Heartland Highways Program 1005

Uploaded by weiutv on 23.03.2012

HH1005 transcript Just ahead on Heartland Highway weíll take
you to two very unique museums. Weíll learn more about the history of land surveying at
National Museum of Surveying in downtown Springfield, Illinois. And in Sadorus, Illinois, weíll
make a stop at the National Museum of Ship Models and Sea History. Finally weíll meet
Chet Turner a boat builder who specializes in the Y-Flyer sailboat, thatís coming up
next on Heartland Highways. [music]
Thanks for coming along for another edition of Heartland Highways, Iím Lori Casey and
Iím Kate Pleasant. Weíre going to kick off this weekís show with 2 adventures to 2 very
unique museums. Located on the historic square in downtown Springfield, Illinois is a one-of-kind
museum that is dedicated to an important part of American History. George Washington, Thomas
Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln were of course U.S. presidents, but they also had something
else in common, they were land surveyors. Land Surveyors are the ones that develop the
United States of America, but Land surveying is still very important today. If you own
land you need to know where that land is and how you can use it. So, that was the other
goal was to show how land surveyors developed America, why land surveying is important,
and why itís needed today.
(Narrator) The National Museum of Surveying is the only museum of its type in the U.S.
About 20 years ago a group of Michigan land surveyors put together a museum in Lansing.
When they wanted to make it into a national museum, they started looking for a new location
And of course being here from Springfield and all the Lincoln Sights and knowing that
Abraham Lincoln had been a surveyor, I put an offer in. I said let me try to put a proposal
together and see if we can bring it to Springfield.
(Narrator) In 2008, the museum found an ideal location just across the street from the old
state capital and by the fall of 2010, the museum officially opened their doors. Through
interactive displays and historical artifacts, the museum preserves the legacy of surveying
and its role in the development of America.
And so we go back to the Washington Survey when he was 16 years old. We show the kind
of equipment that was made. And I mean surveying was tough enough, but just imagine how you
made surveying equipment out of brass in the late 1700s, middle 1700s. And so we try to
show why those instruments are important. So, we go through that and tell some of the
interesting things about the equipment, about the maps and about the surveyors. Also, when
surveyors of those times surveyed they had five people on a crew. The compass person,
there was a head chainman, a rear chainman, a head flagman, and a person that cut brush.
And they would lay out the chain and measure 33 links at a time. Well, to remember how
many times they would go 33 links. One of them had acorns in one pocket. They take the
acorn out of one pocket and put it in the other pocket and at the end of the day they
would count out how many acorns they had. And thatís how you could tell how many 33
foot links they had gone. Because these people could read, write and do math. In fact, seven
signers of the Declaration of Independence were land surveyors. So, they were very prominent
people. We have pictures of surveyors back in 1909 and they are in suits, vests, white
shirts and ties and you think outside surveying why would you do that? Because, they were
very prominent people and people held them that way and they wanted to dress the part.
(Narrator) Where state, county, city and property lines start and end is the result of the land
surveyor. But their skills were also used during the Civil War.
The surveyors actually went out in the proposed battle fields and did sketches of what it
looked like. They would then come back and meet with the generals and the generals would
plan the attack or where they wanted to be. Also, we have actual photographs of surveyors
of the Civil War. We have a tent encampment of like an office where they would sleep.
(Narrator) Abraham Lincolnís time as a surveyor is also displayed in the museum. He was responsible
for the layout of 5 towns, 4 roads and about 35 properties. Some feel that it was surveying
that helped his political career.
Well, Lincoln ran for state representative in 1832. There were 14 candidates, but he
lost. He came in 7th. He won New Salem, but he lost out in the county. He then, John Calhoun
looked him up in 1833 and asked him if he would be the Deputy Salem County Surveyor.
So, Lincoln became this surveyor in 1833. He got out in the County, the people got to
know him, and they trusted him as a land surveyor. He ran for state representative in 1834 and
he won. So, we believe because he got known in the community, people trusted him is how
and why he got elected.
(Narrator) While the museum dedicates part of its mission to history, it also uses technology
to educate visitors.
