How to draw like an architect, pt.1 - The Floor Plan

Uploaded by howtoarchitect on 29.12.2009

Hi. Im Doug Patt and this is the How to draw like an architect series. Part 1. The floor
plan. A floor plan is a drawing showing the layout of a building. It shows information
as though a section was cut through the walls of a building at about 3 to 4 feet above the
finish floor. The information it includes is varied. Its drawn in order to show the
relationship between walls, doors, windows, cabinetry, furniture, floor finishes, mechanical
elements and in general different spaces in a building. A floor plan can include a lot
of detailed information including the construction materials. In order to show this information
youll need to know what the physical materials your walls are composed of in order to represent
them accurately in a drawing. This first floor plan shows the walls without detailed material
information and represents more of a presentation drawing or one that might be shown to a client
in say, the design development phase. The walls are shown in a dark poche. The spaces
on the interior are left lighter and indicated floor finishes. In this case hardwood and
stone. The windows are shown with slightly more detail set into the walls. The doors
of the house are shown with a curve to show the direction they swing. The exteior profile
of the entire building should always be shown in a slightly darker line to indicate very
clearly the perameters of the building. This particular floor plan shows ,what you will
see in later episodes, is a shingle style home. As you can see from the plan a small
driveway runs through the house. Ive designed the house to have quarters for domestic help,
a mudroom and large kitchen directly accessible from the driveway. A dining room off the kitchen,
a generous foyer with stair to the second floor and bath. A family room with large fireplace
and a study off the family room. Youll notice that the exterior walls are drawn thicker
than the interior ones. This is because the exterior walls have a stone veneer and wood
framing with plaster interior finish. This creates a thick wall above the stone veneer
that makes the walls look very substantial from the exterior. The interior walls are
drawn more narrowly at approximately 6 representing 2x6 framing with plaster finish. Youll also
want to include furniture in a presentation drawing to give the floor plan scale and familiarity.
Also notice that the furniture and floor finishes are drawn with light lines whereas the walls
are drawn with thicker lines. This is done to reinforce the building elements as the
most critical to
the viewer. Well take a look at an elevation in for Part 2. See you next time.