ED Policy Briefing: Promise Neighborhoods Guest Speaker Geoffrey Canada


Uploaded by usedgov on 12.11.2010

Transcript:
>> IF YOU COULD PLEASE TAKE YOUR SEATS, WE NEED TO START SOON.

THANK YOU.

SOME OF YOU
MAY NOT HAVE PICKED UP AGENDAS BECAUSE THEY



WEREN'T HERE AT THE BEGINNING.

THERE'S
AN AGENDA AT THE DESK WHEN YOU FIRST COME IN.

I PUT SOME RESERVE SIGNS ON SOME SEATS
FOR

THE POOR DEPARTMENT STAFF USED TO COMING DOWN AT 10:01.

IF THERE'S PAPERS ON STAFF
YOU CAN REMOVE THEM.

ALL BETS ARE OFF.

IF YOU ARE HERE, YOU GET A PLACE TO SIT.

WE'RE
GOING TO START IN JUST A MOMENT.

>> GOOD MORNING.

ONE MORE TIME.

GOOD MORNING.

>>
GOOD MORNING.

>> WE HAVE A GREAT OPPORTUNITY TO HAVE FOLKS
HERE WITH US TODAY TO SHARE
MORE ABOUT PROMISE

NEIGHBORHOODS OVERALL, SOME OF THE THINGS THAT INSPIRED

OUR THINKING
AND WHERE WE ARE HEADED WITH THE PROGRAM WITH

PLAN WILLING GRANTS ANSWER THINGS THAT IT
WILL ALLOW US TO

LEARN ABOUT THIS WORK.

I'D LIKE TO TAKE ONE SECOND TO ACKNOWLEDGE OUR
SPECIAL

GUESTS IN THE ROOM THAT WILL BE COMING UP TO JOIN US.

WE HAVE PEOPLE FROM
ACROSS THE ADMINISTRATION, PEOPLE FROM

INSIDE THE BUILDING WHO HAVE WORKED HARD ON THE PROGRAM,


AND PEOPLE FROM THE OUTSIDE WHO CARE DEEPLY ABOUT THESE

ISSUES.

THANK YOU ALL FOR BEING
HERE.

WHAT I ALSO WANT DO IS TO ACKNOWLEDGE FOLKS WHO WILL COME
UP HERE FOR JUST ONE
SECOND.

HEATHER HIGGINBOTTOM, ACTUALLY RESPONSIBLE FOR A LOT OF

THE VERY I RECALLEST THINKING
ABOUT PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS

AND COMING TO REALIZATION AND THE MAN WHO INSPIRED THIS


WORK, GEOFF CANADA, WHO NEEDS NO INTRODUCTION, A EMSURE.

WITH THAT I'D LIKE TO INVITE HEATHER
UP TO TELL YOU A

LITTLE BIT ABOUT THE PROGRAM.

THANK YOU.

>> (APPLAUSE.)

>> GOOD MORNING, EVERYONE.

IT'S
SO WONDERFUL TO BE HERE.

AND THANK YOU, JIM, FOR THAT ENT INDUCTION.

I HAVE HAD THE REAL
PLEASURE OVER THE LAST COUPLE OF

YEARS, NEARLY TWO YEARS OF WORKING WITH JIM AS HE
TOOK

WHAT WAS A COUPLE OF PARAGRAPH DESCRIPTION FROM A CAMPAIGN

POLICY DOCUMENT INTO THE
PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS INITIATIVE

WE HAVE TODAY.

AND HE HAS DONE TREMENDOUS WORK AND
IT'S BEEN A REAL

PLEASURE TO WORK WITH JIM.

I'M SO EXCITED TO BE HERE WITH ALL OF YOU THIS
MOST OF

THESE.

HAVING ALL OF THE WINNERS OF THE PROMISE NEIGHBORHOOD

PLANNING GRANT
HERE AND SO MANY STAKEHOLDERS, INSTITUTIONS

AND INDIVIDUALS COMMITTED TO THE INITIATIVE
IS REALLY

EXCITING.

WE HAVE BEEN TALKING ABOUT PLANNING, THINKING ABOUT

PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS
FOR A LONG TIME.

SEEING THE TEAMS OF PEOPLE IN THIS ROOM FULL OF

INDIVIDUALS COMMITTED
TO BUILDING ON THIS MODEL IS REALLY

THRILLING.

JIM ASKED ME TO TALK A BIT THIS MORNING ABOUT
HOW WE GOT

PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS AS A PRIORITY FOR THE OBAMA

ADMINISTRATION, WHAT SOME
OF THE THINKING WAS AND THE

IDEAS BEHIND IT.

IT'S A REALLY FUN STORY TO TELL.

FIRST
I'LL DO THE SHORT STORY.

EARLY IN THE CAMPAIGN PRESIDENT OBAMA, THEN CANDIDATE

OBAMA, WAS
GOING TO BE DELIVERING A SPEECH ON URBAN
POVERTY HERE IN WASHINGTON D C. IN THE SPEECH HE PROPOSED


THE PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS INITIATIVE INSTIRED BY THE WORK

THAT GEOFFREY CANADA WAS DOING
IN HARLEM WITH THE HARLEM

CHILDREN'S ZONE.

THE MISSION WE ANNOUNCED IN JULY OF 2007 FOR PROMISE


NEIGHBORHOODS WAS TO BREAK THE CONCENTRATED POVERTY BY

PROVIDING COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAMS
FOR EDUCATIONAL AND

DEVELOPMENTEL OUTCOMES FOR YOUNG PEOPLE THE BACK STORY WHY

WE CAME
TO ANNOUNCE THE INITIATIVE REALLY CAME ABOUT IN

OUR INITIAL CONVERSATIONS WITH THEN CANNED
DA OBAMA.

WE TALKED A LOT ABOUT THE WORK HE HAD DONE.

AS MANY OF YOU HAVE PROBABLY
HEARD HE WAS AT ONE TIME A

COMMUNITY ORGANIZER ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF CHICAGO.
YOU HAD ERRED
THAT OVER AND OVER.

HE WAS HERE IN DC AND WE STARTED TALKING ABOUT WHAT HE

WANTED
TO SAY IN SPEECH.

HE WRESTLED WITH IT A BIT AND SAID, I DON'T WANT TO GO OUT

AND JUST
TALK ABOUT THE SAME KIND OF APPROACH AND SAME

PROGRAMS.

BECAUSE THEY ARE GOOD, BUT THEY
ARE NOT ENOUGH AND WE NEED

SOME FRESH THINKING.

AND IT WAS CLEAR IN THOSE CONVERSATIONS WE HAD
THAT HE

REALLY DEEPLY UNDERSTOOD THE CHECKS TY OF THE CHALLENGES

IN URBAN COMMUNITIES
AND UNDERSTOOD THE RELATIONSHIP AND

THE INTERCONNECTEDNESS OF MANY OF THE ISSUES,
WHETHER

locational ATTAINMENT RATES, HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT, HIGH RATES
OF CRIME, ABUSE,
THESE COULD NOT BE TREATED JUST AS

INDIVIDUAL ONE-OFF ISSUES.

WE NEEDED TO UNDERSTAND HOW
THEY WERE CONNECTED AND

ADDRESS THAT.

THE CHARGE THAT HE GAVE, AND I SHOULD EXPLAIN
I WAS THE

POLICY DIRECTOR ON THE CAMPAIGN, THE CHARGE HE GAVE TO THE

POLICY TEAM, TO
US, WAS TO DEVELOP A RESPONSE THAT WAS AS

SOPHISTICATED AND HOLISTIC AS THE PROBLEM
WAS.

HE SAID, I DON'T WANT TO JUST TAKE ONE PIECE AND CALL THAT

OUR PLAN.

WE NEED THE
REALLY LOOK AT THIS COMPREHENSIVELY.

HE ALSO SAID TO US AT THE TIME, EDUCATION HAS TO BE
AT THE

CENTER OF THIS WORK BECAUSE WE'RE NOT GOING TO HAVE A
CHANCE AT REALLY BREAKING
THE CYCLE IF WE'RE NOT

EMPOWERING YOUNG PEOPLE AND THEIR FAMILIES.

HE SAID WE HAD
A GREAT OPPORTUNITY WITH THE CAMPAIGN.

WE DIDN'T KNOW WHERE IT WAS GOING, PRETTY EARLY
IN THE

PRIMARY.

TO SHINE A SPOT LIGHT ON SOME NEW APPROACHES AND GIVE US

AN OPPORTUNITY
TO CHANGE PEOPLE'S THINKING THROUGH HIS

CAMPAIGN ABOUT HOW TO TACKLE SOME OF THESE PROBLEMS.

HE
SAID WE HAD TO BE SMART AND WE NEEDED TO BE CREATIVE

AND WE NEEDED TO THINK DIFFERENTLY.

SO
WE TOOK THAT CHARGE.

WE STARTED SURVEYING THE LANDSCAPE AND IT WON'T SURPRISE

ANYONE
IN THE ROOM THAT IT DIDN'T TAKE US LONG BEFORE WE
STARTED REALLY ZEROING IN ON THE Harlem
Children's zone.

AS WE STUDIED THE WORK AND SUCCESSES IN HARLEM WE BECAME

CONVINCED
THAT IT REALLY WAS RIPE FOR AN OPPORTUNITY TO

TAKE THE MODEL THERE AND SCALE IT NATIONALLY
AND PUT SOME

FEDERAL RESOURCES BEHIND IT.

SO WE CALLED UP Harlem Children's zone HARLEM
CHILDREN'S

ZONE AND TRIED TO CONVINCE THEM THAT WE WERE TRYING TO

TAKE THE CONCEPTS
AND FIGURE OUT HOW TO BRING THE VISION

TO COMMUNITIES ACROSS THE COUNTRY.

WE HAD WONDERFUL
THOUGHTFUL CONVERSATIONS.

PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT YOU CAN'T JUST TAKE THE PROGRAMS THAT

GEOFF
AND HIS COLLEAGUES HAVE CREATED.

YOU HAVE TO IDENTIFY PROBLEMS WITHIN COMMUNITIES AND
MEET
PEOPLE WHERE THEY ARE.

THEY GOT US TO THINK ABOUT WHAT IT WOULD MEAN TO

QUOTE/UNQUOTE
REPLICATE HARLEM CHILDREN'S ZONE.

THE FIRST THING THEY SAID IS, YOU CAN'T REPLICATE HARLEM


CHILDREN'S ZONE.

YOU NEED UNDERSTAND THE PRINCIPLES AND LESSONS THAT WE

HAVE EARNED
WILL IN OUR WORK HERE.

IT WAS A GREAT DISCUSSION AND WE CAME AWAY WITH SOME

FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
FROM THAT, WHICH WERE CRITICAL TO

THEIR MODEL AND WHAT WE HOPE WILL BE CRITICAL TO
SO MANY

OF YOUR COMMUNITIES AND THE WORK THAT YOU DO GOING

FORWARD.

FIRST YOU NEEDED
TO CREATE A PIPELINE OF PROGRAMS THAT SUPPORTED CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE AT EVERY
STAGE OF

DEVELOPMENT TO ENSURE THEIR ACADEMIC SUCCESS.

SECOND, YOU NEEDED TO FOCUS ON SCALE,
REALLY NEEDED TO

ENSURE THAT THESE PROGRAMS WOULD SUPPORT A WHOLE GAMUT OF

CHILDREN,
A WHOLE RANGE OF CHILDREN AND COMMUNITY, NOT

JUST A THIRD OR HALF.

NEEDED TO TYPED A
WAY TO REACH ALL OF THE CHILDREN.

MOST IMPORTANTLY, WHAT THEY DRILLED OVER AND OVER TO US

AND
SINCE ACTUALLY, IS THE IMPORTANT AND CRITICAL NEED AND

USE OF DATA AND ACCOUNTABILITY
AND INSISTENCE ON RESULTS.

SO WE PUT THAT TOGETHER.

WE TALKED WITH THE PRESIDENT.

WHEN
HE ANNOUNCED THE PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS INITIATIVE IN
JULY, ONE OF THE THINGS HE SAID IS HOPE
IS IN WHAT WORKS.

