Tuesday, Jan. 10, 2012 - Evening Edition

Uploaded by KPBSSanDiego on 11.01.2012

>>> And
San Diego researchers make some interesting discovers about women's sexual health over
40. KPBS Evening Edition starts now.
>> JOANNE: Hello thanks for joining us, I'm Joanne Faryon
>> DWANE: I'm Dwane brown. The city of San Diego has taken it's first
step toward unraveling it's redevelopment agencies.
>> JOANNE: The city council has voted to have San Diego take over as the successor agency
overseeing the completion of projects already in the works.
How that will work is being determined. City leaders say they will try to recreate
some form of redevelopment. >> DWANE: San Diego city council is putting
a new emphasis on bringing more jobs to town, today they created a committee to work on
job creation focusing on topics from worker education to attracting and retaining businesses.
>> JOANNE: District attorney Bonnie Dumanis says if she is elected mayor she will donate
her salary to the education. She is pledging not to take a city pension
but will be eligible to collect a county pension. >> DWANE: Property owners in the back countries
are unhappy with the county's new plan reducing the number of homes that can be built on the
land. The plan more than a decade in the works was
approved last year. The power plant in San Onofri is being made
safer for workers and to produce more power, unit 2 will take two months and unit three
will take the SAME amount of time in the fall. Joanne and her guest are talking about the
difference between military and civilian justice over at the KPBS Evening Edition evening round
table. >> JOANNE: Staff Sergeant Frank woodridge
is the last soldier to be tried in the Hadetha killings and an investigation was delayed
into the killings and pursued since this video and questions from a "time magazine" reporters
were presented. Whether the Marines were justified in their
actions will determine and could impact the relations between the U.S. and Iraq.
Joining me in brigadier general John Miran, general, thank you for being here.
>>> Thank you for having me. >> JOANNE: I mentioned that many of the facts
of the case have been established. We know that this squad was hit by an explosive
device, IED, one of theirs was killed and the squad was led to a couple of nearby homes
on the way they stopped a vehicle, five men were killed, many of them shot in the back
and in these homes were women and children unarmed were killed.
How does one mount a Donna Frye when you have facts like those steering in the face?
>> We start with the fact that your premise is wrong we don't know all of the facts, relevant
facts. We don't know what was in Frank woodridge's
mind, the direction that he got from his senior, we do not know what training he had, we do
not know what he observed or heard, for example, one of the sounds supposedly heard by woodridge
as he came upon the entrance to the room in the first house was a sound of an AK 47 rifle
being wraked, meaning there was something behind the door that could kill him.
That is a stimulus for his response, kicking in the door in accordance with your training,
throwing in a grenade, follow as indicated with superior force to preclude getting hurt
to preclude any problems. >> JOANNE: Is this the fundamental difference
in terms of how civilians may see this scene of events or this incident or justice and
how someone in the military perceives it? Does this go to the heart of rules of engagement?
>> Military actions are governed by a lot of things starting with international law
which establishes the rules of war, our own internal national laws, and then the rules
of engagement, and all of these are establishing boundaries for behavior in the craziness of
a war setting. These boundaries provide guidance, don't use
deadly force unless you can identify someone who is hostile.
You can identify hostile situation. Try to imagine being in a setting in a foreign
country with people shooting at you with intelligence information part of the information which
you didn't present. It's indicated that this town is hostile,
that there has just been an explosion which is likely a command detonated explosion which
means someone had a visual vantage point from where they were to have the IED go off.
Logically wouldn't you look to find a place where that person might have been standing.
>> JOANNE: We know that Frank woodridge was young at the time, 25, first time in combat
that these decisions were made in the heat of the moment, they had just seen one of their
own killed. Is there not even given that, is there ever
culpability, though, in terms of maybe making those decisions too quickly, not being experienced
enough to make those decisions? >> Culpability generally comes as a result
of some intentional, bad act where it's not a question of making a judgment call, it's
a question of you lose control of yourself or your men.
You react as the government has suggested in the past in this case, you react from anger,
my deer friend, my brother was blown up and his charred remains are along the side of
the road, I'm going to get those bastards. I don't think that's what happened but if
it is what happened there should be accountability. >> JOANNE: I mentioned the relationship between
the U.S. and Iraq, and the reason I did so is "the Washington post" reported earlier
this month that the reason we pulled soldiers out of Iraq is because they couldn't tomorrow
to an agreement with the government about immunity, and they cited this case as an example.
