Nourishing Our Young Souls

Uploaded by thecityoftoronto on 08.02.2012

Today we are here to discuss
one of the important things about
a stage in our family life
and that is toddler,
our toddlers' life.
That is from six months
to 2 years old of our children.
The reason this is important
this is the time that your child is growing,
this is the time that your child
is picking up
all the eating habits.
So it's very, very important time,
when it comes to food
that you give to your, your kids.
We all know that breast milk is a
complete meal for your
child from the early stages,
but then after 6 months the child
needs something else.
So what do we give to our kids?
It's very important to, to have
exclusive breastfeeding for
the first six months of life,
and in Toronto Public Health we recommend
breastfeeding for the first six months.
Exclusive breastfeeding
for the first six months and to continue
to breast feed for two years and beyond.
In the second six months, it's important
when you introducing solids.
You introduce it
in the second six months
and the first food should be
an iron rich food.
Do not put porridge in a bottle
and do not put any kind of cereals in a bottle.
You should feed cereals and porridges from
a bowl with a spoon.
Putting in a bottle can cause choking
and lead to obesity.
And you do not want to feed babies
drinks, like malted drinks with chocolate
based drinks or herbal or bush teas.
Hi everyone, how are you? Welcome to the
Peer Nutrition Workshop.
Now today's class will be focused on
feeding uh.. infants. We are looking at
feeding infants from six months
onwards, right? So today we are gonna
look at some of the foods
that we could make for babies. Homemade
baby food ok?
What are some of the benefits of making
your own baby food at home?
"It's cheap, cheaper than buying" oh yes.
Any other suggestions?
"Healthier" healthier.
"Nutritious" nutritious.
"Cultural foods"
"cultural foods" that's one of the
biggest things that we don't find.
We don't have that much variety
and that is one of the things that we want to do,
is to let you know that you can
introduce your own food
to their babies, ok.
At six months we want to introduce
solid foods. Right?
So the first thing you want to give
your baby is any kind of iron rich foods.
Now, um.. in the past, I know they
always say iron-fortified cereal.
But you do not have to
give iron fortified cereal.
I notice the cereal comes in a box
like the the dry cereal,
and normally the consistency has to be like
this. So it has to be a little
bit moist. Ok?
So we don't have to give iron fortified
cereal only. There are
other kinds of iron rich foods.
What other kinds of iron rich foods
you can give,
from your culture or anywhere?
Something like meat, yes meats right
and those who are not meat eaters,
what others?
Any other.
"Bean", beans and lentils. Right.
So these are some of the things
that you can offer to your baby
at six months. But how much
can you offer your baby? Do you
offer it every day one food? Anyone?
One food, one at a time. So
you give one food at a time.
So today I don't want to give cereal today
and tomorrow meat and tomorrow
that. So you want to do one food at a
time to see if there is any allergic reactions.
So you want to be careful of that.
Okay? So what I am going to do? I
am going to show how to make the chicken.
What I have, I boil the chicken and
Remember, when you making baby food, you
do not have to add
anything to it. No butter,
no salt,
no margarine
nothing. All you need is
the meat or the beans or the vegetables
and just
boiling water.
Now this is a baby food grinder,
which you can use
and you can serve it also from
the bowl it comes with it's own spoon.
So we just want to, just put it,
the water. Oops. I think that it comes
out a little bit too much.
And we just want to grind it.
And the consistency has to be not
too hard. It has to be in the
consistency that everyone calls stroking.
So you want to make sure the
consistency is right.
Now if you don't have a baby food grinder,
what other things can you use?
A blender or a chopper
or a grater. In the past,
we never used to have these fancy
things right? So we had to put the
food through here and we sift it,
and I'll show that in a little while.
So this is the chicken,
and as you can see,
look at the colour. um
So if you want us to just look at
the consistency, the colour, the texture
and you can compare
and contrast if you like.
Another thing that
you can do, is to is to introduce peas
uh.. to the baby uh... like any kind of
Vegetables. So you have pumpkin,
squash or anything
and peas is one of those foods
that baby loves.
So we're going to look at store bought
one versus... so when you boil the peas
you can look at the colour,
how green it is.
This does not look so green right?
So again, if you look at the peas you can see
how green, colourful,
again no additives,
nothing at all. ok.
So basically, uhů from six months
the texture would be
more like that kind of texture
and at 7 months onwards
you want to give a little bit, a
little bit more lumpier texture. So again
for babies as they grow, they develop.
So they want us to introduce different
types of textures to them, Ok?
So I am gonna show you
another different type of texture
that we can offer to the baby,
and this is a very easy one you can do.
Simple mashed. There we go.
The texture should be a
little bit lumpier ok. So you
don't have it, like the texture like
I just showed you before, runny. So, so
from 7 months upward you can give it
a bit more softer. So carrots is one
of those easy ones. Again this would
be another one, you could use your fork,
to easily mashed. Ok?
So it's very easy
and so you want to make
sure that it is a little bit coarser
in texture.
So by 7 to 9 months upwards, you can give a
little bit more coarser,
coarser in texture, right?
So at that time, so again
and at one year
Of course, they can eat what you eat. OK?
