Tuesday, November 13, 2012 - Evening Edition


Uploaded by KPBSSanDiego on 13.11.2012

Transcript:
>> >>DWANE: I'M DWANE BROWN. TONIGHT ON KPBS EVENING EDITION, A FEDERAL AUDIT COULD MEAN
FINANCIAL PROBLEMS FOR A SAN DIEGO AGENCY PROVIDING CARE TO THE TERM NEAL ILL.
AND SAN DIEGO AGREES TO PAY A BIG SETTLEMENT TO A VICTIM OF A CONVICTED COP.
>> >>PEGGY: AND I'M PEGGY PICO. ALSO AHEAD, WE'LL TALK WITH OUR REGION'S NEWEST
ASSEMBLY MEMBERS ABOUT CALIFORNIA'S NEW SUPERMAJORITY. PLUS, WE'LL HAVE A PREVIEW AND TALK WITH THE
PRODUCER OF LA MA MA ANEW DOCUMENTARY ABOUT A CATHOLIC NUN LIVING IN A TIJUANA PRISON.
>> >>DWANE: FEEDING FLUFFY CAN BE A CHALLENGE WHEN YOU HAVE TROUBLE PUTTING FOOD ON YOUR
OWN TABLE. WE'LL SHOW YOU HOW THE HUMANE SOCIETY IS HELPING
LOW INCOME PET OWNERS. CAPTIONS PROVIDED BY ECAPTIONS.
>> >>DWANE: HELLO, GOOD EVENING, THANKS FOR JOINING US.
THE MED CARE PROGRAM IS AUDITING SAN DIEGO'S LARGEST PROVIDER OF HAWS PS CARE TO MAKE SURE
HAWS PT IF THE IT MAY HAVE TO PAY THE GOVERNMENT BACK.
AND DEPENDING ON THE AMOUNT IT COULD FORCE LAYOFFS.
SAN DIEGO HOSPICE SERVES ABOUT 4,000 PATIENTS A YEAR.
A PUBLIC MEETING ABOUT THE FATE OF THE SAN ONOFRE NUCLEAR PLANT.
IT WAS SUPPOSED TO HAPPEN THIS FRIDAY AT A HOTEL IN DANA POINT.
ANOTHER MEETING DREW A BIG CROWD IN NEW PORT BEACH LAST MONTH.
HOTEL OPERATORS IN DATA POINT WERE CONCERNED THE MEETING COULD DISTURB OTHER GUESTS.
CALIFORNIA'S LARGEST BUSINESS GROUP HAS FILE AD LAWSUIT OVER THE STATE'S CAP AND TRADE
PROGRAM. IT COMES THE DAY BEFORE THE PLAN'S FIRST AUCTION
OF POLLUTION ALLOWANCES. BUSINESSES ARE REQUIRED TO CUT EMISSIONS OR
BUY ALLOWANCES FROM OTHER COMPANIES TO GO OVER THE CAP.
THE MONEY GOSINTO AN ACCOUNT TO REDUCE GREEN HOUSE GASES IN THE STATE.
THE CALIFORNIA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE LAWSUIT CHAIMS THE STATE DOESN'T HAVE THE AUTHORITY
TO SELL THE PERMITS. SAN DIEGO'S HOUSING MARKET UH SAW A HUGE JUMP.
REAL ESTATE TRACKING FIRM SAYS THE NUMBER OF HOME CHANGING HANDS WERE UP MORE THAN 31%
FROM A YEAR AGO LAST MONTH. KPBS BUSINESS AND ENVIRONMENT REPORTER ERIK
ANDERSON JOINS US. WHAT'S HAPPENING IN THE HOUSING MARKET?
>> >>ERIK: IT APPEARS THE MARK ST FINALLY STARTING TO RECOVER FROM THE HOUSING BUBBLE
AND THEN CRASH. I SPOKE WITH DATA QUICK ANDREW LA PAGE, HE
SAYS MORE BUYER ARES ARE ENTERING THE MARKET. THAT'S PINCHING THE INVENTORY.
THE AVERAGE HOME PRICE, UP TO $350,000 WHICH IS UP JUST OVER 11% FROM THE YEAR BEFORE.
THE JUMP WAS LARGER FOR THE REGION, BUT THE AVERAGE PRICE AROUND THE REGION REMAINS BELOW
SAN DIEGO'S PRICE. >> >>DWANE: AND IT LOOKS LIKE THE BIG CHANGE
WAS THE ACTUAL NUMBER OF HOMES SOLD LAST MONTH, RIGHT?
>> >>ERIK: YOU'RE RIGHT. THE NUMBER OF HOMES CHANGING OWNERS UP 31%
YEAR OVER YEAR. THERE WERE NEARLY A THOUSAND MORE SALES IN
OCTOBER THIS YEAR THAN LAST AND IF YOU LOOK THAT CHANGE FROM SEPTEMBER TO OCTOBER THAT
WAS DRAMATIC. THERE'S TYPICALLY ABOUT A 3% DROP IN HOME SALES AS THE SEASON MOVES TOWARDS
WINTER, THIS YEAR SALES INCREASED MORE THAN 11% FROM SEPTEMBER TO OCTOBER.
