Sac Sheriff/EG District Police: Plan, Prepare, Practice (Part 1 of 3)

Uploaded by sacramentocoe on 14.01.2013


Good morning.
After Sandy Hook -- the Monday after Sandy Hook, I'm sure you all had conversations on
the Friday and Saturday and Sunday with family, friends, staff members.
And received probably copious amounts of e-mails, as we all
did. I received a telephone call from my daughter,
a first grade teacher. And she asked, "Dad
you're an expert in this. What should I tell my little ones?"
I'm not an expert.
I do school policing. I told her, "Do what you do with a teacher."
She called me that afternoon -- on Monday afternoon -- and said,
"I decided to ask my little ones
if anyone could tell me what a vowel is.
My whole class raised their hand. And when I
called on Timmy, he said, 'Mrs. Cook, I don't know what a vowel
is, but I know you can buy one on Wheel of Fortune.'"
Immediately went to little Tommy
who also had his hand raised, and little Tommy said,
"I don't know what a vowel is either, but my mom said if my
new puppy has one more bowl movement in the house,
he's going to have to live outside."
That is their life. And, for the most part, what I say in my introduction
is that is the life of the people that you see every day.
And those are the people that we want raising and
teaching our children. And the people in this room are the people
that we want touching their lives. Lieutenant Jones and I, and the gentlemen in the room,
that we'll introduce, we deal with murder, death, kill.
And we don't deal
very much. People call us when bad things happen
or are about to happen. Or call us
to ask us to stop what they believe is going to happen.
And that's what we do. So presentations are probably not our strength. We're going
to do our very best. On behalf of Superintendent Ladd, I'd like to thank him for
allowing our staff to make this presentation. And so without
further ado, I'm going to introduce the people that we work with and for.
We wear different uniforms; but, for the most part, we are the Sacramento
County Sheriff's Department. They run our division.
Direct oversight by Sheriff Jones and these gentlemen here.
So, although we have different stars and bars, the
Sacramento County Sheriff's Department operate everything that we do in Elk Grove in the
area of law enforcement. And give us all of this advice. It comes from the Sacramento County Sheriff's Department.
So, Lieutenant Jones, sir. Thanks for having us out today.
On behalf of Sheriff Scott Jones, we're incredibly
proud of the partnerships we have with the school districts of this county.
As the largest law enforcement agency in the county, we are the direct responders for the majority
of the districts in this room. And we take that responsibility quite seriously.
We have direct partnerships with many of the districts, whether it be in
contract form, MOU form, whether it be part of the customers we serve
on a daily basis out on patrol, or whether it be through off-duty programs providing support to athletic
events or school dances or other activities occurring on there.
These events, as infrequent
as they are, are serious and very grave. And it's workshops
like this that help us get together and prepare for those events.
Because we know we're never going to stop one from being initiated.
But what we can do is minimize and mitigate the amount of damage,
the amount of injury, and the amount of loss of life that will occur.
And we can help re-institute that reunification
and the return to normalcy as quickly as possible. In an environment that's safe.
The presentation you're going to see today is one of the more robust
programs we have within the county. It's a collaborative effort between the Elk Grove
School District Police as well as the Sheriff's Department. It has
evolved over several years and it really can
be used as a template for how things within your districts should look.
Mind you, the law enforcement response is going to be similar.
It's going to be very dynamic. It's going to be very quick.
And it won't often be pretty. It's going to take some time
for us to come in and actually establish that face to it.
To where there's an organizational structure. Our mission on the
onset is the neutralization of a bad guy. Someone who's actively
involved in hurting and/or killing people on your campuses.
We want you to know that and want you to come out with that understanding here today.
You know, one of the jobs I hold -- one of the prouder
jobs I hold -- is the commander of the special enforcement detail of our department, which is our SWAT team.
And I brought with us Sergeant Randy Nguyen and Sergeant Chan Lewis who are my two
team leaders for that. And they are absolute experts in the area of active shooter
and active killer events. And I know they take that role very seriously.
We are leaders in this region and we educate the majority of law enforcement
responsible for the campuses. So we're very proud to be here, we're very proud to be a part
of this workshop today and we hope that we can all benefit from it. With that being said,
I'd like to introduce Lieutenant John Randazzo who is our lesion to the Elk Grove School District.
Good morning.
I think we'll launch right into this presentation.
Actually, there is two other people that I'd like to introduce from the Sheriff's
Department. We have Sergeant Mike Haines and we also have
Sergeant Joe Basham, who are assigned to Homeland Security.
And so, they come with great interest in what we're presenting
to you. And they are our representatives with the Homeland Security.
