early_treatment.flv


Uploaded by hughsfan30 on 18.03.2010

Transcript:
DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THIS CENTURY MENTAL HOSPITALS TRIED TO USE MEDICAL TREATMENTS
FOR PEOPLE WITH SEVERE MENTAL DISORDERS, HOWEVER THE MEDICAL PROCEDURES WERE CRUDE, LARGELY
INEFFECTIVE AND OFTEN UNINTENTIONALLY CRUEL. SOME OF THE LEADING APPROACHES ARE SHOWN IN
THIS SEGMENT. A POPULAR TECHNIQUE WAS HYDROTHERAPY, IN WHICH
PATIENTS WERE SPRAYED BY WATER IN ORDER TO STIMULATE THEM.
> >
THE WET PACK CONSISTED OF PACKING, THAT IS WRAPPING, PATIENTS IN WET SHEETS.
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> THIS NEXT PROCEDURE, THE CONTINUOUS BATH,
WAS KEPT AT 98 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT, ITS AIM WAS TO SEDATE PATIENTS.
> HOTBOXES AND LAMPS WERE USED IN ORDER TO RELAX
PATIENTS. >
> >
A PREDECESSOR TO ELECTRO SCHOCK THERAPY WAS INSULIN THERAPY, ALTHOUGH THIS APPROACH WAS
MORE DANGEROUS AND LESS EFFECTIVE THAN ECT HAS SINCE BECOME. INSULIN THERAPY WAS DEVELOPED
BY A VIENESE PHYSICIAN MANFRED SAKEL; IT WAS USED PRIMARILY ON PATIENTS WITH SCHYZOPHRENIA.
THE IDEA WAS TO GIVE PATIENTS INSULIN WHICH WOULD MAKE THEIR BLOOD SUGAR DROP WHICH WOULD
MAKE THEM SLIP INTO A COMA AND MOST IMPORTANTLY WOULD EXPERIENCE A CONVULSIVE REACTION. ONE
FORM OF REACTION BROUGHT ABOUT BY INSULIN THERAPY WAS CALLED WET SHOCK, BECAUSE IT INCLUDED
PROFUSE SWEATING AND DROOLING AS SEEN HERE… >
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> ANOTHER REACTION BROUGHT ON BY INSULIN THERAPY
WAS SO CALLED DRY SHOCK INVOVING A FULL BRAIN SEIZURE.
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GLUCOSE, GIVEN BY NASAL TUBE OR BY INJECTION, WAS NEEDED TO BRING PATIENTS OUT OF THEIR
INSULIN INDUCED COMA. >
>
METROZOL THERAPY, AN INTRAVENUS INJECTION OF METROZOL IN PATIENTS AGAIN PRIMARILY WITH
SCHYZOPHRENIA, WAS ANOTHER FORM OF CONVULSIVE THERAPY THAT WAS USED PRIOR TO ECT OR ELECTROSHOCK
CONVULSIVE THERAPY. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A HUNGARIAN PHYSICIAN LADSILAS MEDUNA AND THE
INTRAVENUS INJECTION OF METROZOL TYPICALLY INDUCED GRAND MALL TYPE SEIZURE.
> FINALLY ONE OF THE MOST NOTORIOUS OF ALL PROCEDURES
WAS A LOBOTOMY, A BRAIN OPERATION IN WHICH A SURGEON WOULD CUT THE CONNECTION BETWEEN
THE CORTEX OF THE BRAINS FRONTAL LOBES AND THE LOWER CENTERS OF THE BRAIN.