Virginia Farming - January 18, 2013


Uploaded by wvpt on 21.01.2013

Transcript:
>> THE VIRGINIA HORSE INDUSTRY BOARD AND THE VIRGINIA CHRISTMAS
TREE GROWERS ASSOCIATION ARE PROUD SPONSORS OF "VIRGINIA
FARMING." >> VIRGINIA FARMERS HOW TO WORK
TO PUT FOOD ON YOUR TABLE. FARMING IS ALL GOOD.
YOU CAN LEARN MORE. >> POLARIS.
LED BY THE SHOW. HUNT, FARM, OR TRAIL.
POLARIS.COM. >> LIFE, AUTO, BUSINESS, FARM.
BUT MORE AT FORM AND SPACE FAMIARMFAMMILYPEOPLE.COM.
>> COFFEE IS NOT A VIRGINIA GROWN PRODUCT.
ONE COUNTRY HAS TURNED INTO A SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS.
WE WILL TALK ABOUT SNOW AND ICE DAMAGE WHEN WE GO INTO THE
GARDEN. ALL THAT ON THIS ADDITION OF
"VIRGINIA FARMING."
[CAPTIONING MADE POSSIBLE BY WVPT]
CAPTIONED BY THE NATIONAL CAPTIONING INSTITUTE
--WWW.NCICAP.ORG--
>> THE CHESAPEAKE BAY FOUNDATION STATE OF THE BAY SHOWS THE
HEALTH OF THE BAY IMPROVED ONE. AND IS UP FOUR POINTS SINCE
2008. THAT IS A 10% IMPROVEMENT.
ONLY ONE DECLINED. THE LEVELS OF PHOSPHOROUS
POLLUTION IMPROVED AS DID OYSTERS AND CRABS.
THE RESULT OF HIGHER WATER TEMPERATURES THAT CAUSED GRASS
TO DIE OFF IN THE LOWER BAY. THIS YOU SCORE OF 32 IS FAR
SHORT OF THE GOAL OF 70. ANN JENNINGS SAID VIRGINIA HAS
MADE PROGRESS AS WELL AS MANAGING BLUE CRABS AND OYSTERS.
MUCH WORK REMAINS TO BE DONE. ONE PARTY IS INSURING THE STATE
LEGISLATURE APPROVED CRITICAL FUNDING AND ASSISTING FARMERS
WITH SOIL PRACTICES. THE BAY IS IMPROVING AND GROCERY
PRICES ARE NOT. AMERICANS WILL PAY MORE AT THE
GROCERY STORE IN 2013. WE HAVE MORE.
>> INFLATION IS GOING TO PICK UP IN 2013 OVER WHAT WE SOUGHT IN
2012. ABOVE NORMAL FOOD INFLATION.
>> TO EXPECT FOOD PRICE INFLATION OF 3%-4% IN 2013.
THE DROUGHT IS PARTLY TO BLAME. >> THAT LEADS TO HIGHER FEED
PRICES AND HIGHER PRICES TO ALL ANIMAL PRODUCTS.
>> ESPECIALLY HIGHER PRICES FOR BEEF.
>> WE STILL HAVE A SUPPLY THAT IS LOW.
WE HAVE STRONG INFLATION AND THAT IS NOT GOING ANYWHERE.
>> DAIRY PRICES WILL ALSO BE HIGHER.
>> THAT TRANSLATES TO HIGHER MILK PRICES.
WE EXPECT A HIKE IN OVERALL DAIRY PRODUCTS.
EGG PRICES TO GO UP ANOTHER 3% - 4%.
>> FRESH PRODUCE PRIZES WILL BE GOING UP IN 2013.
I'M BOB ALLISON. >> THE NEW YEAR HAS ALSO BROUGHT
SOME NEW LEGISLATION. ONE WOMAN WAS FORCED TO SHUT
DOWN HER FARM STORE TO AVOID $15,000 IN FINES.
SHE WAS SELLING PRODUCE EVEN THOUGH SHE HAS A BUSINESS
LICENSE. THERE IS A BILL WHICH SEEKS TO
REMOVE THE ABILITY ABOUT PRIVATE RIGHTS FOR THOSE WHO WANT TO
SELL FOOD-BASED PRODUCTS. THE BILL WILL SERVE AS AN
AMENDMENT AS]] \ / \ / TO THE VA RIGHT TO FARM ACT AND AS AN
EXCUSE TO SHUT DOWN FARMERS. NOT EVERYBODY IS ON BOARD WITH
THE BILL. FARM BUREAU DOES NOT LIKE THE
MAN WAS SENT TO THE LEGISLATURE WITHOUT THEIR KNOWLEDGE.