>> >>DWANE: SO WHAT'S DRIVING THE SALES? >> >>ERIK: WELL, ANDREW LA PAGE SAYS A NUMBER
OF THINGS ARE GOING ON. FEWER FORECLOSED HOMES, INTEREST RATES AT
HISTORICALLY LOW LEVELS INVESTORS COMING BACK AND BUYING HOMES, AND THERE'S ACTIVITY IN
THE MOVE UP MARKET. LA PAGE SAYS FINANCING WITH MULTIPLE MORTGAGES
WAS PRETTY COMMON DURING THE HOUSING BUBBLE. THAT HAS GONE AWAY RECENTLY, AND THE HOUSING
DOWN PAYMENT SIZES ARE REMAINING PRETTY STABLE. >> >>DWANE: KPBS BUSINESS AND ENVIRONMENT
REPORT, ERIK ANDERSON. A RETIRED MARINE GENERAL FROM FALLBROOK WILL
LIKELY TAKE OVER CALIFORNIA STATE PARK SYSTEM. HE BECAUSE COMMANDING GENERAL OF MARINE BASES
ACROSS THE SOUTH WESTERN U.S. HE TAKES OVER A DEPARTMENT FRAUGHT BY 50ÊMILLION
DOLLARS HIDDEN IN SPECIAL ACCOUNTS. GOVERNOR JERRY BROWN SITED JACKSON'S PROBLEM
SOLVING EXPERIENCE. A NOT GUILTY PLEA TODAY FROM AN IRAQI MAN
ACCUSED O F BEATING HIS WIFE TO DEATH IN EL CAJON IN WHAT WAS ORIGINALLY THOUGHT TO BE
A HATE CRIME. CHARGE WOULD MURDERING 32 YEAR OLD SHAIMA
LAST MONTH. A NOTE FOUND AT THE CRIME SCENE, NEAR THE
BODY SAID GO BACK TO YOUR COUNTRY, YOU TERRORIST. FAMILY MEMBERS SAY ALAWADI WAS PLANNING TO
DIVORCE HER HUSBAND. HE'S DUE BACK IN COURT AT THE END OF THE MONTH
SAN DIEGO HAS SETTLED A LAWSUIT CONNECTED TO A CONVICTED FORMER POLICE OFFICER.
THE CITY'S PAYING 675,000 DOLLARS TO A WOMAN WHO SAYS SHE WAS FONDLED BY ANTHONY DURING
A TRAFFIC STOP. HE WAS CONVICTED OF SEX CRIMES AND ASSAULT
AGAINST FIVE WOMEN. TWO OTHER WOMEN HAVE CASES PENDING AGAINST
THE SEAVMENT LEADERS OF CALIFORNIA'S PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES HAVE PUT TUITION INCREASES ON
HOLD. GOVERNOR JERRY BROWN ASKED FOR THE POSTPONEMENT,
EVE EVEN MAKING AN UNUSUAL APPEARANCE HE WILL GO TO THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
TOMORROW WITH A MEJ MES TOOJ CONTROL COSTS WOWS PASSING THEM ON TO STUDENTS THROUGH FEE
INCREASES. ONE WEEK AFTER ELECTION DAY, VOTES ARE STILL BEING COUNTED AND COULD MAKE A DIFFERENCE
IN THE 52ND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT IN DISAI SAN DIEGO.
DEMOCRAT SCOTT PETERS MAINTAIN AS NARROW LEAD OVER REPUBLIC BRIAN BILBRAY.
HE'S AHEAD BY JUST OVER 2600 VOTES TONIGHT. BILBRAY HASN'T CONCEDED, BUT PETERS HAS GONE
TO WASHINGTON. THERE ARE STILL 210,000 ABSENTEE AND PROVISIONAL
BALLOTS TO BE TALLIED IN SAN DIEGO COUNTY. TWO OF SAN DIEGO'S NEWEST ASSEMBLY MEMBERS
TALK WITH PEGGY PICO ABOUT THE STATE'S NEW SUPERMAJORITY AND HOW IT WILL IMPACT WHAT
THEY DO FOR SAN DIEGO. >> >>PEGGY: CALIFORNIA'S LAST SUPERMAJORITY
WAS HELD BY REPUBLICANS BACK IN 1933. AND YOU'D TO GO WAY BACK TO 1883 FOR THE LAST
DEMOCRATIC SUPERMAJORITY IN THE STATE. BUT THE DEMOCRATS KNEW SUPERMAJORITY ISN'T
THE ONLY ELECTION RESULTS MAKING HISTORY. SHIRLEY WEBER, SAN DIEGO'S FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN
ELECTED TO THE ASSEMBLY, AND ROCKY CHAVEZ, THE FIRST LATINO REPUBLIC FROM NORTH COUNTY
TO BE ELECTED TO THE ASSEMBLY IN RECENT YEARS. ROCKY, MY FIRST QUESTION IS FOR YOU.
