Suni's Days for Students at 'Air and Space'


Uploaded by NASAtelevision on 15.11.2012

Transcript:
GOOD MORNING, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN. I'M JACK DAILEY, DIRECTOR OF THE SMITHSONIAN NATIONAL
SPACE MUSEUM. IT'S MY PLEASURE TO WELCOME YOU HERE TO THE FLAGSHIP BUILDING ON THE MALL.
THE PROGRAM THIS MORNING IS A DOWNLINK WITH ASTRONAUTS ON THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION
IN RECOGNITION OF INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION WEEK. TODAY'S EVENT IS A COLLABORATIVE EFFORT
AMONG THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION, THE
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND THE STUDENT SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIMENTS PROGRAM OF THE NATIONAL
CENTER FOR EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE EDUCATION. IN ADDITION TO THE EAGER GROUP OF STUDENTS
WE HAVE HERE IN THE MUSEUM, MORE THAN 9,557 STUDENTS WILL PARTICIPATE BY LIVE WEBCAST
BEING MADE POSSIBLE BY NASA TELEVISION. WE HOPE THIS MEMORABLE EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE
WILL INSPIRE MANY OF YOU IN THE PROGRAM. OUR LOCATION FOR TODAY'S PROGRAM, THE MOVING BEYOND
EARTH GALLERY IS A PERFECT SETTING BECAUSE IT EXPLORES THE HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT WITH SPECIAL
ATTENTION TO THE SHUTTLE ERA. THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST DYNAMIC GALLERIES IN OUR MUSEUM.
ALONG WITH THE ARTIFACTS AND INTERACTIVE DISPLAYS, IT SERVES AS A LOCATION FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES
AS WELL AS TELEVISION BROADCASTS AND WEBCASTS SUCH AS WE'RE DOING TODAY. THE SPONSOR OF
THE MOVING BEYOND EARTH EXHIBITION IS THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION.
THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION AND NASA HAVE BEEN WORKING TOGETHER FOR DECADES. IN 1966,
THE SPACE ACT AGREEMENT ESTABLISHED THE SMITHSONIAN AS THE OFFICIAL REPOSITORY OF THE NATION'S
SPACE ARTIFACTS. IN APRIL, NASA DELIVERED THE SPACE SHUTTLE "DISCOVERY" TO OUR MUSEUM
SITE AT DULLES AIRPORT. THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION HAS EMBARKED ON AN AMBITIOUS PLAN THAT PUTS
ITS ORIGINAL MANDATE, THE INCREASE IN DIFFUSION OF KNOWLEDGE IN A NEW LIGHT, EMPHASIZING EDUCATION.
OUR PLAN ALSO PROMOTES THE BENEFITS OF COLLABORATION. AND TODAY'S EVENT IS AN EXCELLENT EXAMPLE
OF BOTH COLLABORATION AND EDUCATION. AND IT'S OUR HONOR TO WORK WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION.
IT IS NOW MY PLEASURE TO INTRODUCE THE DEPUTY SECRETARY OF THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION,
MR. TONY MILLER.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH. REALLY, IT IS MY PLEASURE TO BE WITH YOU ALL THIS MORNING. MY NAME IS
TONY MILLER AND I AM THE DEPUTY SECRETARY AT THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION. AND I HOPE
YOU ALL ARE AS EXCITED AS I AM TO BE HERE. I WANT TO THANK IN PARTICULAR THE JOHNSON
SPACE CENTER, TEACHING FROM SPACE OFFICE WHO WE PARTNERED WITH OVER THE LAST TEN YEARS
AND WAS RESPONSIBLE TODAY FOR BRINGING US THE DOWNLINK AND ALLOWING US TO PARTICIPATE.
I ALSO WANT TO THANK THE AARON SPACE MUSEUM. I CAN'T THINK OF A MORE FITTING PLACE THAN
TO BE HERE FOR TODAY'S EVENT. NOW, IN JUST A FEW MINUTES, WE'LL BE TALKING WITH THE SPACE
STATION COMMANDER, SUNITA WILLIAMS. SHE HOLDS THE WORLD RECORD FOR THE WOMAN WHO HAS SPENT
THE MOST TIME IN SPACE. WE'LL ALSO BE TALK, NASA ASTRONAUT KEVIN FORD. SO I HOPE YOU HAVE
YOUR QUESTIONS READY. WHILE WE'RE STILL WAITING FOR THE SPACE STATION TO BEGIN, THEY NEED
TO GET IN RANGE THAT WE CAN COMMUNICATE FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO UNDERSTAND THE SPACE COMMUNICATION
THAT WE'LL LEARN ABOUT TODAY. I WANT TO USE THE NEXT FEW MOMENTS TO TALK TO THE STUDENTS
IN THE ROOM AND ALMOST THE 10,000 STUDENTS IN THEIR COMMUNITIES IN THE UNITED STATES
AND CANADA WHO ARE JOINING US ONLINE. NOW, WHEN I WAS YOUR AGE, WHICH WAS CLEARLY A LITTLE
WHILE AGO, I REMEMBER WATCHING STAR TREK AND SEEING THE LATEST JAMES BOND MOVIE AND I WOULD
SEE ALL THESE AMAZING GADGETS. AND I WOULD WONDER, WOW, WILL THOSE THINGS EVER BE REAL?
WILL I BE ABLE TO DO THE KINDS OF THINGS I SEE IN MOVIES AND ON TV INSPECT NOW IT'S REMARKABLE
THAT I TAKE FOR GRANTED SOME OF THOSE VERY THINGS THAT SEEMS TO BE SO WAY OUT THERE AND
FUTURISTIC WHEN I WAS YOUR AGE. THINGS LIKE PERSONAL COMPUTERS, PERSONAL ENTERTAINMENT
DEVICES. SO THINK ABOUT IT AND ASK YOURSELF, WHAT ARE THE THINGS TODAY THAT YOU THINK ABOUT
SEEMED WAY FUTURISTIC, ALMOST HARD TO IMAGINE? THINK ABOUT THOSE THINGS. WHICH ONES OF THOSE
DO YOU THINK WILL BE A REGULAR PART OF YOUR LIFE WHEN YOU'RE AN ADULT? I BRING THIS UP
BECAUSE IT'S VERY LIKELY THAT SOME OF YOU, SOME OF YOU RIGHT HERE IN THIS ROOM WILL BE
THE ONES TO CREATE THE EQUIVALENT OF THE NEXT CELL PHONE, CREATE THE INTERNET, TO CREATE
THE NEXT TABLET TO BRING ABOUT SCIENTIFIC ADVANCES THAT WILL HELP US SOLVE GLOBAL PROBLEMS
FOR BEAM PEOPLE ALL OVER THE WORLD. YOU'RE GROWING UP IN AN EXCITING TIME, BUT ALSO A
TIME WHEN WE ARE FACING SOME BIG CHALLENGES THAT ARE GOING TO REQUIRE THE BEST THINKING
INTELLECTUALLY, THE BEST THINKING CREATIVELY, AND FRANKLY, A REAL SENSE OF HUMANITY. AND
I WANT TO STRESS TO YOU, THEN, THE IMPORTANCE OF YOUR EDUCATION. AND THE NEED TO BE PHYSICALLY
FIT. BECAUSE BEING A HEALTHY CITIZEN IS A COMBINATION OF A HEALTHY BODY AND A STRONG
MIND. SO SINCE TAKING MY CURRENT ROLE HERE, I HELPED TO LEAD THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE U.S.
EDUCATION SYSTEM. NOW, IN THAT ROLE, I'VE HAD THE PLEASURE OF MEETINGS WITH MY COLLEAGUES
FROM COUNTRIES FROM ALL AROUND THE WORLD. THE CONVERSATIONS WE'VE HAD HAVE SHOWN ME
THAT THE CHALLENGES WE FACE, THEY'RE THE SAME IN THE U.S., IN CHINA, IN BRAZIL AND RUSSIA.
WE ALL AGREE THAT IT'S EDUCATION THAT WILL LEAD KIDS OUT OF POVERTY AND THAT WILL GIVE
YOU A CHANCE. WE RECOGNIZE THAT WHETHER YOU WANT TO BE AN ASTRONAUT OR A DOCTOR OR A TEACHER
OR A TECHNICIAN, WHATEVER INSPIRES YOU, THAT YOU MUST VALUE YOUR EDUCATION AND YOUR HEALTH
AND THE ROLE THAT BOTH WILL PLAY IN OPENING UP OPPORTUNITIES FOR YOU TO FOLLOW YOUR PASSION.
AND AS THE DEPUTY SECRETARY OF EDUCATION, FRANKLY AS A FATHER, I HAVE THE SAME HOPE
FOR YOU THAT I HAVE FOR MY OWN SON. AND THAT'S BOTH YOU AND HE CAN GROW INTO THE GLOBAL CITIZENS
WHO ARE ABLE TO PURSUE THEIR DREAMS AT HOME AND ABROAD OR, FRANKLY, EVEN IN OUTER SPACE.
I HOPE YOU'LL TAKE SOME TIME TO THANK YOUR TEACHERS. I'M SURE BOTH OF THESE ASTRONAUTS
WILL TELL YOU THAT THEY HAD SOME PRETTY ENGAGING MATH AND SCIENCE TEACHERS WHO INSPIRED THEM
TO PURSUE CAREERS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATH, WHAT WE CALL S.T.E.M.
SO IT'S IMPORTANT THAT THE ROLE THAT THE TEACHERS AND YOUR PARENTS HAVE BEEN PLAYING. THEY PLAY
A VERY IMPORTANT ROLE. AND I HOPE THAT YOU WILL BE ENCOURAGED AS YOU PURSUE YOUR CAREERS
IN S.T.E.M. AND THINK ABOUT BECOMING THE NEXT SET OF TEACHERS TO INSPIRE FUTURE GENERATIONS
OF INNOVATORS AND DREAMERS. SPEAKING OF INNOVATORS, AN EXCITING PART OF TODAY'S EVENT IS THAT
THIS YEAR WE'RE WORKING WITH THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE EDUCATION
TO SEE STUDENTS WORK ACTUALLY IN ACTION. THIS UNIQUE SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM GIVES
STUDENTS AROUND THE WORLD A CHANCE TO BRING THEIR SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS TO MICROGRAVITY
INTO OUTER SPACE. SO I WANT TO THANK YOU TODAY FOR ALLOWING ME TO SHARE THIS MOMENT WITH
YOU. NOW, LET ME HEAR, WHO IS READY TO TALK WITH THE SPACE STATION? ARE YOU READY?
STATION, THIS IS HOUSTON. ARE YOU READY FOR THE EVENT?
YES, WE ARE READY.
HOUSTON, THIS IS STATION. WE ARE READY FOR THE EVENT.
GREAT. NATIONAL AIR AND SPACE MUSEUM, THIS IS MISSION CONTROL HOUSTON. PLEASE CALL STATION
FOR A VOICE CHECK.
STATION? THIS IS DEPUTY SECRETARY TONY MILLER ALONG WITH STUDENTS, SCIENTISTS PARTICIPATING
IN THE STUDENT SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIMENT PROGRAM. HOW DO YOU HEAR ME?
WE HEAR YOU LOUD AND CLEAR ABOARD THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION. WELCOME ABOARD. I WOULD TELL
YOU MY COMMANDER IS UPSIDE DOWN, BUT PERHAPS IT'S THE CAMERA THAT WAS UPSIDE DOWN AND ME.
IT IS VERY EXCITE TO GO BE HERE AND WE'RE REALLY LOOKING FORWARD TO HAVING OUR STUDENTS
TALK WITH YOU AND LEARN ABOUT WHAT IT'S LIKE TO BE IN SPACE AND THEY CAN ASK YOU SOME OF
THEIR QUESTIONS.
IT'S GREAT TO BE HERE AT THE SMITHSONIAN WITH YOU AND WHEN YOU'RE UPSIDE DOWN OR RIGHT SIDE
UP, YOUR HAIR STILL SANDS ON END.
SUNI, THIS IS LELAND. YOU AT LEAST HAVE SOME HAIR.
HEY, KEVIN.
OKAY.