Today, our objectives
here -- the things that we're going to go over here -- because
there's such a high degree of active shooter in this
Sandy Hook incident that we are all dealing with,
that have shaken us to our core,
some of the active shooter incidents that have occurred nationally and also locally, we'll talk
about those. What you can expect from law enforcement.
When they land on your campus.
Also, what school employees can do in response to these critical incidents.
And we'll talk about this temporary
transfer of authority. And that's when we come in
-- emergency personnel -- and take over your campus.
And as you see, we will take over your campus
but we will give it back. [laughter]
Sometimes administrators have a hard time with that. Us coming in
and taking over their campuses. And we will touch on the incident
command post. And then, finally,
you're probably looking at all these numbers and stuff
this BBC pipe here, school planning, preparation, and practice.
First off, the definition
of an active shooter. One or more suspects. And I think what you will
normally find is, more often than not, it's a single person.
It's pretty hard to convince another person, unless you're a terrorist
organization or something like that, "Hey, I've got this great idea. We're going to go to the shopping mall,
we're going to go to this school, and we're going to try to murder countless people."
Engaged in random, systematic
violence, demonstrating the intent to actively and immediately cause death
-- and that's it, death -- or serious bodily injury
to potential victims. And when they go, their main
thing is to kill as many people as possible. The activity is
not contained and the suspect has access to additional victims.
Lots of people in schools, shopping malls
and we try and bring sense to these senseless things.
And it's quite difficult. And the violence is carried out
over a continuous or extended period of time.
Randy, did you want to elaborate on what I said there?
I know that Hi, I'm Randy Winn. As they said earlier, I'm the sergeant
with the Sheriff's Department and one of the team leaders of the special enforcement detail.
Belonged to the department now for 25 years and spent the last 15
working in special weapons and tactics. So, I've been around since Columbine
and even before. And although we've had a lot of talk in the media -- typically sensationalizes
active shooter incidents -- they've really been going on since
well, the late 1920s. The first documented incident was
the Bass Schoolhouse massacre in 1927. Still, to this date, the
deadliest U.S. school massacre in history in the United States.
Where the gentleman there didn't use a firearm, but used dynamite to
kill 38 and injure 58. But since
then, we've had the Texas Tower incident, University of Austin Texas.
Probably many of you remember that. When Charles Whitman, a United States Marine Corps
officer candidate, someone who had gotten a
-- received accolades for being a
marksman and also got a good conduct medal -- shot and killed
14 and injured 32. But since then, we've had a ton of them. Paducah, Kentucky.
Jonesboro, Arkansas. Springfield, Oregon. Richmond, Virginia.
Virginia Tech. Columbine. They just keep happening and happening.
We've had well over 100 incidents in the last 15 years. In California, alone, we've had
Stockton, Oliverhurst, San Diego, Santee, Sacramento. They just
keep going on and on. So, with Columbine, obviously in 1999, we had
a big shift in our response tactics. That was the one where law enforcement had to really open their eyes
and recognize that traditional response tactics of isolating,
containing, evacuating those in harm's way or line of fire, and then negotiating
wasn't going to work. Active shooter incidents are a whole new animal for us.
So, whereas time, teamwork, tactics, and negotiations work
really well in a traditional time in progress, a traditional
barricaded suspect, a traditional hostage situation, it's absolute
failure in an active shooter situation. So, we changed
our tactics after Columbine. Everybody did. Nobody
-- no longer will officers isolate, contain, and stand by for a SWAT team
to arrive and resolve the situation. It's really incumbent upon the first
responders to employee what we refereed to as immediate action and rapid deployment.
That's where the officers are going to get in there and use contact teams to locate
and neutralize the threat posed by a suspect.
You know, when you talk about Virginia Tech. Still, as you guys probably know from the recent media coverage,
still the single -- the deadliest most -- the deadliest
single gunman incident in United States history
where -- I can never pronounce his name -- Seung-Hui Cho or whatever it was -- killed 32
people. You know, with Sandy Hook Elementary, though, last week or last month,
where Lanza killed 26 and injured 2,
it brings to the forefront the continued need to look at our emergency action
reaction plans, consider the components of an action plan, talk about our
response capabilities, again revitalize and refresh those relationships with
our partners. Maybe rewrite or refresh some of those MOUs.
But talk about what it is we can do to make sure we're doing everything possible to
minimize the risk to our school districts and our children. So that's what we're here to do today.
I didn't mean to take over too much. As necessary, I will jump in and throw some comments
where you see fit. Very good. Thank you, Randy.
