Srimad-Bhagavatam 03.12 - Creation of the Kumaras and Others

Uploaded by davidlugan on 04.11.2011

Sri Maitreya said: O learned Vidura, so far I have explained to you the glories of the
form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead in His feature of kala. Now you can hear from
me about the creation of Brahma, the reservoir of all Vedic knowledge.
Brahma first created the nescient engagements like self-deception, the sense of death, anger
after frustration, the sense of false ownership, and the illusory bodily conception, or forgetfulness
of one’s real identity. Seeing such a misleading creation as a sinful
task, Brahma did not feel much pleasure in his activity, and therefore he purified himself
by meditation on the Personality of Godhead. Then he began another term of creation.
In the beginning, Brahma created four great sages named Sanaka, Sananda, Sanatana and
Sanat-kumara. All of them were unwilling to adopt materialistic activities because they
were highly elevated due to their semen’s flowing upwards.
Brahma spoke to his sons after generating them. “My dear sons,” he said, “now
generate progeny.” But due to their being attached to Vasudeva, the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, they aimed at liberation, and therefore they expressed their unwillingness.
On the refusal of the sons to obey the order of their father, there was much anger generated
in the mind of Brahma, which he tried to control and not express.
Although he tried to curb his anger, it came out from between his eyebrows, and a child
mixed blue and red was immediately generated. After his birth he began to cry: O destiny
maker, teacher of the universe, kindly designate my name and place.
The all-powerful Brahma, who was born from the lotus flower, pacified the boy with gentle
words, accepting his request, and said: Do not cry. I shall certainly do as you desire.
Thereafter Brahma said: O chief of the demigods, you shall be called by the name Rudra by all
people because you have so anxiously cried. My dear boy, I have already selected the following
places for your residence: the heart, the senses, the air of life, the sky, the air,
the fire, the water, the earth, the sun, the moon and austerity.
Lord Brahma said: My dear boy Rudra, you have eleven other names: Manyu, Manu, Mahinasa,
Mahan, Siva, Rtadhvaja, Ugrareta, Bhava, Kala, Vamadeva and Dhrtavrata.
O Rudra, you also have eleven wives, called the Rudranis, and they are as follows: Dhi,
Dhrti, Rasala, Uma, Niyut, Sarpi, Ila, Ambika, Iravati, Svadha and Diksa.
My dear boy, you may now accept all the names and places designated for you and your different
wives, and since you are now one of the masters of the living entities, you may increase the
population on a large scale. The most powerful Rudra, whose bodily color
was blue mixed with red, created many offspring exactly resembling him in features, strength
and furious nature. The sons and grandsons generated by Rudra
were unlimited in number, and when they assembled together they attempted to devour the entire
universe. When Brahma, the father of the living entities, saw this, he became afraid of the
situation. Brahma told Rudra: O best among the demigods,
there is no need for you to generate living entities of this nature. They have begun to
devastate everything on all sides with the fiery flames from their eyes, and they have
even attacked me. My dear son, you had better situate yourself
in penance, which is auspicious for all living entities and which will bring all benediction
upon you. By penance only shall you be able to create the universe as it was before.
By penance only can one even approach the Personality of Godhead, who is within the
heart of every living entity and at the same time beyond the reach of all senses.
Sri Maitreya said: Thus Rudra, having been ordered by Brahma, circumambulated his father,
the master of the Vedas. Addressing him with words of assent, he entered the forest to
perform austere penances. Brahma, who was empowered by the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, thought of generating living entities and begot ten sons for the extension of the
generations. Marici, Atri, Angira, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu,
Bhrgu, Vasistha, Daksa, and the tenth son, Narada, were thus born.
Narada was born from the deliberation of Brahma, which is the best part of the body. Vasistha
was born from his breathing, Daksa from a thumb, Bhrgu from his touch, and Kratu from
his hand. Pulastya was generated from the ears, Angira
from the mouth, Atri from the eyes, Marici from the mind and Pulaha from the navel of
Brahma. Religion was manifested from the breast of
Brahma, wherein is seated the Supreme Personality of Godhead Narayana, and irreligion appeared
from his back, where horrible death takes place for the living entity.
Lust and desire became manifested from the heart of Brahma, anger from between his eyebrows,
greed from between his lips, the power of speaking from his mouth, the ocean from his
penis, and low and abominable activities from his anus, the source of all sins.
Sage Kardama, husband of the great Devahuti, was manifested from the shadow of Brahma.
Thus all became manifested from either the body or the mind of Brahma.
O Vidura, we have heard that Brahma had a daughter named Vak who was born from his body
and who attracted his mind toward sex, although she was not sexually inclined towards him.
Thus, finding their father so deluded in an act of immorality, the sages headed by Marici,
all sons of Brahma, spoke as follows with great respect.
