Matthew Lesson 30 IT IS FINISHED! 11/15/10


Uploaded by ALSWTLPC22 on 13.01.2012

Transcript:
Welcome to Worship the Lord Bible Study Lesson 30 and book Matthew. We saw in Chapter 27
where Jesus is now sentenced to go to the cross. Jesus is given the crossbeam he has
to carry himself to a place called Golgotha.
As they were going out they met a man from Cyrene named Simon and they forced him to
carry the cross. They came to a place called Golgotha which means, "The place of the skull."
Jesus being scourged would had probably lost half of his blood. But the criminal would
usually carry the cross; if not the full cross but just the beam and it may have been attached
to an existing tree like in the picture we're not really sure. Jesus was too weak to carry
it and that is why the Roman soldiers orders a man from the crowd to carry the cross for
Jesus. In the Gospel of Mark Chapter 15 Verse 21: A certain man from Cyrene, Simon the father
of Alexander and Rufus passing by on his way out of the country and was forced to carry
the cross. Simon was a Jew that had come from Passover to Jerusalem. The Roman soldiers
put a sword on his shoulders and whatever he says to do, he had to do it. Remember they
can compel you to carry the gear for up to a mile. Later on his sons, Alexander and Rufus
are mentioned In Romans Chapter 16. And they, according to all four gospels Jesus was crucified
at the place called Golgotha which the Aramaic word for the skull, the Latin term is Calvaria,
where we get the name Calvary.
Possibly because this is the site of executions or the hill was shaped like a human skull.
And there is a small hill that looks like that in Jerusalem today. Now on the way to
the cross, Jesus is approached by the daughters of Jerusalem and he makes a statement in Luke
23 Verses 27:
Jesus. A large number of people followed him including women who mourned and wailed for
him. Jesus turned and said to them, "Daughters of Jerusalem do not weep for me. Weep for
yourselves and your children. For the time will come when you will say, blessed are the
barren women, the wombs that never bore and the breast that never cursed then they will
say to the mountains – fall on us. And unto the hills – cover us. For if men do these
things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?"
In those days to be barren and not be able to have children it was looked down upon.
But Jesus is saying that there's a time when there is going to be so much persecution it
will be blessed that you don't have a child in your wombs. This is talking about times
of persecution ahead and I believe in my opinion, the time of tribulation period or he says
if the people do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it's dry?
We now come to the part where Jesus is nailed to the cross.
There they offered Jesus wine to drink mixed with gall, but after tasting it he refused
to drink it. When they had crucified him, they divided up his clothes by casting lots
and sitting down they kept watch over him there. Above his head they placed the written
charge against him, "This is Jesus, the king of the Jews". Two robbers were crucified with
him, one on his right and one on his left. Those who passed by heard insults; shaking
their heads and saying, "You, you're going to destroy the temple and build it in three
days. Save yourself! Come down from the cross if you are the son of God."
Same way the chief priests, teachers of the law and elders mocked him. "Saved others",
they said, "But he can't save himself. He's the king of Israel, let Him come down now
from the cross, and we will believe in him. He trusts in God, let God rescue him if he
wants to. For he said, I am the son of God." Yes he did not save himself and he went to
the cross and that is how we are saved and can have a relationship with God today. There
were so many people there at the cross but they were blind to what was going on and who
Jesus really was. And the soldiers would now fulfill scripture on what they do with Jesus'
clothes.
When the soldiers crucified Jesus they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares
one for each of them with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless and woven
from one piece from top to bottom. "Let's not tear it", they said to one another, "Let's
decide by lot who will get it." This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled which
said, they divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing. So this is
what the soldiers did. This undergarment was once piece, very special.
Remember how the high priest ripped his clothes and that signified the old way of going through
a priest was done. But Jesus' clothes were not torn. He is the priest and the way and
the truth and the life. Now Jesus makes seven statements from the cross, the first being
from Luke 23:34: Father forgives them for they know not what they are doing. And God
is eager and desiring to forgive that's why Jesus died. Now above his head, Pilate had
ordered that Jesus was the king of the Jews and the chief priests and Pharisees made this
statement in John 19: 19-22:
Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross it read, "Jesus of Nazareth,
the king of the Jews." Any of the Jews read this sign for the place where Jesus was crucified
was near the city and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. The chief priest
of the Jews protested to Pilate. "Do not write the king of the Jews, but that this man claims
to be king of the Jews." Pilate answered, "What I have written I have written".
