Proof! Mainstreaming IS FAILING Deaf students!

Uploaded by DrDonGCSUS on 11.03.2011

Recently on Facebook, a friend posted a link -- you can see it below
Recently on Facebook, a friend posted a link
-- you can see the link in the box below --
which was posted by the National Center for Special Education Research,
which is under the U.S. Department of Education.
It was published in February 2011.
The article was titled
"The Secondary School Experiences and Academic Performance
of Students with Hearing Impairments".
In the study, students were identified by their school districts or their schools themselves
as having a primary "disability" of hearing loss,
ages 13 - 16,
and were receiving special education services.
The special education services could vary.
The study occurred during the year 2000 - 2001.
They found that overall, 76% of the D/HH students went
to public schools.
That's 76 percent.
The remainder went to residential schools or charter or private schools.
But most -- 76% -- went to public schools.
The students were given the "Woodcock-Johnson III
Tests of Achievement".
That test measures academic skills -- what you've learned.
The test has several different subtests,
but the research focused on specific subtests --
Passage (reading) comprehension,
Synonyms & Antonyms (word meaning knowledge)
Mathematics Calculation,
Applied Problems (Word Problems),
Social Studies,
and Science.
Those were the subtests they looked at.
The test was developed to have what are called "Standard Scores"
where the mean Standard Score is 100.
That means that if you randomly chose 100 people,
and gave them the test,
you would find that 50 of them scored below that mean,
and 50 would score above the mean.
Of course, it's possible that in that group of 100 people,
because of the random selection, you could possibly get
57 people above the mean
and 43 people below the mean.
It's possible, and that's normal to have a range of variation of about 15 people.
But on average, it should come out to about 50/50.
That's what's called a "Normal Distribution".
The results of the study found that the Deaf students
87% scored below the mean in Passage Comprehension,
86% were below the mean in Science and Social Studies,
85% were below the mean in "Applied (word) Problems",
81% were below the mean in Synonyms and Antonyms,
and 60% were below the mean in Mathematics Calculation.
which means that you don't have a "normal distribution" --
it's called a "skewed distribution".
It looks like this:
When you see a skewed distribution like that,
it means that there's something wrong.
In recent months, several states have deliberated closing their schools for the Deaf
or cutting money to those schools for the Deaf,
which means that they could close or would be unable to provide the same level of services.
But closing schools for the Deaf is a violation of the students'
P.L. 94-142/IDEA rights
to a choice of educational placement options -- public or residential schools.
These states think that closing the residential schools will save money.
This is not true.
If students are all sent to public schools,
the public schools will need MORE money to pay for services --
interpreters and other special services the students need.
Plus, this research proves that mainstreaming does NOT work academically for Deaf students.
What does that mean?
It means that states will have increased long-term costs
because these Deaf students will be "undereducated",
and that undereducation leads to "underemployment"
in which they work in low-skill jobs instead of
instead of high-skill jobs because they can't go to college
or they're presented with barriers from working.
If they are working in low-skill jobs, their incomes will be lower,
and that results in lower taxes being paid and gained by the states.
So the governments won't be getting as much money as they could be.
So, the governments will suffer.
Plus, governments will have increased costs from having to pay for
SSI for those people who are undereducated,
and underemployed.
The governments will have to spend more money to help these people to work through Vocational Rehabilitation services
and so forth.
Closing the schools for the Deaf is NOT a good idea,
in the short term or the long term.
We must preserve our schools for the Deaf --
they provide an important and necessary service for Deaf students.