I KNOW YOU WEREN'T TALKING ABOUT ME, LELAND. I THINK YOU WERE TALKING ABOUT YOURSELF, RIGHT?
DEFINITELY, KEVIN.
IS THERE A TIME LIMIT THAT YOU'RE ALLOWED TO STAY IN SPACE?
THAT'S A VERY INTERESTING QUESTION. YOU KNOW, USUALLY WE'RE UP HERE ABOUT SIX MONTHS BECAUSE
THAT'S THE LIFETIME -- PRESIDENT LIFETIME OF THE SAWYER SPACECRAFT WHICH IS HOW WE GOT
UP HERE AND THE WAY WE'RE GETTING HOME. BUT WE'RE THINKING ABOUT NOW IN THE NEAR FUTURE
HAVING PEOPLE STAY UP FOR LONGER, POSSIBLY A YEAR, .THEN WE CAN DO ALL SORTS OF LONG-TERM
SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS ON THEM AND HAVE THEM BE VERY EXPERIENCED WHEN THEY'RE UP HERE,
SORT OF LEADING DOWN THE PATH IN OUR NEXT STEP, LEAVING LOW EARTH ORBIT. SO YES AND
NO I THINK IS THE ANSWER TO YOUR QUESTION.
THANK YOU, ISS. OUR NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM CALLOWAY AND PLEASANTTON, NEBRASKA. NEBRASKA,
GO AHEAD WITH YOUR QUESTION.
WE READ THAT BEING IN SPACE CAUSES FLUID TO SWELL IN YOUR BRAIN AND INCREASES PRESSURE
ON YOUR EYES. CAN YOU DESCRIBE THIS FEELING FOR US?
ABSOLUTELY, IT'S TRUE. YOU'RE SO USED TO BEING IN THE ONE GRAVITY ENVIRONMENT THAT YOU'RE
ON IN EARTH. AND YOUR MUSCLES AND YOUR VASCULAR SYSTEM COMPENSATES FOR THAT AND KEEPS THE
BLOOD PRESSURE USUALLY HIGH IN YOUR HEAD. SO WHEN YOU LOSE THE GRAVITY AND WHEN YOU
COME TO SPACE, THE BLOOD PRESSURE NATURALLY INCREASES IN YOUR HEAD BECAUSE IT DOESN'T
HAVE TO PUMP AGAINST GRAVITY ANY MORE. SO FOR THE FIRST COUPLE OF WEEKS, I'VE BEEN HERE
ABOUT MAYBE THREE OR 5 1/2 WEEKS OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, IN SPACE, THAT IS. WHEN I FIRST
GOT HERE, I FELT THE SWELLING IN MY HEAD AND I FELT A LITTLE BIT OF CONGESTION. IT GOES
AWAY WITH A FEW WEEKS' TIME, THOUGH, AND YOUR BODY ADAPTS TO IT VERY WELL. IT'S ONE OF THOSE
THINGS THAT ARE INITIALLY WITH YOU DURING YOUR SPACE FLIGHT AND THE BODY COMPENSATES.
OKAY. THANK YOU, ISS. OUR NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM PRECIDIO, TEXAS. GO AHEAD WITH YOUR QUESTION.
WHAT ADVICE CAN YOU GIVE YOUNG KIDS LIKE ME ABOUT FULFILLING OUR DREAMS?
ISS, DID YOU COPY?
THE QUESTION WAS WHAT TO TELL KIDS LIKE YOU WHO WANT TO LIVE AND FULFILL YOUR DREAMS.
IS THAT CORRECT?
THAT IS CORRECT.
OKAY. WELL, LET ME JUST TELL YOU A QUICK LITTLE STORY ABOUT MYSELF. I SORT OF FELT THAT I
WAS A LITTLE BIT IN SECOND PLACE MY WHOLE LIFE, YOU KNOW, SWIMMING, I DIDN'T GET INTO
A COLLEGE THAT I WANTED TO, MY FIRST CHOICE. I DIDN'T GET TO FLY JETS, I FLEW HELICOPTERS.
SO I DIDN'T ALWAYS GET TO DO EXACTLY WHAT I WANTED. BUT YOU KNOW WHAT? THE PATH THAT
I ENDED UP TAKING GOT ME REALLY INTERESTED IN LEARNING ABOUT HOW HELICOPTERS WORKED WHICH
SENT ME TO TEST PILOT SCHOOL WHICH GOT ME INTERESTED IN BEING AN ASTRONAUT. SO THE POINT
OF MY STORY IS HERE AND WHAT TO TELL KIDS ABOUT LIVING THEIR DREAMS IS, YOU KNOW, YOU'RE
GOING TO BE DIS APPOINTED ALONG THE WAY, BUT THAT'S OKAY BECAUSE IT'S GOING TO OPEN NEW
DOORS AND NEW THINGS FOR YOU TO THINK ABOUT AND LEARN ABOUT. JUST HAVE YOUR EYES WIDE
OPEN AND GET READY FOR ALL THOSE CHALLENGES. BECAUSE THEY'LL BE OUT THERE AND THEY'LL BE
FUN. THE REWARDS ARE GREAT IF YOU TRY HARD, WORK HARD AND DO YOUR BEST.
THANK YOU, ISS. OKAY. UP NEXT, OUR QUESTION COMES FROM VALLEY CENTER, KANSAS. VALLEY CENTER,
GO AHEAD WITH YOUR QUESTION.
THANK YOU. MY QUESTION IS, WAS THERE ANYTHING YOU WERE NOT PREPARED FOR WHEN YOU FIRST WENT
INTO SPACE?
WELL, THE FIRST TIME I CAME INTO SPACE, THE ONE THING I REALLY WASN'T PREPARED FOR AND
I'M NOT SURE ANYBODY CAN BE TOTALLY PREPARED FOR IT IS THAT YOU ARE IN A PLACE NOW WHERE
THERE IS NO UP AND DOWN. YOUR ENTIRE LIFE, EVEN WHEN YOU WAKE UP IN THE MORNING BEFORE
YOU OPEN YOUR EYES, YOU KNOW WHICH WAY IS UP AND WHICH WAY IS DOWN. EVERYTHING IN YOUR
HOUSE IS BUILT FOR UP AND DOWN, YOUR WALLS, THE WAY YOUR FAUCETS WORK. EVERYTHING IS BASED
AROUND GRAVITY. UP HERE, YOU CAN BE IN ANY ORIENTATION, YOU CAN GET USED TO FLYING THROUGH
A MODULE USING THE CEILING AS A FLOOR OR THE WALL AS A FLOOR IF YOU'D LIKE TO TO GET YOUR
ORIENTATIONS. MANY TIMES, YOU'LL FIND YOURSELF LOST. IF YOU DROP SOMETHING, INSTEAD OF GOING
TO THE FLOOR, IT CAN GO IN SIX DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS AND IT'S HARD TO FIND AND KEEP TRACK OF THINGS.
I WOULD SAY THAT'S THE ONE MOST CONFUSING THINGS I WASN'T PREPARED FOR WHEN I CAME TO
SPACE THE FIRST TIME.
THANK YOU, ISS. OKAY. UP NEXT IS HILO, HAWAII. HILO, GO AHEAD WITH YOUR QUESTION, PLEASE.
ALOHA. WHAT ARE SOME OF THE ADVANCEMENTS MADE IN ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE USED IN RESEARCH
CONDUCTED ABOARD THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION AND WHO PROFITS FROM THESE?
THAT'S A GREAT QUESTION AND I WILL GIVE YOU TWO EXAMPLES. YOU KNOW, WE HAVE A WATER PROCESSING
SYSTEM HERE WHICH IN SHORT TERMS ESSENTIALLY TURNS PEE BACK INTO DRINKING WATER. SO, YOU
KNOW, IT'S REALLY PUTTING IT THROUGH THE PACES TO TRY TO MAKE NOT SO NICE WATER TURNED INTO
CLEAN DRINKING WATER. SOME OF THAT TECHNOLOGY HAS BEEN USED ALL OVER THE WORLD, PARTICULARLY
IF PLACES WHERE WE'VE HAD NATURAL DISASTERS, A SMALLER VERSION TO CLEAN THE WATER SO PEOPLE
COULD HAVE REALLY NICE, GOOD, CLEAN DRIPPINGING WATER AND HELPING THEM OUT IN A MORE AFFORDABLE
WAY TO BE ABLE TO DO THAT. OTHER THINGS WE'RE DOING UP HERE THAT ARE GOING TO HELP US IN
THE SCIENCE AND SPACE FIELD, OF COURSE, ARE THINGS LIKE CAPILLARY FLOW WHICH ARE GOING
TO HELP US MAKE BETTER ENGINES, MAYBE THE ENGINES THAT DON'T NEED PUMPS THAT TAKE ADVANTAGE
OF THE CAPILLARY FLOW AND MICROGRAVITY. SO THAT'S JUST A COUPLE OF THINGS THAT WE'RE
DOING ON BOARD THE SPACE STATION THAT BENEFIT FOLKS BACK ON THE GROUND AS WELL AS ADVANCEMENTS
IN TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE IN SPACE.
THANK YOU, ISS. UP NEXT IS PORTLAND, OREGON. PORTLAND, PLEASE GO AHEAD WITH YOUR QUESTION.
THANK YOU. OUR QUESTION, HOW MUCH CONTROL DO YOU HAVE OVER THE SPACE STATION? FOR EXAMPLE,
DO YOU USE ROCKETS TO MOVE THE STATION TO PROTECT YOU FROM SPACE DEBRIS?
YOU KNOW, THAT'S A GREAT QUESTION. IN GENERAL, WE DON'T REALLY HAVE TO DO MUCH AT ALL. THE
SPACE STATION SORT OF TAKES CARE OF ITSELF AS WELL AS THE GROUND CONTROLLERS WHO ARE
ALWAYS WATCHING THE SPACE STATION TELEMETRY AND MAKING SURE WE'RE ALL OKAY UP HERE. WHAT
THEY DO ALSO ON THE GROUND IS TRACK BIG SPACE DEBRIS OR SPACE DEBRIS THAT'S ABOUT A SOFTBALL
SIZE. AND WE, OF COURSE, DON'T WANT TO GET HIT BY THAT. AND SO WE CAN ACTUALLY CHANGE
THE ATTITUDE OF THE SPACE STATION TO AVOID THAT. AND WE ALSO CAN DO A REBOOST, WHICH
WILL BRING US TO A HIGHER ALTITUDE SO WE CAN AVOID THAT DEBRIS, AS WELL. HERE ON THE SPACE
STATION OURSELVES, YOU KNOW, IF WE HAD TO, IF WE NEEDED TO, WE ARE TRAINED ON THE GUIDANCE,
NAVIGATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS WHICH MONITOR AND CAN DO SOME OF THOSE THINGS. BUT IN GENERAL,
WE HAVE ENOUGH TIME. WE CAN PREDICT WHERE THESE THINGS ARE HAPPENING AND THE FOLKS ON
THE GROUND PUT THE ALGORITHMS TOGETHER AND THEY START THOSE MANEUVERS. SO IN GENERAL,
WE DON'T DO TOO MUCH MANEUVERING UP HERE, BUT IF WE HAD TO, WE CAN.
THANK YOU, ISS. UP NEXT IS CICERO, ILLINOIS. CICERO, GO AHEAD WITH YOUR QUESTION. CICERO,
DO YOU COPY? OKAY. WE'RE GOING TO MOVE ON TO WILLIS, TEXAS. WILLIS, TEXAS, GO AHEAD
WITH YOUR QUESTION.
WHAT WOULD YOU DO IF AN ASTRONAUT HAD A SERIOUS MEDICAL EMERGENCY WHILE ON THE INTERNATIONAL
SPACE STATION?
