Liu Xiaobo - Nobel Peace Laureate




Uploaded by HumanRightsWatch on 09.12.2010

Transcript:
It's very difficult for outsiders to realize that China
both have a very dynamic economic system
and appearance of a modern
open society, with the reality of an authoritarian police state.
The Chinese leadership is very concerned about the risk of
unrest in the country, and the risk also that Chinese society becomes more more aggressive in demanding
its rights.
any critic of the governorment
who tries to bring attention to the deep social problems that exist in china immediately becomes
an enemy of the state.
Charter 08 is a political manifesto signed by the broadest
coalition of reformers that we've seen in China since 1989. It’s making
reference to charter 77, a document that about Vaclav Havel and other intellectuals
published 30 years ago calling for the country to become more democratic and respectful
of human rights.
The people who are behind Charter 08 are pushing for broad political reform in
China, calling for realization of the rights that are guaranteed in the Chinese constitution:
freedom of expression, freedom of publication, freedom of association.
It's not a political manifesto to overthrow the communist party.
originally signed by 300 intellectuals Charter 08 quickly accumulated ten thousand signatures
and supporters from all walks of life.
Here, rural Chinese come to the capitol citing Charter 08 and asking for human rights.
When the Chinese government felt challenged by the ideals of peaceful,
democratic evolution of the political system in China they chose Liu Xiaobo,
the main drafter of Charter 08, to make an example out of him.
A peaceful,
intellectual dissident
whose only crime has been to write words on paper and try to get people to read them.
The Chinese government was definitely trying to make an example of him to
really send a message that advocating for reform in china was not acceptable.
They locked him up four 11 years not for any action but really for peaceful criticism
and advocacy for reform within China.
Liu Xiaobo has long been
the most prominent advocate for human rights and the rule of law in china
in nineteen eighty-nine around the time of the Tiananmen demonstration
he was the professor in Beijing who sided with the students and tried to help the democracy
movement achieve its goal peacefully.
He's also the one who negotiated with the People's Liberation Army the exit of the
students from Tiananmen Square
before the tanks rolled in.
So he saved countless lives.
He was imprisoned for several years after he was put under house arrest. He had police
surveillance for the best of two decades yet never gave up and never decided to go into exile.
He thought that his role was to stand with the Chinese people in China.
Human rights in china are no longer matter of ideological battle between the West and China
Or between
democracy and
Communism.
The battle is really between Chinese society and the state. So international human rights
organizations can lend their voices and can report on these problems that cannot be discussed
in China.
With Charter 08 Liu Xiaobo
knowingly sacrificed himself.
He is paying a huge price to show the real face of the Chinese government.
In March 2010, Liu Xiaobo was selected for the Alison Des Forges Award for Extraordinary Activism.
In October 2010, Liu received the Nobel Peace Prize for his long and non violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China.