ONE SOURCE SAYS FARM BUREAU OPPOSES IT.
WE WILL PRESENT BOTH SIDES OF THE ARGUMENT IN THE WEEKS TO
COME. MANY CATTLEMAN ARE SETTING THEIR
SIGHTS ON THE NEXT CASH CROP. THE EVANISH OF WINNING EARLIER
IN THE SEASON. >> MOVING AHEAD A FEW MONTHS
COULD PROVE PROFITABLE. >> IT IS CHEAPER TO FEED THEM
SEPARATE THEN FEED THE COWS SO SHE CAN LACTATE AND PROVIDE THE
CALF OF THE MILK. WHEN WE TAKE THE CALVES OF THE
CW, WE WILL REDUCE THE FEED REQUIREMENT.
THE DRY COW CAN GET BY WITHOUT LOSING BODY CONDITION COMPARED
TO ONE THAT IS LACTATING. >> REDUCING COSTS IS A SURVIVAL
TECHNIQUES. FEED IT IS ALWAYS A SIGNIFICANT
LINE ITEM TO ADDRESS. >> WANT MY BE CONCERNED ABOUT
THE COST OF THE INGREDIENTS. 300-POUND CALF ONLY ABOUT 3
POUNDS OF CONCENTRATE TODAY. IT IS MORE COSTLY IN TERMS OF
POUNDS -- OF PRICE PER LB, THE COST PER UNIT OF GAIN MAY BE
LOWER THAN THE OLDER CALF. >> ALTERING THE DIET EARLY
CHANGES THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM. THEY HAVE A SMALLER LIVER AND
G.I. TRACT COMPARED TO ITS COUNTERPARTS.
>> THE LIVER AND G.I. TRACA ACCOUNCT -- WE MAINTAIN A SMALL
ROOM AND A SMALLER G.I. TRACT AND THAT CAN REDUCE THE MINUTES
REQUIREMENT. WE CAN IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY IN
THE FEEDLOT EVEN 200 DAYS AFTER THAT CALF WAS EARLY WEANED.
>> SUCCESS IN THE COOLER. EXTRA ENERGY IN SOME MARBLING
AND A CONVENTIONAL RATE. I'M CINDY CAMPBELL.
>> TAKING IT NOT VA PRODUCT AND TURNING INTO A BUSINESS.
THAT IS STRAIGHT AHEAD ON "AG INSIGHTS."
WE FOCUSING ON FARM TO TABLE AND WE ARE TALKING ABOUT COFFEE.
I WANT TO SEE HOW LUCAS ROASTING COMPANY HAS HAD SUCH A HUGE
SUCCESS IN A NON-TRADITIONAL AGRI-BUSINESS.
JOINING ME TODAY IS TROY LUCAS. THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE.
WHAT ON EARTH MADE TO HAVE THIS IDEA TO START A ROASTING CO.?
>> I HAD COFFEE ROASTING AS A HOBBY.
THERE ARE A LOT OF HOBBYISTS AROUND THE AREA THAT ROAST
COFFEE AT HOME IN SMALL BATCHES. I STARTED ABOUT 10 YEARS AGO.
OUR FRIENDS AND FAMILY FELL IN LOVE WITH WHAT WE COULD DO WITH
SMALL BATCHES OF COFFEE. WE WENT BACK ON A COMMERCIAL
SCALE. >> YOU HAVE GROWN.
EVERY TIME I TALK TO YOU YOU'RE SO BUSY.
YOUR BUSINESS HAS GROWN. >> WE HAVE ACCOUNTS SCATTERED
AROUND THE STATE OF VIRGINIA. WE WANT TO SUPPORT LOCAL
BUSINESS AND THE EIGHTH LOCAL BUSINESS DRIVING THE LOCAL
ECONOMY. OUR REPUTATION HAS TAKEN OUR
PRODUCT OUTSIDE THE AREA. OUR WEBSITE HAS TAKEN A
NATIONALLY. >> I WANTED TO ASK YOU ABOUT THE
COFFEE BEANS. THEY HAVE TO BE IMPORTED.
WHERE THEY ARE GROWN AND WHAT TYPE OF CLIMATE THEY NEED.
>> COFFEE CANNOT BE GROWN IN THE UNITED STATES EXCEPT IN HAWAII.
WHY IS THE REGION THAT IS GOOD FOR COFFEE.
COFFEE NEEDS TO BE 20 DEGREES NORTH AND SOUTH OF THE EQUATOR.
THAT PRODUCES CLIMATE NECESSARY FOR COFFEE TO FLOURISH.