THAT WAS SOME OF THE guidance HE HAD GIVEN US.

WE HAVE TO FIND WHAT WORKS.

THAT
IS GOING TO GIVE PEOPLE HOPE AND GOING TO BE WHAT

HELPS US TACKLE THESE CHANGES.

SO
THAT IDEA OF WHAT WORKS IS REALLY THE MOTIVATION OF

TAKING THIS CONCEPT AND FROM ONE NEIGHBORHOOD
IN NEW YORK

AND TRYING TO SCALE IT NATIONALLY.

AND ALSO THE FUNDAMENTAL KEY CORE PRINCIPLE OF
PROMISE

NEIGHBORHOODS PREDICATED ON OUTCOMES.

IT REQUIRES YOU TO EXAMINE CONSTANTLY WHAT YOU
ARE DOING

TO UNDERSTAND ITS EFFECTIVENESS AND IF IT'S NOT WORKING TO

CHANGE.
GEOFF,
I'M SURE EVERYONE HAS HEARD HIM TALKING ABOUT

HAVING THAT SCRUS AM.

WE TRIED TO, AS JIM
AND OTHERS HAVE BEEN DESIGNING THE

PROGRAM, ENSURE IT'S PREDICATED ON RESULTS AND OUTCOMES


AND THOSE ARE YOUNG PEOPLE ATTENDING AN COMPLETING

COLLEGE.

I ALSO HAVE THE DEEP
AND PROFOUND PLEASURE OF INTRODUCING

GEO IF, T--GEOF TODAY.

PARTICULARLY IN THIS ROOM
HE DOESN'T NEAT NEED AN ENT

INDUCTION BUT IT'S AN HONOR FOR ME TO DO IT ANYHOW.

HE
IS THE REAP WE ARE ALL HERE, THE FOUNDER AND PRESIDENT

OF THE HARLEM CHILDREN'S ZONE.

AS
YOU KNOW THAT TARGETS ABOUT A HUPPED BLOCK REGION IN
TAR LET ME WITH A SET OF COMPREHENSIVE
SERVICES AIMED AT

GETTING YOUNG PEOPLE SUCCESSFULLY THROUGH COLLEGE.

IT'S HIS VISION, CREATIVITY
TO CHANGING THE OPPORTUNITIES

FOR YOUNG PEOPLE IN HARLEM THAT HAS BEEN THE CATALYST
FOR

THE NATIONAL WAVE THAT WE ARE RIDING.

THE NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE CALLS THE HARLEM CHILDREN'S


ONE ONE OF THE MOST AMBITIOUS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTS OF OUR

TIME.

IN OCTOBER 2005, HE WAS NAMED
ONE OF AMERICA'S BEST

LEADERS BY U.S. NEWS AND WORLD RECORD.

GEOFF'S WORK WAS THE INSPIRATION
FOR PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS

BUT HE HAS DONE MORE THAN ANSWER PHONE CALLS.

WHEN PRESIDENT
OBAMA ANNOUNCED THE INITIATIVE WE REALLY
STARTED GETTING TO, WOULD.

DESPITE THE FACT IT WAS
EARLY IN THE PRIMARY IT SEEMED

IMPROBABLE IT WOULD COME TO FRUITION, THEY TOOK THE

OPPORTUNITY
SERIOUSLY AND BEGAN PREPARING RESOURCES TO

HELP AN OBAMA ADMINISTRATION SHOULD ONE
ACTUALLY

MATERIALIZE, MAXIMIZE SUCCESS WITH PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS.

THEY RESEARCHED AND
NALIZED AND MADE GREAT RECOMMENDATIONS

AND DURING THE TRANSITION GEOFF AND ANGELA AND
SOME OF

THEIR COLLEAGUES TRAVELED TO WASHINGTON AND MET WITH

MELANIE BARNS, THE DIRECTOR
OF THE WHITE HOUSE POLICY

COUNCIL, AND ME TO TALK ABOUT PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS.

IT WAS
SPITING--EXCITING BECAUSE HE CAME QUIPED WITH SO

MUCH INFORMATION, SO MUCH THOUGHT, ANALYZED
AND RESEARCHED
AND HAD RECOMMENDATIONS ON HOW WE COULD START MOVING THIS

FORWARD.

LONG
BEFORE ELECTION DAY, AND WE WERE TRYING TO THINK

ABOUT HOW TO GET STARTED WITH THE
PRESIDENT'S AGENDA AND

THIS HUGE GIFT HAD BEEN DEVELOPED FOR US AND IT WAS

ENORMOUSLY
BENEFICIAL.

WE INDEALT--IB--INDEBTED TO THEIR WORK THAT HELPED US GET

TO THIS PLACE AND
IT'S MY REAL PLEASURE AND HONOR TO

INTRODUCE GEOFF TODAY.

>> (APPLAUSE.)

>> THANK YOU,
HEATHER, AND IT'S REALLY GREAT TO

SEE MY GOOD FRIEND JIM SHELTON.

WE GO WAY BACK.
I
THINK THAT A NUMBER OF YOU ALL HAVE KNOWN ABOUT THE WORK

THAT WE WERE TRYING TO DO.

IT'S
BEEN REALLY A PRETTY INTERESTING YEAR.

A LOT OF STUFF GOING ON.

A LOT OF MORE PEOPLE
KNOW ME.

A LOT OF PEOPLE DON'T LIKE ME AS MUCH AS THEY USED TO.

JUST COMES WITH THE
TERRITORY, RIGHT?

YOU KNOW, IT'S BEEN, FOR US, AND THIS IS THE TEAM.

AND I HAVE TO SAY
THAT ANGELA GLOVER BLACKwell HAS BEEN MY

PARTNER.

SHE WAS ON THE ORIGINAL BOARD TO DEVELOP HARLEM
CHILDREN'S

ZONE MORE THAN 13 YEARS AGO.

AND I WANT TO TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT THAT.
BUT
IT IS INTERESTING, YOU KNOW, HAVING BEEN AT THE SAME

PLACE.

I HAVE HAD THE SAME JOB
FOR 28 YEARS.

SOME PEOPLE SAY, OH, YEAH.

I HAVE BEEN AROUND A LONG TIME.

NOW ALL OF
THIS EXCITEMENT IS GOING ON, YOU KNOW, 60

MINUTES A COUPLE OF TIMES.

I JUST HAVE
TO TELL YOU ONE THING ABOUT 60 MINUTES, RIGHT?

THIS IS AN INTERESTING TIME WE LIVE RIGHT
NOW.

I GREW UP IN THE TURMOIL OF THE '60S, I WENT TO COLLEGE IN

1970.

ALL OF THIS
STUFF WAS GOING ON.

THE TIME WAS NIXON AND WATERGATE.
IF YOU WERE A REAL SOCIAL JUSTICE
PERSON, THE SHOW YOU

TURNED ON EVERY SUNDAY, 7:00 P.M., 60 MINUTES.

IF YOU WANTED TO SEE
JUSTICE.

BUT WHAT I NEVER UNDERSTOOD, WHY DID THOSE IDIOTS GO ON 60

MINUTES.

RIGHT?

IT
WAS THE SAME FORMAT EVERY WEEK.

RIGHT?

THERE WOULD BE SOME SCOUNDREL, RIGHT?

HE WAS ACCUSED
OF POLLUTING THE WATER AND HE WOULD COME ON

AND SIT THERE WITH MIKE WALLACE AND GOING
THROUGH, AND

MIKE WOULD BE GRILLING HIM AND HE WOULD BE SAYING, NO, I

NEVER POLLUTED,
MY COMPANY DOESN'T POLLUTE.
AND MIKE IN THE MIDDLE OF THAT LIE, MIKE WOULD WHIP OUT

THE
FOLDER OF THE GUY DUMPING SLUDGE.

AND I JUST SAT THERE AND SAID IT'S THE SAME FORMAT EVERY


WEEK, WHY DO THESE IDIOTS GO ON 60 MINUTES.

THEN THEY CALLED ME!

>> (LAUGHTER.)

>> SO YOU
KNOW, THE LATE AND WONDERFUL ED

BRADLEY, WHOM I HAD KNOWN FOR MANY YEARS, WE WERE GOING


BACK AND FOR THE, AND SUDDENLY HE SAID, LET'S GET READY.

AND ALL OF THE SMILES LEFT.

THE
GLASSES CAME DOWN.


SAID WAIT WAIT WAIT WAIT, TIME OUT ED.

I SAID LOOK, IF YOU KNOW
SOMETHING, LET'S GET TO IT RIGHT

AWAY.

DON'T DRAG ME ALONG IN THIS THING.

BUT I AM, I
WAS SO EXCITED THAT THE PRESIDENT WAS

INTERESTED IN THIS WORK.

BECAUSE WHAT I HAVE SAID TO
OTHER PEOPLE AROUND THE

COUNTRY, THIS IS A VERY COMPLEX AND COMPLICATED EFFORT

THAT
WE'RE INVOLVED IN.

AND IT'S NOT FOR EVERYBODY TO TRY TO DO.

WE RECOGNIZE THAT.

BUT IF
THERE IS A BETTER PLAN, I SURE WANT TO HEAR IT.

AND IF SOMEONE HAS A BETTER WAY TO DO
THIS, PLEASE TELL

ME.
YOU WILL SAVE ME A LOT OF TIME AND ENERGY AND HEART ACHE.

BUT
I, QUITE HONESTLY, DON'T KNOW OF WAY DO THIS.

AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT HAS BEEN THE MOST FRUSTRATING


TO ME ABOUT THIS WHOLE INITIATIVE IS THAT PEOPLE KEEP

WONDERING WHETHER OR NOT YOU
CAN REPLICATE IT.

RIGHT?

AND I HAVE JUST BEEN FRUSTRATED ABOUT THAT BECAUSE

ABSOLUTELY,
YOU CAN REPLICATE IT.

THE TRUTH OF THE MATTER IS, AND THIS I HEAR WHEREVER I GO

IN THE
NATION.

I'LL RUN INTO SOMEONE AND THEY WILL SAY, GEOFF, IT'S

WONDERFUL, WE BELIEVE IT,
BUT I DON'T KNOW IF ANYBODY ELSE

COULD DO IT.
AND I SAID, ONLY IN OUR BUSINESS, RIGHT,
WOULD YOU HAVE A

RESPONSE LIKE THAT.

BECAUSE IF THAT WAS THE CASE, SEE, I'LL OLD ENOUGH
TO

REMEMBER THE FIRST HEART TRANSPLANT.

RIGHT? FIRST TAME THEY EVER ATTEMPTED IT.

THE PERSON
LIFT LIKE 25 MINUTES.

RIGHT?

D AND THEN PEOPLE LIKE, WOW, 25 MINUTES.

THAT WAS NOT
SO BAD.

NOW, BASED ON THAT, IT WAS ONLY ONE PERSON, ONLY ONE

PERSON IN THE WORLD WHO
COULD DO IT, A SOUTH AFRICAN.

ONE IN THE WHOLE WORLD WHO HAD EVER DONE IT.

BASED ON
THAT WE SHOULD HAVE JUST ALL GIVEN UP.
RIGHT?

EVERYBODY SAID HE IS THE ONLY ONE WHO CAN DO IT SO WHY


SHOULD WE LEARN?

SCIENCES DOESN'T WORK THAT WAY.

NOW IT'S ROUTINE.

EVERY CITY AND
TOWN IN AMERICA YOU HAVE PEOPLE WHO CAN DO

HEART TRANSPLANTS.

IT'S STILL COMPLICATED,
STILL DIFFICULT, YOU STILL WANT

THE GUY WHO GOT THE A, YOU KNOW.

>> (LAUGHTER.)

>>
RIGHT.

YOU DON'T WANT THE C STUDENT IN THERE, RIGHT.

I DIDN'T DO SO GOOD ON THAT LITTLE
VALUE OF--VALVE DEAL.
TROUBLE WITH THAT.

YOU KNOW WHAT I'M SAYING.

COMPLICATED STUFF.

REPLICATABLE?

ABSOLUTELY.

THERE'S
NO MAGIC.

