance of the President's speech,
which is that I do think that this entire effort is rooted in
two of his cornerstone principles that he brings to all
of his foreign policy.
One is dignity, just the essence of our foreign policy needs to
be rooted in promoting dignity around the world.
What greater indignity is there than to have your freedom taken
away from you to be trafficked, to be a bonded laborer,
to be forced into a brothel, et cetera.
I mean, it's just an affront to the very concept of dignity.
And I think what we've seen that's been so gratifying in the
last day or so is to see the degree to which people who have
suffered through this horrible experience and emerged on the
other side and people we're are not hearing from who are still
trapped in these impossible circumstances.
But the degree to which the President is saying I see you,
we see you, it has really touched something I think very
deep in this community, and it's again just one step we want to
make sure that that message is sent day in, day out,
by us in the governmental community and by those of you
who care about this issue.
The second principle is just leading from examples Tina
alluded to, we have to get our own house in order in addition
to going bilaterally to governments where trafficking is
a major problem within their own borders.
We have so much more credibility.
We have so much more of a capacity for cooperation if we
make the resources available in our own house.
And that's the essence of what we're talking about.
I'll just touch on two things, because Tina covered a number of
things that have transnational dimensions as well.
Including for instance, prosecution,
and relying on our Department of Justice and DHS and other
resources here to get at trafficking where American
citizens are involved or where people are being brought from
overseas to this country.
But in order to do right in our foreign policy we also need
thicker evidentiary foundation.
And so one of the things the President announced this week
and has made possible, you know, over the time that we've been
here is stepped up intelligence collection.
And that means both in our embassies on the diplomatic
sides, because those are people often out interfacing, you know,
with people who have survived these practices or with the
knowledge where law enforcement is breaking down in
other countries.
But also, in terms of, you know, more traditional forms of
intelligence, the traditional intelligence communities.
So we're actually monitoring using all of our resources to
look at what's going on in other countries.
This is an important, I think enabling evidentiary surge,
shall we say, or uptick that I think is going to help with our
other efforts.
And then finally, Tina touched upon the EEO.
It's no secret that as the United States became involved
for instance in Iraq or in Afghanistan that we have large
bases and we have federal recipients of federal contracts
[inaudible] contracts that are active on those bases,
and the oversight is very difficult to come by in light of
how sprawling those bases are and the use of third country
nationals has become very prevalent.
The EEO is a response to that and a range of other challenges
that we see also on the horizon.
But the goal of EEO is to ensure that federal recipients of large
overseas federal contracts and subcontracts are looking and
scrutinizing and making sure that the people who come to work
and to enact those contracts are not themselves the victims
of trafficking.
So compliance plans are going to be required for those large
overseas federal contractees.
New practices that we fear are prevalent out there like
recruitment fees and the confiscation of identity
documents, fraudulent recruitment,
those have now been prohibited with this executive order.
So we've long had a zero tolerance policy toward the use
of traffic in our contracts, but what this executive order does
is it really is going to drill down on that and make sure we
have the mechanisms for actually bringing about zero tolerance.
So it's going to be a long journey.
We've got the regulations and the rules and so forth that we
want to interact with you to figure out how best to scope.
But the step that he has taken this week I think is a critical
piece of enforcement in making your work supplemented,
complimented throughout the crannies in U.S. government by
what we're doing here.
Thank you.
Joshua DuBois: Wonderful.
Thank you so much.
Tina Tchen: Joshua, if I might, there were three,
I want to acknowledge there were three private sector initiatives
too that I overlooked in my comments that we highlighted on
Tuesday as well, because we really have seen step up on this
issue of cross sectors.
One is as the President noted in his speech,
the global business coalition against trafficking is a
business to business network that's going to mobilize its
members to fight trafficking and identify and develop
best practices.
For example, eliminate trafficking and supply chains.
U.S. travel Association is compiling an anti-trafficking
toolkit since we know within the travel industry there's a lot of
marketing and solicitation that goes on there.
And then finally Johns Hopkins University's Bloomberg School of
Public Health is doing a cross sector,
a cross disciplinary research partnership with the Goldman
Sachs Foundation and the Advisory Council on
Child Trafficking.
And they are going to do great research and evidence based work
on the prevention of sex trafficking and treatment that
will help inform the best practices and the expansion and
scaling up of services that I referred to earlier.
But, thanks.
Joshua DuBois: Great private sector commitments.
Thank you so much, Tina.
Now we're going to go to some of our special guests.
And then very quickly move to receive questions from you all.
But we are so excited to have some leading folks on this
issue, participating in the Hangout.
