Choosing "will" or "be going to" for future time in English


Uploaded by OnTargetEnglish on 12.03.2011

Transcript:
The two most common ways to show future time is with these two expressions: will and be
going to. So, for example, you can say,
What will happen at the game tonight?
or
What is going to happen at the game tonight? Both sentences refer to future time.
During Week 3 and Week 4 of this unit, several videos will focus on expressing future time.
Now listen to Michael. To talk about the future, he uses both future-time expressions: will
and be going to.
I'm going to wake up at 6:00 and run one or two miles. While I am working, I'm going to
eat a few snacks, but all my snacks and meals are going to be healthy. When I get home,
I will have lots of energy--enough energy to enjoy my evening. But I am not going to
stay up late any more.
You can use either be going to or will to make predictions about the future. Michael
said, I will have lots of energy. He can also say, I am going to have lots of energy. Both
expressions are ok for making predictions.
Maybe you noticed that Michael said, I'm going to instead of I am going to. I'm is a contraction
that brings the words I and am together. In another video, I'm going to focus on using
contractions for future time.
Here is another example.
The red team will beat the green team.
The red team is going to beat the green team.
Both sentences express a prediction.
Although you can use both be going to and will to make predictions, the expression be
going to is usually necessary to talk about future plans.
Michael uses the expression be going to to talk about future plans.
I'm going to wake up at 6:00 and run one or two miles. While I am working, I'm going to
eat a few snacks, but all my snacks and meals are going to be healthy.
Here are two more examples.
What are your plans for tonight?
I'm going to watch a video.
I'm going to watch a video, not, I will watch a video.
What is his goal?
He is going to lose 3 pounds this month.
He is going to lose 3 pounds this month, not, he will lose 3 pounds this month.
The sentences with be going to show plans that people have.
However, to show willingness, use the helping verb will.
Your coffee is ready. I'll get it.
This sentence uses the word will. The first two letters w-i are missing because I'll is
a contraction.
Complete the sentence with the expression will or be going to. Change the verb be to
match the subject.
What do you want to do tonight?
I am going to call my family.
The sentence expresses a future plan, so use be going to.
What will happen when Eric meets Rick? The sentence is showing a prediction. So you can
use either expression.
Well, they are going to smile and shake hands.
or
Well, they will smile and shake hands.
If you need more answers, you can call Sandra.
She will be glad to help.
or
She'll be glad to help. The sentence talks about willingness, so use will.
Let's review. When should you use be going to? And when should you use will?
For predictions? You can use either one. You can use either be going to or will.
For future plans? Use be going to.
For willingness? Use will.
During Week 3 and Week 4 of this unit, you can watch more videos about expressing future
time. The topics will include contractions, pronunciation, the future progressive, present
verbs for future time, and the word will for present time.
Now, it's your turn. I want you to make a prediction. When will you be fluent in English?
When will you be able to understand and speak English easily? Will it be several years from
now? Two years from now? Or will it be sooner? Join the discussion by adding a comment below
this video.