WELL, IT'S A POSSIBILITY, OF COURSE, JUST LIKE IT IS ON EARTH THAT ANYTHING CAN HAPPEN
AT ANY TIME. SO WE HAVE A MEDICAL TRAINING STAFF IN HOUSTON THAT TEACHES US ABOUT ALL
THE MOST LIKELY MEDICAL EVENTS THAT COULD HAPPEN. AND THEY GIVE US -- AND WE'RE NOT
ALL DOCTORS. WE DO HAVE SOME DOCTORS WHO ARE ASTRONAUTS, SO YOU MIGHT WANT TO GO DOWN THAT
TRACK SOME DAY IF YOU'D LIKE TO BE AN ASTRONAUT AND THEN A DOCTOR. NONE OF US ON BOARD RIGHT
NOW ARE DOCTORS, BUT WE GET SOME TRAINING. ONE OF THE THINGS, FOR EXAMPLE, THEY TEACHES
IS CPR, SOMETHING EVERYBODY SHOULD LEARN AS EARLY AS THEY CAN. UP HERE, IF WE WERE TO
DO CPR, WE HAVE OUR BOARD RIGHT BEHIND US. SUNI WAS JUST LOOKING AT IT. WE HAVE A BOARD
BACK HERE READY FOR AN EMERGENCY AT ANY TIME. WE COULD STRAP A PERSON DOWN IF THEY WERE
HAVING SOME KIND OF CONVULSIONS OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, MAYBE IF THEY GOT -- MAYBE THEY
GOT SOME GAS OR SOME KIND OF POISON OR SOMETHING FROM AN EVENT, AND YOU COULD STRAP THEM DOWN.
SUNI IS SHOWING HOW YOU WOULD DO THE CPR ON SOMEBODY. BECAUSE IF YOU WERE TO PUSH ON SOMEBODY
ON THE BOARD, WHEN YOU PUSH DOWN ON THEM, YOU WOULD FLY ACROSS THE MODULE. BUT WE ALSO
GET TRAINED IN HOW TO DO STITCHES, HOW TO DO SOME BASIC DENTAL WORK AND JUST TAKE CARE
OF EACH OTHER, MEDICATIONS. WE DO A LOT OF DIAGNOSTICS, EYE EXAMS, EAR EXAMS AND THOSE
KINDS OF THINGS AND WE REPORT TO THE DOCTORS. ULTIMATELY ON THE GROUND, WE HAVE DOCTORS
WHO ARE ALWAYS ON CALL FOR US. THEY CAN BE READY TO TALK TO US IN AN INSTANT AT ANY TIME
AND HELP US WITH ANY CREW MEMBER WHO HAS ANY KIND OF MEDICAL EMERGENCY. THAT'S A REALLY
GREAT QUESTION.
THANK YOU, ISS. UP NEXT IS RUSSELL COUNTY, VIRGINIA. RUSSELL COUNTY,ing WITH YOUR QUESTION.
THANK YOU. WHILE IN SPACE, HOW DO YOU COMMUNICATE WITH YOUR FAMILY?
THAT'S ANOTHER GREAT QUESTION BECAUSE IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT TO STAY IN TOUCH WITH FOLKS
BACK ON THE GROUND. I THINK FOR BOTH US UP HERE AND OUR FRIENDS AND FAMILY ON THE GROUND
WHO ARE, OF COURSE, WORRYING AND THINKING ABOUT US. SO WE HAVE AN IP PHONE, AN INTERNET
PROTOCOL PHONE. WHEN THE SATELLITE IS LINED UP WITH A SATELLITE OUT IN -- AND THE ANTENNAS
ARE LINED UP WITH THE SATELLITE IN SPACE, WE HAVE THE ABILITY TO MAKE A PHONE CALL.
IT HAPPENS TO BE THE SAME COMMUNICATION WHY WE HAVE VIDEO RIGHT NOW. OTHER THINGS WE HAVE,
OF COURSE, ARE E-MAIL. WE DON'T HAVE INSTANT MESSAGING, UNFORTUNATELY. WE HAVE SYNC'ed
E-MAIL. SO EVERY COUPLE OF HOURS, OUR E-MAIL GETS SYNCHRONIZED WITH THE GROUND AND THEN
WE GET E-MAIL BACK AND FORTH. WE ALSO HAVE VIDEO CONFERENCES ONCE A WEEK, ON THE WEEKEND.
I GET TO SEE MY DOG BECAUSE I CAN'T TALK TO HIM ON THE PHONE. SO HE'S ACTUALLY WITH MY
PARENTS AND I GET TO SEE HIM ON THE VIDEO CONFERENCE.
THANK YOU, ISS. UP NEXT, SAN MARINO, CALIFORNIA. SAN MARINO, PLEASE GO AHEAD WITH YOUR QUESTION.
ARE THERE ANY DEVELOPMENTS INVOLVING SPACE EXPLORATION THAT CAN CONTRIBUTE TO COMMENTING
PROBLEMS ON EARTH TODAY, SUCH AS RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES OR GLOBAL WARMING?
WELL, THE ENERGY WE USED HERE THAT LIGHTS UP INSIDE THE LABORATORY AND POWERS THIS MICROPHONE
AND CAMERA YOU'RE LOOKING AT IS ALL COMING FROM THE SUN. SO THE SOLAR POWER CELLS THAT
WE HAVE OUT HERE ARE PART OF, REALLY, KIND OF THE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT
OF FUTURE SPACE VEHICLES AND, OF COURSE, THESE THINGS CAN ALL BE APPLIED TO EARTH BASED,
AS WELL. ALSO, WE DO -- CREW EARTH OBSERVATIONS, WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT THE CLIMATE AND THAT SORT
OF THING, WE CAN HELP WITH PHOTOS AND OBSERVATIONS FROM SPACE, NOT ONLY FROM THE SPACE STATION,
BUT OTHER SPACE VEHICLES, AS WELL, TO TRY TO TRACK WHAT'S GOING ON, MAKE IT OUT SO WE
CAN HOPEFULLY FIND OUT EXACTLY WHAT KIND OF IMPACTS PERHAPS WE'RE HAVING AND MAKE ADVANCEMENTS
THERE AND JUST STUDY THE PROBLEM.
THANK YOU, ISS. UP NEXT IS TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN. TRAVERSE CITY, GO AHEAD WITH YOUR
QUESTION.
WHAT'S YOUR FAVORITE PART ABOUT BEING A PART OF THE SSEP?
THE LAST PART OF THE QUESTION WAS THE FAVORITE PART ABOUT BEING PART OF -- CAN YOU REPEAT
THE LAST PART OF THE QUESTION?
YES. THAT WAS WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE PART ABOUT BEING INVOLVED IN THE STUDENT SPACE FLIGHT
EXPERIMENTS PROGRAM?
YEAH. WELL, YOU KNOW, I THINK THAT'S A BIG PART OF THE WHOLE REASON WHY WE'RE UP HERE
IN THE FIRST PLACE. YOU KNOW, WE'RE ON THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION. IT'S ORBITING
THE PLANET. BUT THE NEXT GENERATION OF EXPLORERS IS OUT THERE THE. IT'S YOU GUYS. WE'RE UP
HERE HOPEFULLY BEING PART OF THIS PROGRAM TO INSPIRE YOU, FOR YOU TO SEE HOW MUCH FUN
IT IS, HOW COOL IT IS TO BE AN ASTRONAUT AND BE INVOLVED IN DEVELOPING THE NEXT GENERATION
OF SPACECRAFT AND THE THINGS THAT THAT SPACECRAFT WILL DO, WHICH IS PROBABLY GOING TO BE GOING
BEYOND LOW EARTH ORBIT. SO I FEEL PRETTY HONORED TO BE A PART OF IT. I HOPE WE'RE GETTING YOU
GUYS PSYCHED UP. YOUR FUTURE IS HUGE. I'M ENVIOUS. I WISH I WAS ABOUT 20 YEARS YOUNGER
SO I COULD BE IN YOUR SHOES, DOING THE THINGS THAT YOU'RE GOING TO BE DOING WITH REGARDS
TO SPACE AND SPACE TRAVEL. VERY HONORED AND PSYCHED TO BE PART OF THIS PROGRAM SO THANK
YOU FOR INVITING US.
THANK YOU, ISS. UP NEXT IS LAKE COUNTY, INDIANA. LAKE COUNTY, GO AHEAD WITH YOUR QUESTION.
THANK YOU. -- SPACE STATION AND WHAT DO YOU DO WITH THAT TIME?
WELL, GREETINGS. YOU'RE IN MY HOME STATE THERE. I GREW UP IN INDIANA SO IT'S GREAT TO HEAR
FROM YOU UP IN LAKE COUNTY. IN OUR SPARE TIME, WE CATCH UP ON OUR COMMUNICATIONS WITH FRIENDS
AND FAMILY AT HOME FIRST SO THAT WE CAN KEEP THOSE RELATIONSHIPS GOING, GO AHEAD. AND THEN
WE GO TO THE WINDOW AS OFTEN AS WE CAN. OCCASIONALLY, I'LL GO TO THE WINDOW REALLY EARLY IN THE
MORNING OR LATE AT NIGHT AND I'LL FIND ANOTHER ASTRONAUT THERE LOOKING OUT BECAUSE IT'S A
GREAT WAY TO FAMILIARIZE YOURSELF WITH OUR BEAUTIFUL PLANET. SOME OF US HAVE LITTLE THINGS
WE LIKE TO DO IN THE ZERO GRAVITY BECAUSE WE KNOW WE WON'T BE HERE LONG. IT'S A LITTLE
BIT LIKE A DREAM BEING HERE. SO THERE'S THINGS TO PLAY WITH AND SPIN AROUND. I HAVE A LITTLE
TOY IN MY POCKET AND IT'S FUN TO GET THOSE OUT. THIS IS A MODEL OF THE SPACECRAFT WE
FLEW UP IN. AND WE SPIN AS WE COME IN HERE, SO I CAN MAKE THIS SPIN JUST LIKE MY SPACECRAFT
DID ON THE WAY. IT'S JUST KIND OF FUN TO SEE HOW THINGS REACT AND THE DYNAMICS. THERE ARE
SOME UNEXPECTED THINGS UP HERE. SO WE PLAY AROUND IN THE ZERO GRAVITY AND WE LOOK AT
OUR MOTHER EARTH MOST OF THE TIME.
THANK YOU, ISS. UP NEXT, INWOOD, NEW YORK, GO AHEAD WITH YOUR QUESTION, PLEASE. OKAY.
THE QUESTION FROM INWOOD, NEW YORK, ISS, IS WHAT WAS YOUR FIRST AH-HA MOMENT IN SPACE?
I THINK ON MY FIRST AH-HA MOMENT, OF COURSE, IS WHEN YOU GET TO SPACE. IT ONLY TAKES ABOUT
8:30 OR SO TO TAKE THE ROCKET RIDE UP INTO SPACE. .THEN, YOU KNOW, THE ENGINES ON THE
VEHICLE SHUT OFF. I WAS ON A SHUTTLE FOR MY FIRST FLIGHT. AND THEN YOU'RE READY TO TAKE
YOUR HELMET OFF AND YOUR GLOVES OFF. AND WHEN YOU DO, IT DOESN'T WEIGH ANYTHING AND IT STARTS
TO FLOAT AWAY AND YOUR GLOVES START TO FLOAT AWAY AND LITERALLY YOUR ARMS START TO FLOAT.
I EARTH, WE DON'T REALIZE IT, BUT GRAVITY IS HOLDING YOUR ARMS DOWN. JUST LIKE WHEN
YOU SLEEP IN SPACE, IF YOU DON'T THINK ABOUT IT, YOUR ARMS WILL START TO FLOAT BACK UP
AGAIN. SO I THINK, OF COURSE, THAT HAD TO BE THE BIGGEST AH-HA MOMENT. IT WAS INCREDIBLE.
IT MAKES YOU LAUGH BECAUSE IT'S JUST LIKE REALLY COOL. NUMBER TWO, ON A SPACE WALK UP
ON TOP OF THE SPACE STATION ON A SOLAR ARRAY WATCHING THE AURORA HIT THE EARTH AND WHEN
YOU SEE THIS GREEN ENERGY HITTING THE PLANET, YOU SORT OF REALIZE THAT, YOU KNOW, THERE'S
A WHOLE LOT OF ENERGY IN THE UNIVERSE THAT'S PRETTY MUCH UNCAPPED AND WE HAVE A LOT MORE
TO DISCOVER AND LEARN ABOUT. SO THAT REALLY HIT HOME, WAS A HUGE AH-HA MOMENT.
THANK YOU, ISS. WE HAVE TIME FOR ONE MORE QUICK QUESTION FROM EL PASO, TEXAS. EL PASO,
PLEASE GO AHEAD WITH YOUR QUESTION.