YOUR A RETIRED COLONEL IN THE U.S. MARINES, YOU BEAT OUT ANOTHER REPUBLIC OVERWHELMINGLY
IN YOUR DIS CT, DISTRICT 76. WHY DO YOU THINK YOU WON?
>> >>ROCKY CHAVEZ: WE TALKED ABOUT JOBS, EDUCATION, AND VETERANS.
AS YOU JUST MENTIONED, BEING A MARINE COLONEL, ALSO HAVING BEEN A COUNCIL MEMBER IN THE LARGEST
CITY, PEOPLE KNEW ME. >> >>PEGGY: BUT YOU WERE A MODERATE, DO YOU
THINK THAT MAYED INTO IT? >> >>ROCKY CHAVEZ: I NEVER CALL MYSELF A MODERATE.
KU Y CALL MYSELF A PRAGMATIST. >> >>PEGGY: SHIRLEY, LET'S GO TO YOU.
YOU BECAME THE FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN ACTUALLY SOUTH OF ORANGE COUNTY, SOUTH OF L.A. AND
IN SAN DIEGO TO BE ELECTED. YOU GOT 60% OF THE VOTE.
BUT YOUR DISTRICT IS NOT PREDOMINANTLY BLACK. >> >>SHIRLEY WEBER: NO, IT'S NOT, AND I DON'T
THINK THERE IS A PREDOMINANTLY BLACK DISTRICT IN SAN DIEGO.
PEOPLE DON'T KNOW THAT. I THINK I WON BECAUSE I'VE SERVED THIS DISTRICT
FOR 39 YEARS AS A SCHOOL BOARD MEMBER, A AS A LEADER, EDUCATOR, COMMISSIONER.
MY COMMUNITY KNEW ME. THEY KNEW WHAT I STOOD FOR.
SO I WASN'T AN UNKNOWN QUANTITY TEE D.SPITE THE POPULATION OF AFRICAN AMERICANS IS 10%,
IT'S POSSIBLY TO RUN IN THAT DISTRICT AND WIN IF YOU'VE GOT THE RIGHT ISSUES.
>> >>PEGGY: DO YOU THINK REDISTRICTING HELPED YOU WIN THIS ELECTION?
>> >>SHIRLEY WEBER: I THINK THIS IS GENERALLY CONSIDERED A REPUBLIC SEAT, SO THE REDISTRICTING
PROBABLY MAINE MADE IT EASIER. >> >>PEGGY: HOW ABOUT I FR YOU, ROCKY.
DO YOU THINK THE DISTRICT IS CHANGING THE LATINO GOT A REPRESENTATIVE VOTE ARE W YOU?
>> >>ROCKY CHAVEZ: NOT REAL. THE DISTRICT IS STILL STRONG REPUBLIC BY ABOUT
10 POINTS. REPUBLICS KNOW ME.
I'VE WON A NUMBER OF ELECTIONS THERE. BUT PEOPLE KNOW ME AS SOMEBODY WHO CARES ABOUT
THE COMMUNITY, AND EDUCATION FOR VETERANS, ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, ON THE ARTS COMMUNITY.
SO PEOPLE VOTED FOR ME BECAUSE THEY KNEW ME. >> >>PEGGY: OKAY, SO BOTH ARE SAME.
THIS IS ABOUT YOUR RECORD FOR BOTH OF YOU. ROCKY, LET'S TALK ABOUT THE DEMOCRATS ARE
NOW THE SUPERMAJORITY, TWO THIRDS OF THE MAJORITY IN BOTH HOUSES.
THEY CAN RAISE TAXES, OVERRIDE VETOES WITHOUT REPUBLIC SUPPORT.
HOW ARE YOU GOING TO GET WHAT YOU WANT TO ACCOMPLISH IN THIS SORT OF ENVIRONMENT?
>> >>ROCKY CHAVEZ: ACTUALLY, I THINK WE HAVE A DISCUSSION ON THE ISSUES JUST LIS TOON SHIRLEY
TALK A LITTLE BIT ON THE PREVIOUS INTERVIEW. SHE CARES ABOUT FAMILY, SO DO I.
SHE CARES ABOUT EDUCATION, SO DO I. SHE CARES ABOUT MAKING CALIFORNIA WORK, SO
DO I. I THINK WHEN WE DEAL WITH THE ISSUES WE'RE
KNOWING TO BE ABLE TO FIND SOME COMMONALITY. >> >>PEGGY: AND HOW ABOUT YOU, SHIRLEY.