If you have a museum with a name like National Museum of Surveying you need a hook. Well,
our hook is called Science on a Sphere and itís an exhibit by NOAA - National Oceanic
Atmospheric Administration. And it is a 60 inch globe that is hanging from the middle
of the ceiling and four projectors projects satellite imagery on that globe and the computers
time the projectors in a fashion that it looks like the globe is turning.
But also itís also about earth systemís science. The surveyors work with their system
and kind of divide it up. And also their role is satellites and mapping while these are
GIS programs and surveyors use satellite in GIS. Surveyors play a role in the weather.
So there are all these little connections. But, really when it comes down to it as you
can see you are like why not? You have the opportunity why say no to see the world as
you have never been able to see it before.
(Narrator) There are just 57 Science on the Spheres in the world and only 2 here in Illinois.
Data sets from NOAA allow different types of imagery and data to be projected onto the
One of the amazing features on Science on a Sphere is the NOAAs ability to give us current
events in a very timely fashion. So we have a data set that should always show the last
30 days of earth quake activity. Well, in March one of the earth quakes was this 9.0,
which caused the Japanese Tsunami. So you can see the waves propagate out. And actually
what youíre going to see a few days later if there is enough energy in this earth quake
to bounce the waves off of the coast of north and south America and they came back and hit
Japan a second time. And so what we are going to see here is probably one of the most important
images. It is the basically the heights of the waves, so you can see with the black part
here in the upper center of Japan, thatís roughly around 30 feet. And you can see as
the waves get smaller as they go out and you can see as it hits the coasts of south and
North America and what not. So this is just a snapshot of the Tsunami
(Narrator) Data sets are updated regularity so for returning students and visitors, thereís
always something new to see. With Science on the Sphere and historical artifacts and
displays The Museum is working to preserve surveying
history and its accomplishments while at the same time ensuring surveying future.
The average land surveyor is 60 years old and this is true throughout the country. When
things turn around we are going to need young people to get into land surveying. And just
like you said people donít know what land surveyors do. Young people donít know what
land surveyors do. So, we are trying to teach them. In fact, I have a grant from a company
that does the testing of young land surveyors. And we got a grant to be able to show them
what land surveyors do, why they do it, and why it is important.
The museum is open Tuesday through Saturday†10 am - 3 pm, with extended hours for groups
and special events. Some of our favorite adventures were ideas
that came from viewers like you. If you think thereís a place we should see or a person
we should meet, let us know about it. Just make sure itís in the Illinois, Indiana or
Missouri area. Drop us an e-mail at heartlandhighways@weiu.net, call us at 1-877-PBS-WEIU or send us a letter
to 600 Lincoln Avenue Charleston, IL 61920. Our next stop is to Sadorus, Illinois. This
small town, just south of Champaign has a rather unique museum. In the middle farm country,
far away from any ocean or port is the National Museum Ship Models and Sea History.
When I was a teenager, I built about six models. Three of which were airplanes and they all
crashed and I said enough of this. So, I stayed with ship models and then as I gradually grew
up and got to realize the amount history, the worldís history is really written in
ships, all the way from dugout canoes to the space station.
(Narrator) Combining a love for history and a career as an architect, Charles Lozar's
interest in ship models has grown from a hobby, into a one-of-a-kind museum.
I started out collecting ship models when I was in college. And then my wife and I were
in Europe for a couple of years and went around the world and I collected a number of ships
then. And then finally I had graduate studies in California. At that point in time, I was
aware of the movie models and I was able to make arrangements with Universal studios to
purchase 14 large movie models and drove back from California with them in a big truck and
my four children in another van. It was a long trip. [Laughing]
(Narrator) When his collection outgrew his home, garage and several other buildings,
Charles decided to purchase a building to house the entire collection.
We finally decided that we actually had to do something with all this big collection,
because I had actually never seen everything together myself. So, in about 1991 or í99
this building became available. And although it had a lot of space the building itself
was kind of a disaster but still had a big history. So, we purchased it for the space
thinking that we could spend about 6 months fixing it up and putting the models in it
and we didnít open till three and a half years later. It was a much bigger job than
I had anticipated. And as youíll see many of the models are not quite finished yet.
