OTC12 - So much open courseware, so little time.

Uploaded by CACommunityColleges on 20.06.2012

>>: Good afternoon. This is the online teaching conference. This is the conference called so much open courseware, so little
time. Even though this will not be recorded and will not reach the microphone so I will have to repeat. If we could just have people say who they are, what college they are from or what organization they are from, and we will give people about 10 min. to sit down. If the lady in the green shirt would
(in room
introductions, typing in chat
moderator is typing this in chat
Excellent really people from across the state. This is great. Our facilitator will introduce herself, Marti Atkinson. And we all know her from these conferences and in the
past. So, you may want to get up and leave it. Because I'm not going to do what I said I would
do. It is false advertising. And I will tell you why. I was going to do a nice matrix of the various open courseware repositories in the
world against some criteria. And I have done this many times for open
textbook repository. And I did my best to make it interesting. I called it
Goldilocks 13 repositories. And there were all these bad Bears in the woods and all the stuff. But still it was really boring. And this would have been really boring for me. And I said if it was really boring for me it is going to be really really boring for them. And there was another reason, if you will see this later. I have this wonderful way of doing
condensed business book reading. My husband checks out business books from the library. He reads them and then tells me about them. It is very inexpensive, it is very efficient. It keeps us from talking about silly things like who is going to buy groceries this
week. So, recently he has been reading a book that talks about how we missed
opportunities when we are together. When we are in face-to-face situations. And I will talk about that a little bit more. And I said let's make use of this opportunity are together. A few years ago my colleagues went to the open education conference in
Vancouver, and it was suggested to us that we have everybody in the room sit in tweet each other on our cell
phones. And I am an engineer and I said this is absurd, we do our very
best to have telephone systems that simulate face-to-face conversations and now we are going to have a face-to-face conversation and everyone is going to be
tweeting. It doesn't make sense. So let's not do something that you could do on your own looking at a matrix of coursework.
So, I will do something more fun. I will
absolutely make a matrix of open courseware
repository and put it on the website.
What I'm going to do is tell you about open source
software them are going to contrast digital, free,
and open. Then I will talk about open courseware vs. open courses. Then you should be asking, because I'm going to talk a lot about the instructorless
horses. You're going to say this is an online teaching conference. Why are going to talk about anything that is instructorless? . Then I
will give you some criteria for selecting open courses. In and would do an exercise so that everybody can participate. Which will be a little bit challenging but we will make it
work. And then I will talk about loan together. And then finally I will announce a new service that we are going to offer to
Okay, just before I do that, any questions or comments or does anyone want to leave because I'm not going to do that boring chart?
Okay. And I do understand if you have flights or you have a carpool or something. That is
This is a busy slide and it kind of breaks the rules of making nice neat slides. But I will try to just summarize it very quickly. College open textbooks have been around since early
2008. Our charter is
to get awareness adoption and affordability of open textbook and we have a number of organizations, about 17, who are members of our collaborative. We have talked a lot of community college
students, staff, and faculty in Florida, Washington, California, all of them
are-Detroit-online and synchronous and
asynchronous and so on. We had a lot of nice grants. We got 4
grants which is almost unheard of. Usually they do you one or two and then you're supposed to go self-sustaining. We got some corporate grants and a couple of other government agencies gave us grants. (on the board)
(reading). We were part of foothill community college district. We could not put that on here. But we moved out of that just a year
ago into the Silicon Valley education foundation. It is a K-12 organization that serves Santa Clara
County funded by grants from corporations and foundations, and it addresses students who are
struggling who may drop out of high school or they will maybe finish high school but they will not go to college. And so it is doing remedial style math in the
summer. Not much in the area of
other-some English but a lot of math and science. And they have been a wonderful sponsor for us. The paperwork compared to the community college is a
breeze. We hand them a refute and they give us money. It is just a very
simple. And we miss foothill.