THANK YOU. HAVE YOU EVER SEEN ANYTHING IN SPACE THAT SURPRISED OR SCARED YOU?
WELL, I'LL TAKE IT THAT JUST SHORTLY AND I'LL PASS IT OFF TO SUNI. EVERYTHING SURPRISES
YOU IN SPACE. FROM THE TIME YOU GET UP, CRUISING THROUGH A LAB AT NIGHTTIME WITH EVERYTHING
SLEEPING AND FLOATING DOWN A DARK AISLE TO JUST WHEN YOU LOSE CONTROL MAYBE OF YOUR DRINK
OR YOUR WATER BAG AND THE WATER PARTICLES GO EVERY DIRECTION INSTEAD OF FALLING ON THE
FLOOR, SO IT'S SURPRISING. I HAVEN'T FORTUNATELY BEEN SCARED YET. THERE ARE SOMETIMES WHEN
THINGS REALLY GET YOUR ATTENTION. I REMEMBER COMING UP IN THIS LAST FLIGHT ON THE RENDEZVOUS
DAY. OUR RENDEZVOUS WAS AGGRESSIVE AND WE CAME AT THE STATION REALLY FAST. THERE'S A
LOT OF THINGS THAT MAKE YOUR HEARTBEAT QUICKLY SOMETIMES, BUT NOTHING THAT WAS REALLY, REALLY
SCARY FOR ME. SINCE THAT WAS THE LAST QUESTION, I'LL HAND IT BACK OVER TO THE COMMANDER OF
EXPEDITION THREE FOR FINAL WORDS.
SO WE WANTED TO JUST SAY THANK YOU, IF THAT WAS THE LAST QUESTION, FOR LETTING US PARTICIPATE
IN THIS EVENT WITH YOU. IT'S BEEN GREAT. THE SMITHSONIAN IS A WONDERFUL PLACE. THE ISS
IS A WONDERFUL PLACE, AGAIN, AN HONOR TO BE A PART OF IT. AND WE'RE HOPING, AGAIN, THAT
WE ARE INSPIRING THE NEXT GENERATIONS OF EXPLORERS BECAUSE THIS IS JUST A STEPPING STONE. ISS
IS GREAT, BUT IT'S JUST A STEPPING STONE. YOU GUYS ARE THE NEXT ONES WHO ARE GOING TO
TAKE THE NEXT BIG STEP. SO GET PSYCHED OUT THERE AND WE'RE LOOKING FORWARD TO WATCHING
YOU GUYS IN THE FUTURE.
THANK YOU, ISS. LET'S HEAR IT FOR COMMANDER WILLIAMS AND COLONEL FORD. OKAY. WE ARE GOING
TO CONTINUE THE QUESTIONING. OUR NEXT SPEAKER IS THE ASSOCIATE ADMINISTRATOR FOR EDUCATION
AT NASA, LELAND MELVIN. LELAND IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF
THE AGENCY'S EDUCATION PROGRAM. LELAND IS A VETERAN OF TWO SPACE SHUTTLE MISSIONS TO
THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION SERVING AS MISSION SPECIALIST ON STS-122 IN 2008 AND
STS-129 IN 2009. LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, ASSOCIATE ADMINISTRATOR AND ASTRONAUT, LELAND MELVIN.
OKAY. HOW IS EVERYONE DOING? DID YOU GUYS HAVE A GOOD TIME? WELL, IT'S JUST STARTING,
OKAY? SO WE HAVE A FEW MORE QUESTIONS OUT THERE. I THINK WE HAVE LINCOLNWOOD, ILLINOIS.
DID YOU WANT TO ASK YOUR QUESTION?
WHEN I COMES TO MISSIONS AND TRAVEL, DOES NASA WORK WELL AND COOPERATE WITH THE OTHER
AGENCIES ABOARD THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION SUCH AS THE EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY, RUSSIA,
CANADA AND --
THAT'S A VERY GOOD QUESTION. WE WORK WITH ALL OF THOSE AGENCIES. AND WHEN I THINK ABOUT
THE STUDENTS IN HERE AND THE STUDENTS OUT THERE IN THE INTERNETLAND, YOU KNOW, WE HAVE
TO WORK TOGETHER AS ONE BIG TEAM. BECAUSE IF WE'RE GOING TO GO TO MARS ONE DAY AS A
CIVILIZATION, IT TAKES ALL OF US TO WORK TOGETHER. WE'RE WORKING TOGETHER WITH ALL OF THESE COUNTRIES
AND WE'LL WORK WITH EVEN MORE IN THE FUTURE. VERY GOOD QUESTION. NEXT QUESTION IS FROM
NEW JERSEY.
HOW LONG ARE YOU -- OH, OKAY. HOW LONG ARE YOU IN MICROGRAVITY BEFORE YOU STARTS TO NOTICE
CHANGES IN YOUR BODY OR HEALTH AND WHAT ARE THOSE CHANGES?
THAT'S A VERY GOOD QUESTION. I WAS ONLY IN SPACE FOR ABOUT 14 DAYS MAXIMUM. ONCE YOU
GET THERE, YOUR BODY DOES START TO FEEL THE EFFECTS OF MICROGRAVITY AND CHANGES. BUT FOR
THE LONG DURATION OF FLIGHT MEMBERS, THEY'RE THERE FOR SIX MONTHS AT A TIME. SO IF THEY
DON'T WORK OUT AND DO RESISTANCE EXERCISES, PUSH-UPS AND RESISTIVE THINGS, THEIR MUSCLES
WILL ATROPHY AND THEIR BONES WILL LEACH OUT THE CALCIUM. THEIR BONES WILL GET WEAKER.
SO IT'S VERY IMPORTANT FOR LONG DURATION SPACE FLIGHTS THAT YOU DO CARDIO WORKOUTS AS WELL
AS THE RESISTIVE EXERCISE. VERY GOOD QUESTION. NEXT, GALVAHOSTIN, IOWA. WHAT'S YOUR QUESTION?
WHAT DO YOU THINK OF THE STUDENT SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIMENT PROGRAM AND WHAT IT DOES FOR STUDENTS?
WELL, FOR THE SPACE FLIGHT PROGRAM FOR STUDENTS, I THINK IT'S AN OPPORTUNITY TO THINK ABOUT
THEMSELVES AS BEING RESEARCHERS AND SCIENTISTS. YOU KNOW, WHEN I WAS A LITTLE BOY, I MIXED
CHEMICALS TOGETHER AND CREATED AN EXPLOSION IN MY MOM'S LIVING ROOM. AND I DON'T WANT
YOU GUYS TO DO THAT, BUT I THINK ABOUT YOU BEING LITTLE PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS THAT
WILL SEND YOUR EXPERIMENTS TO THE SPACE STATION. SUNI IS BRINGING BACK 23 EXPERIMENTS WHEN
SHE COMES BACK HOME ON SUNDAY AND WE'LL SEE THE RESULTS OF THOSE EXPERIMENTS. BUT THIS
SETS THE TONE TO GET YOU GUYS READY TO BE THE NEXT INVENTORS, EXPLORERS AND SCIENTISTS.
IT'S A GREAT OPPORTUNITY FOR YOU TO DO THAT IN THAT PROGRAM. GOOD QUESTION. NEXT WE HAVE
GILLFORD COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA.
WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES AND ADVANTAGES OF WORKING WITH ASTRONAUTS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES?
I THINK KIND OF LIKE WHAT I MENTIONED EARLIER, THE BIGGEST, I THINK, CHALLENGE THAT WE HAVE
IS SOMETIMES THE LANGUAGE BARRIER. YOU KNOW, WHEN WE'RE IN RUSSIA, WE LEARN RUSSIAN. WHEN
WE'RE IN THE OTHER COUNTRIES, WE TRY TO LEARN SOME OF THOSE LANGUAGES. BUT I THINK EVERYONE
COMES TOGETHER AS A TEAM BECAUSE WE HAVE THIS OUTPOST OF 240 MILES UP, TRAVELING AT 23,715
MILES PER HOUR AND WORK WORKING TOGETHER TO ADVANTAGE OURSELVES FOR PEACEFUL PURPOSES.
SO THE CHALLENGES ARE USUALLY LANGUAGE, BUT THE BENEFITS ARE HELPING EVERYONE ON THE PLANET
ADVANCE AS ONE CIVILIZATION. GOOD QUESTION. NEXT WE HAVE ODOBOL IN IDA GROVE, IOWA. WHAT'S
YOUR QUESTION?
YEAH. HOW DOES IT FEEL TO BE WEIGHTLESS AND WHAT WAS SOMETHING THAT YOU LIKED TO DO IN
MICROGRAVITY THAT WAS NOT AS EASILY DONE ON EARTH?
INTERESTING QUESTION. WEIGHTLESSNESS WAS AWESOME. YOU COULD ACTUALLY BALL YOURSELF UP IN A BALL
AND BE BOWLED DOWN AND KNOCK OVER OTHER ASTRONAUTS. SO THAT'S SOMETHING YOU CAN'T DO ON THE GROUND.
PLAYING WITH YOUR FOOD IN SPACE IS PRETTY COOL. I'LL SHOW A VIDEO ABOUT THAT A LITTLE
LATER. BUT IT'S WORKING TOGETHER IN THIS ENVIRONMENT TO SEE THE ADVANCES FOR THE FUTURE, FOR HELPING
PEOPLE HERE ON THE PLANET. AND I THINK THAT'S THE BIGGEST PART OF MICROGRAVITY THAT'S THE
BENEFICIAL PIECE OF THE EXPERIMENTS, THE WORKING TOGETHER, THE THINKING ABOUT THE FUTURE OF
EXPLORATION. GOOD QUESTION. NEXT WE HAVE SANTA MONICA, CALIFORNIA. WHAT'S YOUR QUESTION?
WHAT IS THE -- YOU ADAPT TO WHEN YOU GET TO -- AND WHEN YOU RETURN TO EARTH ON THE
ISS?
GOOD QUESTION. THE MOST DIFFICULT THING TO ADAPT TO. HMMM. I WOULD SAY THAT'S GOING TO
THE BATHROOM. BECAUSE IN SPACE, EVERYTHING FLOATS. NUMBER ONE IS NOT SO BAD, BUT NUMBER
TWO, THAT'S THE PROBLEM. GOOD QUESTION. WE'LL TALK ABOUT THAT MORE LATER. NEXT WE HAVE CHICAGO,
ILLINOIS. WAS YOUR QUESTION?
CAN YOU SEE HURRICANES AND OTHER WEATHER ACTIVITY FROM SPACE? AND IF SO, WHAT DO THEY LOOK LIKE?
I WASN'T UP THERE, BUT I'M SURE THAT BOTH SUNI AND KEVIN SAW THE HURRICANE SANDY FROM
SPACE. AND IT LOOKS, YOU KNOW, LIKE THE WEATHER SATELLITES THAT HE SHOW YOU THE PICTURE ON
THE WEATHER CHANNEL, IT LOOKS SIMILAR TO THAT. BUT WE CAN TRACK IT FOR MUCH LONGER TIMES.
WE HAVE OUR VIDEO CAMERAS, WE HAVE OUR WIDE ANGLE LENSES AND LONG ZOOM LENSES. SO YOU
CAN SEE PRETTY MUCH EVERYTHING FROM THAT VANTAGE POINT WITH DIFFERENT LENSES. GREAT QUESTION.
OKAY. NEXT WE'RE GOING TO HAVE STONEWALL MANITOBA, CANADA. WHAT'S YOUR QUESTION?
THANK YOU. HELLO. MY QUESTION IS, IS THE CANADIAN ARM HELPFUL, USEFUL IN SPACE?
OKAY. IS THE CANADIAN ARM HELPFUL? WELL, WHEN I WENT TO SPACE, I WAS THE ROBOTIC ARM OPERATOR.
AND I USED CANADA ARM ONE AND CANADA ARM TWO TO INSTALL THE EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY'S LABORATORY.
SO IT WAS EXTREMELY HELPFUL AND IT WAS THE ONLY WAY THAT WE COULD ACTUALLY INSTALL THESE
MODULES ON TO THE SPACE STATION. SO, YES, OUR CANADIAN FRIENDS CAME THROUGH WITH A GREAT
DEVICE. GOOD QUESTION. NEXT QUESTION IS FROM NEW YORK CITY. WHAT IS YOUR QUESTION FROM
NEW YORK? [ INAUDIBLE ].