O father, this performance in which you are endeavoring to complicate yourself was never
attempted by any other Brahma, nor by anyone else, nor by you in previous kalpas, nor will
anyone dare to attempt it in the future. You are the supreme being in the universe, so
how is it that you want to have sex with your daughter and cannot control your desire?
Even though you are the most powerful being, this act does not suit you because your character
is followed for spiritual improvement by people in general.
Let us offer our respectful obeisances unto the Personality of Godhead, who, by His own
effulgence, while situated in Himself, has manifested this cosmos. May He also protect
religion for all goodness. The father of all Prajapatis, Brahma, thus
seeing all his Prajapati sons speaking in that way, became very much ashamed and at
once gave up the body he had accepted. Later that body appeared in all directions as the
dangerous fog in darkness. Once upon a time, when Brahma was thinking
of how to create the worlds as in the past millennium, the four Vedas, which contain
all varieties of knowledge, became manifested from his four mouths.
The four kinds of paraphernalia for conducting the fire sacrifice became manifest: the performer
[the chanter], the offerer, the fire, and the action performed in terms of the supplementary
Vedas. Also the four principles of religiosity [truth, austerity, mercy and cleanliness]
and the duties in the four social orders all became manifest.
Vidura said: O great sage whose only wealth is penance, kindly explain to me how and with
whose help Brahma established the Vedic knowledge which emanated from his mouth.
Maitreya said: Beginning from the front face of Brahma, gradually the four Vedas—Rk,
Yajur, Sama and Atharva—became manifest. Thereafter, Vedic hymns which had not been
pronounced before, priestly rituals, the subject matters of the recitation, and transcendental
activities were all established, one after another.
He also created the medical science, military art, musical art and architectural science,
all from the Vedas. They all emanated one after another, beginning from the front face.
Then he created the fifth Veda—the Puranas and the histories—from all his mouths, since
he could see all the past, present and future. All the different varieties of fire sacrifices
[sodasi, uktha, purisi, agnistoma, aptoryama, atiratra, vajapeya and gosava] became manifested
from the eastern mouth of Brahma. Education, charity, penance and truth are
said to be the four legs of religion, and to learn this there are four orders of life
with different classifications of castes according to vocation. Brahma created all these in systematic
order. Then the thread ceremony for the twice-born
was inaugurated, as were the rules to be followed for at least one year after acceptance of
the Vedas, rules for observing complete abstinence from sex life, vocations in terms of Vedic
injunctions, various professional duties in household life, and the method of maintaining
a livelihood without anyone’s cooperation by picking up rejected grains.
The four divisions of retired life are the vaikhanasas, valakhilyas, audumbaras and phenapas.
The four divisions of the renounced order of life are the kuticakas, bahvodas, hamsas
and niskriyas. All these were manifested from Brahma.
The science of logical argument, the Vedic goals of life, and also law and order, moral
codes, and the celebrated hymns bhuh, bhuvah and svah all became manifested from the mouths
of Brahma, and the pranava omkara was manifested from his heart.
Thereafter the art of literary expression, usnik, was generated from the hairs on the
body of the almighty Prajapati. The principal Vedic hymn, gayatri, was generated from the
skin, tristup from the flesh, anustup from the veins, and jagati from the bones of the
lord of the living entities. The art of writing verse, pankti, became manifested
from the bone marrow, and that of brhati, another type of verse, was generated from
the life-breath of the Lord of the living entities.
Brahma’s soul was manifested as the touch alphabets, his body as the vowels, his senses
as the sibilant alphabets, his strength as the intermediate alphabets and his sensual
activities as the seven notes of music. Brahma is the personal representation of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead as the source of transcendental sound and is therefore above
the conception of manifested and unmanifested. Brahma is the complete form of the Absolute
Truth and is invested with multifarious energies. Thereafter Brahma accepted another body, in
which sex life was not forbidden, and thus he engaged himself in the matter of further
creation. O son of the Kurus, when Brahma saw that in
spite of the presence of sages of great potency there was no sufficient increase in population,
he seriously began to consider how the population could be increased.
Brahma thought to himself: Alas, it is wonderful that in spite of my being scattered all over,
there is still insufficient population throughout the universe. There is no other cause for
this misfortune but destiny. While he was thus absorbed in contemplation
and was observing the supernatural power, two other forms were generated from his body.
They are still celebrated as the body of Brahma. The two newly separated bodies united together
in a sexual relationship. Out of them, the one who had the male form
became known as the Manu named Svayambhuva, and the woman became known as Satarupa, the
queen of the great soul Manu. Thereafter, by sex indulgence, they gradually
increased generations of population one after another.
O son of Bharata, in due course of time he [Manu] begot in Satarupa five children—two
sons, Priyavrata and Uttanapada, and three daughters, Akuti, Devahuti and Prasuti.
The father, Manu, handed over his first daughter, Akuti, to the sage Ruci, the middle daughter,
Devahuti, to the sage Kardama, and the youngest, Prasuti, to Daksa. From them, all the world
filled with population.