So Hewlett challenge us to be more
self-sustaining. On the previous slide I showed that we have three websites. College open textbooks.org has 750 links to open textbooks that are appropriate to community college. They are organized by
discipline. You can go to the press room on our site and see our recent twelve-month report. See some things we did with unities of discipline and communities of practice and adoptions and so on.
We have wonderful collections
of guest blog post called hats off to Georgia, hats off to British Columbia, hats off to Washington, have talked to Florida, and so on, about open textbooks in those
states. And we just got this new video. I was going to play it but I will schedule. A student came to our meeting in April. We created this
video. Video taped several of us. He ended up just capturing and using in the video Mitchell baby who is codirector with me. And he interspersed it with pictures of education and some great music, interviewing a contest called why
openness or why open it matters. There are many videos entered in that contest. And we are all waiting to see who the judges choose. There is also a People's choice award, which is much smaller than the judges award. So, you might want to go visit that video and from there you can see all of the other videos
that were submitted from the contest.
So, open doors
group has a charter of college open textbooks. It goes
throughout the lifecycle of learning,
K-12, up to seniors as in senior citizens. (on the board)
(reading). We have done three grant
submissions. We lost them all but we are determined and we have some material to do grant submissions. And then just is really important. We became a publisher on the academicpub website. Is anybody familiar with this?
It is an organization, a for profit company
called share books. Is a cool technology that will take almost any kind of input and format a book, abound textbook, properly if you send your PDF off to
Lulu they will come back looking awful. They will run into the margins, because they are not layout for a bound textbook. And this tool can do it so quickly. And so teachers use this to create course packs. And they can pull in content from publishers, from
newspapers, academic pub
clears the copyright. And we became a publisher. Some of you were in LeBaron's
talk you heard about the open textbook repository for California. This would not only be free but it would give money to the creators of the open content and the adopters of the open content. And some back to our program as well. So, we have these chapters up there and you can pull them into your course packs. We are also making complete books. And we have made 2, project management skills for all
careers. These were built on open textbooks that were in existence. The project management was
built on project management for science engineers out of Houston. We added a whole section at the beginning about where you could use project management skills in 10 different careers, and a lot of open license photographs as
well. And the introductory sociology book was creative Commons by
license, sociology textbook from Utah. And that is the most open license short of public
domain. And it was taken by Catherine Coleman
and Anna at College of the canyons. They copied it and did it because of the two Utah professors did not do that. They changed the order of the chapters, they changed some of the slant of the
book and then we took it. There was no bound copy available, and and and Catherine version was locked in the learning management system. No one could get at it. So, we took their PDFs, created this book. It is
$16 and in the reader version. Our program gets $10 of that. It is about $21 in black and white and about $40 in color. Which is what this is (passing around in the
room). So this is also a big service to students. Students do not prefer, in the latest survey, bound copies, 3 to
1. So, we are providing a service. The competitive book is 80-$90 so, they are saving
The survey was done by
student (inaudible) in the summer of 2010. I think they surveyed 1200 students. There were a number of reasons. One of them is not having continual access to the Internet, high-speed access to the Internet, sharing computers with their families or not having a computer at home at all, and limited hours at the
library and the media centers where they could get on the computer. I know I go to study at the
library 250 computers and there is a waiting line of students waiting to use those computers. So, that is one reason it cannot be downloaded as a
PDF survey want to write in it they want to take it on the bus and we all expect this to do a complete shift. And we just don't know
when because of the handheld
devices. Because we had a fire drill at foothill and everybody is in the parking lot working. On their smart phone or their pad or
something and I am not sure they were all working. They were probably doing angry
birds. But there will be a change it will be the other direction and we don't know when. And in the meantime there are $20 billion so why should we have some of that come into community college
programs, why shouldn't we have the students take $30 instead of 100 200 $300 and everybody
wins. So, this is our staff. I wanted to point out a couple of
things. Our charters for couple of years have been to get adoptions for open textbook. And yet we never put budget into that. And we never put a staff person in charge of adoptions. Charles is a fantastic
guy. He was our. View manager for a
while. Thinking about going back to work is quite a bit younger than me and
yet recently he did
that so this is a really important thing to emphasize
We are an international organization, and I'm very proud of the fact that all of these people are working for no pay, anywhere from
This is my story. I was in industry, I am still in industry. How much of our economy is service, does anybody want to
Who was the closest? 65. You get a

There are financial services, on and on. Health and education are the two really growing sectors. And the our services. And yet the business goals are still trying to teach people how to manage the production of
objects. So, I got excited about this at San Jose State they offered a certificate
program. IBM
still encourages a lot of business strategic services management. Because it is 50% of their revenue and more than 50% of their profits come from services. I do not understand why people get
excited-our cars anymore important telecommunications or other things that are services? good
Okay, so the class I taught, I was-are any of you familiar with the technical support program at foothill?