We're going to move to them now.
If I can ask folks to keep your comments to a minute or less so
we can go to the questions from the Google+ Hangout.
But first we are honored to have here Malika Saada-Saar.
The executive director of the Human Rights Project for Girls.
Malika, we'd love to hear from you and let us know a little bit
about the work that you do.
Malika Saada-Saar: [no audio]
Joshua DuBois: Malika may be having some audio issues.
I think you may be having some audio issues there.
We're going to work on that now and move to our next guest.
But we'll be right back to you Malika, okay, thank you.
We're coming back because we need to hear about the work that
you're doing.
Next we have Natalie Grant.
Natalie is one of my favorite Christian music artists and
she's also the founder of Abolition International.
Natalie, tell us how someone involved in the entertainment
industry gets connected to a critical issue like this.
Natalie Grant: You know back in 2004, I took a trip that I say forever
wrecked my life.
I was walking down the streets of Mumbai and I saw with my own
eyes little children for sale on the street.
And it's just something that has forever marked my life.
Coming back to America I heard a news report 30 days later of
something that was happening in my own community of a
brothel broken up young girls.
And I thought how can we just go across the world if we don't
start by going across the street?
So I started an organization back in 2005 called
Abolition International.
And our mission is very clear.
Our mission is to combat sex trafficking through awareness,
through accreditation, and through a restorative process
that calls on the faith-based community,
to live up to the standard that's been put before us to
stand for the oppressed and what will our answer be?
We should be on the front lines of the restorative peace of
this process.
So we're writing standards of care that would say, okay,
all of these fabulous shelters that are popping up,
you do have to have a quality standard of care that would meet
the whole of the person, their physical, their mental,
and their spiritual needs.
Joshua DuBois: Thank you so much, Natalie.
You all are certainly stepping up in a major way,
and thank you for lifting up the voice of the faith community on
this issue.
We also have with us Randy Newcomb.
Randy is the President and CEO of Humanity United,
one of our critical partners on this issue.
Randy, tell us a little bit about Humanity United and what
you guys do.
Randy Newcomb: Thank you, Joshua.
And let me just say in advance, my thanks to the White House and
to Tina and to Samantha and you, Joshua,
for what on any account has been probably one of the most
historic weeks, I think, in the entire movement.
So it's just thrilling to be a part of this.
Humanity United is a private foundation that's based in
San Francisco.
We're dedicating to building peace and advancing
human freedom.
And in particular, related to this week as Tina had just
mentioned, we are partnering with the White House and the
Goldman Sachs 10,000 women initiative,
to create the partnership for freedom,
which is a $6 million challenge fund to support community level
interventions that can be scaled nationally,
but also ultimately scaled globally to really
assist survivors.
And today I really have the opportunity to join the
conversation literally across the street from probably Tina
and Samantha in our Washington, D.C. office.
And Humanity United is coming to this to really help to organize
the philanthropic community and federal agencies to use our
resources in the most impactful way possible that we can.
So we're committed to standing up to these challenge reward.
We're going to be looking at sustainable housing,
comprehensive care, and management for minors and law
enforcement engagement with survivors to really change
that calculation.
So I'm really, really excited to talk about this challenge reward
and how this might stand up and support NGOs across the U.S.
Joshua DuBois: That is very exciting and the challenge sounds wonderful.
I know a lot of folks around the country are going to take
up the charge.
Now we're going to hear from Kaitlyn Ruhland, and Kaitlyn,
just graduated from Appalachian State University and has been
active with international justice mission on campuses
around the country.
Kaitlyn, talk to us about a student's perspective on
this issue.
Kaitlyn Ruhland: Yeah, for sure.
So my journey with the fight against human trafficking
started -- I went on a mission trip to Mexico in the rural
areas and worked with youth and met a lot of girls there after
my sophomore year of college who had been either sexually or
physically abused and that just kind of pierced my heart.
And from there I knew I wanted to learn about the topic more.
So I decided to major in international and comparative
politics in college, and it was in my junior year when I took a
human rights class and a politics on developing nations
class that I really became more informed and felt empowered to
get involved with NGOs.
And then I attended passion during the winter break of my
senior year of college in Atlanta at the conference and
saw what IGM was doing and how they were finally an
organization that was giving students a way to really step up
and take action and just learn.
And so from there out, it was just on my heart to start a
campus movement which IGM offers,
and so I raised up a group at our school of between 100 and
200 students who were ready to fight and raise funds awareness
in education on the issues.