YOU'RE PART OF THE SUPERMAJORITY. WITH THAT KIND OF POWER BEHIND YOU, WHAT DO
YOU WANT TO ACCOMPLISH? >> >>SHIRLEY WEBER: ANY TIME YOU GET THAT
LEVEL OF SUPPORT, ONE, IT EMPHASIZES WHAT CALIFORNIA VALUES MAY BE ABOUT, BUT IT ALSO
SAYS WITH THAT OPPORTUNITY TO GOVERN AT THE LEVEL COMES WITH AWESOME RESPONSIBILITY THAT
CANNOT BE ABUSED BECAUSE HAVE TO STAND FOR REELECTION, FACE IT PUBLIC, AND PEOPLE HAVE
TO DEAL WITH THEIR CONSTITUENTS. YOU DON'T WANT TO BRING ANY PAIN TO THE PEOPLE
YOU'RE TRYING TO SERVE. I THINK IT WILL CREATE AN OPPORTUNITY FOR
US TO DIALOGUE MORE AS WELL AS KNOW THAT ALL DEMOCRATS AREN'T THE SAME EITHER.
SIMPLY BECAUSE THERE'S TWO THIRDS DOESN'T MEAN WE ALL VOTE THE SAME WAY.
>> >>PEGGY: WHAT'S THE ONE THING YOU WANT TO TACKLE OR THE FIRST THING Y SHOULD SAY?
>> >>SHIRLEY WEBER: BEING AN EDUCATOR IN SAN DIEGO, AT SAN DIEGO STATE HERE, I DEFINITELY
WANT TO STOP THE BLEEDING OF OUR POST SECONDARY SCHOOLS.
THAT HAS TO STOP. AND SUPPORT FOR OUR SCHOOLS IS CRITICAL FOR
ME. AND WORKING WITH OUR BUSINESS COMMUNITIES
CREATE KIND OF HIGH WAGE JOBS FOR FAMILIES. >> >>PEGGY: SO SCHOOLS AND BUSINESS.
HOW ABOUT YOU, ROCKY? >> >>ROCKY CHAVEZ: JOBS AND EDUCATION Y SEE
THOSE WORKING TOGETHER. WHEN YOU HAVE AN EDUCATED POPULATION THEY
CAN WORK IN JOBS THAT REACH ACROSS THE GLOBE. >> >>PEGGY: ALL RIGHT.
WE ARE UNFORTUNATELY OUT OF TIME. BOTH OF YOU, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR TALKING
WITH ME. >> >>SHIRLEY WEBER: THANK YOU FOR THE OPPORTUNITY.
>> >>DWANE: DOZENS OF SAN DIEGO GAS AND ELECTRIC WORKERS ARE RETURNING HOME TONIGHT AFTER SPENDING
NEARLY TWO WEEKS HELPING TO REPAIR THE DAMAGE FROM SUPERSTORM SANDY.
THE COMPANY SAYS THE WORKERS HELPED TO RESTORE POWER AND INFRASTRUCTURE IN NEW YORK STATE.
THE STORM KILLED AT LEAST 113 PEOPLE AND CUT POWER TO MORE THAN 8ÊMILLION.
SAN DIEGO HUMANE SOCIETY HAS ITS WORK CUT OUT.
IT WANTS TO SPAY AND NEUTER 5,000 DOGS AND CATS BY NEXT SUMMER TO REDUCE OVER POPULATION
AND IT'S HELPING FAMILY WHOSE CAN'T AFFORD THE COST OF THE SURGERY.
JUST A FEW DAYS OLD, THIS FELINE IS BEING CARED FOR.
NINETY% OF THE KITTENS AT THIS NURSERY ARE STRAYS.
AND THIS IS WHERE THEY GET SOCIALIZED, FED, AND USED TO PEOPLE.
SINCE 2009, THEY'VE TAKEN IN ABOUT 5,000 KITTENS FROM AROUND THE COUNTY.
>> >>: FIGURED IT WAS A GOOD DAY TO SEE IF ANYONE WANTS TO ADOPT HER.
>> >>DWANE: COULDN'T KEEP IT BECAUSE HE ALREADY HAS A CAT AND DOG AT HOME.
>> >>: HE'S A STRAY, SO HE'LL END UP GOING TO THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL SERVICES INITIALLY,
THEN THEY'LL PLACE HIM UP FOR ADOPTION AND WE DO TRANSFER OVER TOO.
>> >>DWANE: DR.ÊRENEE HARRIS HAS BEEN WITH THE HUMANE SOCIETY FOR ELEVEN YEARS.
SHE SAYS THEY DON'T PUT ANIMALS TO SLEEP UNLESS THEY HAVE A TERMINAL ILLLESS.
ONE DOG SPENT ABOUT A YEAR AT THE SHELTER BEFORE BEING ADOPTED.
>> >>: WE JUST HAVE TO GA INNED FIND THE RIGHT HOMES FOR THEM.
>> >>DWANE: FROM KITTENS TO CATS, TO PUPS AND POOCHES, THE HUMANE SOCIETY IS ONE OF
SAN DIEGO'S OLDEST NON PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS AND ITS GOAL TO HAVE THIS SUMMER IS TO HELP
PEOPLE ON LIMITED INCOMES SPAY AND NEUTER 5,000 PETS TO CURVE THE OVER POPULATION PROBLEM.