As Randy alluded to, these
active shooter incidents are very dynamic.
And that's not necessarily a positive thing when we say dynamic.
These are generally not contained and are constantly evolving.
The actions, usually of the suspects -- sometimes victims, bystanders
and even officers. So, suspects can go in, they can
start killing people. They could decide once they know that emergency
personnel have arrived, they could normally
commit suicide. They might decide to take hostages.
Victims can also
change the dynamics of this. As you can imagine,
when emergency personnel are coming in and you have death and destruction
all around you and people are grabbing at your legs and you're trying to
address the situation, you have bystanders, maybe somebody who lives across the street
hears things that are going on and decides to take matters in their own hand,
grabs their shotgun, runs across the street.
Emergency personnel are coming in, knowing that there's an active shooter
don't know who's who. We just know that there's somebody shooting up the joint.
And we don't know how many. And there may be a possibility that
this person with a good intention ends up getting killed
or seriously injured by emergency personnel
responding to the scene. So, as you can see, it just --
it can evolve. It can change in a blink of an eye.
And these active shooters
typically engage in targets of opportunity
that are unaware, unprepared. They're not looking for a firefight.
They're not looking for
something that has a strong security presence.
Usually, the locations contain large numbers of people
Typically unarmed and unsuspecting. And their
areas of choice: schools, shopping malls,
and workplace. Workplace violence we'll touch on a little bit
about that. And, so, with that, I am going to
turn this portion of the presentation over
to Sergeant Chris Mora who is
our Sergeant assigned to the Elk Grove Unified School District and he
supervises 10 of the school resource officers that are
assigned regionally throughout the Elk Grove
Unified School District. And he, in fact, has
experienced an active shooter situation. I'm sure he will
touch on that. Thank you.
Good morning. Like the Lieutenant said, my name is Chris Mora.
A little bit of this is going to be review from what Randy just talked about.
Columbine happened in 1999. Like Randy said,
it set the new standard for our response as law enforcement to how we were going to react
to an active shooter. Since then,
we have completely changed the way we respond
and, like Randy says, we no longer wait for a SWAT team to arrive. We engage.
2007, that was the Virginia Tech. incident. 32 people
were killed. That's the most people that have killed
recent -- within recent times. I mean, other than what Randy spoke about
32 people lost their lives that day.
And then we come to Connecticut.
Which, honestly, it just rocked this nation to the core.
This set a new standard when a subject is willing to kill kindergarteners.

Recent incidents. Barrett Middle School
12 hostages were taken. That was in North Sacramento.
One of the Sheriff's deputies from Sacramento County negotiated and talked the child
into giving up. No one was injured in that incident.
2003 was Rio Cazadero. That's a school within the Elk Grove Unified School District.
I, personally, was there, along with 4 other guys who currently work
for me. Can't replace experience. I remind Chief
Jenkins of that all the time. There's 5 of us now who have actual experience
in the active shooter.
And then Schnell Elementary in 2011. Up the hill, Highway 50.
Where a custodian killed
the principal.
And here is a map since 1966 of all of the
active shooter incidents in the nation and a few in Mexico.
Since 1966.
And I'd like to introduce Randy Winn.
Okay, what else would you like me to talk about? [laughter]
Okay, so I guess the whole thing -- I don't want to get too much into tactics too much for you guys because that's really not going to affect you too much.
But as they identified, it's really incumbent upon the arriving resources to get
inside and immediately deploy so we can mitigate the threats posed by an active shooter.
We delay, it's going to result in additional casualties or death. We know that.
So we use that immediate action and rapid deployment protocol to get inside, go directly
to the source of the threat, and try to deal with it. We refer to it -- it's our soft and
sanitized word of "neutralize" the threat, but that could be anything from talking them down,
arresting them, putting handcuffs on them, up to and including actually killing them. Now, one of the things
you probably don't think about a lot -- but we do -- is our rules of engagement and
deadly force. And I just want to give you some insight into that so you realize what this means
in an active shooter situation and how and why it's different than a regular law enforcement
response. Every agency in the country's use of force policy
-- deadly force in particular -- comes from the United States Supreme Court decision
in Tenessee v Garner. It's a 1985 case.
Basically says when it is appropriate -- it clarified the fleeing felon doctrine if you remember that.
