Harpers Ferry, 1861 - Dreams of Being There


Uploaded by HAFEeducation on 19.04.2011

Transcript:
[Music]
Ranger Autumn: And so the town now had to choose between
Alfred Barbour and Andrew Hunter
as John A. Thompson had taken his name off
the ballot as a candidate.
Alfred Barbour, though,
was under much pressure and campaigning--
He was indeed the superintendent at the armory--
[Voice becomes low and slows]
[Chime sound]
Julia: Whoa! Where am I?
Woman 1: Yeah, I heard that John A. Thompson
had his name withdrawn from the convention.
Woman 2: Yeah, I heard that it's now between
Alfred Barbour and Andrew Hunter.
[Chime sound]
Heather: Julia, come on. Come on, let's go.
Julia: I just had the weirdest dream.
Heather: Come on.
Ranger Autumn: Some people in the South
wanted to resist the inauguration of Lincoln
by taking Washington, Harpers Ferry,
and other federal property.
But the federal government--
Savannah: Hmm. I wonder how people felt about that.
Woman 2: So I heard a lot of people are against
the inauguration of Lincoln.
Do you think they'll take over Washington?
Woman 1: No, I think
they have it pretty well under control.
Ranger Autumn: So let's go onto the next spot.
[Footsteps]
Ranger Autumn: So in March of 1861,
Alfred Barbour decided to resign from his position at the armory.
And does anybody remember what his job was at the armory?
Jared: I believe he was the superintendent.
Ranger Autumn: He was the superintendent.
And he was going to Washington to deliver
his resignation papers to the Secretary of War.
It was unlikely that Secretary Cameron would actually
allow Barbour to resign.
So let's go out to arsenal square and find out
what happened when Lt. Jones was here.
Ranger Autumn: Some people thought that
Lt. Jones was doing this out of the best interest of the Union.
Setting fire to these arsenal buildings
and the armory so that the Confederate forces
couldn't get the guns that were here
and the machinery to make thousands more.
The people of this town,
though, this was their livelihood
and so many of them spent the majority of that night
with buckets and water trying to put the fires out.
[Citizens shouting to hurry and help]
Girl: Excuse me, your class just left.
Ranger Autumn: Okay, so Colonel Thomas Jackson.
Do you know who he was? What he was called later?
Nicole: Stonewall.
Ranger Autumn: Stonewall Jackson,
later he was called that.
He came here in 1861 to take control
of the railroad lines
and the one going into Virginia and one into Maryland.
And if he takes the Baltimore and Ohio line,
the B&O, he can cut off a major supply route for the Union army.
Okay, so let's take a short little break
from what we're talking about
and let you guys go over and take some pictures,
if you want to point.
It's really pretty where the rivers come together
so if you want to head on over.
And so because of the strategic location
of the town and the success of Jackson's raid,
Confederates decided to destroy the river bridge here
on the Shenandoah River in June of 1861
and also demolish the rifle factory
further upstream.
Let's go and see what happened
on the anniversary of John Brown's Raid in 1861.
Savannah: Julia, let's go. Come on.
Ranger Autumn: So just two years after John Brown's Raid.
Do you remember when that was?
Heather: 1859?
Ranger Autumn: 1859.
So just two years later in October of 1861,
the Confederate troops are going to come across
Bolivar Heights here and try to keep the Union
from controlling the local food source.
Narrator 1: In December 1861,
all was quiet along the Shenandoah.
Narrator 2: And remember--
Narrator 3: Autumn Cooked ya!