Today we are talking about
feeding your 1 year and up child.
So between 1 and 2 years,
this is a very interesting time, because
this is the time that they can tell you
"mommy, I don't want this, I want that
or don't need that"
and your child is trying
to be an individual
of their own. She is
trying to take control of
things they want to do, their own thing.
So this is the time,
that as a mother you have
to be very creative
and come up with things to meet the
child's needs.
At this stage, maybe, they may not be eating,
breastfeeding or they may not be
taking enough milk.
So it is time to be more creative
and come up with
nutrient dense foods.
Like lots of things,
Because they are not going to eat much.
Just look at them,
they are telling you
"mommy, I want this, I want
that" but they are not
going to eat much. So
whatever goes in there, should be
really rich.
It has to come up with all the nutrient
balance for them.
So today I have um an
iron rich foods
and this one here is um spinach
with ground beef.
It's very tasty,
you can all try it.
So I have the ground beef,
the spinach and I have carrots
and green peas in it.
So I stewed everything together.
With the ground beef sometimes when you
you cook it, it become a little bit
So what I did was that I cooked it,
I stewed it a little bit and
then I put it back in the blender and then
it came out a little bit smooth.
If your child is ready to be picking the
food at this stage, one year, they want
to pick them when it
is lumpy. It's fine,
they can, you can even
leave it on their plate
and then they can if
this time they can pick
the food themselves and eat.
And I then, I have the
same ground beef here and
I have yam.
Here I have yam, here
and the yam
is like a soup.
So I have yam, I have squash, so it's
cooked as a pot dish for them.
And you see that it's lumpy,
so that they can pick and eat, but it's soft.
You want to make the food interesting.
So you see you can mold it, you can do it into
shape. You can have face with this,
you can have
Uhů a little thing on it
like this. You can make
the food interesting for them
so you can put stuff on it
to make it interesting.
What are some of the things
that you can give to
your child culturally?
What are some of the foods we give?
I don't know if you know it, "pounded yam".
"pounded yam" you can give pounded yam.
We call it fufu. You make it soft
and you can have thick soup with it.
You know, can have the soup
with vegetables or the vegetables in it,
or you can even have spinach
in it. We have something that
we call spinach soup. Can have spinach,
can have lentils in it.
Can have a little meat in it,
or fish or fish powder in it.
You know that is cultural and
you can have it with pounded yam.
How about spices?
You don't want to make the foods too spicy.
You want to introduce them,
I mean some people say NO!
But the time
is growing in your family,
it is part of your family,
sometimes you do it but
Then you don't do it soo much.
You know, just a little,
just a little flavour.
You can spice it
but not too much at that stage.
What if the child is selective?
What would we do as their mother?
That's a wonderful question.
What if you give it to your child and
the child doesn't accept it?
This is the stage that you want them to
experiment the food.
It doesn't mean that
when you give one food
to the child today,
for example you giving carrots
or peas to their child.
Their child is going
to take it the first day
and you have the food
And child is eating
sometimes the first day,
the child wouldn't eat it
don't give up.
You can give something else
the next day.
Try it again so you keep on trying.
Some children, what happens, is that
some child research says that
some children would,
you have to give the food as much
as 7 times before the
child is going accept that food.
It doesn't mean that, that they don't
want to eat it,
that they would never eat it.
They would eat it but give
them time because they have
to adjust their own tastes to it.
"What about those babies that just don't
open their mouths to food. "
Because my daughter, she wouldn't,
you could leave her for hours without
feeding her. When you go feed her,
she don't want anything.
you know when the baby is not hungry.
Sometimes when the baby is not hungry,
when you get it in her mouth, she'll eat it
but she is not willing, she, you see now you
said it, get it in her mouth. "But I have to
force it in her mouth". You know
sometime they want, they want to take the
food themselves you see
Those kids they want to take the food
So you have to make it into, you see,
you have to make the food
available in a way that they can
pick themselves.
Because they see you eating
they want to do it too.
Another thing is that,
for children you can
sit the kid down and just feed the kid.
Make the child make everything, very natural.
The child is part of the family.
The child is not a different Individual,
she or he is part of the
He or she wants to see
the family sitting and eating.
So everybody sit down and you all eat.
Make the family mealtime important.
"I have a one year old who is extremely picky.
um... I am trying to wean her off the breast milk
now because that is all she takes,
but what I've realize is
I feed her baby food she does not eat it. "
But when the other kids are eating,
she wants her food to look like theirs.
So if it looks like theirs, she will eat it and
baby food that looks like
baby food and everybody
is eating regular food she is not
going to eat it.
So if I just give her, like,
I cut it very small whatever the kids are eating,
I put it on the high tray, I make sure
it is clean on the high chair and
it ends up on the floor.
But then some of it ends up in her mouth
anyways. So I cut up an orange,
I just give it to her, she plays with it,
but I know she gets some of it,
but if it looks like baby food she will not eat it.
Toddler feeding is not a
one size fit all. There are
so many tricks,
that's why we have to come together and
learn from each other.
You know, you learn what is happening.
What is my friend or another mother
doing that is working
and you pick it up.