>> >>: IT IS ABOUT 80% OF THE STRAY POPULATION WE TAKE IN FROM TWENTY FOUR CONTRACTS ARE
UNALTERED. >> >>DWANE: SHE HOPES EVENTUALLY DEPLOYING
THIS MOBILE VAN WILL HELP CUT DOWN ON THE PROBLEM.
THESE FEMALE KITTENS AND PUPPIES WERE SPAYD EARLIER AND WILL SOON BE GOING HOME.
DR.ÊHARRIS SAYS OVER POPULATION IS A PROBLEM THROUGHOUT THE COUNTIES.
ESPECIALLY AMONG PIT BULLS AND FERAL CATS. THEY ALSO UNDERSTAND FAMILIES ARE STRUGGLING
TO FEED THEMSELVES AS WELL AS THEIR PETS. >> >>: OUR PROJECT IS FOR LOW INCOME FAMILIES,
WE ASSIST WITH FOOD AND OTHER ITEMS THAT THEY NEED BUT WE'LL ALSO ASSIST WITH THE SPAYING
AND NEUTERING. >> >>DWANE: DR.ÊHARRIS SAYS WITHIN FIVE YEARS
THEY HOPE TO DO AWAY WITH THE NEED FOR A NURSERY BECAUSE MORE ANIMALS WILL BE PROPERLY CARED
FOR. THE HUMANE SOCIETY HAS CAMPUSES IN SAN DIEGO
AND OCEANSIDE. ITS PRIORITY IS TO SPAY AND NEUTER 5,000 ANIMALS
BY SUMMER, 2013. THE BERLIN HEART IS AN EXTERNAL PUMP FOR CHILDREN
WHO HAVE A MALFUNCTIONING HEART T.BUYS KIDS SOME TIME FOR THEIR HEART TO RECOVER OR UNTIL
A DONATED ORGAN IS FOUND. THE DEVICE CAN BE A LIFE SAVOR, BUT HAS SOME
SERIOUS FLAWS. KENNY GOLDBERG TELLS US MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
AT UC SAN DIEGO ARE TRYING TO COME UP WITH A BETTER DESIGN.
>> >>: WHEN CARLY NUTTLE WAS BORN IN TUSCAN IN 2007, HER HEART WAS BARELY FUNCTIONING.
DOCTORS PULLED HER PARENTS ASIDE AND GAVE THEM THE GRIM NEWS.
>> >>: THEY SAID HER HEART WAS IN SUCH BAD SHAPE THAT THEY DIDN'T EXPECT HER TO LIVE
THROUGH THE NIGHT. >> >>KENNY: SOME HOW CARLY NUTTLE SURVIVED
THAT NIGHT AND HUNG ON FOR THE NEXT TWO WEEKS BUT IT WAS TOUCH AND GO, THEN CARLY GOT A
BERLIN HEART. IT'S THE ONLY FDA APPROVED CARDIAC PUMP FOR
YOUNG CHILDREN. DOCTORS TOLD HER PARENTS WHO WOULD HOPEFULLY
KEEP CARLY ALIVE. >> >>: THAT WAS THE PLAN, GET THE BERLIN HEART
ON, LET HER GROW, AND GET BIGGER THEN HOPEFULLY A HEART WOULD BECOME AVAILABLE FOR A HEART
TRANSPLANT. >> >>KENNY: AFTER FIVE DAYS, DOCTORS DIALED
BACK THE DEVICE. THEY WANTED TO SEE HOW CARLY'S OWN HEART WOULD
RESPOND. >> >>: AFTER 15 DAYS, THEY WERE ABLE TO DIAL
IT ALL THE WAY DOWN TO 0, AND HER HEART WAS DOING THE WORK IT NEEDED TO DO.
SO THEY WERE ABLE TO TAKE THE BERLIN HEART OFF, AND NOW SHE STILL HAS HER OWN HEART AND
WE ARE JUST VERY GRATEFUL. >> >>KENNY: CARDIAC SURGEON JACK COPELAND
HOOKED CARLY UP TO THE DESCRIES DEVICE. SHE WAS THE YOUNGEST CHILD TO GET ONE ONE.
A BERLIN HEART IS OFTEN THE ONLY STANDING BETWEEN CHILDREN WITH DAMAGED HEARTS.
THE DEVICE CAN CAUSE SEVERE COMPLICATIONS. >> >>: IT CAUSES CLOTS AND THE STROKE RATE
WITH THESE KIDS HAS BEEN ANYWHERE FROM 25% UP TO A HUNDRED PERCENT.
