TEDxReset 2011 - Serdar Kuzuloglu - Ya Yanlış Yere Tıklamışsak - What if we clicked wrong?


Uploaded by TEDxTalks on 08.04.2011

Transcript:
The stage is yours.
I really envy your comfort on the stage. I wish I were the moderator.
I will talk about many things. You have already started the time.
Why don't you just reset it? I haven't started yet.
I will talk about a lot of things, and for the first time in my life...
I have time limitations.
I will be talking about subjects that we have covered today.
Time, for example. By the way...
Nazim Hikmet has a great poem talking about his ten years in prison,...
he says 'since I have been in jail,...
the the world has revolved around the sun ten times'.
So time is an interesting concept. It is the beginning of modern time.
A lot of things have started and developed with time.
We don't know much about what it really is. 2000 years ago,...
the Roman Emperor, Julius Caesar, decided to change...
the 714 year calendar, he was inspired by the pharaohs.
He divides the year into months.
He says the first month is January and he allocates 28 days to February,...
then 30 days to some months and 31 to some others and of course...
July is 31 days because he is Julius Caesar and someone else,...
Augustus says, why is August 30 days? It has to be 31 days too.
So Augustus says, no, August has to be 31 days too.
That's why July and August are 31 days. I mean we are talking about a calendar.
Could it be done so randomly? And then the Christians say,...
well let's take the birth of Jesus as the basis, they say...
it is the 25th of December, the experts say, 'no he was born in September',...
then comes the first of January, everything gets all complicated...
that is also vague.
Then the Muslims... Prophets... Mohammad...
Migrates from Mecca to Medina and the Muslims say let's take this...
as a basis and comes this calendar, a different system.
Then 1582 years after the birth of Christ,...
Pope the 13th Gregor comes with a different calendar system.
What happened all of a sudden after 1500 years? God knows...
Gregor the 13th creates the Gregorian calendar and puts it in our lives.
So in summary, based on the Gregorian calendar, it is 2011,...
based on the Muslim calendar it is 1532,...
and then based on the Hebrew calendar it is 5771,...
for Chinese it is 4708, so don't you just think we are in year 2011.
Ok, next. What time is it?
When I say what is the time, I will get at least 15 different answers...
because even scientists are not in a consensus about time.
January 1st 1972 was when they reached consensus, so about 39 years ago...
if you asked someone what time is it, there was no consensus.
They created the international atom hour. And another group,...
the opposite group, you know scientists,...
they always have to oppose one another. So they created universal time.
There are only 34 seconds in between the two.
They can't reach a consensus there.
So all around the world there are these slices of time.
The queen said, it is Greenwich. Time starts with me. What a great power!
They told we are in plus 2 time zone.
There is also the summer and winter time.
We just believe that there is something called Turkish time.
In Istanbul it is the same time in Edirne, in Van, Kars, Malatya,...
it is the same time, it all gets confused. We don't know the date,...
we don't know the time, we are unaware of everything...
and then we say we are living in the information age.
Oh really? Information age. It is the Nirvana of all utopia.
It is the zenith of technology. Knowing, learning...
It is the foundation of our human motive.
It is a natural result of our curiosity.
In order to reach this knowledge, we sacrificed a lot. We paid a lot.
Let's go back to very ancient times.
Let's go back to our common parents, Adam and Eve.
Adam in the garden of Eden,...
lived a life that no other man could ever live again.
He lives like Caesar, he lives like a King. One day he tells God,...
I am bored, send me a friend. God says, you keep on sleeping son.
And from the rib of Adam, he creates Eve.
Oh you stupid Adam, you are in paradise, you have everything,...
why do you ask for trouble? This is how it all started. You stupid.
Anyway.
Adam and Eve are leading this great life in paradise,...
one day God pulls them aside and he says,
"Adam, Eve, you see all these beauties. I offer you everything here.
But you should never eat the fruit of that knowledge tree.
If you eat the fruit of the knowledge tree, you will die."
Adam and Eve said ok.
One day Eve is walking around in paradise on her own,...
Adam, not aware of the dangers of leaving a woman alone,...
he goes to the knowledge tree and the Satan says, why don't you have one?
He says, no no no. The Father has forbidden it. Why, he says.
We would die. No way. If you eat it, you will reach God's knowledge.
Your eyes will open. Come on, eat it.
And finally Adam - sorry Eve can't take it anymore and takes a bite.
She calls Adam too to make partners in crime. All of a sudden...
they realize they are all naked. They feel ashamed.
They try to cover themselves with a big leaf and God sees them...
and says what are you doing there? We are ashamed. Why are you ashamed?
Because we are naked. God asks the interesting question:
Who told you that you were naked?
He realizes that they have eaten the forbidden fruit. The apple.
He says, just leave here. You didn't listen to my word.
You don't deserve this life. You don't deserve to live in this paradise.
Like this,...
we are suffering the consequences of our first parents' sin today.
All the troubles that we are going through...
stem from our constant yearning for knowledge.
Alan Kay is one of the most important people in the telecommunication area.
In 1968 he developed a model called Dynabook.
It is actually like the father of the modern tablet PCs today.
He says two nice things.
First: The best way of foreseeing the future is inventing future.
So don't try to estimate or think too hard. Just do something. Invent.
Second nice thing he says...
technology is everything that is invented after you were born.
That's really the case.
Not washing machines but mobile telephones are a technology for us.
Maybe these light bulbs are no longer technology for us but computers are.
Interestingly enough, technology doesn't arise out of needs.
There are a lot of things that triggered our imagination.
I mean think about the 20000 feet under the water, Jules Verne,...
we all wanted to be in the deep blue Nautilus after reading that.
