Neuschwanstein Castle Documentary (English Subtitles) Part 3/3


Uploaded by ArnoNiehm on 11.03.2011

Transcript:
The closer the completion of Neuschwanstein the more luxuriat his imagination gets.
Despite debts, he plans another magnificent buildings.
The Hall of Mirrors at Herrenchiemsee, about 100 meters long, exceeds its pattern at Versailles.
Herrenchiemsee is Ludwig's homage to Louis XIV.
He has even his own portrait painted in the style of the French Sun King.
All of this looks incredibly chic, but only 20 of 70 rooms are completed.
Behind the shining facade, Herrenchiemsee remains a shell.
Ludwig is broke.
Demanding surety from the state, Ludwig is shown the red card by his ministers.
But ignoring everything, he commissions plans for a Byzantin palace.
Not far away from Neuschwanstein, Falkenstein Castle is to grow into the sky.
He even intends to put a Chinese summer palace into the Alps.
At Neuschwanstein, he just gets started the interior finish.
The best is just about good enough. The technololy has to be state-of-the-art.
All rooms are heated by a central heating.
The Study is equipped with Bavaria's first telephone system.
The switchboard operator can put straight through the king.
At least in theory.
Even an automatic toilet flushing system is installed.
An electric call system indicates the sevants the origin of the call.
Everything as modern as possible for His Majesty.
But Ludwig also moves with the times as far as his workers are concerned.
Comprehensive insurance: an absolute novelty.
Sick pay and bereavement leave.
Nowadays, we call this "social welfare".
Meanwhile, the king himself becomes a welfare case.
Being that broke, he is threatened with attachment by his creditors.
Therefore, the Knights' Bathhouse remains a bare brickwork.
Actually, it should have looked like that.
Marbled, equipped with a heated pool.
It remains a fantasy.
Neuschwanstein costs twice as much as expected: the equivalent of 100 million euros.
But Ludwig will not hear of it.
Receiving guests only rarely, he shuts himself off even to his closest confidant.
- Your Majesty, the ministers refuse further bonds on your future revenues.
- What? How dare these parvenues?
Dismiss that bandits! Put together a new cabinet
consisting of people knowing how to behave towards their king!
- By your leave, Your Majesty, this will be futile. I considered every possibility.
Nobody wants to grant further advances. All sources are exhausted.
- I order you to settle this matter! - But I have already said...
- Are you disobeying my orders?
- Your Majesty, I ask you to dismiss me from office.
- Go away! Leave me alone!
Traitor.
"Since the lamentable condition of the cabinet treasury and since the interruption of my projects
that I attach an incredibly importance to,
I have lost the most important joy of living.
I urge you to contribute to the fullfilling of my most fervent wish."
That sounds like a letter to Santa Claus, written by an eight-year-old,
but that is what King Ludwig writes to his interior minister.
because even Hollenstein, a fast friend over the years, turned his back on him.
Like a drug dealer, Hollenstein provided money for the addicted king and his dream castles.
This time is now past.
Ludwig loses his last advocate.
His fall cannot be stopped anymore.
In Munich, his ministers begin to question his mental health.
The king senses a conspiracy and gets paranoid.
Everywhere, he imagines villains attempting on his life.
Now, he only dines alone with imaginary guests,
mostly Louis XIV.
A lift taking the dining table from the basement to his chamber
makes sure the king has not to face anyone. Not even his servants.
Alone with himself and his world, he has Wagner operas performed.
He rides on his putto sleigh.
Inside the artificial grotto at Linderhof Palace, a waterfall plunges into a heated lake.
As the whim takes him, he changes the lighting.
Bavaria's first power plant, located in the forest, provides the electricity needed.
The design of a peacock vehicle equipped with a balloon
is the highlight of his gadgets.
Ludwig inteded to hover across Alp Lake in this way.
This vehicle was to be drawn by a steam engine.
Did the king of Bavaria really lose his mind?
Or is it just the expression of a misunderstood visionary's loneliness?
Inventors are always considered maddish, and I think that also applies to Ludwig.
Of course, people in his sorrounding not believing in modern times and inventions
assumed that the king completely lost his mind.
Decades later, a certain Count Zeppelin will design huge airships whose functional principles
are not unsimilar to Ludwig's peacock vehicle.
These airships will not fly across Alp Lake but across the Atlantic to New York.
But Ludwig's ministers consider the monarch insane.
Or rather they want to because they seek for a reason to depose him.
Examining the royal correspondence, they find the design of th peacock vehicle.
Immediately, they commission a psychological evaluation.
A certain Doctor Gudden provides it without examining his patient personally,
only based of reports submitted to him.
At Neuschwanstein, a government commission detains Ludwig and declares him insane.
What follows is a drama with a tragic conclusion remaining unsolved until today.
In the night of the 11th of July 1886, the deposed king
is taken from Neuschwanstein to Berg Palace at Lake Starnberg.
Now, he is placed under arrest being under constant observation by two physicians.
Calling the king's incapacitation and deposition and the installing of a regency a coup d'etat
seems to me no exaggeration.
The cabinet's motive was not the welfare of the state but its own survival.
One day later, Ludwig and the psychiatrist Gudden go for a walk at Lake Starnberg.
Hours later, both are recovered dead from the water.
Was it murder? Was it suicide?
Even today, myths surround Ludwig's death.
A huge black flag is set up on the mountain behind Neuschwanstein.
On the building sites, everything grinds to a halt.
Even after Ludwig's death, most people do not understand him,
but his tragic fate moves the people. Compassion turns into admiration:
the prelude to his rebirth as
one of the first media stars of the modern age.
1892, a simplified version of the castle is accomplished.
The huge keep is not erected anymore. So, the castle remains uncompleted until today.
Also the magnificent Court Chapel beneath the keep
just as the Moorish Hall only exist as plans.
"I wish to remain an eternal enigma to myself and to others."
This is what King Ludwig wrote about himself.
Undoubtedly, he achieved this aim.
But precisely his mysterious and contradictory character makes Ludwig that insteresting,
and even after his death, the story of the fairy-tale king remains a mystery.
Though he had enacted that no ordinary mortal
should ever be allowed to set foot into his castles,
the gates of Neuschwanstein are opened for his subjects already six weeks after his death.
Nowadays, the entire world comes to this place
and marvels
at a king without power,
at a throne hall without a throne.
For some, Neuschwanstein is the epitome of triviality, kitsch and commerce,
a Disneyland located in the Bavarian Alps.
Others regard Ludwig's Grail castle as a highlight of historism.
Without doubt, Neuschwanstein is one of the greatest pioneering achievements of architecture and craft.
A true super building.