THAT'S A PRETTY HIGH RATE AND THAT'S UNACCEPTABLE, REALLY, BY ANYBODY'S STANDARDS AND EVERYBODY'S
UPSET ABOUT THAT. BUT IT'S I THINKÊ THAT'S WHERE WE ARE RIGHT
NOW. >> >>KENNY: ALLISON MARSDEN HOPES TO CHANGE
THAT. SHE'S AN ASSISTANT PROFESSOR AT MECHANICAL
AND AERO SPACE ENGINEERING. MARSDEN BECAME INTERESTED IN MEDICAL DEVICES
DURING HER POST DOCTORAL TRAINING AT STANFORD. >> >>: I THINK THE ISSUES OF HOW BLOOD FLOWÊ
THE PATTERN OF BLOOD FLOW IN SURGERIES AND DEVICES ARE REALLY INTERESTING FROM AN ENGINEERING
POINT OF VIEW, BUT ALSO I ENJOY WORKING ON THOSE PROBLEMS BECAUSE THEIR IMMEDIATE APPLICATION
TO SORT OF HUMAN PROBLEMS AND PATIENT CARE. >> >>KENNY: THE BERLIN HEART LOOKS LIKE A
SIMPLE DEVICE. MARSDEN SAYS WHAT HAPPENS INSIDE OF IT IS
COMPLICATED. >> >>: THIS DEVICE IS MADE UP OF TWO CHAMBERS.
THERE'S A BLOOD CHAMBER ON THE TOP, AN AIR CHAMBER DOWN HERE, AND A RATHER THIN MEMBRANE
THAT DIVIDES THE TWO CHAMBERS. WHEN THE BOTTOM CHAMBER IS PRESSURIZED, THE
MEMBRANE GOES UP AND DOWN, BUT ITS MOTION IS NON LINEAR, MEANING THAT IT BUCKLES IN
A COMPLEX PATTERN. >> >>KENNY: MARSDEN HOPES SHE CAN EVENTUALLY
DISCOVER HOW THE FLOW PATTERNS INSIDE THE BERLIN HEART RELATE TO THE RISK OF BLOOD CLOTS.
THEN SHE MIGHT BE ABLE TO SUGGEST SOME DESIGN CHANGES.
SHE'S BEEN TRYING TO DEVELOP A COMPUTER MODEL THE BERLIN HEART.
MARSDEN AND GRADUATE STUDENT CHRIS LONG HAVE BEEN WORKING TO SIMULATE THE INTERPLAY BETWEEN
BLOOD, AIR, AND THE COMPLEX MEMBRANE MOTION. TALK ABOUT CHALLENGING.
AT EACH OF NEARLY TWO MILLION POINTS INSIDE THE DEVICE, THEY HAVE TO CALCULATE THREE COMPONENTS
OF VELOCITY AND PRESSURE. THE MATHEMATICAL EQUATIONS TO COME UP WITH
THE SIMULATIONS ARE EXTREMELY COMPLEX. AS A MATTER OF FACT, RESEARCHERS HAD TO USE
THE POWER OF SOME SUPERCOMPUTERS HERE ON THE UC SAN DIEGO CAMPUS.
STRUCTURAL ENGINEER YURI BAZILEVS IS WORK ON THE HEART SIMULATION.
HE SHARES HER FASCINATION WITH FIGURING OUT HOW TO IMPROVE MEDICAL DEVICES.
BAZILEVS SAYS YOU CAN'T JUST PULL SOFTWARE OFF THE SHELF TO SIMULATE INTERACTIONS INSIDE
THE HEART ON A COMPUTER. >> >>: SUCH PROBLEMS ARE I WOULD SAY NEARLY
IMPOSSIBLE OR IMPOSSIBLE TO DO. >> >>KENNY: BAZILEVS HAS HAD TO USES HIS KNOWLEDGE
OF COMPLEX MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE TO COME UP WITH SOME CUSTOM APPLICATIONS.
>> >>: I'VE TAKING THE METHOD I'VE DEVELOPED FOR CARDIOVASCULAR BLOOD FLOW AND APPLYING
IT TO THIS VERY INTERESTING AND CHALLENGING PROBLEM.
>> >>KENNY: AFTER TWO YEARS OF WORKING ON IT SIMULATIONS, HERE'S WHAT BAZILEVS, MARSDEN
AND LONG HAVE COME UP WITH. >> >>: BASICALLY COLORS INDICATE HOW FAST
THE FLOW IS MOVING, AND ON THE BAWTD M HERE IS THE AIR CHAMBER, ON THE TOP IS THE BLOOD
CHAMBER, AND THIS MOTION THAT YOUR SEEING IS THIS MEMBRANE THAT GOES UP AND DOWN, AND
YOU CAN SEE THAT IT HAS A VERY COMPLEX BUCKLING MOTION, WHICH IS SOMETHING THAT WAS QUITE
CHALLENGING TO CAPTURE IN THE SIMULATION. AND WHAT WE'RE INTERESTED NOW IS TO ANALYZE
THE FLOW FIELD TO REALLY PICK OUT WHAT ARE THE AREAS OF HIGH RISK IN TERM OF BLOOD CLOT
FORMATION. >> >>KENNY: COPELAND IS SKEPTICAL ABOUT WHETHER
ARTIFICIAL HEART PUMPS CAN BE SUBSTANTIALLY IMPROVED.
