Uploaded by eutopiamexico on 18.05.2012

The territories of Sonora and Sinaloa
have always been a border region.
Difficult to live
on their semi desert and mountainous geography.
Difficult to conquer
because of their proud and warlike native populations
as the Yaquis and Mayos
that is, the "Yoremes"
besides the papagos, seris, pimas
and tehuecos.
A woman:
Cayetana Chavez,
probably a Tehueco Indian,
actually disappeared,
worked on the properties of a "Yori"
that is,
a white man
who was, for more references,
a wealthy rancher with liberal ideas
On October 15th, 1873
at the "Santa Ana" ranch,
located in Santiago de Ocoroni,
in the State of Sinaloa, born
the illegitimate child of the rancher Tomas and the indian Cayetana
Because of political pressures
Tomas Urrea moved his residence, in 1880,
south of the State of Sonora
in the town of Cabora.
The Indian Cayetana and her daughter Maria Rebeca
moved to the town of "Aquihuiquichi"
near to the Cabora Ranch where their employers lived.
Maria Rebeca probably learn herbalism
when her mother lived
and apprentice of an old Indian woman.
Cayetana died
and Maria Rebeca went to live to the Cabora ranch
and legally recognized, by Tomas Urrea, as a daughter.
The 14 years old teenager would change her name
and her destiny
as Teresa Urrea.
In 1890,
Teresa Urrea had an attack of catalepsy
whose manifestations of body rigidity,
vital signs imperceptible by that time
and pallor
seemed the person had died.
Teresa´s recovery was interpreted by the inhabitants of the region
as a true resurrection.
Her fame spread throughout Sonora, Chihuahua and Sinaloa
among the yaquis, mayos and highland communities
who began to profess a true devotion
to Teresa Urrea.
and,perhaps, the exaggerations about her miraculous healings,
prophetic gifts
and her preaching against the injustices of the oppressed
generated a wave of thousands of pilgrims
to the Cabora ranch
to ask for help to Teresa Urrea
spiritual comfort, health
or material stuffs.
Since then,
Teresa Urrea
was recognized throughout the Northwestern
as the "Holy Child" of Cabora.
But Teresa Urrea's message of justice and charity
couldn't be more inopportune
for the regime
of Porfirio Diaz.
In the last 30 years of the XIX century
the economic and political freedom enjoyed for decades by the inhabitants
and settlers from the Northern States
began to fade off because the economic expansion of
the triumphant liberalism
and the tight political control of the federal government
when Porfirio Diaz took power.
Large expanses of land of Chihuahua and Sonora
belonging to the Indian nations
and mestizo ranchers
were systematically seized
to bring "progress"
creating haciendas,
mining and forestry companies granted
to Mexican elites
and U.S. corporations.
It was, therefore, not unusual
a long and cruel Indian uprising
with a partial end until 1901.
The called "Yaqui War"
in the State of Sonora
began with a former republican soldier called...
and better known as...
which means: "the one who doesn't drink".
Appointed Main Mayor,
Cajeme rose in arms in 1875
freeing the "Yoremes",
(yaquis and mayos)
reacting against the economic modernization
and the greed of their mines,
water and land.
Cajeme was an natural strategist who challenged
and humiliated many times the Federal Army
for twelve years.
But he is defeated
by hunger, smallpox
and two thousand federal soldiers.
Hidden in Guaymas,
is betrayed, captured,
prosecuted and executed in Cocorit
"Throw the crutches and walk."
In the same period Teresa Urrea was doing her preaching
and practicing her healings
began the second yaqui uprising in Sonora.
led by their new leader
Juan Maldonado Waswechia, called...
began a guerrilla war period that would last 14 years.
After a brief peace with government in 1897
"Tetabiate" rose in arms in...
On January 18th, 1900
the Federal Army found the yaqui forces
in the Range of Bacatete,
and in the Mazocoba Canyon
the "Yoremes" were defeated
and "Tetabiate" shot dead in his chest.
The Diaz administration took the decision
to expel completely the yaquis and mayos from Sonora.
Were deported 6,500 yoreme to Yucatan
at the henequen haciendas as slaves.
the attempt to uproot these brave people
was unsuccessful.
In 1911, little more than half began his gradual return to Sonora
and their important role in the Mexican Revolution
with the army of Alvaro Obregon
will be another story to tell.