THE SSEP WEBSITE -- PERSONS ARE ALLOWED ON THE ISS. WHY IS THAT?
I WOULD THINK PERFUMES ARE NOT ALLOWED BECAUSE THE ALCOHOL CAN OUTGAS AND MAKE GET ON DIFFERENT
EQUIPMENT. YOU WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT THE THINGS THAT YOU TAKE UP DON'T COME OUT OF
THEIR SOLUTION AND GET DEPOSITED ON THE EQUIPMENT ON THE SPACE STATION. SO THAT IS WHAT I THINK.
BUT THAT'S A VERY GOOD QUESTION. AND OUR LAST QUESTION IS FROM EASTLIME, CONNECTICUT. WHAT'S
YOUR QUESTION? IS EASTLIME OUT THERE? OKAY. WE'RE GOING TO GO BACK TO CICERO. DOES CICERO
HAVE ANOTHER QUESTION?
HOW IS LIFE IN IN SPACE DIFFERENT FROM LIFE ON EARTH?
HOW IS LIFE DIFFERENT ON SPACE THAN LIFE ON EARTH? WELL, WHEN SUNI COMES BACK ON SUNDAY,
SHE IS GOING TO PROBABLY HAVE THIS MOMENT WHERE SHE GRABS HER PLATE, PUTS FOOD ON HER
PLATE AND THEN SHE PROBABLY TURNS AND THINKS THAT THE PLATE IS GOING TO KEEP FLOATING AND
IT DOESN'T, IT HITS THE GROUND. SO THINKING ABOUT HOW YOU DO THINGS IN A ONE G ENVIRONMENT
ON THE PLANET, THERE'S GRAVITATIONAL PULL, AND HOW YOU CAN DO THINGS DIFFERENTLY IN SPACE,
A LOT OF THAT HAS TO DO WITH THE PHYSIOLOGICAL THINGS THAT CAN HAPPEN WHEN YOU'RE EATING,
USING THE BATHROOM, AS I MENTIONED, FLYING AND FLOATING AROUND. BUT ALSO WITH EXPERIMENTS.
LIKE IF YOU'RE DOING AN EXPERIMENT ON CRYSTAL GROWTH, YOU CAN GROW SINGLE CRYSTALS AT A
MUCH LARGER SIZE THAN YOU CAN ON THE -- WHEN GRAVITATIONAL PULL ON THE PLANET. SO DOING
EXPERIMENTS AND THINGS LIKE THAT CAN UTILIZE THE BENEFITS OF MICROGRAVITY. VERY GOOD QUESTION.
ALL RIGHT. OKAY. IS EASTLIME ON THE LINE? EAST LIME, ARE YOU THERE? GOING ONCE. OKAY.
ALL RIGHT. WELL, THANK YOU FOR ALL THOSE FANTASTIC QUESTIONS. SUNI IS BRINGING BACK. THANK YOU.
SUNI IS BRINGING BACK THE EXPERIMENTS ON SUNDAY, AS I MENTIONED, AND YOU'LL GET TO SEE THE
RESULTS OF THAT WORK THAT'S BEEN DONE. I'M GOING TO TURN ON MY WIRELESS MIKE REAL QUICK.
I'M TURNING ON THE WIRELESS MIKE. DID YOU GUYS LIKE THAT? OH, COME ON, YOU CAN DO BETTER
THAN THAT. DID YOU GUYS LIKE THAT? ARE YOU GUYS AWAKE? ALL RIGHT. WELL, HOW MANY OF YOU
DREAM? ANY DREAMERS IN HERE? WHAT DO YOU DREAM ABOUT? ARE YOU A DREAMER? STAND UP. YOU DON'T
WANT TO STAND UP? OKAY. WHAT IS YOUR DREAM? SHE DREAMS ABOUT -- WHAT'S YOUR NAME? CALEN,
SHE DREAMS ABOUT HER FUTURE. IS YOUR FUTURE BRIGHT? IT'S VERY BRIGHT. HOW MANY OF YOU
DREAM ABOUT YOUR FUTURE AND WHAT YOU'RE GOING TO DO, SCIENTIST, ENGINEER, BALL PLAYER, WHATEVER
YOU WANT TO BE? BUT IT STARTS WITH YOU LIVING YOUR DREAMS RIGHT NOW. WHAT DOES THAT MEAN
TO YOU, LIVING YOUR DREAMS? ANYONE WANT TO HELP ME? YES. EXACTLY. SHE SAID WORK HARD
NOW SO YOUR DREAMS CAN COME TRUE. BUT WHEN I WAS A LITTLE BOY, I DIDN'T KNOW WHAT I WANTED
TO DO. WHEN I WAS IN MIDDLE SCHOOL, I HAD TO CLUE. AND IF YOU LOOK AT THE SLIDES, IF
THEY'RE TURNING OR -- DO YOU WANT TO HELP ME HERE, VIRTUAL CLICK? GO TO THE NEXT SLIDE.
I HAD TO CLUE. I LOVED SPORTS AND I LOVED SCIENCE. OKAY? AND AS I MENTIONED EARLIER,
I HAD A CHANCE TO MAKE THIS MOST INCREDIBLE -- I'M TELLING YOU, INCREDIBLE EXPLOSION. BUT
FIRST, I MADE A SKATEBOARD. HOW MANY OF YOU ARE SKATEBOARDERS IN HERE? SKATEBOARDERS?
ANY FOOTBALL PLAYERS? BASKETBALL PLAYERS? TENNIS? HOCKEY? ICE-SKATING? SOCCER? VOLLEYBALL?
WHAT ELSE? OKAY. SO I LOVED SPORTS AS A KID, BUT MY DAD, I ASKED MY DAD FOR A SKATEBOARD
WHEN I WAS A LITTLE BOY. HE SAID, WE DON'T HAVE THE MONEY TO BUY YOU ONE. SO WHAT DID
I DO? I DIDN'T GIVE UP. I USED MY BRAIN. AT DUNNBAR MIDDLE SCHOOL, I WENT TO THE WOOD
SHOP AND I GOT A PIECE OF WOOD AND I MADE THE BOARD IN THE SHOP. SO I HAD HALF THE SOLUTION
WITH MY BOARD. THE NEXT SOLUTION WAS THE TRUCKS AND THE WHEELS. SO I GOT A JOB DELIVERING
PAPERS, DOING ODD THINGS. MADE THE MONEY AND I CREATED MY OWN SKATEBOARD. SO USING YOUR
BRAIN, USING YOUR HANDS, USING YOUR INNOVATION AND CURIOSITY, IT'S VERY IMPORTANT TO GETTING
THE THINGS THAT YOU WANT. SO STARTED THAT WITH SKATEBOARDING. THEN MY MOM GAVE ME MY
CHEMISTRY SET. I MADE THIS HUGE EXPLOSION IN THE LIVING ROOM WHICH FUELED MY CURIOSITY.
I BECAME A CHEMISTRY MAJOR FROM THAT AND SPORTS WAS VERY IMPORTANT. WHERE DID THAT LEAD ME?
THAT LED ME TO BEING A SNOWBOARDER. THAT LED ME TO BEING A CHEMIST. WHAT YOU SEE HERE IS
A MAD SCIENTIST IN THE CHEMISTRY LAB AND IT ALSO LED ME TO THE NFL. YES. HOW MANY OF YOU
WANT TO PLAY IN THE NFL? ALL RIGHT. OKAY. BUT THE KEY IS, IF THAT DOESN'T WORK OUT,
YOU HAVE TO HAVE YOUR EDUCATION. I WENT TO TRAINING CAMP. I WAS DRAFTED IN THE 11th ROUND
WITH THE DETROIT LIONS. I PULLED A HAMSTRING IN THE SECOND WEEK OF TRAINING CAMP. THAT
WAS THE END OF MY FOOTBALL CAREER, BUT I HAD MY EDUCATION TO FALL BACK ON, WHICH ALLOWED
ME TO THEN BECOME AN ASTRONAUT. SO, AGAIN, YOU CAN DO WHATEVER YOU WANT TO IF YOU PUT
YOUR MIND TO IT, BUT YOU HAVE TO HAVE YOUR EDUCATION. OUR DEPUTY SECRETARY BELIEVES IN
THAT. YOU HAVE TO HAVE YOUR EDUCATION. WE WORK TOGETHER AS A TEAM WITH THE SMITHSONIAN,
WITH TONY MILLER IN EDUCATION TO MAKE SURE YOU HAVE ALL THE TOOLS PUP NEED TO DO ANYTHING
YOU WANT TO DO, ANYTHING YOU PUT YOUR MINDS TO. NEXT SLIDE. WAIT A MINUTE, SOMEBODY SNUCK
THIS PICTURE IN HERE. THESE ARE MY DOGS WHO I TRIED TO GET TO SPACE, BUT THEY WOULDN'T
TAKE THEM. ANY DOG OWNERS IN HERE? THAT'S JAKE AND SCOUT. NEXT SLIDE. I FLEW ON TWO
FLIGHTS, STS-122 AND STS-129. BOTH SUNI AND KEVIN AND I TRAINED TOGETHER. SUNI WAS IN
MY CLASS IN THE 1998 ASTRONAUT CLASS. SO I GOT A DEGREE IN CHEMISTRY, I WENT AND GOT
A MASTER DEGREE IN MATERIAL SCIENCE ENGINEERING. I WORKED AS AN ENGINEER FOR 11 YEARS AT NASA
LANGLEY AND THEN I GOT INTO THE ASTRONAUT COURSE. MY FIRST FLIGHT WAS IN 2008. WE TOOK
UP THE EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY'S LABORATORY. NEXT SLIDE. AND I THINK THE MOST INCREDIBLE
PART OF THIS MISSION WAS WE HAD OUR FRIENDS FROM CANADA TALKING ABOUT CANADA ARM. IF YOU
LOOK AT THAT TOP WHITE PIECE, THAT'S THE CANADA ARM. HOW MANY OF YOU PLAY VIDEO GAMES? MOST
OF YOU, RIGHT? SO IF YOU CAN PLAY VIDEO GAMES, IF YOU'RE EXPERTS AT PLAYING VIDEO GAMES,
YOU CAN FLY THE ROBOTIC ARM. ALL OF OUR TRAINING IS DONE IN A SIMULATOR, JUST LIKE YOUR VIDEO
GAMES ARE SIMULATED, RIGHT? NINTENDO, XBOX, PLAY STATION, WII, WHAT ELSE? PS2, PS3. OKAY.
ALL YOUR GAMES THAT YOU PLAY, YOU WILL BE EXPERT ROBOTIC ARM OPERATORS IF YOU CAN WORK
THAT GAME. SO THAT'S WHAT I DID. I INSTALLED THIS ON TO THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION.
WE GREW THE SPACE STATION BY ANOTHER MODULE. NEXT SLIDE. AFTER THIS INSTALLATION, WE HAD
THIS WONDERFUL MEAL. IF YOU LOOK AT THIS PICTURE, WE HAVE PEOPLE FROM ALL AROUND THE WORLD,
AFRICAN-AMERICAN, ASIAN AMERICAN, FRENCH, GERMAN, RUSSIAN, THE FIRST FEMALE COMMANDER
OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION. SO AS YOU SAW, SUNI IS NOW THE FEMALE COMMANDER
OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION. THE FIRST ONE WAS DR. PEGGY WITTMER. AND WE'RE HAVING
THIS MEAL TRAVELING AROUND THE PLANET AT 17,500 MILES PER HOUR. EVERY 90 MINUTES THERE IS
A SUNRISE AND A SUNSET EVERY 45 MINUTES. THAT'S WHAT SPACE IS LIKE. YOU SEE THINGS FROM BLUE
LAGOONS TO VOLCANOS ERUPT TO GO BROWN MOUNTAIN TOES BEAUTIFUL, BEAUTIFUL LANDSCAPES. AND
SO THIS PICTURE HERE, WE'RE HAVING A MALE. DAN IS FLYING UP LIKE A BAT. ON THE LEFT OF
THE SCREEN, YOU SEE THERE SOME HOT SAUCE. HOW MANY PEOPLE LIKE HOT SAUCE? BECAUSE IN
SPACE, YOUR TASTE BUDS AREN'T AS SENSITIVE. SO WE SPACE THE FOOD UP A LITTLE BIT. NEXT
SLIDE. AND I TOOK MY DETROIT LIONS JERSEY TO SPACE. IT WAS FLOATING AROUND, PLAYED FOOTBALL
IN SPACE. HOW MANY OF YOU HAVE PLAYED FOOTBALL BEFORE? SOME OF YOU? TRY TO PLAY THAT IN SPACE.