It is a win-win program. Industry donates their computers, students come into the program, they work in a lab, the upgrade the computers. Microsoft gives us their office for five dollars. We donate the computers to students who cannot afford a computer, and sometimes to departments need
computers so, this industry does not have to deal with it anyway. The students do the internship in the lab until they learn how to get to work on time, and then they do internships in the
industry, so I was on the advisory board for that. There is one class they have to take and that was at that
time. And then I said – these skills are the same for the ones for project management. I could not get my 20 students, every time by adding a project management certification to
it. Last time I taught it 40 students and I became sad and could not teach it
anymore. So, the way I taught it was I
had people lined up the first night and say can you be on the team Tuesday night. And this is online, hybrid and it was three or four
teams each team would end up supporting one of the technologies that we are using in the class. So one team would
support Etudes,
the other would support CCC confer, and the other would support PowerPoint which is important in our class. Then they developed again. Which is the
project. And when they started they hated it. And each one would come to me and say I'm the only person on the
team doing the work. And I would say that is not possible, there are 4 people on your team and each one is think they're the only one doing the work. But they really got to love everyone on the team and four years later they are still
meeting. They learned so much about teamwork. So, you will see. I did that in order to explain why am going to do some other things in this class.
Any quick questions before I move on? Did everyone see the book?
Did you get the book all the way over there? Sociology
So, here is the Venn
diagram. I love these and use them all the time in my class, for open, digital, and free. Something can be open
licensed. But it is neither digital nor is it free. It costs money to get that
book. It costs a lot less. It is affordable. But it is not
free. There is a digital version of it, so that version is digital and open but it is not free. It is an e-reader
version. There are many free things that are not open and they are not
digital. You can go-I mean I was handing out my book earlier. It is not open, it is not digital, but it is free. I couldn't sell it, so now I'm giving it
away. So, be careful with those. I see lots of
comments that imply, especially from reporters and sometimes legislatures that imply that digital and open are the same thing. And they are not. You can go down to Barnes & Noble and get a Jane Austen book. It is open license. It
is open domain. But it is still going to cost you a little bit of money and it is not digital. So we have to remember those distinctions. And we are advocating for
open, not for either digital or free. Digital is nice, easier to modify, but you can have an open licensed analog photograph taken in the dark and that is okay. But it is not
Any questions about those
Although, it is free like a free puppy.
Right there responsibilities that come with the free puppy. And as Judy Baker said yesterday, the cost is less for students but more for teachers when you have
both. So, depending on the
So, open courseware is what you might assume. Is anything that a person can use, any kind of resources that a teacher uses in a class with the possible exception of a guest speaker or something like that, or field trip. Like any
resources, intellectual resources, used in the class, can be open courseware. Open courseware is supposed to be for the
teachers. The idea is the teacher goes to the open courseware
and picks and chooses pieces and uses them for her class. And we hope that they do not take the whole thing wholesale and just become the waitress delivering the food to the table, right. They have lots of value add, they have their own way of teaching it, but they
have two weeks to prepare the class, or if they are an adjunct, today's. And they need a photograph. They do not have time, they do not have photography skills. They need a photograph to use in this class but they need a
PowerPoint example or Excel example, so they go for open licensed
material. In the class, in addition to the teacher helping the student in being part, whether it is online, synchronous, asynchronous, face-to-face, the other
students help each other also. Not just in the class like mine, but a couple of people sit in the back and pretty soon they form a study group. And online you can do this with various methods and so
An open course means first of all open enrollment, typically no prerequisite, no registration, no filling out long forms, no transcripts, that is
what open source is typically me. Something like peer two peer University. If you can type your name on a computer, you are in the
class. There is no credentials required to get in, but at the same time there is usually no grades and no
credit. So, it is open course. During the time when people were protesting academic
industrial, various universities around the country had open
courses meeting under trees on campus. Were going to get a bunch of people together and talk about poetry. This was open education. And it went by the way fairly quickly.
