John Watson Pequeno Albert legendado


Uploaded by mlb354 on 04.06.2012

Transcript:

But not everyone believes that biology is destiny.
For many scientists it's your experiences in life, your
upbringing, your education, your environment.
Chief among these scientists is psychologist, John Watson,
who offers a theory that is the
mirror opposite of Eugenics.
This was the heyday of hereditarians and geneticists,
who said that human beings we're constrained by their
genetic inheritance.
And Watson was saying, that this is baloney.
That human beings were shaped, solely, by their environment.

Over the years, Watson studies the behavior of babies,
hundreds of them.
To Watson, we arrive in the world a blank
slate, tabula rasa.
Nearly everything is learned.
Even things we think are instinctual, like fear.

To prove that environment is more powerful than genetics,
Watson designs an experiment for an infant,
known as Little Albert.
He's so confident, he films it for posterity.

At first, Albert shows little fear, even when Watson places
a burning newspaper in front of him.

Albert is also unafraid when he encounters a white rat for
the first time in his life.
But then Watson shows Albert the rat accompanied by a loud
clanging noise.
One of the few things that upsets Little Albert.

And he does it again.
And does it again.

Eventually, Albert learns to fear not just the rat, but all
furry things, even without the loud noise.
In Watson's mind, the Little Albert experiment is a success
because it proves that fears are learned, not inherited.

Watson calls his theory Behaviorism and begins to
popularized it.
He urges parents to take active control of their
children's upbringing by shaping their environment.

To think of the home as a scientific laboratory.

But Watson's interest in childhood is purely
professional.

He didn't like children much.
He referred to them, in one of his many statements, as always
squalling and shouting and dirty and wanting to be fed
and sort of a nuisance.
It's clear he didn't particularly like them in his
own environment, but he felt that the good of society
required shaping individuals right from day one, and to do
that right from day one, you have to start with the babies.
Ebullient and self-promoting, Watson gathers a wide and
appreciative audience, which holds in high esteem any
scientific thinking on the subject of children rearing.

Science was increasingly important
in the popular mindset.
If Science said something, if scientists tested, if
scientists experimented, well, then it must be so.
What the appeal of Behaviorism runs deeper.
It's egalitarian philosophy and outlook seems to reflect
the very spirit of democracy.
Watson was the voice of the American dream.
The American dream was, that this is the land of
opportunity.
You can become what you would like to be even if
you're not there yet.
And at least if you don't do it in your lifetime, this is
the land, in which your children can do it.