إثيوبيا - رحلة القبائل Ethiopia - Tribal Trip

Uploaded by yasiruae on 30.08.2012

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia known earlier by Arabs as (Al Habasha)
Addis Ababa is the capital city situated in 2400m above sea level
Weather is usually cool and climate is tropical so it is either dry or rainy season
It is bordered by Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Kenya
this video will go over my tribal trip to the southern areas on Ethiopia
In Islam, the first migration was towards Al Habasha running away from bad treatment of Mecca people
muslims migrated to a place similar to this one to a city called Nagash in Northern Ethiopia
Despite the fact of the good relations between muslims and habash in prophet Mohammed days
Habasha people attacked Jeddah Port in Omar bin Alkhattab days and muslims had to defend and attack
In 1510 Habash and Portuguese planned an attack on muslim country and had in mind to take over Mecca
, but they had big losses and the son of Fasco De Jama lead the attacks and got killed
These are how typical houses in Ethiopia look, they are built by soil, wood and some types of grass
special type of grass is used, a type that doesn't become like powder after some time, and it helps soil to stick
the roof is also covered by grass, these homes are also used as kitchen and smoke travels outside of roof gives great ventilation
I noticed that Ethiopians work very well as a team, and women take care of many aspects of survival;
specially carrying heavy loads of wood for long distances for fire and house maintenance
this is the natural laundry in most remote areas of Ethiopia
Chatt farms were getting good revenue just before end of ramadhan (muslim fasting month)
we are now half way from Addis Ababa to Arba Minch which is around 500km away
I think it is the second biggest town in the south
the town has a hospital and a bank, it is consider one of the main towns of the south
The roads are getting tougher as you go further south
We are now in the market, it is a weekly one and each day there will be other markets in nearby towns
the market is not only for trade but also to share good and bad news, it is kind of socializing activity too
when you get into such markets you will be escorted by kids and they keep saying Farange, means a foreigner
you will see lots of donkeys in Ethiopia, they are very reliable for carrying heavy loads from town to town
so this is the situation in the market, it is very active and colorful.. see, those are my escorts for now
we are moving now towards Durze tribe who live in higher altitudes, and the kids welcomed us by local songs
this is where Durze tribe live, the houses are constructed by bamboo and false banana trees
false banana trees looks similar to a banana tree but it is taller and it does not fruit
oh it is raining, let me hide my camera... so these houses are usually build really high, sometimes up to 11 meters
each year you will notice the house getting shorter and shorter, this is due to ants and insects eating up the lower part of the house
both people and animals live in the same house, it is split from inside
they also have a fire place in the house and smoke gets ventilated though the roof made by false banana leafs
the reason animals also live here is to generate more heat from their bodies to warm up the place in the hut
there is a single entry/exit door and another small door in the cattle compartment to remove their droppings
as we said the house gets shorter. and after number of years they change the false banana leafs of the roof
these houses are movable, durze tribe is nomadic. some houses need up to 60 people to have them moved to another place
so this is general information on durze, they are well known by their weaving industry
Durze tribe uses false banana tree to create bread, I will leave you now with the process
we are heading now to Nichesar national park, nichesar means white grass. it is one of the least visited national parks in east africa
you need to drive a little more than 500km from Addis to reach here
the national park area is around 540 sqkm, parts of this area is covered by savannah which lost its color, so they called it white grass
bridge of god separates the two lakes abaya and chamo in this national park
one of these lakes inhabit a lot of crocodiles and it is better not to keep your legs out of the boat as they don't have many fish in the lake
so we are heading now to the lake and enjoy a boat ride to the other side of the park
chamo lake has many crocodiles, it has some of the biggest crocs in the world gets to size of 7meters
the surrounding forests were inhibited by some tribes who used to kill the lions to protect their cattle
it gets complicated when it is decided a protected area and you already have tribes living there
the national park also hosts many hippos and zebras, hopefully we will see them during the day
one of the tribes who lives hear is called gotshi, they have some strange customs
if someone wants to get married, he need to kill another person and cut his penis, then bring it to his proposed wife
then they keep the penis at home after wife acceptance for the marriage
this indicates the this person is strong enough to defend and protect his wife and family from enemies
we are now on the lake, we just passed by the crocs and we have seen some hippos. the national park is very diverse with animals, birds and plants
some of the tribes used to live in an island surrounded by crocodiles
we have seen the local fishermen using very basic flat rafts, this looks too dangerous keeping in mind it is crocs place
they try to stay a little further offshore and know how to deal with crocodile, always keeping in mind croc tail is too strong
local fisherman boat
the roads in Ethiopia are build for all. people, vehicles and cattle
these are typical Ethiopian houses out of Addis
heading now to visit the hammer tribe in Omo Valley
hammer cloths are usually made by goat skin
hammer ceremonies before the bull jumping
those are hammers, karo and banna tribes all with similar traditions
they are known by bull jumping ceremonies... you will also notice that they put some mud on their hair
you will also notice this metal nickles which indicates the status of the woman
it indicates if she is first, second or third wife.. if it had some leather then it means she is reserved for someone
these tribes could get close to extinction as other religions are getting closer to them
I'm not sure if this will be the last or there will be more generations following their ancestors beliefs and traditions
if a hammer boy wants to become a man, he needs to jump off the bulls
if he was able to do the jumps in the ceremony then he is considered a man and he will become a whipper too!
in these ceremonies females beg male whippers to whip them hard which creates scars on their backs
the process can get blood on female backs, sometimes they cover them with ash, butter and soil
it gets infected and become an ever lasting scar, this indicates the love of the female to the whipper
It looks unpleasant, but after looking at the girls begging to be whipped it felt better as they have some beliefs that we can not really digest
female is selecting a male and begging him to whip her
the male would have already jumped bulls at an earlier time
so the whipping indicates love, somehow
love is painful
a boy need to get naked and jump off bulls to become a man
then he will have the right to choose his future wife
hammer girls are looking forward to meet their future husbands
during our move to Mursi tribe we have seen something unusual to be seen here, LIONS!
this is Mursi tribe lives in the southern part of Omo Valley
they are well known by wearing lip plates
they cut the lower lip and create a small whole to insert first plate in a straw size, then they keep expanding it
the plate size can reach more than 15cm, the bigger the plate the more attractive is the girl to a Mursi guy
at the same time these plates protects Mursi people from bad spirits as per their beliefs
sometimes they remove these plates to rest
when women fight, the first thing comes to mind is the plate so they just cut each others the lower lip
after lip is cut into two pieces, they can glue it again with some types of soil and herbs
oh what happened, the lip plate lady ran away from the camera... anyways
they are now more developed, they started putting on more cloths. usually their dress is made of animal skin
a very strange way to transport live chickens
we reached now to the end of the trip
we met a number of tribes in southern Ethiopia
Mursi, Banna, Ari, Hammer, Durze and some more tribes along the way
there are many customs and traditions in the world, many people does not know about them
these traditions are getting close to extinction as more development and new religions are getting closer to these tribes
in order for us to reach to Mursi tribe it took us several days
the last part of the trip was mostly offroad
we have also experienced a different weather, rain and cold
there are many diseases spread across these areas
clinics are being built by missionaries and provide vaccinations and help them with education
many tribesmen see development in the new religions and they convert and move away from tribe Animism beliefs
and this is the end of this trip, I hope you enjoyed it and learned more about Ethiopian tribes