Because the reality of needing grades and credits to move on. There are three types of open courses. You can meet under the tree, you can have it on line and have it be
self-paced, or you can
have it self-paced with an instructor or without an instructor. And right now there are many repositories. I want to show you a flash
diagram. Right now they are providing open courseware, but at least in the case of the open courseware Consortium, they assume the users of that courseware would be
teachers. They thought we will put up the MIT courseware, the Stanford courseware and teachers will use
it. They found out 40% of their learners are self learners. And I do not know if you have tried to learn something hard by yourself. We used to use a rule of thumb, at least in corporate training, five
hours off-line to teach one hour, if you know the subject. Five hours of prep for one hour in the classroom. If it is distance education, online, 15 hours for every
hour. Because it is harder. Have to put more-you cannot just get up and do a talk. He had to get it all
The U.S. Navy, for the distance education courses where a sailor gets handed a box of books sent out to sea and told to come back when he has learned calculus, 100 hours. 100
hours for every hour that sailors going to spend the teacher has to spend to make that material perfect. Because if he opens that boxing is a question on the first page, six months are
gone. And don't believe all these things about all the soldiers
and sailors having constant cell phone access to home. They do not. And even if they could call their teacher, the teacher wouldn't be there, or the person who wrote this
material. So, making a truly instructorless
course is very very difficult to
do. And so, what has happened though is these people are coming to this open courseware and trying to take the
classes without the benefit of an instructor, without the benefit of peers, and so on. So, it is a real challenge. So, we're going to do a little exercise. I think I get until 315. So, why am I talking about
instructorless classes at this conference?
First, because there is no way that our current pace of creating
teachers to get enough teachers for the billions of people in the world that need educated and want educated. And what has happened in the past is we just only educated some of them.
But increasingly we want everyone to have the benefit of education, really working hard to make it affordable and accessible, but there aren't enough teachers, and there is no way we can produce enough teachers. So, we have to find, there is going to be
inevitably a lot of self learning going on. The con Academy, open educational
resources, 20 million users now, that is an example, we talked earlier
about we automated farming, we automated manufacturing, we have to automate services also. We have to automate
medical care, we have to automate education, we have to automate help desks. We do not like it. When you call the
bank and you get the recording. But it has to be done, because there are not enough people to do all the services. And we cannot afford to pay people to do all of the services. People will
use these courses for a lot of reasons pretty want to get into a class in the fall and they do not have a prerequisite so they want to take a course over the summer there would have to be instructors it really did learn –.
