Khmer Empire : The King city Jayavarman7 Sub all language p4/4


Uploaded by TeukTnotChou on 17.05.2011

Transcript:
But at the time of the visit Ta-Kuan, the main threat came from the kingdom of Siam which was developed by encroaching on Cambodia
During the recent war with Siam, whole villages were wiped out
According to the diplomat the Khmer army was unprepared for war
The soldiers are barefoot without first coat
They carry a spear in his right hand and shield in his left
They did not bow or throwing weapon or helmet, or armor
More generally, they know no discipline or strategy
Ta-Kuan had probably been right
Inscriptions we learn in 1431 the Thais invaded Angkor
They then looted everything that could be, and enslave the major part of the population, therefore the entire royal harem
In the following centuries the city of Angkor was gradually taken over by the jungle
In 1860 H. Mouhot wrote: how not to wonder what has happened to these people fairly powerful, civilized and refined
For having given birth to such gigantic works
Traditional explanation is that leaders have failed to maintain their power
And the pressure of the Thais simply made them flee
This is probably partly true
But archaeologists now believe that other factors may have precipitated the fall of Angkor
Excess Jayavarman7 may be involved
Clearly it was a frenetic builder
They say it is undoubtedly true, it could exhaust the resources of his country up to cause its decline
Jayavarman7 was also the first Buddhist king after several centuries of Hindu worship
The advent of this most charitable religion may have led the Khmer to question the excesses of their leaders
J. Gaucher think if the success of the Khmer may be attributed to their metrized water
Their decline has been caused by the same element
The balance was established so subtle that if the irrigation system and storage were not well maintained, the whole edifice could disintegrate
The system at that time becomes brittle
One clearly sees that point, we no longer be involved scraping these cannals
The cannals are filled gradually until today and are completely covered by a sedimentation
The kings who succeeded Jayavarman7 were less enthusiastic to major construction works
It is not impossible that they have neglected the maintenance of complex networks of water supplies
But deforestation has probably also played a role in the decline of Angkor
Such an area of jungle was cleared to the profile of rice as rivers and canals were silted certainly
What could have caused the Khmer an ecological disaster
It is very likely that it is a combination of these factors that drove the Khmers out of their large capital
We know at least what remains of the Khmer court moved back to the banks of Mekong
Near the site of the present capital of Cambodia, Phnom Penh
There has never been an abandonment of Angkor!
It turns out that the 12th and 13th century, Chinese and Chou Ta-Kuan is an example, have sought to do business again with the south-east Asia
So Angkor was not a very convenient place for maritime commerce
Ayutthaya ago that developed in maritime trade and there was Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh is very well situated for maritime commerce
That's why there was a capital in the region of Phnom Penh that the Thais took to the late 16th century, Longvek
But I think during all that time, Angkor was alive. But the king of Angkor ruled over a territory was much narrower
Buddhism now conquered renouncing material possessions,
Khmers were to ever regain the pride they had known at Angkor
The city gradually sank into oblivion, until the chance has led H. Mouhot in 1860
Angkor is now considered one of the wonder of the world
And the new era of stability known as Cambodia, allows archaeologists from around the world come to decipher the many mysteries that remain at Angkor
Through their work, the fabulous capital, which dominated for more than five centuries, an empire of unimaginable wealth
Angkor gradually emerging from the jungle to resume its place is due to the most amazing cities that the world is known