And from there out, I've just been blessed to have the chance
to intern with International Justice Mission and there I got
to mentor and lead about 10 to 15 other campuses into the fight
against human trafficking where they raised up some
more movement.
So as a student it's just an honor to partner with these
organizations that are present in this conversation and the
White House as they -- we just feel great as a generation that
our voices are being heard, and not for ourselves,
but for those who actually don't have a voice,
that we can be advocates.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
Well, thank you so much Kaitlyn, for the great work you're doing.
Shout out to our folks from Passion tuning in.
And we just really appreciate your work.
Now we're going to hear from Kay Buck.
Kay is the CEO and executive director of the Coalition to
Abolish Slavery and Trafficking.
Kay, you all have been working on this for a long time
since 2003.
I'd love to hear more about the coalition and about your work.
Kay Buck: Absolutely.
Hello, everyone.
I'm excited to be here.
And should I wait until I'm --
Joshua DuBois: No, you're good.
Go ahead.
Kay Buck: I'm excited to be here as well.
And we just came from the President's speech back to Los
Angeles, that's where we're head quartered.
CAST is an organization of course that provides direct
services to survivors of modern day slavery and works to end
this human rights violation through a survivor
centered approach.
So what that means is that we partner directly with survivors
in order to inform prevention strategies,
and also outreach strategies to identify more survivors.
And it was just such a thrill to be in New York City hearing the
speech from the President and having one of the survivors
who's part of our survivor advisory caucus be recognized,
name of her school.
And we can't say enough how exciting it is to have these
new initiatives.
We're so grateful to the White House and to Humanity United and
now through Goldman Sachs to really put survivor's support
front and center, because not only are they,
do they need to be liberated from slavery and get the help
that they so deserve, but also they are good partners to help
us prevent this both here domestically and locally.
Joshua DuBois: Thank you so much, Kay.
It's wonderful to partner with you,
and it's so great to see so many of the things you all have been
working on for years really level up on the
national forefront.
Let's try Malika again.
Malika, let's see if we can hear you this time because we need to
hear from you, you're one of our heroes.
Are you there?
(no audio)
Oh, I'm sorry, we're still not getting your audio.
Maybe someone there can help you out with that.
Otherwise, you know, hold some written pieces of paper up to
the TV screen, to the computer screen.
Let's move to some questions, guys.
We're getting a lot of good stuff from folks around the
country on this issue.
One of them, just came in from Brandy @PLY32,
if you guys want to follow.
Brandy says human trafficking is so widespread,
why hasn't this issue been out more in the public up until now?
You know, why is this, has this not been on the forefront of the
national conversation?
I'd love our administration's thoughts on that, but maybe we
can go to some folks who have been working on this for
a long time.
Kay, do you want to kick us off there and then Natalie can talk
about the faith-based community's views on this?
Kay Buck: Absolutely.
Well, I think one key reason is because, you know,
it's really just become a big issue in the United
States domestically.
And even today when we are giving public presentations,
which I do all the time, people still say, well,
sure this happens in Mexico or in Thailand,
but it certainly doesn't happen here in our backyard in the
United States.
And so people are just now becoming aware that it is a huge
problem here in the United States.
In addition to that, it's the fear that so many different
[inaudible] to reach out to the law enforcement but also to the
general public.
They are told over and over again by the traffickers that if
they try to get any help at all that their lives will be in
danger and even their family members back home
are threatened.
So, it makes sense that so many survivors don't reach out
because they just are so fearful of doing so.
Natalie Grant: And I think it's -- just to continue on what you're saying
-- there's such an awareness problem,
and that's why this is so incredible that the President of
the United States has called this out for what it is.
He has named it as modern day slavery,
which is incredible for people to hear,
because even when I was tweeting from the President's speech,
so many people responded to me saying modern day slavery
doesn't exist, it doesn't happen,
it doesn't happen in my community.
Maybe it happens over there, wherever there is.
But they don't think it happens here where they are.
And so it's so important to continue to get the word out
that this is happening and to find a way to give victims their
voice back, and not to exploit their stories,
but to give them the power to tell their stories,
to give them their voice back that has been taken,
that would enable them to tell their story.
And when someone hears from a true survivor of this,
what their story is, it just gives so much power to the truth
of the cause.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
Thank you for that.
We had a question that came in from the ACLU.
How is the Obama Administration going to enforce these new
restrictions on government contractors and hold violators
to account?
Samantha, do you want to talk a little bit about enforcement,
how we're going to make sure to hold people's feet to the fire
on this thing?
Samantha Power: Yeah, I would just say also in response to the last question,
the only good thing one can say about this issue is that the
awareness raising has been taken on by such a bipartisan and
diverse community of people and ever growing.