HE BELIEVES DOCTORS HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB OF TREATING PEDIATRIC HEART DISEASE.
>> >>: OUR JOB IS TO FIGURE OUT THE BIOLOGY OF WHAT'S GOING ON, AND TRY TO TREAT IT WITH
THE APPROPRIATE MEDICATIONS SO THAT FURTHER ITERATIONS AND DEVICES ARE WELCOME, WAT IN
THE MEAN TIME WE'VE GOT TO SERVE THE POPULATION THAT NEEDS THESE DEVICES BY OPTIMIZING THE
WAY WE TREAT THEM TO MINIMIZE THE AMOUNT OF STROKES IT THAT THEY HAVE.
>> >>DWANE: KPBS HEALTH REPORTER CAREERING. THE ENGINEERS AT UC SAN DIEGO ARE TRYING TO
DEVELOP MORE SOPHISTICATED COMPUTER DEVICES OF THE BERLIN HEART.
>> >>: CHINA'S GROWING APPETITE FOR MEAT AND DAIRY.
PLUS A LAME DUCK CONGRESSMAN RETURNS TO WASHINGTON. THIS TUESDAY ON THE PBS NEWS HOUR.
>> >>DWANE: AN 84 YEAR OLD CATHOLIC NUN HAS BEEN LIVING IN A TIJUANA PRISON FOR THE PAST
30 YEARS. HER STORY IS THE SUBJECT OF A DOCUMENTARY
AIRING TONIGHT AT 9:30ÊP.M. ON KPBSMENT PEGGY PICO SPEAKS WITH THE FILMMAKER.
>> >>PEGGY: MOTHER ANTONIA IS KNOWN AS LA MA MA SHE HAS LIVED FOR THE PAST THREE DECADES.
HER INCREDIBLE MINISTRY IS DOCUMENTED IN THE NEW FILM, LA MA MA, AN AMERICAN NUN'S LIFE
IN A MEXICAN PRISON. JOINING ME IS THE FILM'S PRODUCER AND WRITER,
JODY HAMMOND. MOTHER ANTONIA LEFT BEVERLY HILLS TO DO PRISON
WORK IN TIJUANA, BUT IT WAS NOT A DIRECT ROUTE. GIVE US A LITTLE BIT OF HER HISTORY.
>> >>JODY HAMMOND: SHE WAS BORN AND RAISED IN BEVERLY HILLS, THE DAUGHTER OF A WEALTHY
FAMILY. SHE WAS MARRIED TWICE, DIVORCED TWICE, HAD
SEVEN CHILDREN, WAS VERY ACTIVE IN HER CHURCH, AND HAD BEEN ACTIVE IN COLLECTING SUPPLIES
AND FOOD FOR KOREAN ORPHANS, WHICH AT THE TIME WAS A BIG, CHARITABLE EFFORT IN THE YEUN.
>> >>PEGGY: IS THAT HOW SHE CHOSE TO WORK IN PRISONS? HOW'D SHE MAKE THAT LEAP?
>> >>JODY HAMMOND: WELL, ITÊ THERE WASN'T REALLY ONE DIRECT THING, BUT SHE DID MAKE
A VISIT TO TIJUANA AND HAPPENED TO END UP AT THE PRISON AND AT THE TIME LA MESA STATE
PENS PENITENTIARY WAS A VERY, VERY PRIMITIVE PLACE AND IF YOU DIDN'T HAVE MONEY, YOU MIGHT
NOT EVEN HAVE A CELL OR A PLACE TO SLEEP. AND IT WAS DANGEROUS, IT WAS VERY CORRUPT,
AND SHE MANAGED TO MAKE IN ROADS THERE, BRINGING SUPPLIES, BRINGING FOOD, HELPING WHOEVER SHE
COULD WITH OTHER PEOPLE FROM BOTH SIDES OF THE BORDER.
>> >>PEGGY: WHAT KIND OF CONDITIONS IS IT LIKE NOW? WHAT IS SHE LIVING IN?
>> >>JODY HAMMOND: I HAVE TO SAY, SHE WAS LIVE NOTHING SD PRISON WALLS FOR MORE THAN
30 YEARS. AND SHE LIVED IN WHAT'S CALLED A CARACA, A
LITTLE TINY ONE ROOM APARTMENT. CERTAINLY NICER THAN A CELL.
AND WITH A BED, AND NO HOT WATER, BUT VERY SPARTAN.
BUT SHE WAS ABLE TO COME AND GO AS SHE PLEASES. AND, UM, NOW SHE IS NOT LIVING THERE ALL THE
TIME BECAUSE HER HEALTHÊ >> >>PEGGY: SHE'S 84 YEARS OLD.
>> >>JODY HAMMOND: SHE'S GOING TO BE 86 ACTUALLY NEXT MONTH.
SHE'S BEEN IN POOR HEALTH. SO SHE STILL VISITS AS REGULARLY AS POSSIBLE,
BUT SHE'S NOT ACTUALLY LIVING AT THE PRISON RIGHT NOW.