(Narrator) The building, which sits on the main street of Sadours was built in 1880 and
severed as a store, lodge, dance hall and auction house. After some much needed work
and restoration, the collection was moved in and quickly filled up the not only the
first floor, but the second floor as well. The museum is filled from top to bottom with
just about anything and everything related to ships, including models, artwork, advertising
and artifacts.
The one that you canít miss when you come in is the 27 foot model of the Queen Mary
made patiently out of a million toothpicks. Um yes itís difficult to understand why somebody
would do that, but it is very unusual and you can see the construction technique. Ití
built by Wayne Kusy he lives in Chicago. Another model of very good interest is 1963 model
of Cleopatraís Barge, which was used in the movie Cleopatra with Richard Burton and Liz
Taylor. Um on the second floor we also have the original model, which is about five feet
long from the movie Ben Hur, which was Charlton Heston. And then scattered throughout the
museum there are a number of rather well done models that have been imported from England.
Uh one of a War of 1812 Brigantine made out of teak and shipped to the house on the rock
in Wisconsin and purchased about 30 years ago. So, many of these have been in storage
for many years. My wife is very happy that they are out of the house now. Itís about
80% of the models need restoration. Um perhaps your cat got into the rigging and it didnít
survive very well. Um and the larger movie models like I had said have been sitting out
in Las Angles at Universals lot for 20 years before I bought them. So, consequently restoration
takes quite a bit of time. And the movie models nothing is to a standard scale, so everything
has to be built from scratch.
(Narrator) From early sailing ships, steamboats, fishing vessels, battleships and cruise ships
one can trace both the evolution of technology, but also the history of exploration.
The sea has always been an effort to get from one side of land to another. See whatís over
the hill or whatís over the ocean. So, you can explore as ship building moves from um
the early days up until recent ones. You can explore not only history, whose in power,
what kind of trade there is. But, also the techniques of construction from the ads to
cut down the forest and form the keels of ships to the development of underwater welding,
recently used on the oil rigs. So, when youíre looking at the entire history of the world
the exploration of the world and the universe also continues. Iíve also thought that the
next edition to the museum might be space ships, um because obviously in our imagery
exploring is part of our history.
(Narrator) For Charles, who serves as tour guide, restoration expert and museum curator,
there's still more work to be done, including expanding the collection.
Yes, actually I have a number of models that are in storage in Arizona. One of which, is
uh a 15 foot long model of the Queen Mary from Walt Disney and uh that is still in the
process of being restored very slowly. And I still look for models that are unique and
unusual uh to fill out areas of the collection.
Models represent so much in terms of the construction ability of the individual that can actually
make them. And youíre actually making a piece of history. Youíre not really reinterpreting
history as an artist would, but youíre really duplicating it at a small scale.
And since weíre talking about boats, we thought it would be fun to revisit our story about
Chet Turner from Neoga, Illinois. Chet is the only person in the county who commercially
builds the Y flyer sailboat. The Y flyer is a one-design class of boat thatís been around
since the 1940ís. We stopped by his shop to see how the boats are made and then watched
as the Y flyers raced in the annual Rivera Regatta.
Until youíve actually experienced it, itís hard to explain the feeling you get from making
a machine do what you want it to do, and being in control.
(Narrator)Chet Turner started sailing as a kid in the early 60ís when his summers were
spent at his familyís cabin on Lake Mattoon, IL
For one thing my folks didnít care that much about power boats, so we didnít have one,
but I had friends that did have them, and I had the sail boats, so it worked out real
well. When the wind blew we sailed, and when the wind didnít blow we went skiing.