THE THING IS, YOU HAVE TO PUSH OFF .FLOAT AND TACKLE PEOPLE AND YOU KEEP FLOATING UNTIL
YOU HIT SOMETHING LIKE A WALL. IT'S NOT GOOD. NEXT SLIDE. MY SECOND MIDDLE, STS-129. WE
FLEW UP WITH A CREW, A COUPLE OF MARINES. BUTCH IS IN FRONT. IF YOU LOOK IN THE BACK
RIGHT, THAT'S DR. PEGGY WITTEN, WHO IS THE CHIEF OF THE ASTRONAUT OFFICE. LADIES, AS
YOU KNOW, YOU CAN DO IT JUST LIKE THE MEN, RIGHT? I'M GOING TO SHOW YOU A QUICK MOVIE
ABOUT WHAT IT'S LIKE TO LIVE AND WORK IN SPACE. SUNI AND KEVIN WERE DOING SOME FLIPS AND SHOWING
YOU A FEW THINGS, BUT I'M GOING TO SHOW YOU WHAT IT'S LIKE TO FLY ALONG IN SPACE. KILL
THE SOUND ON THAT. ABOUT 3 1/2 HOURS BEFORE WE LAUNCH, WE ARE SITTING IN THIS VEHICLE.
AND I'M -- YOU SEE THAT WINDOW ON THE RIGHT? I'M AT THE BOTTOM, THE BOTTOM OF THE WINDOW.
I'M STRAPPED IN. I'M ON MY BACK AND WE'RE WAITING TO ACTUALLY LAUNCH INTO SPACE. SO
AS SUNI SAID, IT TAKES ABOUT 8:30 IN SPACE. THE TIME THAT YOU'RE PREPARING, ABOUT A YEAR
IN ADVANCE TO GET YOU READY. ALL THESE PEOPLE, THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE FROM AROUND THE WORLD
ARE FOCUSING AND WORKING TO HELP YOU GET READY TO GO TO SPACE. IT ONLY TAKES YOU 8:30 TO
GO THERE. AND WE HAD -- WE HAD THIS SPARE PARTS IN THE PAYLOAD BAY. WE HAD TO USE THE
ROBOTIC ARM. WE HAD A NUMBER OF OTHER THINGS WE WERE GOING TO DO. WE WERE GOING TO BRING
BACK OUR COLLEAGUE, NICOLE, BECAUSE SHE WAS IN SPACE. I THINK WE'RE HAVING SOME TECHNICAL
DIFFICULTIES SO YOU ALWAYS HAVE TO BE PREPARED FOR YOUR BACKUP PLAN, RIGHT? WAS YOUR BACK-UP
PLAN? DO YOU HAVE A BACKUP PLAN? THINK ABOUT YOUR BACKUP PLAN. IF ONE THING DOESN'T WORK
OUT, YOU'LL BE READY FOR SOMETHING ELSE. LAUNCH DIRECTORS IN HOUSTON, I MEAN, IN FLORIDA GETTING
US READY. THE COUNTDOWN, 3, 2, 1, LIFTOFF. WE'VE GOT A NUMBER OF PEOPLE AROUND THE AREA
TAKING PICTURES, GETTING THE ORBITER READY. AS YOU SEE, SPACE SHUTTLE "ATLANTIS" IS SITTING
ON THE RUNWAY. IT'S RETIRED NOW. WE'RE DOWNING DOWN, TEN, NINE, EIGHT, SEVEN, SIX, FIVE,
FOR, THREE, TWO -- I'M A LITTLE EARLY, HUH? HERE WE GO. HELP ME COUNT. THREE, TWO, ONE,
LIFTOFF! IF YOU LOOK AT THIS PICTURE, I'M IN THE BACK ON THE RIGHT AND YOU SEE MY WRIST,
I'M HOLDING MY WRIST UP IN THE AIR. I'VE GOT A MIRROR ON MY WRIST AND I'M ACTUALLY LOOKING
OUT THE WINDOW, THE OVERHEAD WINDOW AND I CAN SEE BACK DOWN TO THE GROUND. AND IT MAKES
A CONNECTION TO THE GROUND, NEXT TO US AND I CAN SEE WHERE MY FAMILY AND FRIENDS ARE
SITTING DOWN ON THE GROUND. IT'S AN INCREDIBLE MOMENT. AFTER 2:30, THE SOLID ROCKET BOOSTERS
HAVE JETISON. 8:30 LATER WE ARE NOW IN SPACE. THE EXTERNAL TANK, THE ORANGE TANK FALLS BACK
DOWN TO EARTH, IT BURNS UP, FALLS INTO THE OCEAN. NOW WE START DOING OUR WORK. SO WE
HAD A LOT OF SPARE PARTS TO ADD TO THE SPACE STATION. AS YOU KNOW, THE SPACE SHUTTLE HAS
RETIRED. SO WE USE THE ROBOTIC ARM. MOSTLY CANADA ARM ONE AND TWO. ONE IS ON THE SHUTTLE.
THE OTHER IS ON THE SPACE STATION. SO WE'RE USING THAT TO PUT THESE SPARE PARTS UP THERE
SO WHEN THE SHUTTLE RETIRES, WE CAN USE THE ARM IN SPACE TO ATTACH THESE PARTS TO THE
SPACE STATION. THAT'S WHAT YOU SEE THERE. THIS SIDE IS ON THE ROBOTICS STATION ON THE
STATION SIDE AND THIS IS CANADA ARM ONE ON THE SHUTTLE SIDE. WE USE TARGETS JUST LIKE
YOU DO IN YOUR VIDEO GAMES. HERE IS MY FOOTBALL GAME IN SPACE. BOOM! I TOOK A HIT, YOU KNOW?
STUPID ASTRONAUT TRICKS FOR EATING OUR FOOD. IN SPACE, YOU TRANSFER THINGS WITH YOUR FEET.
IF YOU'RE USING YOUR HANDS TO HOLD SOMETHING IN BOTH HANDS, AS SOON AS YOU GET TO A PLACE,
YOU HAVE TO SLOW YOURSELF DOWN. HERE IS RANDY DOING THE SUPER MANITOBA UNIVERSITY. LOOK,
MA, NO HANDS. WE ALLOWED OUR COLLEAGUES FROM AROUND THE WORLD SHARING THEIR DELICACIES
FROM AROUND THE WORLD. WE HAD OUR RUSSIAN COLLEAGUES, HERE IS NICOLE IN THE PURPLE SHIRT.
WE BROUGHT HER HOME. THERE'S ME FLOWING FOOD TO MY MOUTH, AS USUAL. THERE'S BOBBY, THERE'S
RANDY FLOATING FOOD TO HIS MOUTH. THOSE ARE THE KINDS OF THINGS YOU CAN DO WITH YOUR FOOD
IN SPACE. MIKE AND EVERYONE ELSE IS SAYING, MM-MMMM, GOOD. NICOLE WAS THE LAST TRANSFER
ITEM. SHE WAS ITEM NUMBER 414. I ASKED THE GROUND HOW MUCH SHE WAS SUPPOSED TO WEIGH.
THEY SAID YOU DON'T ASK THAT. HERE IS PLAYING WITH YOUR FOOD IN SPACE. M&Ms AND WATER BUBBLES.
THIS IS CHEMISTRY. THIS IS SURFACE TENSION. THIS IS PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY AT WORK AND
PLAY. THE GRAVITY STARTS TO BUILD BACK UP WHEN WE COME HOME. SO I'M DROPPING MY BOOK.
MY ARMS FEEL REALLY, REALLY HEAVY. I HAVE BEEN IN MICROGRAVITY ALL THIS TIME AND NOW
THE GRAVITATIONAL PULL OF THE EARTH AND THE Gs WE'RE PULLING MAKE IT REALLY HARD TO MOVE
YOUR ARMS AND TO FLIP THE SWITCHES. AT ABOUT 300 KNOTS, BUTCH WILLMORE, HE'S THE PILOT,
HIS REALLY IMPORTANT JOB IS TO FLIP THE SWITCH TO LET THE LANDING GEAR DOWN. AS YOU SEE,
HE DID A GREAT JOB. WE CAME HOME. WE HAD BEEN IN SPACE FOR ABOUT 13 DAYS. AS YOU SEE ON
THE INSET ON THE RIGHT, THE WHEELS EAT UP QUITE A BIT. BECAUSE ALL THAT ENERGY THAT
WE WERE IN SPACE WITH HAS TO BE DISSIPATED DOWN ON THE GROUND. PARACHUTE COMES OUT, HELPS
US ROLL BACK ON TO THE TARMAC THERE. WE HAD BEEN IN SPACE FOR 13 DAYS AND TRAVELED OVER
4.9 MILLION MILES. SO IF I COULD ONLY HAVE HALF OF THOSE FREQUENT FLYER MILES, I WOULD
BE SET, RIGHT? LET'S GO TO THE NEXT SLIDE. AFTER A COUPLE HOURS, WE KIND OF DECONDITION
OURSELVES. YOU KNOW, YOU TAKE A LOT OF FLUIDS, USE THE BATHROOM, THOSE KINDS OF THINGS. GET
YOUR SEA LEGS BACK AND WALK AROUND. HERE IS THE SPACE STATION ASSEMBLY COMPLETE. SUNI
WAS TALKING TO YOU FROM I THINK THE U.S. LABORATORY. SO THAT'S BACK ON THE OTHER SIDE. NEXT SLIDE.
THIS IS THE -- THIS IS THE ATMOSPHERE THAT KEEPS US ALIVE ON THE PLANET. THIS IS CALLED
THE EARTH LIMB. YOU SEE A SUNSET HERE, NEXT SLIDE. HERE IS SUNI. BIG HAIR AND EATING CHICKEN
WITH CHOPSTICKS. NEXT SLIDE. SUNI AND I -- SHE MENTIONED HER DOG, GORBI. SUNI AND I HAD
TWO DOGS, YOU SEE SUNI THERE WITH HER DOG AND THERE'S MY DOG, SCOUT. AND WE WERE TRYING
TO GET THEM TO GET ALONG ON THE GROUND. NEXT SLIDE. NASA IS A PLACE FOR EVERYONE. HOW MANY
OF YOU HAVE DONE ROBOTICS BEFORE? ROBOTICS ARE VERY IMPORTANT. WE HAVE THIS ROVER ON
MARS RIGHT NOW. THINK ABOUT TRYING TO DO THINGS WITH YOUR HANDS, BUILDING AND CREATING. LIKE
I MADE THAT SKATEBOARD. THINK ABOUT THE THINGS THAT YOU CAN BUILD TO HELP SOCIETY. NEXT SLIDE.
LEGOS, WE HAVE LEGOS IN SPACE RIGHT NOW. WE HAVE ASSEMBLED LEGOS IN CURRICULUM FOR TEACHERS
TO ACTUALLY TEACH SPACE PHYSICS USING LEGOS. NEXT SLIDE. OH, WAIT, WHO HAS A SMARTPHONE?
HOW MANY OF YOU HAVE A SMARTPHONE? THERE'S AN APP CALLED THE ASTRO APP THAT MY NIECE,
SIERRA, WHEN I CAME HOME, SHE SHOWED ME THAT SHE'S GOING TO BE AN ASTRONAUT. SHE BELIEVES
ONE DAY SHE'S GOING TO BE AN ASTRONAUT SO SHE PUT HERSELF IN THIS ASTRONAUT UNIFORM.
