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bjbj G8 Summit What is the? HYPERLINK http://www.env.go.jp/earth/g8/en/index.html http://www.env.go.jp/earth/g8/en/index.html
HYPERLINK http://www.env.go.jp/earth/g8/en/index.html http://www.env.go.jp/earth/g8/en/index.html
HYPERLINK http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/summit/2008/index.html http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/summit/2008/index.html
HYPERLINK http://www.city.kobe.jp/index-e.html http://www.city.kobe.jp/index-e.html Nel meeting
di Kobe , ci sar uno scambio di opinioni che si focalizzeranno su tre temi: - Cambiamenti
Climatici - Biodiversit - Le 3R ( Riduzione, Riuso, Ricliclaggio) At the Meeting in Kobe,
there will be an exchange of opinions with the focus mainly on the three themes of climate
change, biodiversity and the 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle) The Group of Eight (G8)
Summit is an annual meeting attended by the leaders of the eight countries, namely, Canada,
France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America,
and the President of the European Commission. "Summit" in the strict sense means a leaders'
meeting, but it usually refers to a series of meetings which include those of foreign
ministers and finance ministers that are held prior to the leaders' meeting. At the Summit,
leaders freely and vigorously exchange opinions on a variety of issues facing the global community
centering on economic and social problems. They work to reach a consensus to make top-down
decisions. The results are then compiled into a declaration. In a globalized world, countries
are becoming increasingly interdependent. Events unfold with drastic speed and the impact
of events becomes more significant beyond national borders. Flexible, resolute, and
well-balanced decisions as well as effective measures are needed in order to deal with
such situation. Unlike other international forums, the G8 Summit does not have a secretariat,
but can make appropriate decisions and swiftly implement measures as the leaders -- who are
in a position to comprehensively oversee the various fields in their countries -- will
act decisively in the meeting. The host country of the Summit holds the G8 presidency for
the entire calendar year. The Presidency carries out preparatory meetings and prepares for
the Summit meeting, Foreign Ministers' meeting and Finance Ministers' meeting. Furthermore,
the Presidency may call for emergency meetings as necessary in light of international situations
at a given time. In the past, Japan has assumed the G8 Presidency for four times, namely,
in 1979, 1986, 1993, and 2000. In 2008, Japan will assume the Presidency for the fifth time
and will hold the Summit in Hokkaido Toyako. Background of the Summit In the early 1970s,
developed countries, faced with various problems such as the Nixon Shock (devaluation of the
dollar) and the first oil crisis, began to realize the need for a top-level forum to
discuss, in a comprehensive manner, policy coordination for global economic issues such
as macro economy, currencies, trade, and energy. Against this backdrop, the first summit meeting
was held as proposed by Mr. Val ry Giscard d'Estaing, then-President of France among
the six countries, namely France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United States, and the United
Kingdom, at the Chateau de Rambouillet in the suburbs of Paris in November 1975. As
the result of the Rambouillet Summit of 1975 was recognized the importance of a forum of
the leaders of developed countries to discuss policy coordination to address global economic
issues. Since then, the leaders have had an annual meeting with the rotating presidency
among the countries. Later, in addition to global economic issues, political issues appeared
on the agenda, which included East-West confrontation arising from the Cold War, international issues
following the end of the Cold War, North-South issues, along with world affairs of the times.
Furthermore, global issues, such as environment, drugs, terrorism, AIDS and other infectious
diseases, were added to the agenda. In this manner, the importance of the Summit is becoming
greater and greater as a forum for policy coordination among the major developed countries.