THIS IS HARD WORK.

I TELL THE PEOPLE THIS.

ROSUI FROM MY TEAM AND ANGELA
KNOWS THIS, THIS WASN'T EVEN

MY IDEA.

THIS WASN'T EVEN MY IDEA.

WE WERE PART BLACK COMMUNITY
CRUSADE FOR CHILDREN, HAD

BEEN WORKING THREE YEARS ON HOW TO DEAL WITH THE CRISIS AS
PART
OF THE CHILDREN'S DEFENSE FUND, HOW TO DEAL WITH THE

CRISIS IN BLACK AMERICA.

WE HAD
EXPERTS FROM EVERY AREA AND NO MATTER WHAT AREA, IT

WAS HORROR SHOW.

ADD LESSONS,
HORROR SHOW, YOU START TALKING EARLY

CHILDHOOD, EVERY WORK YOU WORK IT WAS A HORROR SHOW.

WE
GOT EXPERTS AND KEPT GOING AROUND AND ROUND A WHAT WE

SHOULD DO BECAUSE WE HAD THESE
TWIN PRESSURES, RIGHT?

YOU HAD THE PRESSURE OF PEOPLE BEING IN CRISIS RIGHT NOW,

THIS
VERY SECOND.

THEN YOU HAD PEOPLE THAT YOU KNEW WERE GOING TO BE IN

CRISIS IF YOU DIDN'T
DO SOMETHING.

AND WE AROUND.
CURRENTLY A GUY, OTIS JOHNSON, HE WAS MAYOR IN SAVANNA.

STILL
MAYOR?

RIGHT?

JUST WANT TO MAKE SURE.

A LOT OF CHANGES SINCE LAST WEEK.

OH, NOT POLITICS
HERE.

OTIS FINALLY, A PROFESSOR, HE RAN THE SAVANNA KC

INITIATIVE.

FINALLY OUT OF FROM
US TRACE, OTIS SAID--FRUSTRATION, OTIS

SAID YES, THIS IS SO COMPLICATED, IF YOU WERE GOING
TO DO

THIS, YOU HAVE TO DO ALL THIS STUFF.

AND ON THE BLACK BOARD HE LAID OUT THIS WHOLE
complex

THING.
I LOOKED AT IT AND SAID MAKE SENSE.

GOING TO DO THAT.

AND THAT IS WHAT
WE DID.

WE JUST DID IT.

PEOPLE SAID, WELL, NO, NO, NO.

THIS WAS JUST LOGICAL, I THINK,
PLAN, THAT SAID YOU HAD TO

DO A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT THINGS.

AND YOU HAD TO DO THEM
ALL AT ONES--ONCE AND ALL WELL.

IT HAPPENED AT THE TIME WE WERE GOING THROUGH THIS I WAS


LEARNING ABOUT ANGELA BLACKwell ABOUT THE USED OF DATA AND

HOW CRITICAL IT WAS.

WE
BLEPPEDED THAT TOGETHER AND CAME UP WITH OUR CONCEPT

FOR THE HARLEM CHILDREN'S ZONE.
HEATHER
MENTIONED SOME OF THOSE THINGS.

LET ME REINFORCE, I THINK, WHY THESE CONSENTS ARE

IMPORTANT.

NOT
PROGRAMS . THESE ARE CONCEPTS.

TO ME THEY MADE A LOT OF SENSE.

THE FIRST WAS WE BELIEVED
IN SOME PLACES, THIS MAY NOT BE

YOUR PLACE, BUT I BEIT IS.

WE BELIEVED IN SOME PLACES
THERE HAD BEEN SUCH AN ASSAULT

ON COMMUNITY, ON THE FABRIC OF COMMUNITY, ON WHAT MAKES
A

COMMUNITY HEALTHY, THAT WE HAD TO REBUILD COMMUNITY.

YOU KNOW, IN LOTS OF PLACES, NEW
YORK BEING ONE OF THEM, A

LOT OF THE DETERIORATION OF COMMUNITY STARTED RIGHT AFTER

THE VIETNAM
WAR WHERE LOTS OF FOLKS CAME IN BACK FROM THE
WAR WITH DRUG HABITS, HEROIN BEGAN TO
FLOOD IN AND

DEVASTATED THE COMMUNITIES.

IT CAME TO A TIME WHERE WE WERE EXPECTED TO HELP
THE ELD

LER, YOU SEE MISJOHNSON COMING UP WITH HER GROCERIES, YOU

WERE SUPPOSED TO
HELP HER UPSTAIRS WITH THE CAR, SET THE

GROWS--GROCERIES ON THE TABLE.

AND THIS WAS EXPECTED.

AFTER
HEROIN WHERE YOU REALIZED THE PERSON WAS BREAKING

INTO THE HOUSE THE NEXT WEEK TO STEAL YOUR
TV, PEOPLE

DIDN'T WANT YOU IN THEIR HOUSE.

THE WHOLE NATURE OF COMMUNITY BEGAN TO CHANGE
AND GOT

WORSE AND WORSE THROUGHOUT THE '60S AND INTO THE '70S.

AND WHEN I SAW CRISIS
BEGIN TO GO DOWN, CRACK COCAINE,
ANOTHER DEVASTATION.

YOU ARE TALKING ABOUT THE DESTRUCTION
OF A SENSE OF

COMMUNITY.

WE THOUGHT IF YOU WERE GOING TO CHANGE A COMMUNITY'S

OUTCOMES,
YOU HAD TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT THIS, TO REWEAVE

THE FACT--FABRIC OF COMMUNITY.

PEOPLE LIKE
TO WRITE ABOUT WHAT IS GOING ON IN OUR CHARTER

SCHOOLS AS IF THAT IS WHAT WE DO.

IF YOU
WANT TO SAVE A FEW KIDS, START A SCHOOL.

WE WANTED TO SAVE A COMMUNITY.

YOU HAD TO HAVE
LOTS OF OTHER STUFF.

THE CREATION OF BLOCK ASSOCIATIONS AND TENANT ASSOCIATIONS

AND
GETTING THE COMMUNITY DEEPLY INVOLVED WITH RECREATING
A VISION FOR THE COMMUNITY.

YOU
KNOW WHY THAT IS IMPORTANT?

THIS FOLK DON'T UNDERSTAND UNLESS THEY HAVE BEEN IN A

COMMUNITY
WHERE THIS IS HAPPENING.

IF THE IDEA OF SUCCESS IN A KID'S MIND IS GETTING AN

EDUCATION
AND LEAVING HARLEM, THEN WE ARE IN TROUBLE.

RIGHT?

BECAUSE ALL THAT MEANS IS EVERY TIME WE GET OUR KIDS


THROUGH, THEY ARE GOING SOMEPLACE ELSE AND MAKING THOSE

COMMUNITIES STRONGER, AND OUR
COMMUNITY IS GETTING WEAKER.

SO WE HAD TO CHANGE THE WHOLE CONCEPT.

YOU GET ALL THE
KIDS, THE ONES YOU CAN GET THROUGH, AND

LOOK, WHEN WE GREW UP WE WERE TRYING TO GET OUT
OF THE
SOUTH BRONX.

WE NEW IT WAS DYING.

YOU SAID, I'M GOING TO GO SOMEWHERE, I WANT TO
LIVE IN A

NICE NEIGHBORHOOD.

IF YOU DON'T DEAL WITH THE COMMUNITY, IF YOU JUST GET TO


SCHOOL, AND THEY MAY GET AN EDUCATION BUT THEY ARE NOT

GOING TO BE PART OF THE REBUILDING
OF THAT COMMUNITY.

AND WE THINK THAT IS ABSOLUTELY CRITICAL IF YOU ARE GOING

TO CHANGE THIS
ISSUE.

SO THE IDEA OF PHYSICALLY, WE WENT PHYSICALLY AND SAID HOW

DO WE MAKE THIS
PLACE LOOK LIKE A PLACE GOOD FOR CHILDREN.

I WORK IN A COMMUNITY, I SAY A PLAYGROUND AND
I SEE CRACK

VIAL, WHO IS GOING TO BRING THEIR KID TO A PLACE LIKE
THAT?

THERE'S
A REASON COMMUNITIES HAVE PLAY GROUNDS, BECAUSE

KIDS NEED TO PLAY.

RIGHT?

I MEAN, IF THEY
ARE NOT OUTSIDE, THEY ARE UP IN THE HOUSE

DRIVING THEIR PARENTS CRAZY.

YOU ARE GOING
TO JUMP AND RUN, apartments AREN'T MADE FOR

THAT.

YOU CAN GO INTO THE COMMUNITY AND
SAY THE IDEA FOR

COMMUNITY WAS FOR US TO GET TOGETHER AS A GROUP AND MAKE

IT EASE
GER FOR US TO RAIDS OUR KIDS TO BE SUCCESSFUL.

WHEN THE COMMUNITY IS WORKING AGAINST YOU THAT
IS A

PROBLEM.
THIS IDEA OF REBUILDING COMMUNITY IS ABSOLUTELY CRITICAL.

THE THING THAT FOLKS
DON'T GET, AND IF ANY OF YOU HAVE

SEEN THE AMERICAN EXPRESS COMMERCIAL, YOU THINK IT'S


PROBABLY A COMMERCIAL BUT IT IS NOT.

THIS WAS TOO BIG TO TRY AND DO ALL AT ONCE.

SO
OVERWHELMING, PEOPLE DID NOT BELIEVE YOU COULD CHANGE

COMMUNITY.

I'M GOING TO GET IN TROUBLE.

ANYONE
HERE FROM KANSAS CITY?

ONE PERSON.

I'M NOT GOING TO GET IN THAT MUCH TROUBLE UNLESS YOU
TELL.

SO THIS IS THE CHALLENGE THAT PEOPLE HAVE.

RIGHT? SO I BEGAN TO TRY AND EXPLAIN
TO FOLK, YOU GO INTO
COMMUNITY, PEOPLE ARE SO USED TO FAILING.

YOU KNOW HOW MANY DIFFERENT
INITIATIVES WERE STARTED IN

HARLEM TO TRY AND CHANGE HARLEM?

THEY HAD ONE IN THE '60S,
ONE IN THE '70S, ONE IN THE

'80S, ONE IN THE '90S.

SO HERE I COME SAYING I HAVE IT.

AND
PEOPLE ARE LIKE, OH, HERE IS ANOTHER PLAN.

IN FACT A BUNCH OF CARPET BAGGERS, COME IN AND
START

SOMETHING AND LEAVE AND NOTHING EVER CHANGES.

SO I'M IN KANSAS CITY AND TALKING
ABOUT THE NEED TO GET A

HANDLE ON THIS.

AND THE TO EX--THE FOLKS THERE SAID TO ME, GEOFF,
I KNOW

YOU DID THAT BUT THAT WAS HARLEM BUT THIS IS KANSAS CITY.
LIKE YOU DID THE
EASY PLACE.

THEY WERE SERIOUS TOO.

EVERYBODY WAS SHAKING THEIR HEADS, YEP, YEP.

SO I GOT
SO UPSET, RIGHT?

I SAID LOOK, I SAID LOOK, SO I HAD TO TELL THEM A TRUE

STORY.

THIS
IS A TRUE STORY.

I SAID, 15 YEARS AGO THERE WAS A BIG FOUNDATION THAT

WANTED TO DO COMPREHENSIVE
COMMUNITY BUILDING INITIATIVES.

AND I WAS TRYING TO GET THEM TO DO HARLEM.

THEY SAID
TO ME, THEY LOOKED AT HARLEM, AND IT WAS SUCH A

WAR ZONE.

ABANDONED BUILDINGS, TRASH
ALL OVER EVERYWHERE, SCHOOLS TOTALLY INEFFECTIVE.

BUREAUCRACY ALL BIG
AND THEY SAID GEOFF, WE KNOW YOU ARE

SERIOUS BUT YOU CAN'T DO SOMETHING LIKE THIS IN HARLEM.

WE
HAVE TO GO TO A MIDSIZE PLACE THAT HAS SOME POSSIBILITY

OF SUCCESS LIKE KANSAS CITY.

THAT
WAS THAT IS WHAT THEY SAID.

SO WHEN I TOLD THE PEOPLE IN KANSAS CITY THAT, THEY

STARTED
TO LAUGH AND THEY GOT THE POINT.

I SAID LOOK, GUYS, LOOK, I HEAR THINGS HAVE NOT WORKED
FOR

A LONG PERIOD OF TIME, BUT THE IDEA THAT YOU COULD COME IN

AND REBUILD THAT
INFRASTRUCTURE SO PEOPLE FEEL DIFFERENTLY

ABOUT THEIR COMMUNITIES, SO THEY DON'T THINK
THIS IS A

PLACE PEOPLE HAVE TO LEAVE, WE THINK IS ABSOLUTELY
CRITICAL.

NOW, THE SECOND
ISSUE, WHICH I THINK WAS MENTIONED, IS THE

TWIN TENSION.

WE BELIEVE YOU START EARLY.

RIGHT?

START
EARLY, AS EARLY, THE MOMENT OF CONCEPTION, WE KNOW

THERE ARE CHALLENGES THAT BEGIN
RIGHT THERE.

THE PROBLEM HAS BEEN, AND THIS IS ONE THING THAT I THINK

WE HAVE REALLY
NAILED.

YOU CAN WORK WITH A KID TWO OR THREE YEARS IN OUR

COMMUNITIES AND THINK THEY
ARE GOING TO BE FINE, RIGHT?

YOU WORK WITH THEM THREE YEARS, FOUR YEARS, YEAH, YOU'RE


FINE.
I GOT YOU OFF TO A GOOD START.

THAT DON'T WORK.

NEVER HAS WORKED IN OUR COMMUNITIES.

IT'S
NOT LIKE THE PROGRAMS AREN'T GOOD.

SO PEOPLE SOMETIMES THINK I'M CRITICIZING A PROGRAM.

NO.

IT
IS THAT EVERY AGE, EVERY DEVELOPMENTEL STAGE IN OUR

COMMUNITIES, THERE ARE CHALLENGES
AND BARRIERS FOR THESE

KIDS.

AND IF YOU DON'T DEAL WITH THOSE, IF YOU THINK YOU GET
OUR

KIDS OFF TO A GOOD START IN ELEMENTRY SCHOOL AND YOU ARE

GOING TO SENDS THEM TO
THE MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND THEY ARE

GOING TO BE FINE, I DON'T KNOW WHAT COMMUNITY YOU ARE


FROM, BUT THAT AIN'T HAPPENING IN HARLEM.

YOU THINK HIGH SCHOOL EVERYTHING IS GOING TO BE
GOOD?

NO IT IS NOT.

WE FOUND OUT EVEN IF YOU SEND THEM TO COLLEGE, IF YOU

THINK THEY
ARE COMING HOME WITH DEGREES?

YOU THINK SOMETIMES, BOY, I'M PRETTY STUPID.

I DON'T KNOW WHY
I DIDN'T GET THIS THING.

I USED TO THINK, GET KIDS TO COLLEGE AND THEY WILL BE

FINE.

I
HAVE GROWN KIDS.

NOT LIKE I SENT THEM BACK TO COLLEGE AND FOUR YEARS LATER

CAME BACK
WITH DEGREES.

ANYONE WHO SENDS A KID TO COLLEGE, YOU KNOW YOU SPEND A

THE LO OF TIME AND
ENERGY TRYING TO GET THAT KID TO GET

THROUGH.

SO WHY WE ARE TRYING TO SEND DISADVANTAGED KIDS
WITH NO

INFRASTRUCTURE, NO SUPPORT, IN HISTORY OF BEING ABLE TO BE

IN COLLEGE AND THEY
ARE GOING TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE?

WE DON'T UNDERSTAND THAT.

SO WE BELIEVE IN THE END
HAVE YOU TO STAY WITH KIDS

THROUGH COLLEGE.

UNTIL THEY GET A COLLEGE DEGREE.

THIS IS WHAT WE
CALL THE PIPELINE.

STARTS AT BIRTH AND STAYING THROUGH COLLEGE.

I HAVE TO TELL YOU, I HAD
ONE OF MY KIDS COME HOME THIS
YEAR FROM COLLEGE.

RIGHT? WE HAVE 630 KIDS IN COLLEGE RIGHT NOW.

SHE
CAME TO ME AND SAID MR. CANADA, I HAD A GREAT COLLEGE

DREER AND--CAREER AND I WANT TO
GO TO LAW SCHOOL AND I

WANT TO KNOW WHAT THE HARLEM CHILDREN'S ZONE PROGRAM IS.

I
SAID IT DOESN'T.

IT IS OVER, RIGHT?

CAN WE JUST GET THERE?

I KNOW, I KNOW.

SO THIS
IS THE CHALLENGE THAT I THINK WE ALL WANT.

IN THE END, THOUGH, THIS IS ABOUT REALLY GETTING
OUR

CHILDREN TO BE COME PET 26TIVE.

THEY ARE NOT GOING TO BE COMPETITIVE IF WE CAN'T
GET THEM
TO PLACE WHERE THEY ARE GOING TO BE ABLE TO EXCEED FOR

JOBS IN THIS NEW ECONOMY.

SO
THAT IS WHY WE THINK YOU HAVE TO STAY WITH THESE KIDS

AND GET THEM THROUGH.

NOW, WE
INVESTED VERY HEAVILY EARLY ON.

RIGHT?

IF YOU LOOK AT MY EARLY YEARS, I PUT 70 PERCENT
OF ALL MY

RESOURCES IN KIDS FROM TEN BELOW AND 30 PERCENT IN SORT OF

MIDDLE AND HIGH
SCHOOL.

PEOPLE AT THAT TIME SAID TO ME, WHY?

I SAID LOOK, WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE THAT WE ACTUALLY
FIX

THIS AT SOME POINT.

RIGHT?
THAT IF WE GET THOSE YOUNG KIDS AND GET THEM ON GRADE


LEVEL, WE HAVE THIS THING FIXED.

AND IF WE DON'T DO THAT, TEN YEARS LATER, YOU'RE
GOING TO

HAVE A PROBLEM.

SO YOU KNOW, THOSE KIDS THAT WE STARTED WITH WHO WERE IN,

YOU
KNOW, THE FOURTH GRADE, TEN YEARS AGO, THOSE KIDS ARE

IN COLLEGE NOW.

THAT IS HOW YOU
WANT TO FIX THIS THING.

WHEN YOU REALLY WRANT TO GET THIS DONE.

AND YOU DON'T HAVE TO DO
THIS.

I'M TELLING YOU EXACTLY WHAT WE DID.

WE DECIDED, WE ALWAYS DID WORK WITH THE ADOLESCENTS
BUT WE

REALLY FOCUSED ON MAKING SURE WE REACHED ENOUGH OF THOSE
YOUNG KIDS THAT TEN
YEARS FROM NOW WE WOULD SAY, OKAY, WE

THINK WE GOT THIS THING DONE.

AND THIS IS THE ISSUE
OF CREATING THESE PIPELINES, THIS

TWIN TENSION OF DO YOU BEGIN EARLY, HOW IS IT YOU WORK


WITH THE ADOLESCENTS.

WE BELIEVE THAT YOU NEED TO HAVE ROLE MODELS SO THE KIDS

IN
YOUR COMMUNITIES ACTUALLY KNOW WHAT IT MEANS TO GROW

UP.

IF YOU ARE GROWING UP IN HARLEM,
TEN YEARS AGO MEANT

CHANCES ARE YOU ARE GOING TO BE HUSTLING, DRINKING,

SMOKING,
GOING TO PARTIES.

BUT NO ONE THOUGHT IT MEANT GOING TO COLLEGE.

NO ONE THOUGHT IT MEANT
GETTING JOBS.
NO ONE THOUGHT IT MEANT COMING IN AND BEING AN ACTIVE

PARTICIPANT IN REBUILDING
YOUR COMMUNITY.

SO WE NEEDED A GROUP OF YOUNG PEOPLE TO STAND UP AND SAY

THIS HAS CHANGED,
THIS IS DIFFERENT.

THAT IS WHAT WE DID IN THE FIRST FIVE OR SIX YEARS.

WE REACHED 30
PERCENT OF OUR ADOLESCENTS TO MAKE SURE THAT

THEY WERE DEEPLY ENGAGED IN LEADERSHIP STUFF.

SO
MY YOUNGER KIDS COULD SEE A VISION OF THEMSELVES AS

THEY GOT OLDER.

SO THIS IDEA OF PIPELINE
FOR US IS REALLY IMPORTANT.

THE THIRD THING REALLY HAS TO DO WITH THIS ISSUE OF WRAP

AROUND
SERVICES.

RIGHT?
AND PEOPLE ARE CONSTANTLY WANTING TO DEBATE ME ON IS THIS

JUST ABOUT
PURE EDUCATION.

RIGHT?

TEST SCORES, WRITTEN, WELL, YES, IT IS.

A LOT OF TIME WORRYING
ABOUT THAT.

BUT WE ARE TRYING TO REBUILD A COMMUNITY.

IN MY COMMUNITY, YOU KNOW, 30
PERCENT OF MY KIDS HAVE

ASTHMA AND I HAVE TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT THAT BECAUSE I'M

NOT
GOING TO HAVE MY KIDS GOING INTO THE EMERGENCY ROOMS

AND MISSING SCHOOL BECAUSE THEY HAVE
ASTHMA.
WE HAVE THIS HUGE OBESITY ISSUE.

I'M NOT GOING TO LET MY KIDS ALL GROW UP TO GET
SICK IN

THEIR 20S AND 30S BECAUSE NO ONE HELPED THEM DEAL WITH

EXERCISE AND NUTRITION
AND DIET IN A WAY THAT IS HEALTHY.

INDEED, I BELIEVE THAT YOUNG PEOPLE NEED ARTS AND
YOUNG

PEOPLE NEED SPORTS AND YOUNG PEOPLE NEED ALL OF THE SORT

OF CULTURAL ENRICHMENTS
THAT MIDDLE CLASS PEOPLE TAKE FOR

GRANTED.

YOU KNOW, PEOPLE COME AND ALWAYS WANT TO BEAT
UP ON ME

ABOUT THIS ISSUE.

YOU KNOW, YOU DO ALL THESE SERVICES, AND IF THIS PROGRAM


DOESN'T DO THE SERVICES AND THEY GOT GOOD RESULTS, AND YOU

DO THE SERVICES AND YOUR
RESULTS IS NO BETTER, WHY DO YOU

DO THOSE SERVICES.

AND I ALWAYS WANT TO ASK THEM,
IF YOUR OWN CHILD'S TEETH

WERE BAD, WOULD YOU FIX THEM?
I MEAN, WHY IF I'M WORKING WITH
SOME KID WOULD I DO LESS

FOR THAT CHILD THAN I WOULD DO FOR MY OWN KID?

IF YOU HAVE
SEEN A KID WHO WAS SICK, WOULD YOU IGNORE HIM

AND SAY JUST GET YOUR BOOKS AND STUDY
FOR HOME WORK?

ESDOANT--DOESN'T MAKE SENSE.

THAT IS HOW FEEL ABOUT SOMEBODY ELSE'S CHILD.

WE
FEEL THE CONCEPT IS WE TAKE CARE OF OUR KIDS.

WE DO THE TOUGH STUFF AROUND READING AND MATH
AND GRADES,

YES, BUT IF KIDS ARE SICK YOU MAKE THEM HEALTHY.

IF THEY DON'T EXERCISE
YOU ALLOW THEM TO EXERCISE.

IF THIS E DON'T KNOW WHAT ELSE TO DO THEY ENDS UP DRINKING


AND DOING DRUGS.

YOU GIVE THEM FUN THINGS TO DO SO KIDS HAVE SOME
OPPORTUNITIES.

I
HAVE YET TO MEET A PERSON WITH MONEY WHO EVER QUESTIONED

WHETHER THE CHILD NEEDED TO BE
A PART OF THE SOCCER TEAM.

NEVER SAY I DON'T THINK IT'S RAISING THEIR READING SCORE

SO
I DON'T THINK I'M GOING TO LET THEM PLAY SOCCER.

YOU KNOW WHAT I'M SAYING?

SOME OF THIS, WHEN
YOU'RE A PARENT, YOU DO THINGS THAT ARE

HEALTHY FOR YOUR CHILD AND GETTING YOUR CHILD INVOLVED
IN

HEALTHY ACTIVITIES ARE CRITICAL.

BUT NOT AT THE EXPENSE OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE.

WE
THINK THIS IDEA OF REBUILDING A NEIGHBORHOOD MEANS THAT

YOU HAVE GOT TO MAKE SURE THAT
YOUR CHILDREN'S NEEDS ARE

BEING MET.
AND THEY ARE GOING TO BE DIFFERENT IN EVERY PART
OF THE

COMMUNITY.

IN EVERY PART OF THE COUNTRY YOU ARE GOING TO FIND

DIFFERENT
ISSUES.

NOT WHAT WE DECIDED TO DO BUT WHAT YOU NEED TO DO FOR YOUR

YOUNG PEOPLE SOME
PLACES HAVE PLENTY OF SPACE FOR KIDS TO

GO OUTSIDE AND THAT IS A PRIORITY.

IN HARLEM
IT'S A PRIORITY.

WE DON'T HAVE SPACE FOR KIDS TO ACTUALLY PLAY AND

EXERCISE.

THE
STREETS AREN'T SAFE AND YOU HAVE TO DEAL WITH THOSE

ISSUES.

THIS IDEA OF WRAP AROUND
SERVICES WE THINK IS CRITICAL IF
WE ARE GOING TO REALLY HAVE HEALTHY COMMUNITIES.

LET'S
GET BACK TO THE SCHOOL ISSUE, THOUGH.

BECAUSE SCHOOLS ARE A KEY PART OF THIS.

IN THE END,
YOU WOULDN'T BE HERE IF THE SCHOOLS IN YOUR

COMMUNITY WERE WORKING.

RIGHT?

THAT IS
PART OF THE REASON KIDS AREN'T DOING WELL.

THIS IS ALL ABOUT IN THE END THE KIDS HAVE TO GET
A GOOD

EDUCATION.

AND HERE IS A YIR THAT I JUST LIKE TO MAKE SURE YOU ALL

UNDERSTAND
WHAT OUR POSITION IS, NOT WHAT YOU NEED TO DO,

BUT WHAT OUR POSITION WAS.

OUR POSITION
IS EVERY CHILD IN OUR ZONE, 10,000, 11,000
KIDS, WE MAKE THE SAME GUARANTEE TO THOSE
KIDS THAT I MAKE

FOR THE KIDS WHO GO TO MY CHARTER SCHOOL.

IF YOU GO TO MY CHARTER
SCHOOL, 1200 KIDS THERE, THE

MAXIMUM CHARTER SCHOOL, 2400, MOST OF MY KIDS WILL ALWAYS


BE IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOL.

IF YOU ARE IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOL AND YOU ARE PART OF MY

PROGRAM,
I MAKE THE SAME GUARANTEE.

I GUARANTEE YOUR CHILD GOING TO GO TO COLLEGE AND WE'RE

GOING
TO GET YOUR CHILD THROUGH COLLEGE.

YOU ARE IN MY SCHOOLS I GUARANTEE.

IN THE PUBLIC
SCHOOLS, SAME GUARANTEE.

PEOPLE GET THIS CONFUSED.

PEOPLE ONLY FOCUS ON OUR CHARTER
SCHOOLS AS IF WE DON'T
SPEND OUR TIME, RESOURCES AND ENERGY IN ALL THE PUBLIC

SCHOOLS.

IN
ALL THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN THE ZONE, I ACTUALLY HAVE MY

WORKERS IN THE CLASSROOM DURING
THE SCHOOL DAY.

WE USE AAMERICORPS WORK IS FOR THAT.

THEY ARE PART OF THE FABRIC OF
THE SCHOOL.

WE HAVE AFTER SCHOOL AND SUMMER PROGRAMS IN THOSE SCHOOLS.

THIS IDEA OF WHAT
YOUR TARGET SCHOOLS ARE, WE THINK THE

SCHOOLS IN THE COMMUNITY ARE THE TARGET SCHOOLS.

AND
I WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT WE ARE SUPPORTING THOSE

SCHOOLS.

WE ACTUALLY RAISE MONEY
TO GIVE SCHOOLS EXTRA MONEY FOR

THEM TO DO THINGS LIKE RUN SATURDAY PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOL
SO
THAT THE KIDS CAN HAVE A LONGER SCHOOL DAY.

SO OUR IDEA IS IT'S A FAULTY AND PHONE
YO DISTINCTION

BETWEEN CHARTER AND PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

THIS IS REALLY ABOUT CREATING BETTER
SCHOOLS FOR KIDS.

IN OUR ZONE WE WANT OUR SCHOOLS TO DO BETTER.

AND I THINK THAT, YOU
KNOW, THE ADVANTAGE WE HAVE IS THAT

IF YOU WORK WITH KIDS IN ELEMENTRY SCHOOL, NO MATTER
WHAT

HAPPENS TO THEM, WHEN THEY ARE OUTSIDE ELEMENTRY SCHOOL,

THAT IS NOT YOUR PROBLEM.

THAT
STAYS MY PROBLEM.

RIGHT?

THAT STAYS MY PROBLEM FOR THAT KID'S ENTIRE CAREER AS A

CHILD.
THAT
IS MY PROBLEM.

SO THEY DIDN'T GET A GOOD ELEMENTRY SCHOOL, WE HAVE TO GET

THEM INTO
A GOOD MIDDLE SCHOOL AND CATCH THOSE KIDS UP.

IF IT DIDN'T HAPPEN IN MIDDLE SCHOOL,
THEN HIGH SCHOOL.

THOSE KIDS STAY AS OUR RESPONSIBILITY.

IF THEY ARE IN MY SCHOOLS,
IT'S EASIER FOR KNEE MANAGE

THAT.

BUT MY STAFF DOES NOT GET OFF THE HOOK BECAUSE OF
THAT.

THEY HAVE THE SAME SET OF OUTCOMES FOR ALL THE KIDS

WHETHER IN MY CHARTER SCHOOLS
OR NOT.

THEY HAVE TO GET THESE KIDS THROUGH.

NOW, SCALE.

THIS ISSUE WAS ONE OF THE MOST COMPLICATED
THINGS THAT WE
HAVE TO DEAL WITH, THAT YOU ARE TRYING TO TOUCH ENOUGH

LIVES, I THINK,
TO CHANGE THE CULTURE OF WHAT IT MEANS TO

BE IN A COMMUNITY.

IF THE CULTURE IN HARLEM
WAS, AND IT WAS, IF YOU'RE SMART

KID, YOU BETTER NOT EVER SHOW IT, BECAUSE IF YOU SHOW
IT,

YOU RISK, YOU'RE IN PERIL.

YOUR PHYSICAL SAFETY.

KIDS WOULD BEAT YOU UP.

I NEVER
DID GET THAT WHOLE BEAT YOU UP THING IF YOU ACT

SMART.

KIDS WILL BEAT YOU UP.

YOU
CAN'T LOOK LIKE YOU WANT TO BE, AND YOU CAN'T TALK

LIKE YOU WANT TO BE EDUCATED.
RIGHT?

THAT
IS AGAINST THE CULTURE.

THE CULTURE IS YOU WANT TO ACT LIKE A THUG.

THAT IS THE CULTURE.

ANY
KID THAT BUCKS THAT DOES SO AT THEIR OWN PERIL.

SO YOU CREATE A NICE LITTLE ISOLATED OASIS, A
BLOCK OR

TWO, YOUR KIDS ARE ALWAYS GOING TO BE THE EXCEPTION.

WE WANT THE KIND OF
BEHAVIORS THAT WE THINK LEADS TO

HEALTHY YOUTH DEVELOPMENT TO BE THE RULE, NOT THE


EXCEPTION.

WE DON'T WANT IT TO BE, OH, IN THIS TWO BLOCKS KIDS THINK

RUN WAY BUT
THREE BLOCKS AWAY EVERYBODY THINKS SOMETHING

ELSE.
SO THERE'S 11,000 KIDS IN OUR ZONE,
ABOUT 8,000 OF THOSE

KIDS ARE IN MY PROGRAM.

WE BELIEVE THAT KIDS DO WHAT THEIR FRIENDS DO.

FRIENDS
DRINK, YOU DRINK.

FRIENDS FIGHT, YOU FIGHT.

JUST ONE OF THOSE THINGS.

IF YOU DON'T HAVE ENOUGH
CONTACT, WE DON'T THINK YOU CAN

ACTUALLY CHANGE THE KINDS OF BEHAVIORS WE THINK THAT
YOU

REALLY NEED TO CHANGE.

SO THIS ISSUE FOR SCALE FOR US, BUT AGAIN, WE DIDN'T START


WITH 8,000.

RIGHT?

WE DIDN'T START WITH 8,000.
WE GREW THIS SLOWLY OVER TIME.

WE
HAVE BEEN AT THIS NOW TEN YEARS.

WE GROW YOU THIS SLOWLY OVER TIME.

THE IDEA WITH
A IS TO REACH ENOUGH KIDS THAT YOU ACTUALLY

GET A CRITICAL MASS.

NOW, AS I MENTIONED,
THIS DATA DRIVEN ISSUE.

IF YOU LOOK AT THE KIND OF DATA WE COLLECT AND THE KIND OF

TIME
WE SPEND ON DATA IN THE ORGANIZATION, SOME OF YOU

MIGHT CHANGE YOUR MIND ABOUT DOING
THIS.

IT IS JUST A NEVER-ENDING SERIES OF MEETINGS.

BECAUSE THIS IS THE ONE THING I
WILL GUARANTEE YOU.

YOU DO THIS WORK, THERE ARE GOING TO BE A LOT OF THINGS

THAT ARE
NOT GOING TO WORK.
JUST NO WAY AROUND IT.

TRY SOME STUFF AND IT'S JUST NOT GOING TO WORK.

AND
WHEN WE BEGAN TO CHANGE OUR ORGANIZATION FROM ONE

WHICH WE TALKED ABOUT THINGS, HOW THINGS
ARE GOING, THINGS

ARE GOOD, KIDS GOING WELL, THEY SEEM TO BE HAPPY, TO ONE

WHERE SHOW
ME THE NUMBERS?

PEOPLE WERE NOT HAPPY IN MY ORGANIZATION.

PEOPLE USED TO SAY, GEOFF
USED TO LOVE KIDS.

NOW ALL HE CARES ABOUT ARE NUMBERS.

CAN'T TALK TO THE GUY, HE DON'T
WANT TO HEAR THE STORIES

NO MORE, YOU KNOW, GEOFF, LET ME TELL YOU THIS STORY, I

HAD
THIS, NO, NO, NO, GIVE ME THE NUMBERS.

PUT THEM ON THE BOARD.
BECAUSE TOO MANY KIDS CAN'T
HEAR THE STORIES.

STORIES DON'T REPRESENT WHAT IS REALLY GOING ON.

IT'S HARD TO GET
A SENSE OF WHAT IS REALLY GOING ON.

AND YOU KNOW, AS CHALLENGING AS IT IS, AND IT IS A


CHALLENGE, ALL RIGHT, I HAVE FOUR FULL TIME EVALUATORS,

WOULD GO FOR ME, IT IS A CHALLENGE
MAKING SENSE OF THOSE

NUMBERS AND USING THOSE NUMBERS TO DRIVE RESULTS.

IT IS ABSOLUTELY
CRITICAL THAT WE UNDERSTAND WHAT IS GOING

ON.

AND IT'S TAKEN SOME TIME BUT MY TEAM
NOW LEADS WITH THE

NUMBERS.

I'M GOING TO TELL YOU THIS.

THIS MAY NOT BE YOUR EXPERIENCE.
MAYBE
THIS IS A REGIONAL THING.

BUT THIS IS MY EXPERIENCE.

GORGE CALDO, MY CHIEF ADMINISTRATIVE
OFFICER, WE HAVE BEEN

TOGETHER A LONG TIME WITH RASUI.

PEOPLE HAVE TO COME IN AND PRESENT
THEIR DATA.

GOES UP ON THE BOARD AND WE LOOK AT HOW PEOPLE ARE DOING.

WE KNOW THE LONGER
YOU TALK BEFORE YOU PUT YOUR DATA UP,

THE WORSE THAT DATA IS.

RIGHT?

PERSON COMES
UP, DOING A PRESENTATION IN FRONT OF 20 OF US

SITTING AROUND WITH OUR PADS AND STUFF,
THEY SAY GEOFF, WE

HAVE HAD A REALLY REALLY GREAT START, AND YOU KNOW WHAT

YOU WILL
FIND, STAFF ARE REALLY WORKING HARD, AND YOU SHOULD HAVE SEEN THE TRIP WE TOOK WITH THE
KIDS, AND I'M

SITTING THERE SAYING, THIS AIN'T GOING TO BE GOOD.

AND THE PEOPLE WITH
GREAT DATA, THIS IS WHAT THEY DO.

IF YOU LOOK HERE, WHERE WE WERE LAST YEAR, OKAY,
WE ABOUT

TO SEE SOG GOOD NOW.

THEY ARE GOING TO SHOW ME THERE'S BEEN REAL MOVE.

AND--MOVEMENT
AND THEY ARE PROUD OF THAT.

THIS IS A CONSTANT WORK OF ART.

IN THE END THIS DATA ALLOWS
YOU I THINK TO MANAGE TOWARDS

RESULTS.

BECAUSE PART OF WHAT GOES WITH THE DATA COMES

ACCOUNTABILITY.

RIGHT.
IN
THE END, WE BELIEVE, AND PEOPLE ARE SOMETIMES, I THINK,

HEAR THIS THE WRONG WAY.

WE REALLY
BELIEVE ALL CHILDREN CAN LEARN.

AND WE THINK IT'S THE ADULTS' JOB TO TEACH THEM.

THAT
DOES NOT MEAN EVERY ADULT CAN TEACH EVERY CHILD.

RIGHT? BUT WE BELIEVE THERE ARE ADULTS
WHO CAN COME INTO

OUR COMMUNITIES AND DELIVER SUCCESS.

AND SO WE USE THE DATA TO FIGURE
OUT WHO THOSE ADULTS ARE.

RIGHT?

AND THIS IS ONE THING I WILL GUARANTEE YOU.

IF IN
THE END YOU ONLY KEEP THE ADULTS WHO WILL SUCCEED,

YOU WILL BE SUCCESSFUL.

RIGHT?
JUST
BY DEFINITION.

OR ELSE YOU WON'T HAVE ANY PROGRAM.

YOU HAVE NO STAFF.

RIGHT?

BUT
PEOPLE FIND IT VERY DIFFICULT TO ACTUALLY BELIEVE THAT

IN THE END, IF THOSE NUMBERS
AREN'T GOING THE RIGHT WAY,

IT'S THE ADULT'S FAULT.

WE DID OUR OBESITY, TOOK US FOUR YEARS
TO COME UP WITH A

PROGRAM THAT WOULD WORK BECAUSE WE KEPT HIRING PEOPLE, AND

I WOULD
SAY HOW IS THE PROGRAM, AND THEY SAY, THIS IS

WONDERFUL, WE WOULD TALK ABOUT IT.

LET
ME SEE THE NUMBERS.

ALL THE KIDS ARE GETTING FATTER.
I DON'T GET THIS.

THEY SAID DON'T
BE WORRIED ABOUT THAT, YOU SHUNED BE

CONCERNED.

I SAID I shouldn't?

THEY SAID NO, BECAUSE WHAT
IS HAPPENING, THIS WHOLE

COMPLICATED THING.

I SAID THAT IS NOT WORKING FOR ME.

I GOT SOMEBODY
WITH EVEN MORE DEGREES.

I SAID THIS PERSON DIDN'T HAVE ENOUGH.

CAME BACK A YEAR LATER,
HOW ARE THE KIDS?

EVERYTHING IS GREAT, GOOD, LOOKING AT THE DATA.

LET ME SEE THE DATA.

KIDS
ALL GETTING HEAVY YEAR.
I SAID LOOK, THEY HAD AN EVEN MORE COMPLICATED AND

SOPHISTICATED
REASON WHY I SHOULD NOT BE CONCERNED.

GOT RID OF THOSE PEOPLE.

NOW NOBODY WANTS TO
TAKE THAT JOB.

BUT WE FOUND SOMEONE WHO ACTUALLY IS DRIVING THOSE.

YOU KNOW WHAT, MY KIDS
ARE LOSING WEIGHT.

THE DATA IS CLEAR.

THE KIDS ARE LOSING WEIGHT.

THE EXPERTS TOLD
ME, RIGHT, IT COULDN'T HAPPEN.

I'M JUST TELLING YOU THE TRUTH.

THIS IS JUST IN THE LAST TWO
YEARS, COME LOOK AT THE

NUMBERS.

QUITE AMAZING.
SO THE QUESTION WAS NEVER WHETHER
IT COULD BE DONE.

THE ONLY QUESTION WAS DID WE HAVE THE RIGHT PERSON TO DO

THE WORK.

AND
IF I HAD STUCK WITH THAT PERSON WITH THE PH.D. BECAUSE

IF I WANTED TO GET fundED, THEY
WERE THE PERson.

THEY NEW THE STUFF COLD.

PROBLEM WAS THEY COULDN'T DRIVE THE RESULTS.

O THIS
IS ABOUT IN THE END, IS IT MOVING IN THE RIGHT

DIRECTION.

LET ME JUST SAY THIS LAST ISSUE,
WHICH IS, YOU KNOW,

PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS SUGGEST THAT WE HAVE TO HAVE

FLEXIBILITY
TO DO WHAT IS NEEDED TO BE DONE.

NEVER A THOUGHT THERE'S ANY ONE PROGRAM OR STRATEGY
GOING
TO WORK EVERYWHERE IN AMERICA.

EVERY YEAR WE ARE ADD ADJUSTING BECAUSE OF SOME
ISSUE THAT

DIDN'T EXIST A YEAR AGO.

WE SAY LOOK, THIS IS GOING TO IMPACT OUR COMMUNITIES.

THE
ABILITY TO HOLD YOURSELF ACCOUNTABLE BUT AT THE SAME

TIME MAKE SURE YOU HAVE FLEXIBILITY
TO DEAL WITH THE

ISSUES BECAUSE THEY ARE OUR ISSUES, WE THINK, AS PART OF

THIS WORK.

LET
ME CLOSE WITH THIS LAST STORY, A TRUE STORY THAT I

TELL ABOUT THIS ISSUE OF ACCOUNTABILITY.

WHEN
WE DID OUR SCHOOL, STARTED OUR CHARTER SCHOOL, I TOLD

MY MAYOR AND THE CHANCELLOR AND MY
BORED IF I DIDN'T HAVE

A BETTER SCHOOLS THAN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN FIVE YEARS, I
WAS
GOING FIRE MYSELF.

I SAID IT PUBLICLY AND EVERYBODY SAID OH, YEAH, WHAT YEAR

IS IT?

FIVE
YEARS, RIGHT?

YEP.

THEN WHEN THEY LEFT I GOT MY ENTIRE STAFF IN AND I SAID,

YOU ALL
KNOW I'M THE LAST ONE LEAVING, RIGHT?

SO LET'S JUST, WHEN.

>> (LAUGHTER.)

>> YOU
KNOW WHAT, NOBODY WHO WORKS FOR ME

THINKS I WAS KIDDING.

THIS IS THE DEAL.

RIGHT?
THIS
IS REALLY IMPORTANT STUFF WE'RE DOING.

AND IT'S NOT EASY.

IF IT WAS EASY SOMEONE WOULD
HAVE DONE IT A LONG TIME AGO.

THIS IS NOT EASY.

AND IT'S A CHALLENGE AND WE HAVE TO
BE SCIENTIFIC ABOUT

USING THE DATA, DRIVING THE RESULTS, RELENTLESS, MAKING

SURE THAT
WHAT WE ARE DOING, THE RESOURCES ARE GOING TO

HELP AND SUPPORT CHILDREN.

BUT IN THE
END, IS IT DOABLE?

ABSOLUTELY DOABLE.

AND I'M SURE FROM EVERYTHING I HAVE SEEN, WE HAVE
THE

RIGHT PEOPLE IN THE ROOM TO DO IT.

CONGRATULATIONSS, EVERYBODY.
>> (APPLAUSE.)

>> BEFORE WE GO
TO THE FULL PANELS, I WANT TO

TAKE A COUPLE OF QUESTIONS.

THERE ARE MIKES HERE AND HERE.

IF
YOU LIKE TO ASK A QUESTION, COME UP.

WE WILL ONLY DO TEN MINUTES OF QUESTIONS, SO GET THERE


FAST.

>> I WAS HOPING THIS COULD BE RESERVED FOR

DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES BECAUSE WE WORK
SO HARD THAT WE

CANNOT STAY AWAY FROM OUR DESKS MORE THAN AN HOUR.

THERE WILL BE A
LONG Q AND A FOR EVERYBODY ELSE IN THE

END.


ANY QUESTIONS FROM ED EMPLOYEES?

BETTER SPEAK
UP OR I'LL OPEN UP TO EVERYBODY.

>> A LITTLE SHOCKING.

>> MY NAME IS LISA AND I'M WITH
THE OFFICE OF

MIG GRANT EDUCATION.

I HAVE A QUESTION THAT HAS TO DEAL MORE WITH THE
CLIMATE

OF THE SCHOOLS AND THE NEIGHBORHOOD AND THE LEADERS, BEING

YOURSELF AND OTHERS
IF YOU HAVE.

WHEN YOU ARE TIRED AND EXHAUSTED AND ALL THE ANSWERS ARE

NO, WHERE DO YOU
GO TO KEEP ON CRAWLING TO THE NEXT STEP?

>> SOUNDS LIKE SOMEONE WHO HAS WORK WITH PUBLIC


SCHOOLS.

LOOK, THAT IS ACTUALLY A GREAT QUESTION BECAUSE THIS IS
THE PART OF THIS
THAT IS THE WORK THAT IS REAL.

RIGHT? ONE OF THE REASONS SCHOOLS ARE ABLE TO STAY LOUSY


FOR SO LONG IS BECAUSE THEY HAVE THE INFINITE ABILITY TO

WEAR DOWN OUTSIDERS WHO TRY TO
CHANGE THEM.

RIGHT?

I MEAN, I'M BEING SERIOUS.

THAT IS THE ONE THING THEY ARE GOOD AT.

THEY ARE
NOT GOOD AT EDUCATING KIDS, BUT THEY ARE GOOD AT

FINALLY GETTING PEOPLE TO GIVE UP AND
SAY OKAY, YOU KNOW,

I SPENT YEARS DOING THIS, THIS THING IS NOT WORKING.

LET ME TELL
YOU WHAT WE HAVE NEVER HAD BEFORE.

WE HAVE NEVER HAD A PRESIDENT WHO SAID, THIS IS THE
NUMBER

ONE ISSUE AND WE'RE GOING TO SOLVE THIS.
AND WE'RE GOING TO HAVE A DIFFERENT
LEVEL OF

ACCOUNTABILITY.

JUST NEVER HAPPENED BEFORE.

WE HAVE NEVER HAD A MOVIE PUSHING
ON THIS INDUSTRY

EXPOSING, I THINK, A LOT OF THE SORT OF REALLY LOUSY

PRACTICE THAT
IS GOING ON.

WE HAVE NEVER HAD A GROUP OF BOTH REPUBLICANS AND

DEMOCRATS WHO SAID
WE NEED TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT

EDUCATION.

SO FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO HAVE BEEN IN THE TRENCHES
AND, YOU

KNOW, YOU HAVE BEEN BEATING DOWN, AND I CERTAINLY KNOW

WHAT THAT IS LIKE,
THIS IS REALLY A NEW DAY.

AND I'M NOT SAYING THAT IN JUST SORT OF A WORD.
I'M SAYING THAT
IS FOR REAL.

BOTH THE SECRETARY OF EDUCATION HERE PUSHING ON HIM, YOU

GET RIGHT TO THE
TOP.

THAT IS REVOLUTIONARY JUST IN TERMS OF GETTING STATES TO

DEAL WITH STUFF SOME
OF US HAVE BEEN YELLING ABOUT FOR

YEARS.

SO IN INDIVIDUAL SCHOOLS THERE'S STILL A BELIEF
THIS IS

BUSINESS AS USUAL, RIGHT?

I THINK WE HAVE A LOT MORE TOOLS THAN WE USED TO HAVE
IN

OUR KIT.

ONE OF THE THINGS ABOUT PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS, IT'S BEING

RUN OUT OF THE
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION.

YOU HAVE PEOPLE HERE LIKE JIM SHELTON WHO KNOW EDUCATION
COLD.

AND
I THINK THERE'S GOING TO BE A LOT MORE PRESSURE ON

THESE INSTITUTIONS TO DO THE RIGHT THING.

RIGHT?

I
THINK THAT SCHOOL SAYING TO ME JUST AS A REGULAR PERSON,

NO, IS DIFFERENT THAN SAYING, OH,
THIS IS A NATIONAL

PROGRAM BEING SUPPORTED BY THE PRESIDENT AND THE SECRETARY

OF EDUCATION.

I
THINK IT'S GOING TO GIVE US AN OPPORTUNITY TO OPEN UP

THAT CLOSED SYSTEM A LITTLE BIT
MORE.

>> ALL RIGHT.

MY NAME IS MICHAEL ROBINS.

I'M HERE WITH THE DEPARTMENT AND WORK ON NEIGHBORHOOD

PARTNERSHIPS . WHEREVER WE GO THIS ISSUE IS HUGE.

I LOVE YOUR EMPHASIS ON ACCOUNTABILITY.

HOW
DO WE PROMOTE JOINT ACCOUNTABILITY BETWEEN SCHOOLS AND

COMMUNITY PARTNERS IN WAY THAT
WORKS FOR KIDS?

>> THAT IS A GREAT QUESTION.

I THINK, BY THE I WITH A, THIS IS--BY THE WAY,
THIS IS

GOING TO BE THE MOST PROMISING PART OF THE PROMISE

NEIGHBORHOODS, THIS JOINT
ACCOUNTABILITY ISSUE.

I TELL YOU, THIS IS HOW IT'S ALWAYS BEEN.

WHEN SCHOOLS HAVE FAILED,
WE BLAME THE SCHOOLS.

RIGHT?

WHEN SCHOOLS SUCCEED, THEY TAKE THE CREDIT.

RIGHT?
SO
IF YOU WORK IN A SCHOOL AND THE SCHOOL IS LOUSY AND IT

FAILS, YOU BLAME THE SCHOOL.

IF
THE SCHOOL IS DOING SUCCESSFUL AND YOU

WORK IN A SCHOOL, YOU CLAIM SOME OF THE CREDIT.

MY
THEER, IN PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS THIS IS A JOINT

ACCOUNTABILITY ISSUE.

IN THE END
IF SCHOOLS ARE FAILING, IT'S THOSE OF US WHO

ARE BOTH IN THE SCHOOL AND THOSE OF US WHO
WORK IN THE

SCHOOL WILL HAVE TO COME UP WITH SOME PLANS.

THE ONE THING WE HAVE DIFFERENT
NOW THAN I THINK WE HAD

BEFORE IS THAT WE REALLY HAVE SOME STRATEGIES THAT ARE

WORKING.

AND
EVEN BUILT INTO SOME NEW CONTRACTS AROUND THE COUNTRY
AND OTHER PLACES WHERE PEOPLE
ARE TRYING TO THINK ABOUT

SCHOOL DURING SCHOOL, AFTER SCHOOL, WHAT IS HAPPENING ON


SATURDAYS, WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THE SUMMERTIME NOW, THAT I

THINK WE HAVE TO BRIDGE THIS
ACCOUNTABILITY ISSUE.

BUT IT CAN'T BE BUSINESS AS USUAL INSIDE PROMISE

NEIGHBORHOODS SCHOOLS,
MEANING THE SCHOOLS HAVE THE

ABILITY TO ISOLATE THE FOLKS NOT DIRECTLY WORKING FOR
THE

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IN THAT SCHOOL.

BECAUSE THEN YOU CAN'T REALLY GET THE SHARED

ACCOUNTABILITY.

BUT
I'M HOPING THE SPOT LIGHT WILL DO THAT.

AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS


INSTITUTES THAT WE ARE GOING TO BE DOING, SOME WORK AROUND
THIS INTEGRATION.

I THINK
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF PLACES THAT ARE RIGHT IN THE

MIX OF INTEGRATING THESE SYSTEMS.

>>
MY NAME IS JULIE TOMBOIR, I'M WITH THE

OFFICE OF INNOVATION AS WELL.

WHEN I WORK IN MASSACHUSETTS
WITH ONE OF THE PROGRAMS

CALLED SCHOOL LINK SERVICES, I NOTICED A LOT OF TURF

ISSUES.

TO
FOLLOW ON THE LAST QUESTIONS, RELATIONSHIP WISE,

EMOTIONALLY, HOW DO YOU DEAL WITH
THOSE TURF ISSUES TO

BREAK THEM DOWN.

>> IT'S REALLY VERY COMPLICATED.

PART OF WHAT
HAPPENS IN SCHOOLS YOU HAVE THE HIGH STAKES
TESTING AND IT'S HARD TO GET THE PRINCIPAL'S
ATTENTION ON

ANYTHING ELSE.

SO I WOULD GO INTO THESE SCHOOLS AND SAY, LISTEN, I KNOW


WE'RE SPENDING ALL OUR TIME PREPARING FOR THE FOURTH

GRADE, WHEN WE FIRST STARTED
TESTING, NOW IT'S THIRDS IN

NEW YORK.

BUT WHAT IF WE FOCUS ON KINDERGARTEN, FIRST AND
SECOND,

TWO YEARS THE KIDS WILL BE TAKING THE TEST.

AND THEY SAID IN TWO YEARS I WON'T
BE HERE.

SO I CAN'T EVEN FOCUS ON THOSE KIDS.

YOU TELL THEM, THIS IS A FAILED STRATEGY THINKING
YOU ARE

GOING TO CATCH THE KIDS UP WHEN IT'S TIME TO TAKE THE

TEST.
WE GOT INTO
THIS DYNAMIC THAT JUST DIDN'T SEEM, AND THEN

IT WAS TRUE IN A COUPLE OF YEARS, RIGHT,
THEY WERE SAYING

WE GOT THE HAVE ANOTHER PRINCIPAL AND I'M HAVING THE SAME

CONVERSATION
WITH THE NEXT PRINCIPAL.

I THINK ONE OF THE CHALLENGES WE HAVE TO HAVE IS REALLY

WHAT
IS THE VALUE ADDED COMPONENT OF THIS THAT WE'RE

BRINGING IN THE SCHOOLS TO HELP THE
PRINCIPALS UNDERNEATH

THIS TREMENDOUS PRESSURE FEEL LIKE WE ARE A PARTNER AND

NOT A BURDEN.

BECAUSE
OFTEN THEY THINK, I DON'T THINK THIS IS GOING HELP

ME, BUT NOW I HAVE TO DEAL WITH YOU
TOO AND ALL THE OTHER

STUFF AND I HAVE THESE OUTSIDERS COMING IN.

AND TO BE ABLE IN THEIR
LANGUAGE, WHICH IS SOMETHING THAT
WE DON'T OFTEN DO, TO BE ABLE IN THEIR LANGUAGE TO
SAY,

YOU KNOW, I LOOKED AT THEIR DATA AND SAW A LOT OF YOUR

KIDS HAD A REALLY HARD
TIME IN THESE FOURS CATEGOER.

THEY WEREN'T ABLE THE FIND THE MAIN IDEA.

LOOKED AND SAW
THEY WERE STRUGGLING WITH GENRE.

WE HAVE THIS PROGRAM, YOU GIVE ME A GROUP OF KIDS,
I CAN

WORK WITH THEM.

THE PRINCIPAL SAYS, HMM, THIS MIGHT BE HELPFUL.

YOU SAY I HAVE
AN AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAM, OH, ANOTHER HALF

SCHOOL PROGRAM.

PART OF THIS IS TAILORING
OUR PITCH TO FIT THEIR NEEDS,

KNOWING WHAT THEIR DATA IS, WHAT THEY STRUGGLE WITH, AND


WHAT IS IN OUR BAG OF TRICKS TO help HIM IN A CONCRETE WAY
SO THEY SAY I'M GOING GIVE
THIS A TRY, THIS PLAY HELP ME

WITH WHAT I NEED DO, WHICH IS SOME LONG WE ARE GOING
TO

HAVE TO LEARN.

THOSE ARE SOME OF THE KINDS OF THINGS I THINK WE ARE GOING

TO
HAVE TO DO.

YOU HAVE THE LAST QUESTION.

>> REGARDING SCALING UP, AND TIC TAC TOW,

STARTED
WITH ONE BLOCK.

WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR IN THE BLOCKS?

>> I'LL TELL YOU WHAT
WE DID BUT IT WASN'T

BECAUSE WE HAD ANY SCIENCE, RIGHT?

MEANING WE HADN'T TRIED FOUR
THINGS AND SAID THIS WAS THE

BEST THING.
WHAT WE DID, WE DID CONTIGUOS BLOCKS.

YOU WANTED
PEOPLE TO SEE AND EXPERIENCE.

WE DID THE FIRST BLOCK, 19TH STREET, EVERYBODY THOUGHT


THAT WAS WITH A FLUKE.

MOTHER PEARL LIVED THERE AND PEOPLE SAID IF WE HAD HER, WE

could
DO THAT.

AND THEN PEOPLE WERE STILL SCEPTICAL BY THE TIME WE DID 1

1ST STEET.

YOU WALK
UP TO 120TH AND SAW CHANGE, LOOK TO THE LEFT, BY

THE TIME GET TO 121 YOU SAY WHAT IS GOING
ON HERE.

PEOPLE HAD A VISION OF WHAT CHANGE LOOKED LIKE BECAUSE

THEY COULD WALK AND
SEE WHICH IS HOW MOST PEOPLE GO BY.

FOR US THAT CONTIGUOS NATURE HELPED.
>> WHY NORTH?

>>
WE STARTED WITH A BLOCK, NOT THE WORSE OR

THE BEST.

I THINK THE MOST IMPORTANT THING
IS TO BE SUCCESSFUL.

YOU DON'T WANT TO GO IN AND BITE OFF MORE THAN YOU CAN

CHEW.

WE
WENT TO PLACES THAT WE THOUGHT WE COULD BE SUCCESSFUL

BECAUSE THE SKEPTICS WEREN'T
GOING TO BE CONVINCED UNTIL

WE HAD ENOUGH GOING THAT THEY SAID, MAYBE THAT THING IS


WORKING.

THEY SEEM TO BE DOING IT IN THOSE OTHER PLACES.

SO IF YOU WOULD HAVE DONE THE
FIRST BLOCK AND WENT TO A

SCEPTICAL BLOCK THAT WOULD HAVE FOUGHT US TOOTH AND NAIL,

PEOPLE WOULD HAVE SAID THEY LUCKED UP ON THAT FIRST ONE.

WHEN WE LOOKED AT THE NEXT
ONE, 120 OR 118?

120, THAT IS A BETTER BET.

121 WE JUST DID THAT ONE.

WE SORT OF MADE A LITTLE
MINI, WHAT WE EQUAL A MINI ZONE.

BUT THE REALLY ISSUE WAS GETTING SUCCESS AND HAVING
THE

RESIDENTS THEMSELVES TALK TO OTHER RESIDENTS ABOUT WHAT

HAPPENED.

BECAUSE THERE REALLY
WASN'T MUCH OF A DIFFERENCE BETWEEN

118 AND 119.

PEOPLE SAY, WELL, I DON'T KNOW.

LET
ME TELL YOU WHAT WE DID?

YOU KNOW HOW WE THIS THOSE BUILDING AND THOSE GUYS WERE
STEALING
OUT THERE.

WHEN YOU CAN HEAR THAT FROM ME, IT'S ONE THING.

WHEN YOU HEAR IT FROM THE
LADY LIVING AROUND THE CORNER

FROM YOU, PEOPLE BEGAN TO SAY, WAIT A SECOND, THIS THING


SOUNDS LIKE IT MIGHT WORK.

SO I THINK IN DESIGNING THIS, NONE OF IT WILL BE THE SAME.

DIFFERENT
COMMUNITIES HAVE DIFFERENT STRATEGIES, BUT THAT

IS WHY WE CHOSE THE WAY WE DID.

>>
ONE MORE THING.

THANK YOU.

>> YOU'RE WELCOME.

THANK YOU.

>> (APPLAUSE.)
>> ALL RIGHTY, NOW THAT
YOU HAVE BEEN INSPIRED

BY GEOFF, I WILL TAKE YOU INTO THE TECHNICAL DETAILS THAT

I
KNOW YOU REALLY WANT TO HEAR ABOUT WHERE WE HAVE GONE

WITH PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS.

AS
I GET READY TO DO THAT, I DO WANT TO DO ONE THING

BECAUSE OTHERWISE I WOULD BE PRONE
TO FORGET.

ACTUALLY, INTERESTING.

MY WIFE REMINDED ME YESTERDAY.

SHE SAID, I KNOW WHY
I LOVE YOU BUT I CAN'T REMEMBER WHY

ANYBODY ELSE WOULD WANT TO WORK WITH YOU.

SO WHAT
I WANT TO DO RIGHT NOW IS ACTUALLY MAKE SURE THAT

I ACKNOWLEDGE A COUPLE OF DIFFERENT
THINGS.

ONE IS, I ACTUALLY DID NOT TAKE THE OPPORTUNITY TO DO A
FORMAL INTRODUCTION OF
HEATHER.

BECAUSE SHE IS SUCH AN INSTRUMENTAL PART OF ACTUALLY

MAKING OUR LIVES BETTER
ON A DAILY BASIS, WHEN WE KIND OF

RUN INTO THINGS THAT DON'T MAKE SENSE AND YOU SAY OKAY,


THE REGULAR PROCESS ISN'T QUITE WORKING THE WAY IT'S

SUPPOSED TO, THERE'S ONE E-MAIL
AND ONE PHONE CALL THAT

YOU SEND.

ALL OF A SUDDEN EVERYTHING STARTS TO MAKE SENSE AGAIN.

SO
HEATHER, YOU SAW HER FORMAL TITLE, BUT WE THINK OF HER

AS MRS. FIX IT.

SHE GETS IT
DONE.

THE SECOND THING, I GOT A LOT OF CREDIT FOR THE

CONVERSATIONS THAT I HAD WITH GEOFF
AND HEATHER BUT
REALITY IS I JUST TOOK IT ONE STEP FURTH AND CAME BACK AND

SAID IT
WOULD BE A GOOD IDEA IF WE DID THIS.

AND THERE WAS A GROUP THAT DID THIS.

SO THE PROMISE
NEIGHBORHOODS TEAM INCLUDING MARK AND TAGA,

I WOULD APPRECIATE.

Bill, JANE, STAND UP.

>>
(APPLAUSE.)

>> GOOD DEAL.

WITH THAT, LET ME JUST JUMP RIGHT IN.

BECAUSE JEFF LAID
IT OUT PERFECTLY.

THE QUESTION IS HOW DO YOU GET BEYOND THIS VISION, THIS

GREAT EXAMPLE
THAT WE HAVE OF NEIGHBORHOOD IN ONE PART OF

OUR COUNTRY THAT HAS DEMONSTRATED WHAT IS
ACTUALLY
POSSIBLE, TO REALIZING THIS VISION OF BEING ABLE TO

DELIVER FOR ALL OF OUR
CHILDREN IN A PARTICULAR COMMUNITY

ON ALL FRONTS, AND MAKE THAT SOMETHING THAT WE CAN


ACTUALLY TAKE TO SCALE.

WHAT WE TRIED TO DO IS TO SAY, OKAY, WHAT DID WE HEAR FROM


THE PRINCIPLES THAT GEOFF AND ANGELA WORKED AN AND ENABLE

COMMUNITIES TO PLAN TO DO
THIS WORK.

GET TO IMPLEMENTATION FIRST BUT WE THINK THAT BEING ABLE

TO THINK THROUGH
IS IMPORTANT.

WE TRIED TO STAY TRUE TO THE PRINCIPLES.

THE HOLISTIC APPROACH IS IMPORTANT
BUT HITTING THE HIGH

EDUCATION HAD TO BE AT THE CENTER.

DELIVERING FOR EVERY CHILD
AT EDUCATION FRONT HAD TO BE AT
CENTER.

WE RECOGNIZE THIS IS ABOUT THE EFFECTIVE COMMUNITY
SUPPORT

AND BRINGING THE FAMILY INTO THIS IS ALSO CRITICAL AS

WELL.

WE ALSO HAD TO
BE CLEAR THAT WE WANTED TO SHOOT FOR A VERY

SPECIFIC OUTCOME.

IN FACT THIS IS IN THE
END MAKING SURE THAT WE ARE

ACTUALLY DELIVERING KIDS WHO ARE GOING TO BE SUCCESSFUL IN

THEIR
COLLEGE AND CAREER AND COME BACK TO COMMUNITIES AND

BE EXAMPLES TO THEIR COMMUNITIES.

WE
NEEDED TO RECOGNIZE WE START IN THE COMMUNITIES THIS

DIFFERENT PLACES WITH FAMILIES THAT
ACTUALLY HAVE LOW

NEEDS.
IN THESE TARGETED COMMUNITIES THERE ARE VERY FEW OF THOSE.

MOST
OF WHAT YOU HAVE ARE COMMUNITIES THAT ARE FRAGILE,

NOT IN TROUBLE ABOUT--BUT TEND
TO GO INTO TROUBLE.

AND YOU NEED TO HAVE SUPPORTS AND INTERVENTIONS TO ADDRESS

ALL
OF THOSE AND THE KIDS IN THEM.

IN FACT, CAN THE PEOPLE IN THE BACK HEAR ME?

GOOD DEAL.

THANK
YOU.

IN FACT IF WE WERE GOING TO BE DATA DRIVEN, RESULTS DRIVEN

AS GEOFF DESCRIBED,
WE HAD TO LAY OUT A FRAMEWORK THAT

SAID LOOK, THERE ARE MANY METRICS THAT WE CAN TRACK
BUT

THE MOST IMPORTANT ONES TO US ARE GOING TO BE WHAT EXACTLY

IS HAPPENING WITH THE
CHILDREN.
ARE THE CHILDREN AT EVERY STEP ALONG THE PATHWAY MAKING

PROGRESS, ARE THEY ACTUALLY
SUCCEEDING, AND HOW DO WE

KNOW.

WHAT IS THE METRIC.

HOW DOES THAT COMPARE TO EVERYTHING
ELSE GOING ON AROUND

IT.

IT'S NOT JUST AS IMPORTANT THAT WE DEMONSTRATE THAT THIS


IS POSSIBLE, THAT WE LEARN FROM IT AND LEARN HOW TO

CONTINUE TO SCALE IT.

WE ALSO SAID,
RECOGNIZING WE'RE NOT GOING TO HOLD PEOPLE

ACCOUNTABLE TO THESE THINGS, WE KNOW THESE
OTHER AREAS ARE

IMPORTANT.

WE KNOW THAT SAFETY IS IMPORTANT.
WE KNOW THAT HAVING THE
AVAILABILITY OF THE TOOLS THAT ARE

GOING TO ALLOW PEOPLE TO BE competitive ARE IMPORTANT.

WE
WANT TO TRACK THOSE THINGS AS WELL.

INDIVIDUAL COMMUNITIES MAY COME UP WITH OTHER METRICS


ACTUALLY MORE IMPORTANT TO THEIR PARTICULAR APPROACH.

BUT WE WANT TO BE ABLE TO TRACK
THESE THINGS SO THAT WE

LEARN FROM HOW THEY ACTUALLY IMPACT THE WORK.

WE HAD OVER 300
APPLICANTS TO THE PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS

PROGRAM.

WE HAD WINNERS FROM ACROSS THE COUNTRY, 21 IN
PARTICULAR,

INCLUDING BOTH RURAL AND TRIBAL COMMUNITIES.

THE INTERESTING THING IS, THIS
IS NOT REPRESENTATIVE,

ALMOST ALL THE APPLICANTS HAD STRENGTHS IN A VARIETY OF
DIFFERENT AREAS
BUT INTERESTING THAT THEY EACH HAD VERY

DIFFERENT AREAS IN WHICH THEY SEEMED LIKE THEY VERY
MUCH

EXCEL.

THEY DIDN'T AGREE TO THIS SLIDE.

WE PLACED THEM THERE.

SO IF YOU THINK WE PLACED
YOU IN THE WRONG SPOT,

APOLOGIES.

THE MORE PER THING IS EVERYONE BRINGS SOMETHING TO
THE

TABLE WHERE THEY ADD VALUE TO THE LEARNING COMMUNITY ABOUT

HOW YOU GROW EXCELLENCE
IN THAT PARTICULAR AREA.

I THINK ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT THINGS IS THAT WE

RECOGNIZE
THAT THIS IS JUST THE TIP OF THE SPHERE TO

SOMETHING THAT NEEDS TO BE LONG TERM.
IN
FACT THIS IS AN INCREDIBLY CHALLENGING PROBLEM THAT WE

HAVE FOR DECADES IF NOT CENTURIES
FAILED TO SOLVE.

GEOFF TALKED ABOUT THE HAR LEGAL--PARALLEL OF HEART

TRANSPLANT SURGERY.

THINK
IT'S REALLY INTERESTING THAT WE KNOW THAT WE INVEST

MORE THAN THE PROMISE NEIGHBORHOODS
IMPLEMENTATION GRANT

PROGRAM THAT WE HAVE ASKED FOR, THE $210 MILLION.

WE INVOICE MORE
THAN THAT IN HEART RESEARCH EVERY YEAR.

EVERY YEAR.

AND YET WE THINK WE ARE ON TO PURSUING
A PATHWAY TO

ACTUALLY SOLVE POVERTY AND END THE CYCLE OF POVERTY.

PEOPLE ARE QUESTIONING
WHETHER YOU SHOULD DO PROGRAMS OF

THIS SIZE TO ACTUALLY FIGURE OUT WHAT THE POTENTIAL

SOLUTIONS ARE.

IT'S AN INTERESTING QUESTION.

THERE ARE A BUNCH OF RESOURCES WE'LL MAKE AVAILABLE
TO

EVERYONE.

THE MORE IMPORTANT THING FOR US TO DO TODAY, YOU CAN

ALWAYS GET ACCESS
TO THIS.

WE HAVE A GREAT SET OF FOLKS WHO ARE GOING TO COME UP AND

FINISH OFF THE
PANEL AND YOU WILL BE ABLE TO ASK MORE

QUESTIONS THROUGHOUT THE DAY.

I'LL STAY UP SO YOU CAN
ASK QUESTIONS ABOUT HOW WE THOUGHT

ABOUT PUTTING TOGETHER THE PROGRAM.

THEN MORE IMPORTANTLY,
YOU WILL HEAR FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE

ACTUALLY GOING TO BE IN THE BUSINESS OF DOING THESE
PLANS
AND THE PROGRAM.

HEATHER IS GOING TO TAKE US THROUGH THIS AND I WILL LET

HER
INTRODUCE THE REST OF THE PANEL.

>> I HAVE A FEELING I'M GOING TO GET LORD

HERE--LOWERED
HERE.

THANKS, JIM.

WE'RE GOING TO HEAR A COUPLE MORE PRESENTATIONS AND AS JIM

MENTIONED
HAVE A DISCUSSION AMONG THE PANELISTS AND AN

OPPORTUNITY FOR ALL OF YOU TO ASK QUESTIONS
AS WELL.