THE HEAT FOR THE COFFEE PLANTS AND THE SOIL, IT IS NOT FEASIBLE
HERE. IT DOESN'T GROW WELL HERE.
IT JUST DOESN'T WORK. THEY'D LIKE VOLCANIC SOIL.
HIGH ALTITUDES. SOME COFFEE BEANS WILL GROW IN A
LOT OF PLACES THAT WILL -- THE BEANS WE USE IS MORE FINICKY
ABOUT WHERE IT CHOOSES TO GROW AND FLOURISH.
THE BEANS WE USE, YOU COULD SAY A BEE CHOOSESA ITSAN CHOOSES IT.
>> HOW MANY COUNTRIES DID YOU GET BEANS FROM?
>> I HAVE NOT COUNTED. WE HAVE ANY COFFEE WE WOULD LIKE
TO GET COFFEE FROM. >> IS THERE ONE REGION YOU MIGHT
USE MORE THAN OTHERS? >> WE LIKE BRAZILIAN COFFEES.
THAT IS ONE OF OUR FAVORITES. WE SUPPORT THEM DIRECTLY.
WE'D LIKE THAT REGION. WE ALSO LIKE CENTRAL AMERICA.
WE HAVE SOME GREAT RELATIONSHIPS WITH FOLKS IN BRAZIL.
>> I WANTED TO GO TO THE CAMERA WITH THE SHOT BEHIND US WHERE WE
CAN SEE THE BEANS ON THE SHRUB. THEY LOOK LIKE CRANBERRIES BUT
THEY ARE CALLED CHERRIES. I WANT TO START WITH THIS
PICTURE. TAKE ME THROUGH THIS PROCESS.
THESE ON THE COFFEE CHERRIES ON THE SHRUBS OR THE BUSH.
WE HAVE A GENTLE MAN PICKING BEANS.
ARE MOST OF THE COFFEE BEANS PICKED BY HAND?
>> IT DEPENDS ON THE SIZE OF THE FORM AND THE LAYOUT OF THE FARM.
HANDPICKING ALLOWS THEM TO GO THROUGH MULTIPLE TIMES AND
HARVEST THE RIPEST COFFEE BEANS. THEN THEY GO BACK AND HARVEST
THE OTHER IS WHEN THEY ARE RIPE. THAT WAY THEY ARE NOT GETTING
THE GREEN BEANS. >> THIS SHOWS AN AUTOMATED
PICTUKER. >> THE AUTOMATED PICKERS WILL
HAVE FIGURES THAT RUN THROUGH THE SHRUBS.
THEY BASICALLY VIBRATE ANYTHING ON THERE TO COME DOWN.
IT IS DOING IT MECHANICALLY. >> HERE WE SEE THE CHERRIES THAT
HAVE BEEN PICKED. THERE IS SOMETHING THAT HAPPENS
AT THIS PHASE. >> AFTER THE COFFEE CHERRIES ARE
HARVESTED, THEY ARE USUALLY DUMPED INTO A BIG WAGON.
THEY ARE TAKEN TO A SORTER. THERE ARE LOTS OF DIFFERENT
WAYS SORTING CAN OCCUR. SOME FARMS TO IT BY HAND.
THERE ARE WATER MILLS. THE SORT BY BUOYANCY.
>> WE HAVE BERRIES LAID OUT ON A PATIO.
>> THIS PROCESS OF THE COFFEE BEANS DRYING.
THE BEANS ARE BEING LEFT IN THE SKIN.
THIS IS A NATURAL PROCESS WHERE THE SUN IS BEATING DOWN ON THE
SKIN AND DRIVING THE NUTRIENTS AND THE FLAVOR INTO THE BEAN.
THEN THEY GO AFTER THAT TO THE POINT THEY WANT AND TAKE THE
SKIN AND REMOVE THAT FROM THE INSIDE BEAN.
TAKE A COFFEE BEEN A LOOK AT EACH INDIVIDUAL BEAN.
IT IS BEHALF OF THE SEED. THE COFFEE BEAN IS THE SEED
INSIDE THE CHERRY. WENT IT IS DRY AND THE SKIN HAS
BEEN TAKEN OFF, THERE'S STILL A WHITE SKIN AROUND THE COFFEE
BEAN. THE COFFEE BEAN IS THEN -- THE
OUTER HUSK HAS TO BE TAKEN OFF OF THAT TO BE ABLE TO RESOAST
IT. >> THIS IS THE BEEAN BEFORE
ROASTING. >> THEY ARE VERY HARD.
THEY ARE A SEED. CALL THEM A BEAN BUT THEY ARE
A SEED. THIS WOULD NOT CRUNCH.