>>> This is one vignette in a long war, almost nine years of war and there have been many
of these kinds of vignettes where unfortunate results occur and that is not equivalent to
crill behavior, unfortunate result is an occasion to look back and say what could we do differently,
if anything, to avoid this fortunate result. You can't reason back from unfortunate result
to this person needs to be locked up. >> JOANNE: General, thank you for being here.
>>> My pleasure. >> DWANE: Researchers at UC San Diego have
surprising findings about women's sexuality, we'll talk to them in just a moment and tourism
is on the rebound in San Diego what officials are projecting for this year coming up.
This is
Evening Edition. >> DWANE: Yesterday we told you a small drop
in gas prices would probably be temporary, it lasted just a day, with prices going up
this morning and analysts are saying researchers are catching up to the higher costs.
Well tourism is making a come back after a three year slump in San Diego.
It is the third largest industry behind the military and manufacturing.
>>> Every time I come here I wonder why anyone who lives here every moves anywhere else.
>> DWANE: Kirsten Olsen attends meetings here and she and about 4,000 others are meeting at the San Diego convention center downtown,
and half of them are in charge of deciding where organizations will hold their next big
conference. >>> We're an industry that has to have people
that feel good about spending money. >> DWANE: He says the average tourist spends
about $500 here and that is a big boost for the local economy.
>>> We're excited about the fact that we had a good 2011 and 2012 is look up and we're
look at a 6 to 8% increase in the overall performance of tourism in San Diego which
is very nice. >> DWANE: Tourist atransactions and the great
weather aren't the only thing, they have a thirst for something else.
>>> The other thing is San Diego has become known for the craft beer scene.
Between us and either Seattle or the Portland area up in the Pacific Northwest the hot bed
for craft beers. >> DWANE: San Diego's tourism industry generates
lots of revenue, and that helps to maintain parks, recreation, firefighter stations and
other things. Comicon is heading back to San Diego and the organizers are changing things, you
can get an online ID to buy a badge but the badges are not on sail yet and they aren't
saying when this will be. San Diego scientists made headlines last week
with a new study looking at women's sexuality, and Joanne spoke with one of the researchers.
>> JOANNE: San Diego research study has made some interesting discoveries when it comes
to women's sexuality in particularly women over 40, this was published in the "American
journal of medicine" and it's conclusion may surprise you, joining me is Susan Trumpeter,
thanks for being here. >>> Thank you.
>> JOANNE: What did your study set out to do.
>>> We set out to analyze sexual parameters in community dwelling women of which there
was very little data that had been published. We used data from the Rancho Bernardo cohart
a group of people recruited and everybody in the community was invited to participate
a free exam and enrollment was done at that time and this group of people has been followed
for the last almost forty years. We had originally 6,600 and now there are
1400 remaining. >> JOANNE: What did you ask these women in
terms of this new study, these new findings? >> We used something called the female sexual
function index, it is a questionnaire, it's extensive, but after documentation about their
menopausal status and whether they were on hormone replacement therapy, we asked about
sexual activity over the past month and if they had engaged in sexual activity we proceeded
to ask questions regarding sexual arousal, lubrication, orgasim and then we asked about
emotional closeness during sexual activity and we concluded with questions on sexual
satisfaction. >> JOANNE: What was the big, surprising thing
that you learned after you gathered all of this?
>> Well, our data was similar to other published data as far as sexual activity is concerned,
50% of the women reported sexual activity in the last month.
Women, though, continue to be sexually active into older age and they reported high levels
of arousal, lubrication and orgasim also into older age and the oldest group were women
over 80 and this was an interesting finding. We also found that despite this activity and
these other levels, sexual desire was reported to be quite low in most of the women.
>> JOANNE: So they could have sexual satisfaction yet not have sexual desire?
>> Absolutely, most of the women actually did not have much sexual desire.
There was a higher instance of sexual desire in the younger women but that definitely seemed
to decrease dramatically with age but that did not seem to alter the sexual the sexual
experience. >> JOANNE: And isn't low sexual desires considered
dysfunction for these women? >> Originally when research began pertaining
to women's sexuality 30 plus years ago all women that had low sexual desire were categorized
as such. It wasn't until 2000 when the criteria changed
to include personal distress, but by this time there was an inertia with this problem
that we had with women who had low sexual desire.
There was a sub group of women who have low sexual desire and are personally distressed
by this and this seems to be focused on the menopausal age range.
>> JOANNE: You concluded that these women were report that go they had sexual satisfaction
but they didn't necessarily have sex. >>> Absolutely we found a group of women that
were satisfied without sexual activity at all and I think I think that that group experienced
satisfaction through other means, touching, car ressing, sharing time together, intimacies
that have developed over the course of a long relationship, perhaps.
>> JOANNE: If your study contributes forward removing the fact that women have distress
because of low sexual desire, what does that mean, you can take away the label attached
to this? >> There are different models of sexuality
that apply to different women and while there is a linear model where women have sexual
desire that goes on to arousal, et cetera, there is a significant group of women who
have a healthy sexual experience without preceding sexual desire.
They enter into that situation because they want to keep their partner happy or keep and
nurture the relationship. >> JOANNE: Doctor, thank you for being here.
>>> Absolutely. >> DWANE: Chula Vista police department are
turning to tracking bracelets to keep seniors safe, police say it can help them locate missing
seniors quickly. We will look at free speech in San Diego in
just a moment. This is KPBS Evening Edition.
>> DWANE: The next time you accuse someone of getting on their soap box you might want
to think about the San Diego connection to that phrase as Joanne's next guest explains
it can be traced back 100 years to the city center.
>> JOANNE: Imagine being told you don't have a right to free speech because a local ordinance
bans you from speak anywhere near the city center.
This is not the story of occupy San Diego but a tale that goes back 100 years.
This year marks the centennial of the San Diego "free speech" fight.
Joining me is Jim Miller, author of "flash" based on the San Diego free speech fight and
he teaches labor studies at San Diego city college.
Thanks for being here. >>> Thanks for having me.
>> JOANNE: Tell us about the fight? >> Industrial workers in the world and there
were 50 in San Diego at the time were using soap boxing to organize workers in the gas
lamp which was then the multi ethnic working class district of San Diego and this was such
an irritant to John spreckle and the city's elite that they responded by moving in an
ordinance banning free speech and this was met with resistance by the IWW, who brought
5,000 people into San Diego to resist this and the response to that was a wave of terror
like when Emma goldman and her partner came to San Diego and her partner was captured,
tortured, tarred and feathered and driven to Los Angeles and told never to come back
to San Diego and there were people killed and jailed during this period.
>> JOANNE: So much violence, right? Isn't that what attracted national attention
to San Diego's fight? >> Right because you could say in some regard
they could have ignored the IWW, it wasn't a large organization at the time but it was
a hysterical reaction of the powers that be in San Diego that had this international response
to the events in San Diego because people who maybe didn't necessarily agree with the
politics of the IWW said if you can do this to them you can do it to me.
If I'm a preacher who wants to preach on the street corner or anybody who is a member of
another organization and thinks you have the right to public assembly those rights were
at stake, too. >> JOANNE: How long did it take for them to
win the right to free speech to overturn the ordinance?
>> It was a long struggle, the violence, the terror went on for months and it wasn't until
1915 when the ban was overturned, so this was not a quick incident in the history of
San Diego, but eventually those rights to picket, public assembly, to speak in public
were restored but the lesson is anybody who enjoys those rights today needs to remember
that they can and have been taken away and it's important that people fight to maintain
those rights. >> JOANNE: Is there something we can take
away from this with the occupy San Diego example as well with knowing this history?
>> It's a good example of people insisting on free speech rights and even if you don't
agree with "occupy" it's important that we respect those rights.
>> JOANNE: Tell us about the events celebrating this anniversary?
>> Go to www.aft.org and there is an events page and we are going to have an event at
city college on January 26th, a big event sponsored by the labor council in downtown
San Diego at 5th and E and you can find out more about those and other events.
>> JOANNE: And you can go to our web site www.kpbs.org/news/evening edition.
Jim Miller thanks for being here. >>> Thank you.
>> JOANNE: And now time for our own soap box, the public square.
An update on governor Jerry brown's tax initiative according to the nonpartisan legislative analysts
office, the hike would only raise $5 billion, not $7 billion as the governor stated.
Selma in Rancho San Diego says "I'm sure I speak for most San Diego taxpayers when I
say that we don't mind helping to clear the deficit rather than see our further cuts to
our children's education however we need to know this is a once off tax.
>> JOANNE: We can tell you that the tax hike if approved is supposed to expire after 5
years, as far as how much that costs you that depends on how much you buy because you will
pay more in sales tax. In terms of how much you earn that will determine
how much more you pay in income tax. If you earn $250,000 or less your taxes won't
probably be affected. Tomorrow I will be interviewing NPR's CEO
Gary Nau. If you like us, follow us on Twitter, like
us on Facebook or email me. Let's go back to Dwane for a recap of today's
stories. >> DWANE: The San Diego redevelopment committee
will take over projects. And the county is hearing about reduced property
values in the back country. You can watch any stories you saw tonight
on our web site, www.kpbs.org/news/evening edition.
Thanks for joining us, you have a great night. We leave with you a look at the cooler forecast.
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