And here, Josh, I'll steal your thunder.
I mean the faith community has been unbelievable at just
putting this out there and using the pulpit where it matters most
for people.
And in that vein, to the question,
I think that the last administration and the Clinton
administration that originally signed the trafficking act,
have always wanted to make enforcement a priority.
And we have struggled, frankly, all three of us,
to just get out to the crannies of our society,
this is speaking internationally of where our taxpayer money is
being spent.
And what this is doing is it's putting the onus on those who
receive taxpayer money to show and themselves to scrutinize
their bases, to show that they have plans for recognizing,
for detecting and obviously for punishing and taking, you know,
punitive action against those who are in any way complicit.
I think similarly in this country,
I mean the President and Valerie Jarrett and Tina and others have
had long conversations with Eric Holder.
And one of the things that he is working very hard to do,
the Department of Justice has worked very hard to do is to
create interagency task forces so that you have not only the
Department of Justice active in this from a law enforcement
perspective, but also the Department of Homeland Security,
the Department of Labor, you know, where again,
all of our agencies see this as something that they need to be
accountable for.
And so as we move from the promises and the pledges of
Tuesday into the nitty gritty of enforcement and of actually
bringing this to life and really cracking down,
we would welcome also your suggestions,
agency or department, by agency or department,
or at a more macro level as to how we, you know,
sort of tighten the vice on people who are perpetrating this
monstrous crime.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
Very helpful.
Thank you, Samantha.
We've got a set of questions, all in the same vein.
Mackenzie asks, our religion class wants to become involved.
How can we?
Hanna Melaney asks, what can American teams do to help?
Hey, Kaitlyn, do you want to take this one,
how can young people get involved in this movement?
Kaitlyn Ruhland: Yeah, definitely.
So a number of the NGOs who are fighting against human
trafficking actually have ways for students to get involved.
And the main factor is starting up what's called a justice
coalition or a justice club on your campus or even the youth,
IGM works with the youth in middle schools and high
schools as well.
So teams can log on to their website,
and there's educational tools that they have there for
students and handbooks to first get educated on the issues and
the topics, and then to lift their voice and share
that education.
There's even curriculum that they can use and provide their
teachers with to then teach in their classrooms or in an
after-school activity.
And also, there's -- we found on our campus the main thing that
students want is something to do.
So we've really tapped into the passion and the energy that
students have behind their personal gifts,
whatever they are gifted at or talented at.
We really called on them to step up and use their gift or talent
to set others free.
And we've just asked them to take a stand for freedom by
using whether it's their passion about cutting hair and using
that as a donation way to give all the money to organizations,
such as Abolitionist International or IGM,
or whether that's, if they can paint, did an art auction,
where you can just sell all your paintings and give all the
proceeds to an organization that's fighting
against trafficking.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
Thank you so much, Kaitlyn.
So everybody can do something, no matter what you're telling
is, they can contribute to this cause.
Hey, we got a question from Danielle Vermeer about what are
the most effective incentives to companies to clean up their
supply chains?
Tina, you do a lot of work on public private partnerships.
Randy, you do a lot of this work as well.
Can you comment on how companies can get involved,
generally and what are the incentives we can create to get
them involved in this issue?
Tina Tchen: Well, thank you, Joshua.
I mean, I think it's two levels.
If you're at a company, I think it is to --
look at your supply chain.
And we are hoping through the many partnerships we have to
actually get more tools available to companies.
Because we know there are some companies with very long
supply chains.
You've got someone who's making one piece of the shoelace to add
to the shoelace to add to the stitching that goes to the shoe
that's coming over.
And where do you find that out?
And I know Ambassador CdeBaca and others here in the
government are working with folks in the private sector as
well where we can actually tease that and provide data.
And that's one of our goals, is to be able to give companies
better data on where, what are high trafficking industries,
what are vulnerable industries.
So you as a company will be able to target in your supply chain
and go look.
So you're not just looking for a needle in the haystack.
You've got a way to go and target your efforts to the most
high-risk geography, you know, geographic areas,
most high risk kinds of industries that may exist in
your supply chain.
But I also want to speak to consumers,
because I think the other power of what can individuals do is
really powerful, because some people are going to respond to
our EO, some people are going to want to step up to do
the right thing.
And there are some companies for whom, you know what,
labor is cheap.
That's why this exists.
That's why this is a problem.
And, you know, there's cheap goods out there and we like our
cheap clothing and we like our inexpensive, you know, gadgets.
And you know as consumers, we have a voice,
we have a powerful voice.