So finally Pilate stands up what was written probably to discuss this, he said he was the
king of the Jews and what I write I wrote and I'm not changing it.
In the same way the robbers who were crucified with him also hurled insults on him. One of
the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him. "Aren't you the Christ? Save yourself
and us." But the other criminal rebuked him, "Don't you fear God?” he said, "Since you
are under the same sentence, we are punished justly for we are getting what our deeds deserve.
But this man has done nothing wrong." Then he said, "Jesus, remember me when you come
into your kingdom." Jesus answered him, "I tell you the truth, today you will be with
me in paradise."
The thieves on the cross represented the choice that everyone must make. One thief wants Jesus
to do something for him and then he'll believe in him. The other thief realizes who Jesus
is and worships him just because he realizes he's God. He asks a request to be in his kingdom;
Jesus says you'll be with me in paradise. This goes to show that you don't have to do
anything to deserve eternal life but believe in Jesus whole heartedly. This man on the
cross could do nothing; he was saved by the grace of God and by nothing that he did. But
his testimony from the cross speaks to people forever. And that time when people died, it
went down to Sheol, but there were two compartments, one called Abraham's bosom, and the other
was a place of torment.
This is shown in Luke, Jesus died before the thief and he descended into this place but
the thief once he died went to paradise to be with Jesus. Now his third statement, he
took care of his mother, he's showing us that he regards us spiritually, eternally and also
the things this world has he makes sure his mother was safe and cared of.
Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother's sister Mary the wife of Clopas
and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus saw his mother there and the disciple whom he loves standing
nearby he said to his mother, "Here woman, here is your son" and to the disciple, "Here
is your mother." From that time on this disciple took her into his own.
To be a widow on those times would be very difficult to survive and the same thing with
us, as Christian men we must make provision for our family that if we suddenly depart
that they are not left destitute and it's our job to position ourselves and take care
of these things. I think this is a great example of this.
Sixth Hour until the ninth hour darkness came over all the land. About the ninth hour Jesus
cried out in a loud voice, "Eloi, eloi, lama sabachthani" which means, "My God, My God,
why have you forsaken me?"
; In those days the clock begins at sunrise so the third hour would be nine o'clock in
the morning that is when He was put on the cross. The sixth hour would be noon and then
noon to the ninth hour would be 3PM. From the sixth hour to the ninth hour there was
darkness all over the land. Many cultures report these three hours of darkness most
notably the Mayans and in South America. The word for earth used here is in Greek is like
a Y and as pronounced K, like a G-A and it means, "The whole earth became dark."
It's impossible that it could have been an eclipse because it would have been the full
moon season and it would not have covered the whole world. In the book of Exodus Chapter
10, there was a plague of darkness that just covered Egypt, while the Israelites in Goshen
right next door had light.
But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart and he would not let the Israelites go. Then the
Lord said to Moses, "Stretch your hands to the skies so that darkness will spread over
Egypt. Darkness that can be felt." So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky and
total darkness covered all Egypt for three days. No one could see anyone else or leave
this place for three days, and all the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.
God can do anything and the Greek word and the meaning of it is good enough for me. The
fourth statement this is a moment that Jesus feared the most when God was not with him.
In his statement at the beginning of Psalm 22 and people should have known that Psalm
22 is in fact which stands out among all of the Messianic Psalms. The Psalm is again song
of David and it is a description of the death of the crucifixion of Christ.
Psalm 22, "My God, my God why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, so
far from the words of my groaning? Oh my God I cry out by day but you do not answer by
night. And in that silence yet you are enthroned as the holy one, you are the praise of Israel
and you our father, put their trust. They trusted and they delivered them. They cried
to you and were saved; in you they trusted and were not disappointed, but I am a worm
and not a man."
God even uses something as small as a worm to illustrate what Jesus did for us on the
cross. The word worm in Hebrew is Tolath. This worm reproduces by attaching itself to
a tree branch as it lays its eggs; it wraps itself around the baby's. The baby worm feeds
on the mother's – they leave a red stain on the branch. After three days it turns to
flakes of white resembling snow. Jesus although our sins of scarlet made them white as snow.
Verses seven to twenty one described the crucifixion in detail. The time that David wrote this
stoning was a method of capital punishment. A thousand years later that crucifixion was
introduced. We know this Psalm was powered by the Holy Spirit as he writes about the
death of Jesus Christ.