>> >>PEGGY: LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT A CLIP FROM A PRISONER TALKING ABOUT SOME OF THE WORK
SHE'S DOING THERE. >> >>: THERE USED TO BE A PRACTICE FOR NEW
PRISONERS KNOWN AS EL GREETO, OR THE YELL. >> >>: ALL THE GUARDS WOULD STAND ON PARALLEL
LINES, AND THEY WOULD HAVE ALL THE KIDS WOULD HAVE TO COME UP AND THEY'D HAVE TO YELL THEIR
NAME WHAT THEIR CRIME WAS, AND WHAT THEIR ALIAS WAS.
BUT IF THEY DIDN'T YELL IT LOUD ENOUGH, THEY WOULD HAVE TO RUN THROUGH THE GUARDS AND THE
GUARDS WOULD KICK THEM. YOU KNOW, THEY WOULD BEAT THEM, AND THEN BEAT
THEM ON THE WAY BACK. MOTHER ANTONIA CAME DOWN WITH A FIRM FOOT
AND MADE THAT KNOWN. SHE EVEN TOOK IT TO THE POINT WHERE SHE WOULD
WALK IN WITH THE PEOPLE WHEN THEY WERE ABOUT TO SAY THEIR NAME AND THEIR ALIASES JUST TO
MAKE SURE NOTHING WOULD HAP TOON THEM. >> >>PEGGY: WOW, VERY HANDS ON, SO TO SPEAK.
WHATÊ SHE HELPED THE PRISONERS LIKE I SAID VERY HANDS ON, BUT SHE ALSO WORKS OUTSIDE
THE PRISON. >> >>JODY HAMMOND: SHE HAS FOUNDED AN ORDER
CALLED SERVANTS OF THE 11TH HOUR, ALL OLDER WOMEN WHO WOULDN'T BE ABLE TO BE NUNS BECAUSE
THEY'RE TOO OLD. THEY HAVE TO HAVE THEIR OWN HEALTH INSURANCE,
AND THEY'RE FROM ALL OVER THE UNITED STATES. THEY HELP HER INSIDE THE PRISON WITH AIDS
PATIENTS, GATHERING CLOTHES AND FOOD, AND BRINGING A LOVING PRESENCE INSIDE THE PRISON
TO MANY OF THESE INMATES WHOSE FAMILIES ARE FAR AWAY BECAUSE MANY OF THEM HAVE COME TO
CROSS THE BORDER AT TIJUANA AND THEY ARE DEPORTED BACK INTO MEXICO, AND THEY HAVE NO SUPPORT
SYSTEM WHATSOEVER. >> >>PEGGY: HOW DID YOU FIND OUT ABOUT HER?
>> >>JODY HAMMOND: I WAS A REPORTER IN SAN DIEGO, FOR SEVERAL LOCAL TV STATIONS, BECAUSE
I SPEAK SPANISH, I WOULD OFTEN BE SENT TO TIJUANA TO DISCOVER WHAT WAS HAPPENING.
I STARTED HEARING ABOUT THIS AMERICAN NUN WHO WAS LIVING INSIDE THE PRISON, WHICH CERTAINLY
INTRIGUED ME. AND FINALLY WHEN I MET MOTHER ANTONIA, SHE
REAL DIDN'T WANT THE COVERAGE. SHE SAID OH, DEAR, YOU'VEÊ GO TALK TO SOMEBODY
ELSE. PLUS, SHE WAS VERY CONCERNED.
HE DIDN'T WANT MY COVERAGE TO BE AN EXPOSƒ OF PRISON CORRUPTION OR CORRUPT COPS.
SHE SAID THAT SHE HAS BEEN ALLOWED TO DO MANY THINGS IN MEXICO SHE WOULD HAVE NEVER BEEN
ALLOWED TO DO IN AN AMERICAN PRISON, FOR EXAMPLE LIVING INSIDE PRISON WALLS.
>> >>PEGGY: THANK YOU, JODY HAMMOND, PRODUCER OF LA MA MA, AN AMERICAN NUN'S LIFE IN AN
MEXICAN PRISON WHICH AIRS ON KPBS AT 9:30ÊP.M. TONIGHT.
>> >>DWANE: MEET SAN DIEGO'S NEWEST PANDA CUB. XIAO LIWU IS 100 DAYS OLD AND IN KEEPING
WITH CHINESE TRADITION HE WAS OFFICIALLY NAMED TODAY.
HIS NAME MEANS LITTLE GIFT. HE'S LITTLE FOR NOW, JUST NINE POUNDS, BUT
A MALE PANDA CAN GROW TO 350 POUNDS. HIS NAME WAS ONE OF SIX SELECTED BY THE ZOO
FROM SEAN 7,000 SUGGESTIONS. AND YOU CAN FIND TONIGHT'S STORIES ON OUR
WEBSITE, KPBS.ORG/EVENINGEDITION. THANKS FOR JOINING US.
YOU HAVE A GREAT NIGHT.