We're saying what kinds of products we want to see and that
we want to see products that are, come from manufacturers,
and marketers you know who are part of this movement to make
sure that they are making their products and selling them to us.
You know, free of traffic labor.
And I think we have a powerful voice to step up and be
part of that.
And that is something that individuals we can all do in our
own buying, we can all do with our voice in speaking out that
this is what we need.
And consumer sentiment will move markets in as many ways that's
even more powerful than what we can do, you know,
by regulation or EOs or executive orders,
or anything else, is consumers can move the markets in
this direction.
And that's something I think everybody who's tuning into this
Google Hangout can do.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
Thank you so much.
Randy, do you want to talk to the issue of public private
partnerships on trafficking?
Randy Newcomb: That's great, Joshua.
And let me just follow up on Tina's comment on this.
Honestly, I think ten years from now when we look back at this
era right now, the history will mark this as a moment in time
when supply chains made dramatic changes in terms
of transparency.
And it just seems there's an alignment taking place both
among NGOs at the federal level and certainly at the commercial
level where people are either moving towards cleaner supply
chains or there's absolutely no excuse anymore to not have clean
supply chains.
So in terms of some of the partnerships that Humanity
United has been funding, you can look at Veritay which has done
some amazing work around audit standards and supply chains.
I think business coalition against trafficking is really
putting a lot of pressure in terms of really trying to clean
up the supply chains.
And slavery footprint which has really come out of the
trafficking in a person's office.
And Justin Dylan and his team are really providing great tools
to better understand how many slaves you know are enslaved to
create the kind of products that we have in our supply
chains today.
So there's really no excuse anymore to not have clean
supply chains.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
That's right.
There is no excuse.
So many groups doing wonderful things,
not for sale and slavery foot printed and so many others.
I've got to try Malika again because it would be a shame if
we didn't hear her voice in this.
We got a number of questions about how we can empower
trafficking victims themselves to be a part of and help be
leaders in this movement.
And in so many ways, that's what Malika Saada-Saar does.
Malika, we're going to try your mic one more time.
Are you there?
Malika Saada-Saar: [no audio]
Joshua DuBois: Oh, we're sorry.
Okay, well, we are going to maybe have to do a follow-up
chat With Malika just to get her voice in the mix.
Hey, we've actually gotten three or four questions about labor
trafficking, both internationally,
and here in the United States.
Obviously, sex trafficking is a horrible, horrible, crime.
But a number of folks are saying,
and this is from Tiffany Williams and Giselle Rodriguez,
what can we do to make sure that there's awareness about labor
trafficking in hotels and restaurants and in other places.
Anyone want to tackle that one for us?
How do we make sure that we are talking about labor trafficking?
Tina Tchen: Well, I will say and I'll jump in just one piece from what
we're doing at the government level is,
part of the initiatives announced on Tuesday,
included increasing training of our federal Department of Labor,
wage and hour division employees.
And so these folks are going out and enforcing our existing wage
and labor laws to make sure they are also fully trained and aware
of looking for the signs of labor trafficking as they do
that as part of our overall, you know, labor enforcement efforts.
And then there are six, six pilots with a number of federal
agencies as partnerships on anti-trafficking coalition
teams, which will be an interagency collaboration,
between labor, justice, our other criminal investigation and
prosecution efforts so that we're all aligned, you know,
to try to both identify and then prosecute these crimes.
Samantha Power: And if I could just add, Joshua, one thing that the President
didn't speak about in his remarks,
but I think is significant, is that for the first time this
year the Department of Labor on the issue of child labor is
actually assessing how a country is performing abroad,
basically saying they are doing moderately well,
they are doing well or they are not doing well at all.
And so that also is a forum, just like the tip rankings have
been for countries on trafficking generally,
that has the Department of Labor now measuring country
performance and holding them accountable in ways that we
think also can be useful.
The Amtrak and other transportation initiatives that
Tina alluded to at the beginning,
it seems to me when we are working with our own
transportation associations to spot it, detect it, et cetera,
these are the kind of skills we should also take on the road.
And we you know the State department and [inaudible] have
already had, you know, a range of discussions with any one of
a number of countries, about, you know,
ensuring that those officials in those countries are
also trained.
And so we need to enhance and step up that collaboration,
as you say, not just on sex trafficking,
but on forced labor of all kinds.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
Hey, let me go to some of our participants.
Let me see if any of you have questions for Tina or Samantha,
or for the administration.
Samantha Power: Or ideas.
Joshua DuBois: Or ideas.
Yes, we need ideas.