But I am a worm and not a man. Scorned by men and despised by the people all who see
me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads. He trusts in the Lord, let the Lord
rescue him, let him deliver him since he delights in him. Yet you brought me out of the womb,
you made me trust in you, you even at my mother's breast. From birth I was cast upon you, from
my mother's womb you have been my God, do not be far from me for trouble is near and
there is no one to help. Many bulls surround me, strong bulls of Bashan encircle me; roaring
lions tearing their prey open their mouths wide against me; I am poured out like water
and all my bones are out of joint, my heart is turned to wax, it has melted away within
me. My strength is dried up like potsherd and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth.
You lay me in the dust of death, dogs have surrounded me, abandoned – evil men have
encircled me. They have pierced my hands and my feet I can count all bones; people stare
and gloat over me, they divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.
But you oh Lord be not far off. All my strength come quickly to help me, deliver my life from
a sword, my precious life from the power of the dogs; rescue me from the mouth of the
lions, save me from horns of the wild oxen.
Verses 19-21: On the altars, each corner there was a horn and the single horn going out like
a unicorn. And when they were really desperate and crying out to God in the godly altar and
grab on to the horns.
I will declare your name to my brothers to the congregation, I will praise you. You who
fear the Lord praise him. All you descendants of Jacob honor him. Revere him all you descendants
of Israel for he has not despised or distained the suffering of the afflicted one. He has
not hidden his face from him but has listened to his cry for help.
Verse 22-24: God even though he separated himself from Jesus he heard his cry just like
us when we are far from God, we cry out to him and he hears us. When we seek him we will
find him, and now the rest of the Psalm and the salvation of the Gentile people is predicted
as well as the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
From you comes the theme of my praise and the great assembly before those who fear you
will I fulfill my vows. The poor will eat and be satisfied, they who seek the Lord will
praise him, and may your hearts live forever. All the ends of the earth will remember and
turn to the Lord and all the families of the nations will bow down before him for dominion
belongs to the Lord, and he rules over the nations, all the rich of the earth will feast
and worship. All who go down to the dust will kneel before him. Those who cannot keep themselves
alive, prosperity will serve him, future generations will be told about the Lord. They will proclaim
his righteousness to a people yet unborn. For he has done it.
For in Philippians we read God has given a name that is above every name that is the
name of Jesus, every knee shall bow and every tongue shall confess That Jesus Christ is
the Lord, to the glory of the Father. God has given him the kingdom, the kingdom is
the Lord and he is the governor of all. Death on the cross frees us from sin and to have
a relationship with God. The fifth statement from the cross, John 19:28, I am thirsty.
Later knowing that now was all completed and so that the scripture will be fulfilled, Jesus
said, "I am thirsty." A jar of wine vinegar was there so they soaked the sponge in it,
put the sponge on a stalk of a hyssop plant and lifted it to Jesus lips. And some of us
standing there heard this; they said he's calling Elijah. Immediately one of them run
and got a sponge, filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a stick and offered it to Jesus
to drink. But the rest said, "I'll leave him alone, let's see if Elijah comes to save him."
When he had received the drink Jesus said, "It is finished." Jesus called out with a
loud voice, "Father into your hands I commit my spirit" when he had said this he breathed
his last. And then Jesus has cried out again in a loud voice and gave up his spirit.
Jesus died in confidence; he says no man takes my life from me. I give my life, he dismissed
his spirit. He said I got the power to lay down my life and the power to take it up again.
When he cried the loud cry, it was a victory. When he said, "It is finished" the redemption
of man is complete, the sins of the world had been paid in full. He could simply put
his hands into the father; his perfect fulfillment of the Lord makes him righteous. His innocent
death on the cross assures us of forgiveness of our sins because he Jesus paid the price
for our sins. And when we except that in our last day comes you and I will be able to close
our eyes with confidence knowing to be absent from the body is to be present with the Lord.
At that moment, the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth
shook and the rocks split, the tombs broke open and the bodies of many holy people who
have died were raised to life. They came out of the tombs and after Jesus' resurrection;
they went into the holy city and appeared to many people.
When the centurion and those women who were guarding Jesus saw the earthquake and all
that it happened they were terrified and exclaimed, "Surely he was the son of God."
