Stage Management - Practical Technical Theater DVD Series


Uploaded by theatrefolk on 30.01.2012

Transcript:
A BIG PART OF STAGE MANAGING IS SHOWING THE ACTORS
AND THE OTHER CREW MEMBERS THAT THEY'RE IN GOOD HANDS.
YOU DON'T WANT ANYONE SPENDING ANY ENERGY WONDERING
IF YOU'RE UP TO YOUR JOB AS A STAGE MANAGER.
YOU WANT TO MAKE IT POSSIBLE FOR THEM
TO CONCENTRATE ON THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES
AND NOT WORRY ABOUT YOU. YOU CAN ALLOW THEM TO FOCUS ON
THEIR DUTIES AND THEIR ART BY SHOWING THEM,
RIGHT OFF THE BAT, THAT YOU HAVE STAGE MANAGEMENT
COVERED, AND ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS
THEY WILL SEE FROM YOU IS THE TAPE JOB ON THE FLOOR.
AS A STAGE MANAGER, IT'S ONE OF YOUR MORE IMPORTANT DUTIES
IN THE TIME BEFORE REHEARSAL, COMMONLY CALLED "PREP WEEK."
IT'S IMPORTANT FOR SEVERAL REASONS.
THE FIRST BEING IT'S THE ONLY FULL-SCALE REPRESENTATION
OF THE SET THE ACTORS WILL SEE UNTIL THEY MOVE ONSTAGE
AND ALSO BECAUSE IT'S OFTEN THE FIRST THING FROM YOUR HANDS
THAT THE ACTORS SEE. OF ALL THE PREP WEEK DUTIES,
TAPING THE FLOOR IS ONE OF THE MORE TIME-CONSUMING
AND TEDIOUS CHORES. DOING IT RIGHT TAKES
PREPARATION, A FEW MATERIALS, AND SOME OF YOUR TIME.
MOST THEATER COMPANIES HAVE THE GROUNDPLAN AVAILABLE TO YOU
AT LEAST ONE WEEK BEFORE THE FIRST REHEARSAL.
IT'S MUCH EASIER TO TAPE THE FLOOR
BEFORE YOU BEGIN REHEARSALS. ONCE YOU'RE IN REHEARSAL,
YOUR TIME WILL BE EATEN UP RATHER QUICKLY.
FOR THIS PROGRAM, WE ARE VERY FORTUNATE
TO HAVE THE GROUNDPLAN, MODEL, AND PICTURES
OF THE COMPLETED SET OF THE SHAKESPEARE FESTIVAL
OF ST. LOUIS' PRODUCTION OF "MACBETH,"
WHICH WAS PERFORMED OUTDOORS IN FOREST PARK
IN ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI. THIS SET WAS DESIGNED
BY AN EXCELLENT DESIGNER NAMED CHRISTOPHER PICKARD,
WHO HAS DESIGNED OVER 150 PRODUCTIONS NATIONWIDE.
FIRST, WE'LL TAKE A LOOK AT THE DESIGN
FOR HIS SET FOR "MACBETH," THEN SHOW YOU HOW THE REHEARSAL AREA
AT NEARBY FONTBONNE UNIVERSITY WAS TAPED OUT,
AND FINALLY, THE FINISHED PRODUCT.
THIS SET DESIGN IS ABOUT 70 FEET WIDE AND 50 FEET DEEP
TO THE UPSTAGE WALLS OF THE SET AND PLAYS ON
SEVEN DIFFERENT LEVELS, NOT INCLUDING THE GROUND
IN FRONT OF THE STAGE. THIS DESIGN INCLUDES
A TRAP DOOR ON THE STAGE, A WITCHES' PIT THAT FEATURES
A CAULDRON SPEWING FOG AND SPECIAL LIGHTING EFFECTS.
ONCE THE DESIGN IS ON PAPER, IT'S TRANSFERRED TO
A 3-DIMENSIONAL MODEL SO THAT EVERYONE CAN VISUALIZE
THE DESIGNER'S CONCEPT. I LIKE TO GRID THE GROUNDPLAN.
I DRAW A LINE PARALLEL TO THE CENTER LINE EVERY 10 FEET
USING AN ARCHITECT'S RULE. I ALSO USE EITHER AN EXISTING
LINE ON THE DRAWING OR DRAW ONE IN MYSELF
THAT RUNS PERPENDICULAR TO THE CENTER LINE RUNNING
STAGE LEFT TO STAGE RIGHT. TAKE YOUR TIME WITH THESE.
YOU'LL BE USING THEM TO MEASURE FROM,
SO IF THESE LINES ARE OFF, THEN EVERYTHING ABOUT YOUR TAPE
WILL BE OFF. LET'S GET STARTED OUT
BY TAKING THE GROUNDPLAN AND IDENTIFY EVERY MAJOR
POINT -- NOT LINE, BUT POINT. WHERE A WALL ENDS,
WHERE THE DOOR IS, WHERE THE CORNER
OF THE ROOM IS, WHERE THE PLATFORM ENDS.
START ON EITHER STAGE LEFT OR STAGE RIGHT.
FOR THE SAKE OF THIS DEMO, I'LL START ON THE STAGE RIGHT.