Back in the day, officers had the authority to take any felony suspect into
custody. But, subsequent to this case, where a burglary suspect was shot in the back
of the head and killed as he fled from a residence, the Supreme Court
intervened and wanted to modify that somewhat. In doing so, what they said was there were certain instances
where deadly force was appropriate and necessary. One: any time an officer
reasonably he is in imminent danger of serious bodily injury
or death, or Two: an officer believes somebody else
in in imminent danger of serious bodily injury or death, that's the typical uses of force you may see
on TV on a nightly basis, particularly in Sacramento County,
or these officer involved shootings within our region. But, there are actually two other categories that we should
discuss. And that's where active shooters come into play. The next one is
to affect the arrest. Recapture the escape or prevent the escape
of somebody the officer has probable cause to believe committed a violent felony.
Certainly that would include carjackings, robberies,
rape, forceable rape, felony assult,
particularly stabbings and shootings, and particularly active shooter incidents.
The next caveat is if the officer has cause to believe that the felony suspect
to be apprehended may cause additional serious bodily injury or death if he gets away.
Certainly fits in an active shooter instance. You kind of recognize that the mindset
for an officer going to an active shooter call. We identify those by
incident indicators and I'll talk about that in a moment. If an officer goes to an active shooter
where there's bloodshed, carnage, and death. Multiple calls.
Location. If it's occurring at a school. Unfortunately, for you folks, the first
box is checked. If it's happening at a campus or an institution where you work, the first box is checked.
We're already thinking, "Could it be an active shooter incident?" But for law enforcement officers,
it could be any public venue. Movie theaters like Colorado. Sporting events.
Any mass gathering of people or children or personnel. And we refer to those
typically as soft targets. When you talk about kindergartens, that is the ultimate soft
target. Sometimes I see a shiny object and I get
distracted... So, what was I talking about?
[laughter] Somebody help me.
Use of force. I'm sorry.
So, what I wanted to do was tell you the difference between
a traditional response and an active shooter only because for our officers
this is different. This is the situation where the suspect doesn't need to give you a reason
to use deadly force. This is the situation where the suspect is going to have to a reason NOT
to use it. So, if these suspects don't immediately surrender and throw down their guns
upon confrontation, then chances are there's going to be law enforcement shots fired.
Okay. That's how we're going to mitigate these threats. We don't have time to negotiate
when there are potentially more than one suspect running around on your school campus and
injuring or killing your students. Okay? So that's one of the components.
When I talk about incident indicators, again, location of the incident.
Number one. Okay? Again, unfortunately for you, the box is checked on the
school. But again, any public venue. Next,
how many calls did we get. Are we getting multiple 911 calls? People indicating
there are shots being fired? It's ongoing, the situation's not contained.
The suspect has injured multiple people. They need multiple
ambulances. The next one would be
access to additional victims. That's actually even the definition of an active shooter incident.
We know those traditional crimes in progress, the barricaded suspects and the hostage situations
caused maybe by a crime interrupted such as a bank robbery, we know again those
are best handled through time, teamwork, tactics, and negotiation. But these particular
situations in active shooter are not. Any time that we don't utilize
to take the situation under control or seize the initiative could be exploited by the bad guy.
He's going to kill more people. So, if it's ongoing and not contained,
and the suspect has access to additional victims, that's a major component.
And then, the other one we sometimes see is some diversion tactics. Some of the more sophisticated
or well planned involve suspects who called in something else somewhere else.
Away from that particular area, district, or division of your first responders
to get our resources going to an explosion or a mass casualty car
crash or a train wreck somewhere else so that when the actual thing occurs,
the incident occurs where they're going to be, officers aren't immediately present.
Some of the mitigating factors, again in the definition, has access
to additional victims. So, if for some reason, the suspect no longer has victims,
because I guess what I've got to illustrate for you is that not all shots fired
calls where you're present or where officers are on scene are active shooter incidents.
In fact, after our initial training for law enforcement personnel in '99,
with active shooter, we actually saw the pendulum swing too far to the other side. Every time an officer
was on scene and a shot got fired, somebody called active shooter and the officers were rushing
into the situation. That, obviously, exposes our officers -- and you
the public -- to substantially more risk, so we don't want to use those tactics
when they're not necessary.
So, some of the mitigating factors. If there are no longer any victims,
maybe the suspect has run out of victims, maybe he's killed everybody, maybe
the victims have sheltered in place or self-evacuated and he no longer has access to them,
or he has -- maybe he's run out of ammunition or maybe his weapon has malfunctioned.
Or maybe -- what else?
Maybe he no longer has the ability to inflict injury. Then, at least it's no longer
-- it may have been, but it's no longer -- an active shooter incident. So, just because it started
out as an active shooter incident doesn't mean it's still going to be one by the time we get there.
So, we kind of have to evaluate that. If it gets to a situation where the bad guy has barricaded
himself in a classroom and may be holding you and some of your students hostage, those
situations may be better handled through time, teamwork, tactics, and negotiation.