Now the veil of the temple was now ripped from bottom to top. God was the one ripping
the veil from top to bottom. And from the veil had always shown to the people the difficulty
of approaching God, the sinful man. The only way a sinful man can approach God was through
the high priest and that was once a year on the Day of Atonement where only on that one
day and after many sacrifices. He would then destroy the veil of the temple but the veil
was very heavy, it was about 18 inches thick. One of the priests entered the Holy of Holies
and they would all tie a rope to the high priest when he went in and he had bells on
his robe.
If the high priest was not holy and performed the sacrifice incorrectly and then it was
curtains meaning death for that high priest. When they heard it stop jiggling this was
the way to pull him out. But establishing a new covenant, Jesus blood, the doors open
for all men to come to God. And of course the significance of the veil being ripped,
God would invite to come on in. Now you can access God through Jesus Christ who has entered
through the veil for us in order that he might make access for each one of us to come to
God.
Matthew inserts a little bit early in the record about the bodies of holy ones that
had resurrected and appeared in the city. We'll talk more about that in the next lesson
as Jesus descends to Hades as described in Luke 16.
Many women were there watching from a distance. They had followed Jesus from Galilee to care
for his needs. Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph and the
mother of Zebedee's sons. Now it was the day of preparation and the next day was to be
a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during
the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. The
soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with
Jesus and then those of the other. But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already
dead, they did not break his legs. Instead one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with
his spear bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. These things happen so that the
scripture would be fulfilled not one of his bones will be broken and as another scripture
says, they will look on the one they have pierced.
As evening approached there came a rich man from Arimathea named Joseph. Who had himself
become a disciple of Jesus? Going to Pilate he asked for Jesus' body. And Pilate ordered
that it be given to him. Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth and placed
it in his own new tomb that he had cut out of the rock. He rolled a big stone in front
of the entrance to the tomb and went away. Mary Magdalene and the other Mary was sitting
there opposite the tomb. The book of Luke records that Nicodemus also
accompanied Joseph of Arimathea. Both the same men were part of the same Sanhedrin and
both did not agree with what was going on. Nicodemus had visited Jesus earlier as recorded
in John Chapter 3 when he asked Jesus about attaining eternal life.
Chapter 3: Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a member of the Jewish ruling
counsel he came to Jesus at night and said, "Rabbi, we know you are a teacher who has
come from God, well no one can perform the miraculous signs you are doing if God were
not with him." In reply Jesus declared, "I tell you the truth, no one can see the kingdom
of God unless he is born again." "How can he be born when he is old?" Nicodemus asked,
"Surely he cannot enter the second time into his mother's womb to be born". Jesus answered,
"I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water
and the spirit. Flesh gives birth to flesh but the spirit gives birth to spirit. You
should not be surprised at my saying you must be born again. The wind blows wherever it
pleases, you hear its sound but you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going.
So it is with everyone born of the spirit.""How can this be?" Nicodemus asked. "You are Israel's
teacher" said Jesus, "And do you not understand these things? I tell you the truth, we speak
of what we know, and we testify to what we have seen but still you people do not accept
our testimony. I have spoken to you of earthly things and you do not believe, how then will
you believe if I speak of heavenly things? No one has ever gone into heaven except the
one who came from heaven, the son of man. Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the desert,
so the son of man must be lifted up, that everyone who believes in him may have eternal
life. For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only son, that whoever believes
in him shall not perish but have eternal life."
"For God did not send his son to the world to condemn the world but to save the world
through him. Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands
condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of God's one and only son."
And Jesus calls him the teacher; he's very highly regarded. By doing this act he was
showing his faith in Jesus and declaring that he was a follower. He would have lost everything
by doing this as well for Joseph of Arimathea but I believe they gained eternal life.
The next day the one after preparation day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to
Pilate. "Sir" they said, "We remembered that while he was still alive that deceiver said,
after three days I will rise again. So give the order for the tomb to be made secure until
the third day. Otherwise his disciples may come and steal the body and tell the people
he's been raised from the dead. This last deception will be worst than the first." "Take
a guard", Pilate answered, "Go make the tomb secure as you know how."
I think Pilate here has just thoroughly has had it with the Sanhedrin and just said, go
ahead do whatever you want, and make the tomb secure. So a squad of Roman soldiers was given
the order to seal the tomb with the Roman seal. The squad would be these four men, one
for each watch; it could have been only two. Nevertheless there's no way that the disciples
would be a match for the trained Roman soldiers and be able to get by them; roll the stone
without them waking up and steal the body as – well find out that the Jews spread
the story to cover up the resurrection.