(Narrator) It was Chetís father Charlie who started building sailboats for himself and
his friends. Eventually he came across the design for the Y Flyer, a boat originally
design as a trainer for the e scow sailboat. We uh, built several, or helped people build
several boats out of wood, during the 60s and developed a fleet here on Lake Mattoon,
and of course they immediately started racing. And then they started traveling, because there
are other fleets throughout the country that do the same thing, and uh, it just kind of
ballooned from there. (Narrator) Chet and his dad eventually turned
to boat making full time in the early 70ís and today most of the Y-flyers on the water
have been made by the Turners. I think since the early 70s, 35 years or so,
weíve built 210 boats or something like that. The design is, itís got high performance,
so the boat will get over its bow away and plane, giving the sensation of tremendous
speed in only a 12 mile an hour breeze. On the other hand, itís very stable, and itís
an easy boat to sail, so kids and older people donít have any problem handling the boat,
and getting the performance out of it that the athletes can get.
(Narrator) The Y-Flyer was designed to be made out of marine plywood and at home, which
is still done today. However, most people opt for a fiberglass boat made by Chet. His
boats are a composite with a foam core, sandwiched between two layers of fiberglass. Since the
Y Flyer is a one-design class, each boat is the same and follows exact specifications
set by the American Y Flyer Racing Association. The color and graphic designs, however, are
up to the discretion of each customer. The first thing that goes against the mold
is the color, and itís a very thick resin that has the pigment in it. Um, if you want
a white piece, you spray the mold with a white gel coat, if you want a graphic you actually
mask of the mold in the shape you want the graphic to be, spray one of the colors, pull
the tape up, and the mold is exposed so you can apply the other color.
(Narrator) Layers of fiber glass sheets are laid into the mold against the gel coat and
resin is applied. Next, the foam core layer goes in, followed by more fiber glass. This
layering process gives the boat strength and durability, yet is lightweight. Because the
entire process is a race against the clock and can be quite hectic at different points,
Chetís wife Lela plays an important role. And finally the moment of truth arrives when
the finished boat pops out of the mold, revealing the color and design for the first time. After
all the boats heís made over the years, itís ironic that Chet currently doesnít own one
for himself. Itís like the cobbler with no shoes, you
know. I almost had one but the one was going to sale in the regatta, sold it 2 weeks before
the regatta. (Narrator) The rigging, mast, sails and covers
are also put together in the shop. While the entire boat is fiberglass, there are still
two piece made of wood, the rutter and the tiller. The finished boats have been sold
to customers around the country to people looking to race or pleasure sail.
Two people normally sail the boat, but uh, we regularly single hand them. Itís not real
hard for one person to sail, unless itís real windy. You can sail 4 people comfortably.
I think one time we had 11 people and a dog on board. We probably shouldnít have.
(Narrator) The second weekend in June is the annual Riviera Regatta, so it was the perfect
time to see the Y-Flyers in action. All the major fleets generally have an annual
event where they invite everyone else. A big event, just a fun way of doing things. Over
the years, thatís developed into uh, what they call, the MAC, the Mid-America Cup Conference.
Uh, so if you attend at least 3 of the 6 regattas during the season, you can qualify for the
overall championship, and they score your best 3 regattas, the best races, the best
3 youíve done. (Narrator) Sailors from a number of states
came to compete with most of the boat having been made by Chet. In a race like this, where
each boat is the same, it becomes a test of sailor and crew.
Itís the guy with the big picture, uh, that can take it all in and has the experience
and has the ability to handle the boat in that condition, and put together all the details.
Uh, whether itís knowing what your competition is going to do in a given situation or knowing
uh, what to expect the wind to do, or uh, positioning yourself to take advantage of
the opportunities available. (Narrator) Since he started racing, Chet has
won a number of national and international Y-Flyer races. In 1971 at age 17, he won the
international championship. Oh, I think Iím competitive, yeah, uh, I
may have slowed down a little bit, but Iím not farÖIím not far off the pace.
(Narrator) More than winning a race, what brings these people together is a love of
sailing that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and walks of life.
I think what keeps people especially in Y Flyer class, gets them coming back, is the
other people. Itís just a great group of people, nationwide.
If youíd like to purchase a copy of any Heartland Highways program contact us at 1-877-727-9348
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Looks like itís time to sail away for this week. If you would like to see full episodes
of our show from this season or previous seasons, go to our YouTube page at www.youtube.com/weiutv.
Weíll see
you next time. [music]