GIVE EACH POINT ON THE STAGE RIGHT SIDE
A NUMBER ON THE GROUNDPLAN. IT'S BEST TO START
ON THE DOWNSTAGE SIDE. THEN, WORK YOUR WAY UPSTAGE
AS YOU MEASURE BECAUSE THIS IS THE ORDER YOU
WILL EVENTUALLY LAY THEM OUT. IF YOU MOVE DOWNSTAGE
TO UPSTAGE, YOU'LL WASTE LESS MOVEMENT.
NOW, ON THE GROUNDPLAN, MEASURE HOW FAR UPSTAGE
BY HOW FAR STAGE RIGHT. ONCE YOU HAVE MEASURED AND
LISTED ALL THE COORDINATES FOR THE STAGE RIGHT SIDE,
DO THE STAGE LEFT SIDE. AFTER YOU HAVE FINISHED
THE STAGE LEFT SIDE, YOU SHOULD HAVE TWO GOOD-SIZED
LIST OF COORDINATES. START ON ONE SIDE OF THE STAGE
AND NUMBER ALL THE COORDINATES ALL THE WAY DOWN THE PAGE,
THEN CONTINUE THE NUMBERING DOWN THE OTHER COLUMN.
NOW YOU'RE READY TO TAPE THE FLOOR.
FIRST, SWEEP AND MOP. IT'S DIFFICULT FOR THE TAPE TO
STICK IF THE FLOOR IS DIRTY. THE TOOLS YOU'LL NEED
FOR THE ACTUAL TAPING INCLUDE THREE TAPE MEASURES,
AT LEAST 25 FEET LONG, AND THE TAPE ITSELF.
I PREFER THE CLOTH-BACK TYPE. IT STICKS WELL AND COMES IN
AN ASSORTMENT OF COLORS. SOME PLACES USE MASKING TAPE,
WHICH WORKS WELL UNTIL YOU HAVE TO PULL IT UP.
I'VE ALSO SEEN SOME THEATERS USE ELECTRICAL TAPE
THAT COMES IN SEVERAL COLORS AS WELL.
THIS PROCESS WORKS BEST IF YOU HAVE THREE PEOPLE INVOLVED,
BUT YOU CAN DO IT WITH TWO. FIRST, LAY ONE TAPE MEASURE OUT
ZERO FEET, ZERO INCHES ALL THE WAY UP THE CENTER LINE
AND TAPE IT TO THE FLOOR. YOU WON'T NEED MUCH TAPE.
JUST A TAB EVERY 10 FEET USUALLY DOES IT.
THEN, BE VERY CAREFUL NOT TO KICK OR STEP ON THE TAPE.
THEY BREAK EASILY, AND YOU DON'T WANT IT TO MOVE.
IF YOU'RE DOING STAGE RIGHT FIRST,
LAY A SECOND TAPE MEASURE EXACTLY 10 FEET TO THE RIGHT
OF THE FIRST TAPE MEASURE. THIS SECOND TAPE MEASURE
MAKES SURE THAT WHEN YOU MEASURE FROM CENTER,
YOU DON'T HAVE TO GUESS AT MAKING RIGHT ANGLES.
ONCE YOUR TAPE MEASURES ARE TAPED DOWN TO THE FLOOR,
YOU'RE READY TO PUT SOME TABS OF TAPE ON THE FLOOR.
ONE OF YOU WILL CALL OUT THE DISTANCE UPSTAGE.
UPSTAGE -- 2 FEET, 3 INCHES.
AND THE OTHER TWO -- ONE ON CENTER
AND THE OTHER STAGE RIGHT -- MOVE THE THIRD TAPE TO
THE DISTANCE CALLED OUT. THE PERSON ON CENTER
HOLDS THE THIRD TAPE MEASURE TO THE MIDDLE
OF THE CENTER LINE. THE PERSON WITH THE LIST OF
COORDINATES CALLS OUT HOW FAR STAGE RIGHT
OF CENTER THE POINT IS. STAGE RIGHT --
5 FEET, 7 INCHES. THEN, YOU MEASURE FROM
CENTER STAGE TO STAGE RIGHT. MAKE SURE YOUR TAPE MEASURE IS
ON THE 2 FOOT, 3 INCHES -- BOTH ON THE CENTER LINE TAPE,
AND THE TAPE THAT'S 10 FEET STAGE RIGHT OF CENTER.
ONCE YOU FIND WHERE 5 FEET, 7 INCHES IS,
PLACE A SMALL SQUARE OF TAPE ON THE POINT
WITH THE SAME NUMBER AS THE POINT ON THE GROUNDPLAN.
ONCE YOU HAVE FINISHED STAGE RIGHT,
PULL UP THE TAPE MEASURE THAT'S 10 FEET FROM CENTER
AND LAY IT DOWN 10 FEET LEFT OF CENTER ON THE STAGE LEFT SIDE
AND REPEAT THE PROCESS FOR THE STAGE LEFT SIDE.
WHEN YOU GET TO THIS POINT, YOU'LL HAVE
A REHEARSAL HALL FULL OF TABS OF TAPE
WITH NUMBERS. NOW IT'S TIME
TO CONNECT THE DOTS. USING THE GROUNDPLAN
AS A GUIDE, CONNECT ALL THE DOTS YOU HAVE
PLOTTED ON THE GROUNDPLAN.