Sweden At War 4/6 War for Peace (Krig för Fred)

Uploaded by Metziker on 25.07.2012

About 40 Swedish mentors have as mission to train the Afghan Army. They are called OMLT.
A part of the cultural meeting is to realize that what I see at first glance -
- it might not be certain I understand it. It's about ... how one views life.
Down to kneeling firing position.
Continue to aim at the same point.
In the Afghan Army there is a bit of an "It goes as it goes" attitude. "Insha'Allah", God willing.
It means one isn't so keen on planning operations. What we mean by planning.
It will be what it will be. If God wants it it will go our way.
It even affects logistics planning. If God wants it to reach on time it will.
Make sure you have the buttstock firm against your shoulder.
Lightly bended knees.
Up. And down. Up.
Then we fire one shot each.
Cease fire!
Yeah, one shot each ...
Now you can try firing with our weapons. One shot against the target.
Foreign forces have been in Afghanistan for ten years.
That's enough.
By Swedish act of Parliament the Afghan military and police forces are to take over for security in 2014.
War for Peace
The bombmaker.
Afghan army base.
It continues just like before. Number of incidents is around 125.
Last day it was 127 more precisely. Makes about one incident every 12 min.
Not that many ISAF or ANSF personnel that has been wounded. Six per day.
The insurgents however have been hit harder, 15 died the first day, 11 the second day.
In other news the insurgents are now primarily focusing on producing more IED's.
Which results in more of them blowing themselves up. Twelve blew themselves to death and six were wounded
Where two of them were the leaders of the bomb making groups.
So a kind of self-remediation over there.
OMLT have as task to train and support the Afghan army.
This involves the Swedish soldiers living and working together with the Afghan soldiers.
Most Afghan soldiers have low education.
Over 80% can neither read nor write. This complicates work.
First we need to ensure that every soldier learns to handle the anti-aircraft guns.
They must to be able to mount and demount them so they can both shoot and clean them.
I mentor an Afghan captain named Hafiz, I even mentor his officers.
Even look at the whole infantry company as a system, how it functions.
It's a ZPU-1, Russian anti-air gun.
Something they actually found and dug up from the ground and got in working condition.
I didn't believe them the first time I saw it. It was full of rust and dirt.
The sergeant doing the training received his training when he was thirteen years old.
A bit unclear where he received his training, but it probably wasn't from the Russians.
It was probably from the Mujahideen.
Damn they have better discipline than us, walking in line and everything.
If I told you to form in line you would start throwing rocks at me.
What we are doing here is we live together with the Afghans inside the Afghan companies.
And this is an active fighting Afghan infantry company.
So when they go out on operations we go with them and participate in all of their activities.
But that doesn't mean we are out fighting all the time.
A lot of time goes to planning, change in personnel, training.
On the logistical side ANA have a challenge. And that relates to the system mindset.
Sadly a lot of it is done from the top and builds to a large extent on corruption.
Where money flows ... it also disappears.
So on the logistic side there is lot of work to do. Which is why we are here.
The rooms are too small. There is no way to reasonably furnish them.
As you know we are about to move over to the other barracks so now we are packing down.
The standard is pretty bad, the roof is leaking. It's cold and narrow., not much room for gear.
They live and stay here.
Just now I think they are probably satisfied just having a bed to sleep in instead of on the floor.
I want the war to be over.
So I can go home to my family and start living a normal life.
My name is Hamayoon.
I'm 19 years old and joined the army 1 year ago. I'm from the province.
I'm a soldier in the 2nd infantry company.
I have six brothers, mother and father.
When I get paid I send home money so they can buy food.
Number of incidents remain steady at 125-150 per day. Last day 140 for the entire country.
The good thing about those numbers is that casualties for ISAF and ANSF have gone down considerably.
Eight wounded the last day. Two ANSF dead.
On the other hand 31 casualties for the insurgent's side.
30 of those are dead insurgents who won't be bothering us anymore.
A meeting is being held at the Afghan police headquarter.
A known bomb maker is to be arrested.
And the Swedish soldiers have as mission to support the Afghan army who in turn -
- is tasked with protecting the Afghan police during the operation.
Company chief Hafiz, you will be leading the operation?
That's right.
We will group at 05:30.
Security service, PRT and ANA will meet at 05:30. And leave together at 06:00.
I have a suggestion. We can't go at six.
At six the antenna could be closed down.
If we take the area at six there is less chance anyone will have time to escape.
If we take the main road and drive fast, it takes about 45-60 minutes to Sheberghan.
Then we say 04:00
-04:30? -No, 04:00.
-Kjell? -04:00 and departure 04:30.
About ten insurgents and one known IED maker is located in this area.
Four kilometers south from Turkmakeduk.
The mission is to arrest the insurgents and this bombmaker.
It has to have political resonance and decisions need to be made.
Sitting back home in Sweden is probably not the right place to plan this.
One has to be here to see what happens in order to know how to best help.
When you put it in your mouth, push with your thumb.
Your house is nice.
Maybe the decision makers need to better understand what it's about down here.
When we get in combat it should to be public and open for scrutiny from the public.
Then the right decision can be made.