>> I WANTED TO SHOW THE DIFFERENCE HERE.
IS DARKER BEAN ON THE BOTTOM HAS BEEN DECAFFEINATED AND HAS NOT
BEEN ROASTED. IT HAS BEEN NATURALLY
DECAFFEINATED. >> THE WATER TURNS THE COFFEE
THE COLOR YOU SEE THERE. IT IS NOT RESTED YET.
THAT WILL COME LATER. >> DOES THE FLAVOR FROM THE
COFFEE COME MOSTLY FROM THE BEAN OR FROM THE ROASTING PROCESS?
>> LIKE OTHER FOOD ITEMS THAT ARE IN THE VALLEY, THEY ARE VERY
PARTISARTISAN. COFFEE IS AS OUR DARTISAN AS
YOU WANTED TO BE. MAYBE A COFFEE DOESN'T HAVE THE
FLAVOR YOU ARE LOOKING FOR. WE MIGHT TRY A REGION CLOSE TO
IT. THERE IS A QUALITY WE ARE
LOOKING FOR. IT HAS A LOT TO DO WITH THE SOIL
THAT IS GROWN AND. IT IS A CROP.
>> I WANTED EVERYBODY TO SEE THIS.
THIS IS A PICTURE OF THEIR ROASTER.
IT IS A SMALL ROASTER. HE THINKS HE NEEDS A LARGER
ROASTER. THIS IS SOME OF THE COFFEE OF THE
LUCAS ROASTING COMPANY. THAT IS THE ROASTER WE CAN SEE.
>> WE ARE NOT A LARGE COMPANY. ABOUT 15 POUNDS OF COFFEE BEANS
CAN GO IN. WE ARE DOING A LOT OF LABOR TO
GET EVERYTHING OUT TO THE PEOPLE.
THAT'S >> GRADE -- >> THAT IS GREAT.
NEXT TIME THE SEASON COFFEE, TRY IT.
THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR BEING WITH US.
WE'LL BE RIGHT BACK. PRESENTING ICE AND SNOW DAMAGE
STARTS WITH WHAT YOU PLANT AND HAS A PLANT IT.
>> THERE ARE SOME THINGS WE CAN DO TO HELP ALLEVIATE ICE AND
SNOW DAMAGE. SOMETIMES WE CAN WRAP UP PLANTS
WITH BURLAP. WHEN YOU'RE PICKING CERTAIN
TYPES OF PLANTS, AND CAN RESIST THAT. THE NEW
BRADFORD PAIRS. THEY HAVE LESS BRANCHES AND THE
BRANCHES ARE MUCH MORE STURDY. YOU MIGHT CONSIDER NOT PLANTING
ALL TOGETHER.BRANCHES AREKE THIE BRANCHES WILL BEND TO T G BREAKS
D BREAKYOU CAN DO SIMPLEAND PLIO ENCOURAGE INSIDE WHICH WILL HELP
STRENGTHEN THISUB FROM ICE DAMAGE.
BURLAP AND THEY WILL MAYBEE OR E BRANCHES IS THE IDEAL AND BEST
WAY. IT ONLY NEEYOU ONLY EVERY
SNOW EAVY, ESPECIALLY I OR A QUARTER OF AN INCH. TO BE R
TRTHE CRACK AND POUNDS.
AL MIND SAFETY IS VERY IMPORTANT.
YOU CAN GO THROUGH YOUR GARDEN. DID NOT PLANT YOUR TREES TO
CLOSE. THAT WILL ALLEVIATE SOME OF THE
SNOW AND ICE DAMAGE. >> THE VIRGINIA CLUB WENT TO
CLASS IT WILL BE JANUARY 25-27 AT ROCKINGHAM COUNTY
FAIRGROUNDS. STOCK SHOWS AND SELL AS WELL AS
EDUCATIONAL CLINICS. MORE INFORMATION AT VIRGINIA
PULP CACLUBCALF PRODUCERS.COM THAT DOESN'T FOR OUR SH IT FOR .
I AM AMY ROSCHER. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING.
>> THIS PROGRAM IS BROUGHT TO BY THE VIRGINIA FARM BUREAU.
THEY WORK YEAR-ROUND TO HELP FARMERS AND ALL VIRGINIANS.
FARMING, AND IT IS ALL GOOD. >> POLAIRS, THE ALL NEW RANGER
XP-900. POLARIS HAS THE FULL SIZE RANGER
YOU WANTED. >> BROUGHT TO BUY FARM FAMILY.
MEET STEVE MORRIS. AND MOTHE PEOPLE YOU KNOW, FARM
FAMILY.