So, anyone want to jump in with any questions?
Kaitlyn Ruhland: I would love to ask just a little bit on the domestic side.
There's still, between four and five states that don't have laws
that are against sex trafficking and human trafficking.
And so I'm just curious on a federal and national level if
there's going to be any advancement in increasing the
demand for states to really step up and have laws that outlaw
human trafficking.
Joshua DuBois: That's a great question.
Tina, do you want to take that?
Tina Tchen: Yeah, I mean one of the other public private partnerships that
we have been working on is with the American Bar Association.
And I have to give credit to my good friend Laurel Bellows who
is the new president of the ABA.
She has made fighting human trafficking one of her signature
issues for this year while she's president of the American
Bar Association.
And I know they are working for example on, you know,
model laws, you know, just the issue you referred to, Kaitlyn,
you know trying to develop the tools so that they through the
power of their networks.
And the ABA includes you know private practice lawyers,
public sector lawyers, judges, legislators.
Through their network they can get to those states with model
laws that they can develop.
And I think we want to expand those kinds of protections,
because you're right, a lot of this is existing actually at the
State and local levels, when we talk about child welfare laws,
when we talk about you know the sort of State prosecution
of these crimes.
And so that's a place we need to attack.
So I really want to salute the ABA for stepping up on that.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
Hey, one question we're getting a lot of,
and thank you for that, Tina, that's helpful.
And I think we're almost there, Kaitlyn,
in terms of getting every state to the point they need to be in
terms of their state legislation.
We've gotten this next question from a Michaela Seebox,
from Kara Canna, and from many others in terms of,
Kara says what about the guys that are being trafficked.
Michaela Seebox says you talk about girls being trafficked,
which is critically important.
Are there any boys and men suffering this type of slavery?
And the answer is absolutely, yes.
I was recently in Manila and spent some time with a number of
men and women that were emerging from traffic situations.
And it's a huge issue, not just in the Philippines,
but around the world.
And you can be assured that while we have to tackle this for
women and girls, and that's where most of the problem is,
quite frankly, we are not forgetting about men and boys as
a part of this effort.
Does anyone want to speak to that, or is that something --
Kay Buck: I can touch -- that's a really great point.
You know I want to say that at CAST,
maybe just four years ago our caseload of men was just 5%.
Now it's 21% of our entire caseload.
So it has increased dramatically.
And I think that this brings up a lot of issues around service
provision, particularly in the area of shelter.
And you know, we are fortunate enough at CAST to have opened
the first shelter for trafficked women and their children,
but we are still utilizing homeless shelters for our male
clients which is not at all ideal in serving this
population efficiently.
So, I think that's one area that we really need to work on as an
antislavery movement, how to address the after care and the
services that are so needed for men and boys.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
Yeah, and I think that's something that we still have
more work to do.
Unfortunately, we just have time for one last question.
But we're going to try to get answers from each of the folks
in the panel, very, very, brief ones.
And then we're going to have to wrap up for today and continue
this conversation in various formats in the future.
A lot of folks have asked about prevention.
What can we do to stop this problem before it starts to make
sure that women and men, boys and girls don't end up in
trafficking situations in the first place?
I think that has awareness components.
It has service delivery components.
Can folks talk about that, how we can address the issue
of prevention?
I'm going to ask our administration folks to go last
so you can help us close out.
So, let's talk about prevention, someone jump in first there.
Kaitlyn Ruhland: Yeah, I think, like I said before for students,
it's really raising our voice and educating our sphere
of influence.
So as a campus chapter our main goal on our university's campus
was to really reach out to other groups.
And we had the honor to reach out to churches,
and to other campus ministries, and Greek life communities,
and other social justice or human rights organizations on
our campus, and really use that platform to speak and educate.
And I would say, yeah, even as just students and speaking on
behalf of them we really believe that educating and awareness by
getting out and letting people know is the main thing we can do
to prevent it.
Because once people know and can relate locally,
then they will reach out globally.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
That's a great answer, Kaitlyn, thank you so much.
We're going to move across the screen.
Kay, how about you?
Do you want to close us out here?
Kay Buck: Absolutely.
Well, we are fortunate enough to have a prevention project
in Mexico.
And one of the things that has really helped is to work with
local indigenous groups in the border states,
because they have so much expertise and knowledge in
their region.
Sometimes that's overlooked, looking at really grassroots
groups and organizations, and making sure we are partnering
with them to educate the community of the
prevention strategy.
So for example, in the northern states, the State Department,
U.S. State Department, has been giving out outreach materials
through the local NGOs and we are a part of that partnership.