What we can learn is that real war is repulsive. And that you shouldn't turn a blind eye to it.
It could be interesting. Last time they escaped on mopeds.
Hope for better luck this time.
We will probably get there ... around half six in the morning.
Hopefully before the sun rises, so we get the surprise element.
-The road leading there is actually very good. -Yeah.
The mine situation is a bit uncertain.
The only good thing, if one can say it politically correct, is that we drive after ANA.
-They actually have mine clearance with them. -Yeah.
-So I'm not so worried about that either. -No. Nothing to be so concerned about.
-Don't you have better songs? Do you have "Joyride"? -"Leave It All Behind" I have.
-Awesome. -It's damn good. Stone hot.
"Rhythm Is A Dancer" is also good.
The best line is "I'm serious as cancer when I say rhythm is a dancer".
Damn, he's serious then.
-Awesome. -Good prepping music before an operation.
Perfect lifestyle: Listening to Eurodisco, out on some operation. OMLT in a nutshell.
35 vehicles and 100 men are going to search for the bombmaker -
- six hour drive from camp to Turkmakeduk village.
We have set the time to 04:30, in order to reach the area and still be able to surprise them.
So it's vital we get on the road on time.
There's a gathering before departure.
Everyone is there on time except the police who is going to be leading the operation.
Stay by the vehicles. Estimated departure time 20 minutes.
-What we are waiting for now is ... -The police.
We just got orientation from the police, they thought we were going to gather at 5:30.
-They thought that. -Yes. They are on their way now.
One hour late the police arrive.
Now it's urgent if they want to make it to the town under the cover of darkness.
Orientation: Apparently a complete turnaround here, unclear which way they are choosing to take now.
It seems there has been a ... change in the orientation.
What is happening?
Along the way there's a disagreement about which way to the village is best.
A sandstorm does not make the situation any better.
When they close on to the village the soldiers are informed that there may be IED's placed on the road.
What ANP is doing now is searching for these IED's.
And this is done on foot therefore taking some time.
The problem on the way here was that the wrong road was oriented -
- and we therefore arrived here much later than anticipated.
Unfortunately it's hard to orientate oneself on these desert roads when the wind blows.
But there was also differing opinions on which way we should take to begin with.
Which means the surprise element of this operation is pretty much gone.
The biggest contrast here is: We are used to things happening.
We want to train, people to develop. But the tempo here is maybe not as high.
One makes plans, but they rarely hold.
A bit "Insha'Allah", god willing, that reigns.
Change takes time, and especially in a conservative country like this it takes long time.
What's happening now is that ANA have checked that it's safe around this village.
And the security police are searching after the ten insurgents and bombmaker.
He just throws ...
They are Iranian, their sons worked in Iran.
An Uzbek, Mulla Khalznaar had the moped. Then I assumed ownership.
Do you have papers? That's the papers I got.
It's not a lie, it's the truth.
It's a bit Star Wars feel over this village.
Yeah it is.
Really there are several insurgent groups here. There are those from the south, and those from west.
Those from south are more "imported Taliban".
While those from west are more criminals. Deals with smuggling and such.
People here live in fear of them. They don't have much to put up with.
Actually in this village one young man was kidnapped and found dead later.
One month ago.
It was because they had refused to provide shelter to certain insurgent groups in this village.
Then events like that sometimes happen.
The enemy is in the southern part of town.
They are preparing to retreat in southern direction.
The bombmaker is located here to produce new bombs.
Further south the police are now searching trough a building where they have been staying.
So probably they are going to disappear. And get away.
Our orders are only for this town. We stick with the plan.
We need to ask our commanders, if they allow it, and there's time, we can go onwards.
We have no other plan. Our plan was this area and this village.
If we are to deviate from the plan, we need to receive orders for it.
The bombmaker and other insurgents are ready for battle just one kilometer away.
But the Afghan Army that leads the operation has given orders to end the hunt for the bombmaker.
Unfortunately the entire operation fell away with us not reaching there on time.
The end result was we didn't capture the bombmaker and his insurgent companions.
But we got other intelligence about the area that could be useful in the future.
Because the entire operation was so delayed, they probably left the village -
- before we got the area sealed off. Highly probable.
-When did you reach the village? -We reached there ... 10 O'clock.
The chances for taking them is highest very early in the morning.
Before they break up and start moving.
But it is what it is. This time it didn't go.
Will have to be next time instead.
Just means we have to go there more times, do it over and over until it succeeds.
But when we know they are there ...
... one should be able to do something about it. -But one has to look at the whole, it was an ANP operation.
Their mission was to check out the village, not chase after Taliban.
It sucks but it's not our call, we are here to mentor them and support their decisions.
If they don't want to listen to us then they don't. Then it will have to be next time.
-Maybe we will go there tomorrow. -Insha'Allah.
Afghans are war people. They have always been at war.
So they are supposed to be able to take care of themselves.
In the end OMLT is supposed to take a step back and only monitor.
Then we will leave here. And I actually think they will manage on their own.
In ten years ahead ...
Insha'Allah, everything works out.
Were we to withdrawn now, the entire country would collapse.
You appreciate what you have much more. But you never know if you are coming home.