What we're really looking for is a peaceful, nonviolent resolution. So wherever possible
we're trying to teach our officers to recognize some of those indicators so that we don't pose
additional threats or risks to people.
Any questions that I might bring up as we talk about this?
Don't be afraid. I'm really nice.
They joke about how you guys
-- Tom was saying that you're the people we want protecting and touching our children
we laugh and joke that I've ruined more kids than most people. I'm not very good on the hands
on stuff with children. But, again, if you've got a question, please ask it. I'd be happy
to elaborate. Okay. Thank you, Sergeant Winn.
I think one of the other things --
he's the doom and gloom guy and I'm going to tell you what to do on campus,
how to do things. One of the things you have to remember is that the officers are going to
go by the injured in an active shooter incident.
To help neutralize. Whether it's end
the situation however we need to. Whether it's getting somebody
-- the bad guy in a room, where he's held up, or shooting him.
So don't be surprised if you see that happen, where
officers are not treating the injured. Because that's one of the pieces of the active shooter training.
School personnel. Like Chief Jenkins
talked about earlier, we -- just take a
moment to look at this picture. This is educators training.
And I have two older teenagers that are still
in school. And these are the folks -- you are the folks that we want
teaching our kids. One of the things I wanted to touch on is that
as leaders on your campuses, or
superintendents, you're going to be asking folks that do
education for a living to get into this world that they
may not have ever touched before. It may not
have ever -- you know, the closest that they would have seen to any of this
is a movie. And so, understand that we understand
that everybody responds to crises different.
My mom, when my brother was about 5
years old, so I was about 9, my brother had an accident in the house.
And was bleeding. And my mom ran down the street.
And that was my mom! And I'm thinking, "Well, you're the adult."
But people respond differently. So, just understand we recognize
that and we are willing to work through it
and part of our preparation is that.
And again, understand that as you're putting your plans together, your comprehensive
safe school plans together,
in that piece about safe school response, understand that those are the folks that you're working
with and they may not have had that experience before.
What's the immediate response for the school? Definitely, we want you to call 911.
Because we want to get the Sheriff's Department,
whatever law enforcement agency is servicing your area, there as soon as possible.
But you really have a couple of different options.
Lock down and escape. We put confront
on here because I want to touch on that. You know, the media
-- we have seen people all across the country talking about confronting suspects.
And things like that. That is not something we're going to recommend.
It is certainly an individual choice at the time of
the incident. But, what I will say is
that the more often that you can take care of yourself
and the children that you serve, the better you're going to be.
Again, I certainly wouldn't want to go to a gun fight
with a knife. And I certainly wouldn't want to go to a knife fight
with nothing. So, just understand that confrontation may not
get positive results for you.
We only put that up there because it's been out there and people have been talking about it.
But we do not necessarily recommend that action.
When calling 911, this is just real basic stuff, but I
did want to touch on a couple of things on here. Be as calm and clear and concise
as possible when communicating with 911.
It doesn't necessarily even have to be in an active shooter or a school emergency, but when you're at home,
they ask tons of questions. And all they
want to hear is the answer to the questions they're asking.
So if you get into the mindset that these are some of the things that they're going to ask you,
it won't be a surprise when you have to make that call
in a crisis. And, again, I want to reiterate we all
-- unless you've been in a crisis and you know how you've responded -- it's going to be difficult
to know what the outcome is going to be
on your end in terms of emotional
ability to deal with it.
So that's what to expect when you call 911. And, again, just remain as calm
and clear as you can.
Lock down. If immediate escape or evacuation is not possible, lock down and attempt to
barricade yourself. Also, administrators should lock down
the school when you
-- when contacted by law enforcement. So, you may get a phone call into the office, you may get
an officer knocking on the door of your office saying
-- telling you to lock down. But that's not the only time. If you see an intruder
or a staff member sees an intruder, lock down.
Start that process as quickly as possible.
And/or if somebody reports it to you.
You'd also lock down if there was any other kind of emergency
that's going to affect kids
and your safety.
The one additional thing I want to talk about is lock down announcement.
We've gone -- schools have gone through this thing about using a secret code word
to lock down. Don't do it. Just say lock down.
Many campuses have substitute employees
that are on campuses that may not know "Mr. Jones is in the building."
Code word for lock down. Just say "lock down." Get everybody locked down.
Do we care if the bad guy knows that we're locking down? No. We just want to
make sure we're safe. So, we'll talk about
practicing and planning and doing all that in a few minutes, but that's pretty important.