That's really about how to educate those communities and
it's starting to put a dent in prevention.
Next I also want to point out what Tina was saying is that
partnerships, private and public partnerships,
and making sure that consumers play a role in prevention.
Every single person watching today is a consumer and we have
a lot of power as consumers.
We learned that as we sponsored the California Transparency in
Supply Chains Act.
And now we're seeing in California students who are
consumers, soccer moms who are consumers,
everyone really getting behind this law.
And I think that's also a really important prevention strategy
moving forward.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
Kay, how can folks get in touch with CAST, what's your website?
Kay Buck: CastLA.org.
Joshua DuBois: Wonderful, thank you.
Malika, we're going to try one last time.
Are you there?
Malika Saada-Saar: I am.
Can you hear me?
Everyone: Yay!
[applause]
[laughter]
Malika Saada-Saar: Apologies for all the struggle around this.
Very briefly.
Human rights project for girls is a human rights --
Joshua DuBois: Oh, no.
Malika Saada-Saar: -- for young women and girls here in the U.S. and trying to
map out the issues of trafficking for girls
[inaudible] --
Joshua DuBois: Well friends, I'm going to say if you can Google the Human
Rights Project for Girls -- [inaudible].
Hey, Malika, I'm sorry.
If you can Google the Human Rights Project for Girls,
Malika Saada-Saar, she's wonderful.
Let's make sure we find out more information about her.
Malika Saada-Saar: [inaudible] Miami.
[inaudible]
Joshua DuBois: Okay.
Kay Buck: Joshua, can I -- I just want to give her website.
Joshua DuBois: Yes, please.
Kay Buck: The website is: Rights4 -- number 4 -- girls.org.
Rights4Girls.org.
Joshua DuBois: Wonderful, thank you so much, Kay.
Hey Natalie, close us out.
Let's talk about how the Christian community, broadly,
and all communities in faith, Christians, Muslim, Hindus,
and Jews, believers and nonbelievers,
how can folks get involved in this effort,
how can we address prevention?
Natalie Grant: Continue to raise your voice.
I mean, that's the power that every single one of us has is
the power of our voice.
In the month of July, Abolition International held something we
called the freedom month.
It was 31 days of freedom.
We reached over 2 million people, you know,
just by people, one by one, tweeting, Facebooking,
this is a reality.
This is happening.
Continue to use your voice, every person that is viewing
this now, that is the one thing every single one of us can do is
use our voice to make this known as a reality.
Second as a faith-based community and as a church,
we have to continue to raise awareness of the breakdown of
the family, because I believe that is such a key component to
why this is such an issue, is the breakdown of our families.
And as a church, and as a faith-based community we have
the opportunity to continue to address the reality of that and
do what we can to do prevention from that side.
Joshua DuBois: Well, thank you so much, Natalie.
You are certainly raising your voice and we can't wait to hear
it more in the days ahead.
Natalie Grant: Thank you.
Let me give my website really quickly.
It's AbolitionInternational.org.
Joshua DuBois: And I'll give you one more, it's @NatalieGrant for her
Twitter account.
Natalie Grant: Thank you, Joshua!
Joshua DuBois: Hey Randy, close us out from Humanity United's perspective.
Randy Newcomb: Let me just do a shout-out to all my great partners here and
from the perspective of a philanthropist,
so many of these organizations operate on shoe strings.
And we have just got to organize private philanthropy and donors
together so we can drive impact towards these groups so they can
do what they do.
If you want impact as a donor or a philanthropist this is the
place to get it done.
Because there are other areas you can allocate your money,
but if you want true impact, these four people as well as
many others can drive impact.
And so if you want to be a part of the partnership for freedom
so we can aggregate our philanthropic capital,
now's the time to make it done and let's join together in this
kind of historic moment that's in front of us.
Joshua DuBois: Wonderful.
Thank you so much, Randy, that's a great call to action.
Tina and Samantha, two of our anti-trafficking crusaders here
in the White House, why don't you give us some final thoughts
before we wrap up?
Samantha Power: Well, I'll go first and then over to Tina.
But I just want to echo Randy's point.
It is linear, the amount of work we do means the amount of
freedom expands in the world.
It's literally, there's like an algorithm,
a truth algorithm there.
And one of the reasons the President decided to choose CGI,
the Clinton Global Initiative, as the place to make these
announcements and to deliver this incredibly impassioned
appeal, and summons was because the private sector was there,
and it was a way of getting the message that Randy just sent
here on this chat to a broad coalition of companies who
really could get involved and to a number of private
sector individuals.
