3 Suqut Al Andalus (The Fall of Al Andalus) 1

Uploaded by worldofarabic on 08.01.2012

Allamani Attareekh (History has taught me)
Salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakatuhu (may the peace and blessings of God be upon you) and hello and welcome to Allamani Attareekh
We display in this history key stories in the events of Islamic history. And we try to extract from them lessons and examples. And I asked
from you to summarise with me (not the stories), nay but the lessons and examples. And I requested from you to focus with me on discovering
6 main rules for victory and 6 diterrants of victory likewise. Try to extract them with me through these lessons. And I started with you the
speech about a main story and that is the story of the fall of the lost Al Andalus. And I made it clear that my reason for choosing this lesson
firstly, or from the first lessons from me about the fall of Al Andalus was because I did not see in the history of Islam a greater similarity to
our reality today than the reality of the Muslims in the days of Al Andalus. A curious similarity. And I mentioned to you in the previous meeting
how the country of Al Andalus had fallen at the hands of the Christians and had been eaten part by part until there did not remain except two
small countries that both make up a quarter of Al Andalus, Granada and Seville. And then we mentioned how Ibn Al Ahmar the leader of Granada
allied with Fernando III, the King of Castile (a Christian country in the North of Al Andalus) and helped him to cause the fall of Seville.
So this betrayal is one of the deterrants of victory. Try to discover with me the deterrants of victory. This betraying king was among
the deterrants of victory. Did the issue finish at the fall of Granada and the remain of this alliance? No. Nay, but this was a preamble of the fall
of fall of Granada itself. The story of the fall of Granada we will start with it's chain of dangerous events and it's lessons, examples and
meanings after the break God willing.
Hello and welcome once again with Allamani Attareekh. I have still been speaking to you about the story of the fall of Al Andalus. We have seen
how Granada was not established on piety. Nay but Ibn Al Ahmar established it "on a shaky collapsed in the fire of hell (Quran, 9:109)",
depending on a crusader -no treaty with him nor trust. And Ibn Al Ahmar remained until the year 671 Hijri, 1273. He remained the duration
of this period with treaties and agreements and the breaking of these agreements by the way of the Christians. And this issue remained until
in this year, the King of Castile started -and at that time had changed to Alfonso X, he started with a clear infingement to the main treaties
that were between him and Ibn Al Ahmar. And he started preparing the armies to enter Granada itself and henceforce the erasing of the
Islamic presence completely. When Ibn Al Ahmar saw that he was in a dilemma, it was not for him except to face as usual towards the countries
of Al Maghrib (Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya and Mauritania). And in the countries of Al Maghrib at that time, there was a new Islamic empire
That is the Empire of Beni Merin. And on it there was a man called "Yaqub ibn Mansur Al Merini" -he was called "Al Merini" to distinguish himself
from Yaqub ibn Mansur Al Muahiddi who was in the Empire of the Almohads. Both of them were on one form. Both of them were from the
scholars of the Muslims and from the great of the Muslims. Both of them were among the big leaders in the Islamic history. Yaqub ibn Mansur
Al Merini was a man of extremes. He was good, he was decent, brave, orator, fluent...and in his application of these characteristics, when
Ibn Al Ahmar seeked help from him the first time, Yaqub ibn Mansur Al Merini directed towards (representing the Empire of Beni Merin) and
he prepared the preparations and came to Al Andalus. And he made an attack to drive back the Christians from Granada. Unfortunately,
the countries of Al Andalus had become used to taking victory from outside Al Andalus. All these years the utterance was famous with them
that if Al Andalus was about to fall, it takes help from the Islamic countries for more than 200 years, it borrows victory from outside its lands
One time from Almorabids, one time from Almohads and this third time from Beni Merin. Of course this cannot be straight. It cannot be
straight that huge amounts are spent in building palaces in Granada. All of us if we visit Al Andalus and we go to Granada, we enjoy seeing
the Palace of Alhambra that is counted among the greatest of palaces of Al Andalus. This Alhambra Palace had millions spent on it. A
timeless masterpiece of structure. I don't have a problem with there being a great and timeless structure. But...not at a time when the
community is in weakness and dilemma. This is what Ibn Al Ahmar did. He rules from inside this palace and throughout this siege from the
armies of the Christians and he borrows from others from outside Al Andalus to protect these countries and these palaces. It cannot ever
be straight that the palaces can be built in this way and the army is left without a duty. It cannot be straight that the family of Al Ahmar live
in luxury and buffoonery whereas the community is in difficulty and harm. This is among the reasons for weakness. And among the factors of
that reduces victory -luxury and buffoonery. It can never be straight that Ibn Al Ahman establishes huge timeless gardens (more than 30
huge gardens) each of them he used to call "jannah (paradise)" because of it's spread and it's abundance in fruits and trees. He was spending
these millions and the country was in a state of war with the Christians and siege from everywhere. And when he needs help and the dilema
comes, the time of struggle comes, he goes and borrows the fighters from the neighbouring countries. A stop before we continue. The
structural sights is a part of civilisation and there is no harm in it. There is no harm in the Muslims building the defector structures and
building the palaces. I do not have a big problem with this if the community is in a state of honour and glory. But in a state of weakness
and in a state of loss -a loss of wealth and loss of army, this cannot be straight. This is what disgraces the leader, that he is in luxury. And
especially of this luxury was not for the community -luxury for himself and who is with him in his palace. This is a problem on the community.
And this is among the deterrants of victory. In either case, Beni Merin came as we mentioned and they were able to turn back the attack on
Granada and God protected it from the ill fall. And in that year in which the army of the Christians was turned back, Mohammed ibn Al Awwal
died (Mohammed ibn Al Ahmar I) and that was in the year 671 Hijri, 1273. Mohammed ibn Al Al Almar I died and he was near the 80 years of