And your classes, even if you don't open license them, you don't make them available, they are still going to get learned. People are going to use them without you being there. Because Charlie is going to come to your class, take a class, take
his notes and go teach Sally from his notes or give them to Sally. I have known corporate
instructors who have blank PowerPoint, and they scribble on them through the class, because then they know it is totally
useless and someone else has to pay to take the class, because the scribble notes are not going to help anybody else. We hope we are not all doing that. But you will find that there are people
will use your material. And to give you an example, I taught a
class in Canada,
and by that time we had taught about 200 people in our department and we were really board. But yet they were all these people that needed to know about it. So we took our side, we
made some notebooks, and we made some audio recordings, and 1000 people took that course from that rather crude method. But a new employee would get
higher, even if they had scheduled multiple courses, that person needed to know the day he started work. He did
not need to wait six weeks until he could start class. So today we have much better tools, that inevitably there are instructorless
So, these are the open courseware. When I do that boring diagram I will cover some of these. Some of these I am sure you know about open courseware Consortium. There are about 250 institution that are members of
it. It is all across the map. Each college does it
differently. Some have some homework, some do not. There is also copyrighted material that unfortunately I blanked out. I also discovered that they are not always free. I was drilling down one and I found the course and that married thing and they said you can do this for
$600. And you can see
this quote unquote open courseware. Well, I know open isn't free, but $600 is a lot of
money. Nixty is an exciting one with a really cool business
model. This is a really nice product, really nice company. The open University is out of the UK. A lot of our open
textbooks come from this. It is also called open
I took freshman economics on law years
they have professionals that created their classes. But they are very naïve. They thought they would just create these classes and students who couldn't get into colleges would just go take
them. And I think they are naïve about why students go to college, which is lots of reasons, but jobs is one, another is socialization, and so on. And they don't get that from taking a course
without an instructor. They are not ready to take a course without an instructor. So just recently, and have it on the later slide. They just announced a new cohort program. To go through their classes to help
So would you rather take an airplane ride with the person the carpet was it aeronautical degree in engineering or a guy who is a pilot
Some they have varying degrees of oversight and they are not just part of the UC system. They spent 500,000-$2 million to develop classes for middle school. They
test them with multiple-so there is a lot of quality
(inaudible) on the other hand is not worth anything. Sailor is a lot of trouble to me. There is a lot of quality. It is a question
of do we do government oversight or redo consumer marketplace. I mean there is the good housekeeping seal of
approval. Not everything has to be done by the government. There are other ways for people to ensure quality. And some of
these are, there is government certification behind them. Others, there are other kinds of quality behind them like hours of
flying, whatever, and then there are others that you say are the wild West. And that is why when we look at our criteria, that is a very important question if you are doing this in order to get some
credential for your career, you are going to care more about that. If you are doing it to learn how to play the guitar, your test is going to be whether your friends walk out of the room when you start playing or not. Or, if you're taking a cooking
class, I used to get A's in physical education and I was one of the most
on sports like person. I was always in the outfield because I was afraid of the baseball. My husband goes to aerobics classes and can't tell left from right.
But way they graded physical
education was based on following the rules but I was really good at those rules but I was not so good at doing. And I think that traditional accreditation is one that does tend to measure knowledge and not really
skills. We are doing either portfolios now and consider learning the mechanics, they may not be very good at
articulating talking about the engine of a helicopter, but they can get in and do it. So now we are having a video on fixing a helicopter and they put that on there he portfolio. And that is good
enough for companies to hire them. So, it is complex. There is no question about
Any other questions or comments on open courseware?
There is another one that I'm a little embarrassed I did not put up
There are still 10 or 12 really good classes up there. One is in music could so that is another place to
So, here is some of the criteria. And I'm glad you brought this up. You have to ask yourself why am I taking this class. Why am I looking for open courseware. Are you doing
it-and here I assume you're taking it for yourself, but if you are a teacher you may be looking for open courseware to use in your
class. And then you also need to know about the format. Is it going to be-my husband and I check out a lot of these teaching Company lectures. And they are great. Some of them are on video some are just
sound. UCLA professors, Robert Greenberg from the conservatory abusing. They are fantastic. But there is no test, there is no interaction with us at all. If we didn't love the subject, we
would lose interest and fall
The other thing is you want to be able to do it. You want to watch it on your television in a nice comfortable room or do you want to have to go sit at your computer. That is an important question
also. And the link. If you want something you can do this Saturday and get it over with, or are you willing to do something one week for 52 weeks?