I just say on prevention from the foreign policy side,
if it is someone's job to combat human trafficking in the U.S.
government, that is like one nameable individual or set of
individuals, we're not doing our job.
It's everybody's job and it has to be mainstreamed.
And I commend Raj Shah and Secretary Clinton,
because they have basically sent that message into the
development community and into the entire State Department.
Ambassador CdeBaca has done phenomenal work and he's joined
by the regional assistant secretary who is responsible for
Asia or for South America, and you name it.
And so that's critical because, ultimately prevention also is
about these deeper structural challenges that we just have to
get our arms around, you know, as a country in terms of our
development assistance and so forth.
Economic development, literacy efforts, you know,
things that are so deeply ingrained and entrenched.
We as a government have to make sure that we keep our eye on the
prize in terms of overall economic development.
And then I would just say that I think what the Department of
Justice has done which we talked a little bit about at the
beginning, about stepping up prosecutions as we have
managed to do.
I think each of the last three years we have seen more
prosecutions than any previous year of traffickers,
still you know, probably not enough,
not remotely enough compared to the scale of the problem,
but you can see again with the Attorney General and others
focusing on this, the difference that can be made.
Prosecution is itself a signal to perps and the people who are
trafficking people that there is accountability,
and that itself is a form of prevention.
And lastly here, and I'll tee up my great friend and colleague
and co-conspirator in a lot of this, Tina,
the President also announced the equal futures partnership.
Secretary Clinton actually announced it.
And there, what we have and this is specific to women and girls,
but a series of steps that we are taking and we are calling on
other countries to take to enhance economic empowerment and
political participation for women and girls
around the world.
Because at the end of the day unless you crack the code on
those two elements people are still going to find
themselves vulnerable.
Women and girls are going to find themselves vulnerable
either on the back end of having been trafficked and actually
coming out of that horrible experience or vulnerable to
predators of the kind that sadly are still on the planet.
Joshua DuBois: Wonderful.
Tina.
Tina Tchen: So, finally I've decided on a governmental level I want to
highlight that the part of the strategic plan that the
President charged in his speech on Tuesday,
all of us in the federal government to network on,
is to have a comprehensive whole of government plan that will
include not only things like prosecution and supply chain and
all of the issues we've talked about,
but also have as part of that prevention.
And we are committed to doing that.
But I want to end, and I'm going to channel Malika a little bit
because she's really the person who taught me this and was one
of the early people coming in to the White House,
to teach us about this issue, is I want to leave us with the
(indiscernible) these individual survivors and the individual
victims of trafficking.
And through Malika and through other folks at Gems, Fair Girls,
I've had the privilege of meeting these
incredible survivors.
You know, girls at Fair Girls here in D.C. who are just blocks
away from the White House where they have been trafficked and
suffered from this.
And you know, I'm the mom of a 15-year-old girl,
so this hits home.
And on prevention, I think we have got to support our young
women and men.
We have to wrap our arms around vulnerable kids.
We have kids who don't have self-esteem,
kids who come from abusive homes.
Kids who are at risk of the traffickers.
You know kids go -- our vulnerable kids get identified
and picked up by these traffickers because they don't
have support systems elsewhere.
And we need to provide those, all of us need to.
And that's the kind of prevention we need to do on a
real individual human to human level.
That's the voice I think the President was trying to lift up,
those stories, and those faces on Tuesday.
And that's something we all need to keep doing.
And all the many ways in which you know we may, you know,
encounter these girls and boys you know,
whether it's a big macro level of the federal government or if
it's an individual level of kids we see in our own schools
and neighborhoods.
So I think we all have a role to play there.
Joshua DuBois: Absolutely.
Well, thank you so much, Tina and Samantha.
Thank you to all of our participants and all the folks
who hung out with us today on this Google + Hangout.
I understand we are actually trending on Twitter right now.
So go #WHHangout.
Listen, this a horrible problem that we are confronting as a
world, but I can say that I have never felt more hopeful than I
do right now seeing that this is,
the whole of our community is really coming together around
this issue, faith groups and nonsectarian organizations,
students and older Americans, government,
and the private sector.
We are all focused in an historic way on the issue of
ending slavery, and I think we can reach that point together.
Let's keep up the fight.
I'm just going to close with a quote from President Obama's
speech on Tuesday.
"Our fight against human trafficking is one of the
"greatest human rights causes of our time.
"And the United States will continue to lead it."
We certainly will, but we are not leading it alone.
We are leading it with all of you.
Thank you for joining us.
We look forward to working with you in the days ahead.
Bye-bye, everybody.