How to play Shogi(将棋) -Lesson#2- How the pieces move

Uploaded by HIDETCHI on 05.09.2008

Hi, welcome to shogi lesson #2
In this lesson, I'm gonna show you how the pieces can move
so let's begin with a pawn
it's similar to a chess pawn
So, it can move only one step forward at a time.
I know that a chess pawn can move 2 steps at a time on a certain condition, but that doesn't happen in shogi.
Only one step at a time.
A lance can move forward as far as to the end of the board.
So, it can touch any of these squares.
So it kind of moves like a lance, but only forward. Never can go back.
A Knight. It's similar to a chess knight.
A chess knight has 8 possible squares to move to, right?
So these 8 squares.
But shogi knight can only move to the foremost 2 of these 8.
So it can only move to here and here.
So like a Lance, it can never go back. Only to the front.
Let's go to a King.
It's move is exactly the same as that of a chess King.
So, it can move one step in any direction.
And now, Gold and Silver generals.
These are the most complicated ones, so listen carefully.
First, you make the same motion as a King.
And, a Gold General cannot move to these 2 squares.
A Silver cannot move to these 3 squares.
So these two squares are the weak point for a Gold General,
These squares are the weakpoints for a Silver.
The sides and the bottom.
Or, you can understand them in this way.
There's another way to learn.
First, a Gold can move one step forward, backward, and to the sides.
So it's like a cross.
On the contrary, a Silver can move one step in any diagonal direction.
And then, they can both move to any of these 3 squares forward,
So a Silver can move to here,
and a Gold can move here.
So this is the another way to learn.
Finally, the Rook and the Bishop.
A Rook can move as far as it wants to, horizontally and vertically.
So it can move to any of these squares.
So it's same as a chess Rook.
A bishop can move as far as it wants to along the diagonals.
So in this case, it can move to any of these squares.
How many squares can it touch? 4x4. 16 squares.
How about, say, when it's here.
How many squares can it touch?
Eight. That's it.
The number of the squares is reduced by half.
So the center of the board is the best position for a Bishop, where it can be very mobile.
Remember. This is very very important.
And these squares are also good positions for a Bishop. It wants to be as near to the center as possible.
OK. That's all for this lesson.
Do you remember how Gold and Silver move?
If you don't, please review this video.
Thanks for watching.