THE THINGS YOU WANT TO DO IN YOUR LIVES, FIND THE PEOPLE THAT ARE DOING THEM NOW AND TRY
TO UNDERSTAND WHAT THEIR PATH WAS AND MAKE THAT PATH YOUR OWN. NEXT SLIDE. CURIOSITY
ON MARS. HOW MANY OF YOU KNOW ABOUT CURIOSITY ON MARS? OATS A ROVER THAT IS LOOKING FOR
PAST SIGNS OF LIFE ON MARS. HAS A ROBOTIC ARM, ALL KINDS OF SENSORS FOR TAKING MEASUREMENTS.
NEXT SLIDE. HOW MANY OF YOU PLAY ANGRY BIRDS? MOST OF YOU, OKAY. SO IF YOU PLAY ANGRY BIRDS,
THINK ABOUT THIS. THIS IS ONE THING I WANT TO LEAVE YOU WITH. I HAVE A SMARTPHONE. I
HAVE ANGRY BIRDS ON THIS PHONE. ANGRY BIRDS SPACE IN THREE DAYS, LISTEN TO THIS, THREE
DAYS SOLD 10 MILLION COPIES. FOR 99 CENTS. SO IF -- WHAT'S YOUR NAME? STEVEN? JAVON.
IF JAVON HAD DEVELOPED ANGRY BIRDS SPACE, YOU WOULD BE A MULTI MILLIONAIRE. THINK ABOUT
IT. SO INSTEAD OF BEING A USER OF THE TECHNOLOGY, BE A DEVELOPER. CREATE THE TECHNOLOGY AND
YOU WILL NOT ONLY HELP ADVANCE OUR CIVILIZATION, YOU WILL GET PAID, TOO. AND YOU CAN TAKE ALL
OF US TO DISNEY WORLD. BUT SERIOUSLY, THOUGH, YOU'RE PLAYING THESE GAMES. YOU'RE EXPERTS.
THINK ABOUT HOW YOU CAN BE CREATORS AND DEVELOPERS OF THIS TECHNOLOGY. HOW MANY OF YOU KNOW WILL
I. AM? HE HE WROTE A SONG CALLED "REACH FOR THE STARS." WE BEAMED THE SONG TO THE ROVER
ON MARS AND BEAMED IT BACK TO LET STUDENTS NOW ABOUT HOW THESE SATELLITES AND HOW THIS
DEEP SPATE NETWORK CAN SEND THINGS LIKE MUSIC FROM ANOTHER PLANET. SO THAT IS ALL SCIENCE
AND PHYSICS AND MATH. SO IF YOU KNOW THOSE THINGS, IF YOU WANT TO BE A PHYSICIAN, YOU
HAVE TO KNOW DIGITAL SIGNAL, PROCESSING AND ALL THESE THINGS THAT WHEN YOU MAKE YOUR MUSIC
AND YOUR MP3 FILES, THAT'S ALL TECHNOLOGY. THAT'S FINE. INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION EDUCATION,
WE HAVE APPS THAT YOU CAN DOWNLOAD, DATA COMING DIRECTLY FROM SPACE STATION. SO THE THINGS
THAT SUNI AND KEVIN ARE DOING IN SPACE, YOU CAN MONITOR THEM ON THE GROUND ON YOUR SMARTPHONE.
NEXT SLIDE. S.T.E.M., SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS, IT'S VERY IMPORTANT.
THAT'S THE FUTURE OF ENSURING THAT WE HAVE A STRONG ECONOMY, THAT WE HAVE A CREATIVE
CIVILIZATION THAT'S GOING TO ALLOW US TO BE THE NEXT GENERATION OF EXPLORERS. YOU GUYS,
AS SUNI MENTIONED, ARE THOSE NEXT GENERATION OF EXPLORERS. DO YOU BELIEVE THAT? OH, COME
ON, THAT'S WEAK. DO YOU BELIEVE THAT?
YES.
I STILL CAN'T HEAR. DO YOU BELIEVE THAT?
YES!
WHO IS GOING TO MARS ONE DAY?
ME.
WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO GET TO MARS?
HARD WORK.
WHAT ELSE? OKAY. WHAT ELSE? DEDICATION. WHAT ELSE? TEAM WORK. WHAT ELSE? YOU SAY EAT YOUR
GREEN BEANS? YEAH. TONY MENTIONED YOU'VE GOT TO BE HEALTHY. YOU HAVE TO BE STRONG. IF YOU'RE
NOT STRONG AND HEALTHY, WHEN YOU GET TO SPACE, IN THE SHADE IT'S MINUS 250 DEGREES. IN THE
SUN, IT'S POSITIVE 250 DEGREES. YOUR BODY IN YOUR SPACE SUIT HAS TO BE ABLE TO HANDLE
ALL THESE DIFFERENT THINGS. SO YOUR HEALTH IS VERY IMPORTANT IN SPACE. AS IT IS ON THE
GROUND, TOO. NEXT SLIDE. SO WE TALKED ABOUT THE STUDENT SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIMENT PROGRAM.
SUNI IS GOING TO BRING BACK THESE EXPERIMENTS. THE STUDENTS THAT HAVE WORKED ON THIS ARE
GOING TO BE FUTURE SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS, ASTRONAUTS, WHATEVER IT IS YOU WANT TO BE,
BUT IT STARTS WITH RIGHT NOW. GETTING EXACTLY WHAT YOU NEED RIGHT NOW TO BE THE NEXT GENERATION
OF EXPLORERS. NEXT SLIDE. HOW MANY PEOPLE HAVE EVER SAID SOMETHING TO YOU LIKE THIS,
THAT YOU CAN'T DO SOMETHING? HAS ANYONE EVER TOLD YOU THAT YOU CAN'T DO SOMETHING? PEOPLE
HAVE TOLD ME THAT MY WHOLE LIFE. THEY HAVE TOLD ME I CAN'T DO THIS. YOU CAN'T PLAY IN
THE NFL. YOU CAN'T BE A FOOTBALL PLAYER. YOU CAN'T BE A SCIENTIST. YOU CAN'T BE AN ENGINEER.
I'VE BEEN TOLD THAT. YOU KNOW WHAT THE PROBLEM WITH YOU CAN'T? WHAT'S THE PROBLEM WITH YOU
CAN'T? IT'S A -- IF YOU TAKE AWAY THE APOST FEE AND THE T, IT BECOMES YOU CAN. DON'T LET
ANYONE BULLY YOU. DON'T LET ANYONE TELL YOU THAT YOU CAN'T ACHIEVE YOUR DREAMS BECAUSE
YOU CAN DO ANYTHING YOU PUT YOUR MIND TO. DO YOU BELIEVE THAT? OH, DO YOU BELIEVE THAT?
YEAH.
ALL RIGHT. NEXT SLIDE. SO LIVE YOUR DREAMS. I APPRECIATE WHAT YOU'RE DOING. I WANT TO
SEE SOME OF YOU WALK ON THE MARTIAN SURFACE ONE DAY. I WANT TO THANK GENERAL DALEY FROM
THE SMITHSONIAN, TONY MILLER FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION. WE HAVE SOME OTHER PEOPLE HERE
FROM DISCOVERY EDUCATION, KELLY JENSON, BUT I WANT TO THANK EVERYONE FOR HAVING AN INVESTMENT
IN YOUR FUTURE BECAUSE YOU ARE TRULY THE FUTURE OF OUR CIVILIZATION. THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
GOD BLESS.
ALL RIGHT. UP NEXT IS THE DIRECTOR FOR THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE
EDUCATION, DR. JEFF GOLDSTEIN. DR. JEFF IS RESPONSIBLE FOR OVERSEEING THE DELIVERY AND
EDUCATION FOR THE NATIONAL SCIENCE AND EDUCATION INITIATIVE WITH A FOCUS ON EARTH AND SPACE.
IN ADDITION, HIS PLAN TEAR SCIENCE RESEARCH INCLUDES THE DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES FOR
MEASURING GLOBAL WINDS ON OTHER PLANETS USING LARGE TELESCOPES HERE ON EARTH. LADIES AND
GENTLEMEN, DR. JEFF GOLDSTEIN.
HELLO TO ALL OF THE STUDENTS ACROSS THE COUNTRY AND IN CANADA. CAN I HEAR YOU? IT'S A VIRTUAL
CHEER, RIGHT? IT'S A VIRTUAL CHEER. I THOUGHT I WOULD TAKE A FEW MINUTES TO TALK ABOUT THE
STUDENT SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIMENT PROGRAM. WE'RE VERY PROUD OF THIS INITIATIVE. AND I THINK
THE BEST WAY TO START IS SAY IT WAS ALL BASED ON SOMETHING VERY FUNDAMENTAL, WHICH IS THAT
WE HUMANS ARE BORN TO EXPLORE. WE HUMANS ARE BORN CURIOUS. AND JUST TO MAKE THAT POINT,
EVERY PARENT REMEMBERS THAT VERY MAGICAL TIME WHEN THEIR CHILD WAS JUST CAPABLE OF EXPRESSING
THEMSELVES, JUST CAPABLE OF SPEAKING. AND EVERY PARENT REMEMBERS THE QUESTIONS STARTED
AT THAT MOMENT. QUESTION AFTER QUESTION, AN UNENDING STREAM OF QUESTIONS FROM THAT CHILD.
WHICH IS SOMETHING THAT CHILDREN ARE WIRED TO DO. WE ARE BORN TO ASK THOSE QUESTIONS.
WE ARE BORN CURIOUS. JUST AS AN ASIDE, THE NEXT TIME A CHILD COMES TO YOU WITH THIS BARRAGE
OF QUESTIONS, TAKE IT AS A GIFT BECAUSE THEY CHOSE YOU. AND SO NOT ONLY ARE WE BORN CURIOUS,
BUT WE ALSO HAVE ANOTHER CAPACITY AS HUMAN WHICH IS THAT WE'RE BORN EVIDENCE-BASED LEARNERS.