And then the level, of course is also very important. And you have a really good point about credentials. Do they give you any kind of credit. And right now some of you may be aware, has anybody heard of
(inaudible). This was a big deal last
fall. They did a big session on September 15, 2011, and we thought these badges were going to wipe out the University college
system. It didn't happen. In fact, they couldn't get the technology to
But there will be badges of all kinds. So, the idea of a
badge to give to any organization anywhere can offer badges about anything be there based on the idea of badges for scouting. But also if you do a pilgrimage in some religions you get a badge when you arrive at the pilgrimage
site. They are an indication that you have learned
It could be learning pretty could be definitely took one of those courses and you gave evidence. Some evidence you have that video of you fixing a helicopter and you have produced that is the evidence that you got this badge. And the badge offers. And that is some of the colleges and universities are starting to put
badges into
their courses as well. Typically think of it as being smaller than a certificate. So the certificate is five or six classes, many of badges one class. And it also came out of the gaming
industry. Video games and computer games. Where, they have found that a lot of the new students are more
motivated if there is a game. Some of the vendors here were showing just a simple interactive program where there is a progress bar. And he said it makes such a
difference, students are willing to sit there longer because of that progress bar then if that wasn't
there. Progress my understanding is that badges are more
Okay, I have to mention this book. This is her third business sociology book. It is called alone
together. She says we have a lot of acquaintances and few
friends. She shows these women have lots of acquaintances whether it is their parenting groups or whatever but if nobody they can really tell their troubles to, if you will. And one of
my codirectors went to the networking thing in this woman walked up to
her and she said what is on your mind. And she said I have a terrible time taking
friends. And I have had this experience. I lived in
Iowa and I thought some of these women were my friends and they don't even-I sent them a Christmas card and it comes back and they did not even tell me be moved. And it's like I thought these people were my
friends. Were people find out
they get divorced and these people thought they were great friends and it turns out they were friends of their spouse.
So, it is a big
deal. Paragraph so, because of that I decided we can do an exercise but had to move quickly because we're running out of time. So we will do this exercise pretty quickly. In my slide will not advance now.
I will
just talk because I cannot get the slide to
Here is the exercise. Okay. On your notepad, your computer, if you could take any class and you had lots of time, lots of
money, and you knew you would get an A, what would you take?
Everybody think of at least 2. Any need you to pair up (doing in class
exercise, hard to
So, think of your list and then share with the person you're sitting next
For the online people let's just give them a blank white board. How do I get over to the white
For those of you who are online, just put your choices of courses in the chat
So, people online, please type your choices of courses in the chat. You will not be able to do the conversation with someone else but maybe you can do type comments to each
Okay, think we're going to quit now. So share a little
So, you said Spanish, and what was your reason for wanting to learn Spanish? this
gentleman chose Spanish because he wanted to learn a second language and that is a good one for California for
This gentleman who teaches civilization wants to take a civilization course. I assume you have
Great. So we have Spanish, civilization, (inaudible).
Musical instrument,
no particular
Bass guitar.
You do not happen to live in San Francisco, do you?
because playing an accordion is against the law in San Francisco. (laughing).
Playing the piano, because it is
Hang gliding. And I promised you an
(inaudible) Track
animals. Do you see the gods must be crazy?
paragraph so, the man who said he wanted to learn to fly city just always wanted to learn to
fly. The one who wanted to earn hang gliding said because it is so
learn hang gliding said because it is so
Martha says either sailing or skulling
because it is
We have xylophone and music history. Ballroom
dance and investing in bonds. Perhaps not at the same
Well, I would say that xylophone is the most unusual. Would anyone disagree out of all the ones we heard? I think we owe a book to the xylophone
person. So if you can get their address I will
send her a book.
How about in the room, let's see, what did we have, I think the civilization class when you teaches civilization is pretty unusual, don't you
Okay, we are past our time.
Smart history is a great online course. It is a great Sunday afternoon if you're at all into
And the other thing I announced briefly, Sailor
(phonetic) has set up on their site for people who have taken an open courseware for them to work together. And that is where I think peer pressure is the strongest force in the
universe. That is how I got my team to work that one woman put in 300 hours on my class. And it really was peer pressure. It really was. She felt like she was holding up the team.
So, it is pretty well-known that if you want to quit smoking or lose weight, if you have a partner, if you make a
commitment if you break the commitment down, you will do much better. And it is the same with these open courses.We are past time.