Or after reading Arthur C. Clark's 2001 Space Odyssey,...
we just wanted to be in that moment.
In fact, there were others who were trying to passivize them...
when they were trying to do this.
The CEOs of computer companies were claiming that...
you couldn't sell more than 5 computers to the whole world.
But they stilled kept imagining, thanks to their imagination...
we have reached a totally different world. Those who dreamed...
realized their dreams one by one,...
and we ended up living in this beautiful world.
It was not all about I need but like any other technology,...
in a short period of time, they became indispensible needs in life.
It is very typical, we always say,...
what were we doing when there were no mobile phones? We were fine.
We could still leave. We had a great life.
We were getting to work late but can we do it today?
That kind of detail about technology, it enters our life...
and despite our possibility of being happier without it,...
we can't give up on it. That is an important feature of technology.
It is democratic. There are no preliminary conditions.
If you pay for it, you get it.
Sometimes you don't even have to pay for it. It still offers you everything.
The only difference is about the habit of use. For example...
it was the Chinese who invented compass and gunpowder but fighting with them...
or setting up colonies with them was an invention of the west.
The spices were the king of food in the east and the westerners...
reached to the spice after miles and miles of journey,...
but instead of using it in the food, they used it in a different area.
This is the same with technology. We all have mobile phones.
Even under-developed countries use mobile phones today as part of life.
It is sometimes a tool of socialization and internet terminal,...
there are operating systems...
People in Africa or in Asia care about how long a battery lasts.
Because they don't have plugs.
They should be able to use it once they charged the battery.
They should be able to use it for a long time.
So there are all of these aspects of technology.
We don't really care who invented technology any more.
But under what conditions it was invented?
All are fancy mobile phones,...
they are produced in the most un-human factories.
Abusing people's efforts, abusing their labor. We don't really care about it.
We don't really care about what is going on once we are using it.
We quickly switch to the newer model but someone who lives in Africa...
and Asia inhales toxic gases in order to make a couple of dollars per day.
Yes the brain is for free but there is something called digital divide...
and it is still going on. We are talking about 30% of the world.
Not even 50% of the world. They still don't speak on the phone.
In Turkey, 4,000,000 women are illiterate.
Put aside technology and development and so on, all of this development...
is not a solution for a lot of things like poverty, obesity...
It is quite weird. Every single day 21 children are given to a wrong family.
I mean look at this information society.
OECD has a measurement method called PISA,...
they are measuring the general educational level of 15 year olds,...
Turkey has been ranking the 3rd from the last since 2000.
Last year in the university exam, 29927 children scored zero.
What have you done during your elementary and secondary years?
How could you score zero in an exam?
Technology is not really a solution by itself.
The main needs of mankind have not changed.
We still crave for affection and love. Only the methods are changing.
Today there are no more Einsteins or Edisons...
where have all these scientists gone?
There are no such outstanding names anymore.
We live more collective lives today. We have our Dr.Mehmet Oz...
and he is called Dr. Oz and shows up on Oprah Winfrey's show.
We follow things on Twitter. The world is going to a different place.
Children are born this way and this is what they become when they grew up.
Social media, social network...
I mean we are living in the age where the word social is used most...
and we are living the loneliest times of our lives.
We are talking about smart houses with 24 hour security.
Who are we protecting against whom?
People sit at a café and they turn on their laptops to socialize.
They don't even lift up their heads to look around.
Maybe they will need someone. But definitions are changing.
There are now the so-called 'opportunity' websites.
There are discount web sites, they offer you depilation for 50% discount.
150,000 people buy that discount and most of them are males.
Very interesting. We are defying nature. We are defying our bodies.
Our bodies were made for hunting and gathering.
We are trying to make that body sit in front of a computer or...
talk on the mobile phone.
We are immobile and our ankles, our wrists, our neck...
every part of our body is rebelling against that.
We are seeking happiness in medicine.
There are now new professional groups like 'Life Coach'.
I'm sorry if there are any life coaches around.
But I have heard about soul coach the other day.
What is a soul coach for God's sake?
There are new prophets emerging. We are seeking new saviors.
In the story of Sleeping Beauty...
we talked about tales, a sleeping beauty, sleeps for 100 years,...
the prince kisses her and she is saved.
It is originally a French story and it is very different.
The prince looks at the princess who is sleeping and what does he do?
He rapes her. The princess gets pregnant. She is still sleeping.
They have children. She is still sleeping.
One of the children is sucking her thumb and because of pain...
that's when the magic is gone and she wakes up.
Things may be different than they look.
On the slide it says image photography for Facebook...
Facebook is the largest social network. The main function is poking.
What kind of socialization is this?
In the supermarket you are walking and someone is poking you.
What? He wants to meet you. Is that how you meet people? Poking?
That's how we started meeting one another on the Facebook. Poking.
There are 'likes' in Facebook.
Last year, a woman in Serbia wanted to commit suicide...
because her post on Facebook wasn't liked.
We are talking about a website where 8 people become members every second.
From the moment I started talking today
8000 more people became members to Facebook.
But Facebook doesn't serve us. It serves the advertisers.
What is does is, you know there are 15-25 year old women...
who live in Erzurum and companies want to advertise a cream for those women.
So Facebook is creating a group of 15- 25 year old females...
to sell that cream to. We are just a part of a database.
Facebook doesn't really serve us.
Unfortunately all of this is presented to us under the guise of socialization.
There is a very important change. I am about to finish.
In fact the summary of change is as follows.
People know certain things and they make it a professional secret,...
they keep it to themselves and that's how they try to succeed.
And then there are those people who share what they learned...
and they try to spread the knowledge around.
We are moving towards a time where the latter is appreciated...
and despite all the confusion and all the chaos,...
technology is still about to open us a window for a better world.