EVER SINCE WE ARE CAPABLE OF INTERACTING WITH OUR CORNER OF THE UNIVERSE, OUR WORLD, WE
LIKE TO POKE IT AND SEE WHAT HAPPENS. AND WE LOOK AT EVIDENCE OF THAT INTERACTION BECAUSE
THAT ALLOWS US TO LEARN. EVIDENCE ALLOWS US TO LEARN HOW THE WORLD WORKS. SO CURIOUSTY
AND EVIDENCE-BASED LEARNING ARE INNATELY HUMAN. WE ARE BORN THAT WAY. HOW DOES THAT HOOK UP
WITH SCIENCE AS PRACTICED BY PROFESSIONAL SCIENTISTES AND ENGINEERING USING AN INQUIRY
APPROACH TO THE WORLD WHICH WE CALL THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD? WELL, IT'S KIND OF INTERESTING BECAUSE
SCIENCE, AS PRACTICED BY PROFESSIONALS, IS NOTHING BUT ORGANIZED CURIOSITY. AND SCIENCE
IS EVIDENCE-BASED LEARNING FOR THE ENTIRE HUMAN RACE. SCIENCE, AS IT IS PRACTICED BY
PROFESSIONALS GROWS ORGANICALLY FROM WHAT IT MEANS TO BE HUMAN. AND SO IF WHAT WE ARE
GROWS INTO SCIENCE NATURALLY, THAT SPEAKS TO WHAT SCIENCE EDUCATION OUGHT TO BE IN THE
21st CENTURY. WE BELIEVE THAT WE'VE GOT TO STOP TEACHING SCIENCE WITH A FOCUS ON THE
BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE. BECAUSE IF SCIENCE EDUCATION IS ABOUT INTRODUCING OUR NEXT GENERATION TO
SCIENCE, WE HAVE TO RECOGNIZE THAT SCIENCE WAS NEVER A BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE. SCIENCE HAS
ALWAYS BEEN A JOURNEY. IT'S A PROCESS. IT'S A WONDROUSLY HUMAN EMOTIONAL JOURNEY. AND
IT ALL STARTS WITH THE GIFT OF A QUESTION. AND THE SCIENTIST WILL HONE THIS ART FORM
IN TERMS OF HOW TO GET FROM A QUESTION IN SEARCH OF AN ANSWER BY NAVIGATING THROUGH
THE NOISE OF THE UNIVERSE AROUND US. AND IF YOU ASK THAT GIFT OF A QUESTION AND YOU GET
TO AN ANSWER WHICH MAY -- WHICH IS AKIN TO PULLING BACK THE VEIL OF NATURE AND SEEING
SOMETHING HOLY NEW, IT MIGHT BE WHOLLY NEW TO US AND WHOLLY NEW TO THE HUMAN RACE, BUT
REGARDLESS, THAT ACT OF EXPLORATION IS WONDER RUSS AND YOU CAN'T HELP BUT HAVE A SMILE BREAK
ACROSS YOUR FACE. AND IT PROPELS YOU TO ASK MORE QUESTIONS BECAUSE THIS IS A LIFELONG
EXPERIENCE. SO IF SCIENCE IS PROCESSED AND SCIENCE EDUCATION OUGHT NOT TO FOCUS ON THE
BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE OF SCIENCE BECAUSE THAT'S A MISCONCEPTION THAT WE'RE PROVIDING THE PUBLIC,
SCIENCE EDUCATION ALSO OUGHT NOT BE ABOUT TALKING AT SCIENCE, TALKING ABOUT SCIENCE,
BECAUSE OUR STUDENTS, OUR CHILDREN ARE PERFECTLY CAPABLE OF BEING RESEARCHERS RIGHT NOW. THEY
DO IT EVERY DAY. THEY SURVIVE ON A DAILY BASIS THE WORLD AROUND THEM. THEY ARE CAPABLE OF
BEING IMMERSED IN THE JOURNEY, IN SCIENCE, AND THAT'S WHAT SCIENCE EDUCATION OUGHT TO
BE IN THE 21st CENTURY. SO THAT'S HOW THIS PROGRAM GOT ITS START FROM A PHILOSOPHICAL
VANTAGE POINT. SO TO PUT THE RUBBER ON THE ROAD, THE QUESTION WAS WHAT COULD WE OFFER
TO THE UNITED STATES? WHAT COULD WE OFFER INTERNATIONALLY TO GIVE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO
OUR CHILDREN? AND WE WANTED SOME OPPORTUNITY THAT WOULD BE SO POWERFUL, SO HIGH VISIBILITY,
SO OUT OF THIS WORLD THAT IT WOULD GRAB KIDS BY THE COLLAR AND TEACHERS BY THE COLLAR AND
SAY HOW COULD YOU NOT DO THIS? AND SO WHAT WE DID WAS WE WORKED WITH A COMPANY CALLED
NANORACKS WHICH IS WORKING WITH A SPACE ACT AGREEMENT WITH NASA TO UTAH LIKE THE INTERNATIONAL
SPACE STATION AS A NATIONAL LABORATORY AND OPEN UP COMMERCIAL ACCESS. AND WE'RE ABLE
TO SAY TO A COMMUNITY, A SCHOOL DISTRICT, WE'RE GOING TO GIVE YOU A REAL MICROGRAVITY
RESEARCH LABORATORY AND ALL LAUNCH SERVICES TO GET IT TO THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION.
SO THE SCHOOL AND THE MINI LAB CAN CONTAIN A SINGLE EXPERIMENT. AND THE SCHOOL DISTRICT
NOW HAS THIS WONDERFUL, PROFESSIONAL, VALUABLE BUT LIMITED RESOURCE. AND SO THE SCHOOL SYSTEM
SAYS TO HUNDREDS OF STUDENTS ACROSS THE DISTRICT, BREAK INTO TEAMS LIKE REAL RESEARCHERS. EACH
TEAM DESIGN YOUR OWN RESEARCH PROGRAM, A REAL EXPERIMENT WHICH COULD BE OVER A WIDE RANGE
OF DISCIPLINES. IT COULD BE MICROBIAL. IT COULD BE PROTEIN CRYSTAL GROWTH, FOOD PRESERVATION,
MICROAQUATIC LIFE. IT'S THEIR RESEARCH. THEY OWN IT. THEY'RE EMPOWERED TO ASK THE QUESTIONS
THEY WANT TO SEE AN ANSWER TO AND THEY DESIGN A REAL EXPERIMENT CONSTRAINED BY THE OPERATION
OF THAT MINI LAB WHICH IS USED BY PROFESSIONAL RESEARCHERS AND CONSTRAINED BY FLIGHT OPERATIONS
TO AND FROM LOW EARTH ORBIT SO WE WORK DIRECTLY WITH NASA THROUGH NANORACKS. AND EACH OF THESE
TEAMS WRITES A REAL PROPOSAL, A FORMAL PROPOSAL FOR WHAT THEY WANT TO DO JUST LIKE PROFESSIONAL
RESEARCHERS. THEY GO THROUGH A FORMAL TWO-STEP PROPOSAL REVIEW PROCESS, JUST LIKE PROFESSIONAL
RESEARCHERS, AND ONE OF THOSE EXPERIMENTS IS SELECTED FOR FLIGHT. IT GOES THROUGH A
NASA FLIGHT SAFETY REVIEW, A TAX COMING AT JOHNSON SPACE CENTER AND THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY
RALLIES BEHIND THE TEAM THAT'S GOING INTO SPACE ON BEHALF OF THAT COMMUNITY. SO RIGHT
NOW, THERE ARE 23 EXPERIMENTS ABOARD THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION THAT HAVE BEEN OVERSEEN BY COMMANDER
WILLIAMS THAT GOT THERE ON THE SPACEX DRAGON VEHICLE AND THOSE 23 EXPERIMENTS REPRESENT
OVER 7,000 STUDENTS FULLY IMMERSED IN EXPERIMENT DESIGN AND PROPOSAL WRITING ACROSS THE U.S.
WE RECEIVED FOR THIS PARTICULAR FLIGHT OPPORTUNITY OVER 2,000 PROPOSALS. AND RIGHT NOW, IN 24
OF THE 55 SSEP COMMUNITIES ACROSS THE COUNTRY AND IN CANADA, 24 OF THOSE COMMUNITIES ARE
TUNED INTO THIS VIDEO CONFERENCE AND THERE ARE 9,557, JACK? 9,557 STUDENTS OUT THERE.
AND SO ON BEHALF OF ALL OF THOSE STUDENTS, TO ALL OF THE TEACHER FACILITATORS THAT MADE
THIS HAPPEN IN ALL OF THOSE COMMUNITIES, TO ALL OF THE ADMINISTRATORS, TO THE OVER 280
PARTNER ORGANIZATIONS THAT MADE THIS HAPPEN, INCLUDING 26 SPACE GRANT LEAD INSTITUTIONS
TO NASA, TO NANORACKS, SO THE NATIONAL AIR AND SPACE MUSEUM AND THE SMITHSONIAN, TO THE
CENTER FOR ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE AND SPACE, OUR INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS, ON BEHALF OF THOSE
STUDENTS, THANK YOU.
ALL RIGHT. OUR FINAL GUEST IS ASSISTANT SECOND FOR EDUCATION AND ACCESS FOR THE SMITHSONIAN
INSTITUTION, CLAUDINE BROWN. CLAUDINE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SMITHSONIAN'S EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM.
SHE COORDINATES 32 EDUCATION-BASED OFFICES AND MUSEUMS AND SCIENCE CENTERS. LADIES AND
GENTLEMEN, ASSISTANT SECRETARY CLAUDINE BROWN.
I WOULD LIKE TO SAY THANK YOU TO THE AUDIENCE. AND I'D LIKE FOR YOU TO GIVE YOURSELF A ROUND
OF APPLAUSE, ALL OF YOU. AND I'D LIKE TO TRILLION YOU A LITTLE BIT ABOUT WHAT I'VE LEARNED FROM
YOU AND ABOUT YOU TODAY THAT MAKE YOU PRETTY SPECTACULAR. FIRST OF ALL, YOU ASKED IMPRESSIVE
QUESTIONS AND YOU ASKED THEM FOR YOURSELF AND YOU ASKED THEM FOR YOUR PEERS. AND WE
ALL LEARNED FROM WHAT YOU HAD TO ASK. SO THANK YOU FOR EVERY SCHOOL, EVERY STUDENT WHO CAME
UP WITH QUESTIONS TO ASK OF THE ASTRONAUTS WHO WERE WITH US TODAY. THE SECOND THING THAT
I'D LIKE TO THANK YOU FOR IS INFORMATION ABOUT YOURSELF. WHEN LELAND SPOKE, HOW MANY OF YOU
SAID THAT YOU PLAYED SPORTS? CAN YOU RAISE YOUR HANDS AGAIN? THANK YOU. SO HERE IS WHAT
WE KNOW ABOUT THAT. WE KNOW THAT THOSE OF YOU WHO PLAYED SPORTS KNOW HOW TO BEHAVE AS
A TEAM. YOU KNOW HOW TO SUPPORT ONE ANOTHER. YOU KNOW HOW TO BLOCK FOR ONE ANOTHER AND
YOU KNOW HOW TO FACILITATE SOMEONE ELSE'S SUCCESSES BECAUSE ONE PERSON'S SUCCESS IS
A SUCCESS FOR EACH OF YOU. AND THAT IS A SKILL SET THAT YOU WILL USE IN THE SCIENCES AS WELL
AS IN SPORTS. SO WE COMMEND YOU FOR THAT AND WE ENCOURAGE YOU TO KNOW AND UNDERSTAND THAT
VERY LITTLE OF WHAT YOU LEARN IS NOT GOING TO BE USEFUL. SO LELAND MENTIONED THE FACT
THAT MANY OF YOU PLAYED VIDEO GAMES. CAN YOU RAISE YOUR HANDS IF YOU'RE PLAYING VIDEO GAMES?
SO WHAT DOES THAT HAVE TO DO WITH TODAY? AGAIN, YOU ARE MASTERING SKILLS THAT CAN PLAY A PART
IN YOUR LIVES AS SCIENTISTS AND THAT IS THE DIRECTION YOU CHOOSE TO MOVE IN. BUT WHEN
YOU PLAY VIDEO GAMES, YOU GO FROM ONE LEVEL TO THE NEXT. YOU KNOW WHEN YOU'VE MADE ACHIEVEMENTS
AND YOU ASPIRE TO MOVE TO THE NEXT HIGHEST LEVEL. AND THAT, TOO, WILL BE A PART OF THE
WORK THAT YOU DO IN THE FUTURE. AND EVEN THOUGH IT MAY SEEM LIKE PLAY, WHEN YOU LOVE YOUR
WORK, YOUR WORK FEELS LIKE PLAY. SO WE WANT YOU TO KNOW THAT WHEN YOU PURSUE CAREERS IN
THE SCIENCES, IT WILL ALSO BE FUN AS WAS EXHIBITED FOR US TODAY. AND THE FINAL THING THAT I WOULD
SAY TO YOU THAT MANY OF YOU ARE HERE TODAY BECAUSE YOU ARE A PART OF THE SSEP EXPERIMENTS.
WHICH MEANS THAT YOU ARE REALLY PURSUING YOUR DREAMS. YOU'RE DOING EXPERIMENTS AND YOU HAVE
THOUGHT OF EXPERIMENTS THAT WERE DONE IN SPACE AND WE WILL ALL LEARN FROM YOUR QUESTIONS.
SO WE WANT TO THANK YOU FOR COMING UP WITH GREAT EXPERIMENTS. SO ON BEHALF OF THE SECRETARY
OF THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION AND GENERAL JACK DAILEY, DIRECTOR OF THIS MUSEUM, AND
ALL OF THE TEACHERS WHO WORK WITH YOU AND OUR COLLEAGUES FROM NASA, WE WANT TO THANK
YOU FOR HELPING US TO LEARN FROM YOU AND WE WANT TO THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING YOUR FRIENDS
AND PEERS IN THEIR PURSUIT. I THINK THAT YOU'RE PRETTY AWESOME. THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE.
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, THAT CONCLUDES OUR PROGRAM FOR TODAY. I'D LIKE TO THANK YOU OUR PARTICIPANTS,
GENERAL JACK DAILEY, COMMANDER SUNI WILLIAMS, COLONEL JEFF FORD, LELAND MELVIN, SENATE DIRECTOR
JEFF GOLDSTEIN AND CLAUDINE BROWN. I'D LIKE TO THANK NASA, THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR EARTH
AND SPACE SCIENCE EDUCATION, THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND ALL OF THE WONDERFUL SSEP
COMMUNITIES OUT THERE WHO MADE THIS PROGRAM POSSIBLE. WE HOPE YOU ENJOYED THE PROGRAM.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH.