SIT 2012: Test Your Trivia Knowledge

Uploaded by sceEIU on 08.05.2012

[no dialogue].
>> Judy Barford: Okay, every participant is
going to need three items to participate.
You are going to need a clicker, you're going to need a tablet,
and you're going to need a pen.
Right now, I would like you to use your pin and number
vertically, straight down the left side of your paper
from one to fifteen.
>> female speaker: We need these clickers back.
>> Judy: Put a number on each line.
The clickers must come back.
The whole program is quite expensive.
So I know you will give us the clickers back.
Then you'll have the three items I just mentioned.
Your tablet, your pen, and your clicker.
Now your clicker doesn't really make a click which is fine.
I need to give you several more directions.
So while you are waiting get your clicker, please listen.
Scoring is totally the honor system.
You number from one to fifteen and we are going to ask you
to keep your score by putting a plus mark by the number
of the question.
And also you need to keep track of the number of the question.
They are not numbered on the screen.
So just do your best because we are going to count your
plus marks which is what you give yourself when you get
an item correct.
If you don't get an item correct, just put a dash, okay?
But play fair, that is up to you.
Now, this program is called Turning Point.
Turning Point is a wonderful student response system such
that whoever is leading the discussion and often times
it is the student, can get a response from everybody
in the group at the same time.
So, everybody has input.
Most of our questions today can be answered with a fact.
Some of them are opinion questions and you don't give
yourself a plus or a minus because everybody's opinion
is just up to them.
Do you know what I mean?
So for the fact questions, give yourself a plus or a minus
and just you this number system to keep track but don't ask me
what number question it is, because I don't know.
That is just up to you to keep track.
Now, we'll have prizes at the end.
And one of the prizes is very odd, it looks like this.
If my life depended on it, I couldn't think of what
in the world this thing was.
Do you want to hold it for a minute?
But, we have such a wonderful helper in the room today
and it says flip it in and stick it in and so,
Mrs. Brachear figured out that this is a cell phone holder.
So you can keep your cell phone in front of you on your desks.
It's kind of an interesting piece of plastic.
We have a few other items as well.
Okay, now, Turning Point interfaces with PowerPoint
and I am sure all of you have made a PowerPoint presentation
at one point or another and it is very very easy to select
the correct answer on the slide so that and icon that you
choose slides to the correct answer and the most interesting
thing is that Turning Point keeps a graph so that you can
see everybody's response and say, number two and number three
got the same number of responses.
Well, then you know how much you need to discuss about
that particular item.
So our items are about the month of February.
And also about American history because we emphasize
American history in February.
And I really appreciate how quiet you are being because
the other class was full of all sorts of interesting ideas
and I think I used a little bit too much of my voice.
So thank you so much for helping.
Okay, I think we are ready to go.
And first of all, I kind of want to poll the class.
How many of you are fifth grade or below in school?
Fifth grade and below.
Oh boy, these are going to be our smart people.
And the others are fifth grade and above.
Okay, do you have any questions before we start?
Everybody has a paper and a pen.
The paper is numbered one to fifteen and you
did have a clicker.
You do have clickers if you just came in?
Awesome, okay here we go Mrs. Brachear.
February was named for an ancient festival.
Was that festival from the Greek culture, the Roman culture,
or the Egyptian culture?
Because all of these people devised excellent calendars.
You just click it.
And we have an omni-receiver over here.
Do you want to hold this up for a second?
Do you see this receiver plugged into the computer?
This is what receives the messages from your clickers.
So this is what comes with your turning point program.
And you can click till the cows came home and if you didn't have
this receiver, nothing is going to happen.
So it is a simple program especially since PowerPoint
is so familiar.
You get great classroom responses.
And we've got 17 responses in.
Is anybody more going to click in today?
Okay, I'm not sure how many we have in this group.
And that's how we thought.
Most people thought Greek.
Let's find out what the right answer is.
Roman is correct.
I know the Norwegian word for February.
Okay, now.
When we have February in our Northern Hemisphere, the axis of
the globe means that it's pointed toward--
the Northern Hemisphere is pointed toward the sun.
Okay, and, sorry, is pointed away from the sun.
Do you want to stand up in just a minute and be the sun.
Just stand right here and shine your arms on the globe.
So this is pretty much excellent.
Okay, so here we are in Illinois and if the axis goes to the
center of the globe, right over here, we are pointed away from
the sun, of course we are going to turn for day and night.
But we are only going to get extremely slanted rays
of the sun which means we will have winter.
But in the Southern Hemisphere, they're having summer.
So February if you live in Australia when the rays
of the sun come much more directly, it is a summer month.
February is summer in Australia.
Now the question is, which month in Australia is equivalent
to our February?
Did I say that right?
Okay, yes thank you very much.
Did someone have a question here?
>> male speaker: I was going to say
[unclear audio].
>> Mrs. Brachear: Yes it is.
>> Judy: We think that is an error in
the program right now because it doesn't seem to start with 1
and go up to 17.
But we can still do it.
>> female speaker: The first time I sent this
[unclear audio].
>> Judy: Okay, Mrs. Brachear is going to
adjust the program.
It'll take just a second.
And August is correct.
In August, in Australia, they have the same kind of winter
weather that we have in February.
So August is the equivalent in terms of weather.
This will take just a minute.
Oh, just the second one I think.
Okay, so let's go on, didn't we already answer this.
Okay, you can read this yourself and click in more quickly
so we can get more questions up.
In fact we have a leap year this year with that extra day.
Why do we have that extra day, there are four,
sorry three responses there.
Which one is correct?
Can you see?
Okay, good.
No, that's the other one.
So, we need to.
The polling is closed.
Okay, let's go ahead.
Okay, very good.
People it took so many years to get calendars straightened out.
The Mayan people struggled with it, the ancient Samarians
struggled with it because some looked at the moon to count time
and some looked at the stars to count time.
It just took so long to get it straight.
Now, read this one.
One of those events does not belong in February,
which one is it.
I bet you all got that one.
Is it working?
Great, Kathy you're good.
Okay, let's see what our answers are here.
Everybody get a plus for that one.
Okay, way to go.
Okay, there are two famous presidents whose birthdays
are in February.
Who can name those two presidents?
>> female speaker: George Washington
and Abraham Lincoln.
>> Judy: Excellent.
Washington and Lincoln but there are two more presidents
who actually have their birthday in February.
Which two are they?
Click it in.
Which two are they?
Just take a guess if you don't know.
Twenty-five, we have a lot.
I thought we would have about six.
I really did.
Okay, let's see if you were right.
Okay, very good.
I'd like to tell you something.
We in Illinois are privileged that Ronald Reagan was actually
born here in Illinois but he was governor of California
before he became president.
William Henry Harrison is very unique among the presidents
because his whole term of office only lasted for 30 days.
So our next question is an opinion question.
So don't click, this is nothing to click but
please raise your hand if you have a thought.
Why are there no February holidays for Ronald Reagan
and William Henry Harrison?
What is your thought?
>> female speaker: Because neither one of them
made a huge difference.
>> Judy: That's right.
What was the huge difference that George Washington made?
>> male speaker: He led the Revolutionary War.
>> Judy: Very good.
And what was the huge difference that
President Lincoln made, yeah.
>> female speaker: He stopped slavery.
>> Judy: Excellent, very good.
Okay, good thinking.
I can tell that there is something buzzing
around up there.
Let's go on.
This one is easy.
We can get by this one quickly.
I'm sure you can all score with this one.
They had to win their freedom from which country?
Because you see, all of those countries, well two of those
countries did have claims in North America.
Huge claims in North America.
But the war was to free us from England.
Very good.
>> male speaker: Supposedly, Spain had all
of North America and everything.
Then England, France, Germany snuck over.
>> Judy: Even Russia had some over there.
Yeah, you're right.
Good, okay, now the colonist had to win their freedom
from England.
England did not want to give up its American colonies.
No way.
So these colonists were very brave and they were very daring
in a lot of ways.
And they had reasons.
They had reasons to go to war with England.
Why was that reason?
Now be careful here.
Do some thinking before you click their answer.
What was that reason?
Have we got them all.
I think there might be more to come in.
Correct, very good, very good.
People, I am sure that in your study, quiet please.
Have you heard the slogan?
Quiet, quiet please.
Have you heard the slogan, "No taxation
without representation"?
Now representation means that even under King George III,
the British people were advanced enough to have a Parliament
where they could have representatives that could vote.
So it wasn't that if you were an Englishman, you couldn't vote,
but if you lived in the American colonies, they had
no representative in the Parliament.
And they kept adding these taxes onto the colonists
and the colonists say we can't go along with this.
You don't give us a representative in the Parliament
we can't keep paying your taxes.
We should get to vote as to what is going to be correct
and what isn't.
So, it was number three, correct.
Now, these are very famous words.
Read them carefully and choose the writer
of those famous words.
You got it?
Can you see, I am worried about you.
Okay, 23 people are doing some thinking here.
If you chose Jefferson, you are correct.
Be very honest and fair people,
that is the best way to keep score.
Now we are going to ask you to please remember those words,
because we are going to come up to some interesting ideas about
President Jefferson and President Washington.
Okay, I want you to try to put yourself back in American
history and you all know what happened on the fourth of July,
1776 don't you?
That is the most famous day in our history.
But we can still ask that question.
Why do you suppose those other two dates are on the screen?
Okay, we are not going to tell, we are just going to ask you
to put that into your thinking and please select which was
the date that America became free from England?
And we have 21, 22, 23, 24.
Which was the date?
You have to think of what the colonists had to do before they
became really free because England said what,
you declare independence?
You can't do that, you can't declare independence.
You're our colonies.
You belong under the rule of the king in the Parliament.
Okay, so let's see what the right answer is.
Alright, now people, let's leave this slide up for a second.
We can go back to the other slide.
Okay, please raise your hand if you know what happened
between 1776 and 1781.
There was a huge event.
That gentleman back there in the corner.
>> male speaker: I was just going to say
[unclear audio].
>> Judy: Well, we want to know
what happened between 1776 and 1781, yes.
>> female speaker: [unclear audio].
>> Judy: Exactly, the war of
the revolution.
It was a revolt against England and against great odds.
And thanks to the help of the French people
and their navy...yes.
>> female speaker: Wasn't 1789 whenever
the French Revolution started?
>> Judy: You know I think that is
exactly correct because the French people looked over
and they said look what America did.
They can vote now, they are free.
They have a federal government.
They have three branches, they have president, legislatures,
supreme court and the French said we want that.
So they started they're revolution yes.
It is also a very important date in American history.
Excuse me.
I should have put this over here for that.
And the Revolutionary War ended--this is
not for the clickers, this is for you to say we discussed it.
Yes Logan.
>> Logan: 1781.
>> Judy: Excellent, now we are ready
to go ahead.
So, we know what happend between here and here.
We don't know what happened between here and here.
We know that Washington was the leader.
When did he become president?
Take your pick.
If you don't know, make a thoughtful guess.
We've got ten minutes.
Look how smart you are.
You mean that America declared independence in 1776
and he didn't become president until 1789.
That's 13 years.
Okay, attention please, thank you.
What was America doing during those years from 1781 to 1789?
We had no president.
George was not president until 1789.
What was happening?
>> female speaker: They were establishing
the government.
>> Judy: Exactly, what did they have to
write to have that government?
>> male speaker: The Constitution and they were
debating over getting Virginia and New Jersey plans
and they were arguing, bickering.
>> Judy: Right, it was a huge convention
in Independence Hall in Philadelphia and England had
a Parliamentary form of democracy
but the colonists voted for a federal form of democracy.
You see, when you hear about England and Great Britain
in the news, you hear about a prime minister don't you.
You don't hear about a president.
So they're both democracies but they're slightly different.
So George was tired, he wanted to go home and farm but he said
oh my gosh, I love my country so much, I will be the president.
He was getting old and getting tired but he did agree.
So, just because we wrote a declaration of independence
in 1776 doesn't mean that the country was fully established.
So many interesting things we can talk about there.
You just answered this question very well.
Now, this is a really tricky one.
This is a fact.
You can look it up on Google and get thousands of hits.
Remember those famous words you just read that Thomas Jefferson
wrote that said "All men are created equal."
And yet this is true.
Twelve of our first eighteen presidents, all of the way up to
President Ulysses S. Grant, owned slaves.
Now what are they thinking?
So, this is an opinion question.
You do not score this.
It's a very important opinion.
Do you think it is possible to believe in freedom
and still keep people enslaved as your property?
Now this is your personal idea and you don't score
yourself for this.
Please click in your opinion
and then I have something I want to show you.
Okay, let's see what most of you think.
Most of you think no.
Well, it is an amazing thing people.
This is Thomas Jefferson who wrote those famous words that
we believe that all men are created equal and have the
right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
This is children's material that comes from Monticello which is
Thomas Jefferson's famous home estate.
Now you can see the little blue people across the top
and those graphics represent the Jefferson family.
Thomas and his wife and his children and cousins I think,
these are white aristocrats who owned Monticello.
This wonderful estate.
The green people are craftsman.
The harness maker, the barrel maker, et cetera.
So, most of these green people are all white.
Notice the orange people.
Those are the slaves that lived and worked at Monticello.
And this is the fellow who wrote that we believe these truths
to be self-evident that all men are created equal.
So, something is going on here.
Something needs to be thought out a little further.
Not only this picture, but George Washington himself,
this children's footsteps book about American history.
The slavery at Mt. Vernon, George Washington's home town.
Now not only George but his Martha owned her own slaves and
they worked in the house and they worked on the farm and they
worked in the kitchen which was outside the house et cetera.
So you can get this book at Mt. Vernon where I was able to visit
not too long ago.
And I was amazed when I first heard these things.
And then I understood that it took us all the way
a hundred years later, all the way up to President Lincoln.
And lots and lots of people doing hard thinking.
This is not right.
Why do you suppose these rich people
needed all of those slaves?
Because what did they not have, yes.
>> female speaker: They had a really big house.
>> Judy: They had a big house,
they had a farm, yes.
>> male speaker: I was going to say
with Jefferson, on the created equal thing,
he was meaning rich, well-educated, men
and all of those people because they had free labor,
they didn't want to spend money on the workers.
>> Judy: Right, and I don't know if we
are going to get to this question or not, but those
people who were enslaved did a lot of work because of science.
Science had not advanced to find new ways to get that work done.
So we are going to go on and we are not going to take time
to explain this today because we want to get farther in.
A score is 20 years.
So the man or it could be the woman here, Tubman,
who is saying these important words was a hundred years
after the Civil War.
Because the great American in whose symbolic shadow we now
stand, was none other than our own Abraham Lincoln.
So who could have said those words about Abraham Lincoln
being a hundred years before?
Click it in and do it fast if you can.
Ready, let's go.
You're right, hooray, everybody gets a plus for this one.
Oh this one you can do quickly as well.
If Abraham Lincoln freed the people who were enslaved,
why did we need Martin Luther King, Jr.?
Actually, there are two correct answers for this one.
There are two correct answers.
And we have 23, 22.
Okay, number two is also correct.
Let's go on, Mrs. Brachear.
Now, Martin Luther King created a miracle.
Finally, the people who had been enslaved got their civil rights.
Well, how did he create this huge change in American life,
a hundred years after the Civil War?
Did he pay money to the government?
Did he use some fighting because after all, there was a civil war
to free the people who were enslaved and that was
a huge amount fighting.
So, did Martin Luther King do some fighting or did he use
non-violent action?
Click in your answer.
Did you get that one?
Does anybody have a quick description
of non-violent action.
What is non-violent action, yes?
>> female speaker: Speeches and conferences
but not like fighting.
>> Judy: Okay, and there was another
big activity connected with non-violent action.
What is it?
>> male speaker: Sit-ins.
>> Judy: Sit-ins, yes.
And another one.
>> male speaker: Protesting but not
violent protesting.
Martin Luther was big on that [unclear audio].
>> Judy: Okay, yes.
>> male speaker: Boycotting.
>> Judy: Boycotting, excellent word.
Camara, what were you going to say?
>> Camara: Marches.
>> Judy: Marches, marches with banners.
Oh my goodness.
And these marches were received with violence.
They didn't fight but the people thought,
"you're going to change our way of life."
"We're going to blow up your bus,
we're going to take our clubs and disperse you."
"You must disperse from your march."
>> male speaker: Boycotts.
>> Judy: Yes, we have boycotts twice now.
>> male speaker: [unclear audio].
>> Judy: Okay, let's hear it.
>> male speaker: I don't know the name,
but he was in India.
>> Judy: Yes, yes,
this is also not on the clicker.
>> Camara: Mahatma Gandhi.
>> Judy: Excellent, excellent.
Mahatma Gandhi freed his country, India, from England
just like the American colonists tried to get free from England
with their Revolutionary War.
But Mahatma Gandhi did it all with marches and protests
and speeches and England let them go without violence.
Logan, do you have more?
Okay, good, good, good.
I already told you this answer.
From England, okay, way to go.
Now, this is a big one and this is going to be our last one
because I've got to show you something real quick here.
So, talk about earning our freedom.
George Washington won freedom for two million white men
who owned property.
You had to be a white man who owned property to vote
in America in 1789.
Abraham Lincoln won the vote for about one million black men.
And who was so mad about that?
Who was so upset after the Civil War, who gets to vote?
One million black men.
It's only half the population.
Who still can't vote?
>> female speaker: The women.
>> Judy: The women.
They were so upset.
So for the next 60 years, the women had to march and protest.
And right after Valentine's Day on February 15,
we have the birthday of Susan B. Anthony.
And because of Susan B. Anthony, the 19th Ammendment
was passed in 1920 and Susan won the vote for
26 million American women, black and white.
So, who won the vote for the most people?
George, or Abraham, or Susan?
>> male speaker: Susan.
>> Judy: Susan wins, yes.
Okay, wonderful.
So, when was that.
I told you and if you can think of it, this response will come
in a click.
Less than a hundred years ago.
People, you have been wonderful.
Thank you so much for your participation.
And this is what you do.
Count your pluses.
I'm pretty sure and then just put that number on your sheet
and circle it.
I'm pretty sure that you did well.
If you got eight or more correct, you may choose a prize
after Mrs. Brachear has collected your clickers
and we need to keep the pens and the tablets.
So if you want to tear off your score sheet before you leave
and you can put it in that bin.
And I'll put the basket up here for the pens.
But we have the prizes at the top here.
If you have eight or more correct, you're eligible
for a prize.