What is the G8 Summit? The Group of Eight (G8) Summit is an annual meeting attended
by the leaders of the eight countries, namely, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia,
the United Kingdom, and the United States of America, and the President of the European
Commission. "Summit" in the strict sense means a leaders' meeting, but it usually refers
to a series of meetings which include those of foreign ministers and finance ministers
that are held prior to the leaders' meeting. At the Summit, leaders freely and vigorously
exchange opinions on a variety of issues facing the global community centering on economic
and social problems. They work to reach a consensus to make top-down decisions. The
results are then compiled into a declaration. In a globalized world, countries are becoming
increasingly interdependent. Events unfold with drastic speed and the impact of events
becomes more significant beyond national borders. Flexible, resolute, and well-balanced decisions
as well as effective measures are needed in order to deal with such situation. Unlike
other international forums, the G8 Summit does not have a secretariat, but can make
appropriate decisions and swiftly implement measures as the leaders -- who are in a position
to comprehensively oversee the various fields in their countries -- will act decisively
in the meeting. The host country of the Summit holds the G8 presidency for the entire calendar
year. The Presidency carries out preparatory meetings and prepares for the Summit meeting,
Foreign Ministers' meeting and Finance Ministers' meeting. Furthermore, the Presidency may call
for emergency meetings as necessary in light of international situations at a given time.
In the past, Japan has assumed the G8 Presidency for four times, namely, in 1979, 1986, 1993,
and 2000. In 2008, Japan will assume the Presidency for the fifth time and will hold the Summit
in Hokkaido Toyako. Background of the Summit In the early 1970s, developed countries, faced
with various problems such as the Nixon Shock (devaluation of the dollar) and the first
oil crisis, began to realize the need for a top-level forum to discuss, in a comprehensive
manner, policy coordination for global economic issues such as macro economy, currencies,
trade, and energy. Against this backdrop, the first summit meeting was held as proposed
by Mr. Val ry Giscard d'Estaing, then-President of France among the six countries, namely
France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom, at the Chateau
de Rambouillet in the suburbs of Paris in November 1975. As the result of the Rambouillet
Summit of 1975 was recognized the importance of a forum of the leaders of developed countries
to discuss policy coordination to address global economic issues. Since then, the leaders
have had an annual meeting with the rotating presidency among the countries. Later, in
addition to global economic issues, political issues appeared on the agenda, which included
East-West confrontation arising from the Cold War, international issues following the end
of the Cold War, North-South issues, along with world affairs of the times. Furthermore,
global issues, such as environment, drugs, terrorism, AIDS and other infectious diseases,
were added to the agenda. In this manner, the importance of the Summit is becoming greater
and greater as a forum for policy coordination among the major developed countries. HYPERLINK
http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/summit/2008/info/map.html http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/summit/2008/info/map.html
At the Meeting in Kobe, there will be an exchange of opinions with the focus mainly on the three
themes of climate change, biodiversity and the 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle) (1)Climate
Change Climate change is one of the major challenges of the 21st century. At Heiligendamm
Summit 2007, Japan s proposal Cool Earth 50 was introduced by the former Prime Minister
of Japan, Shinzo Abe. Consequently, the G8 leaders have agreed on seriously considering
at least a halving of global greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 . We will further develop
this agreement and aim to find effective measures to combat climate change with a focus on realizing
a Low-Carbon Society, promoting Co-benefits Approach which integrates efforts to address
pollution and climate change, and mainstreaming adaptation to climate change into development
policies. (2)Biodiversity Biodiversity is the basis of all living creatures and indispensable
to the prosperity of mankind. There are high expectations for a ministerial-level discussion
on conservation and sustainable use of the world s biodiversity as heading toward the
10th COP to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Japan is proposing to host in 2010, which
is also the International Year of Biodiversity and the target year of 2010 Biodiversity Target
(3)3Rs At the Sea Island Summit 2004, 3R Initiatives , a proposal made by Junichiro Koizumi, then
Prime Minister of Japan, was endorsed by the G8 leaders to build a sound material-cycle
society by Reducing wastes and Reusing & Recycling resources. A further development
of initiatives for these issues and other related matters will also be discussed. G8
Summit What is the giuseppe Normal giuseppe Microsoft Word 8.0 G8 Summit What is the Title
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