Heartland Highways Program 804

Uploaded by weiutv on 16.05.2011

HH 804 Transcript Heartland Highways is made possible in part
by Consolidated Communications, offering customers high speed internet, phone service and digital
TV service packages that include high definition channels, DVR and hundreds of sports, movies
and music channels. More information on these services available at consolidated dot com.
Coming up on this weekís show weíll take you to a Charleston Illinois home garden thatís
unlike anything youíve ever seen. Larry Shobe had taken his rather ordinary residential
lot and transformed it into a garden oasis. And speaking of oasis, weíll take you to
a historic oasis, located practically in the heart of Indianapolis. And itís quite unusual
that uh in an estate of this size and caliber exists in the middle of the Midwest. Um on
the east coast and even out in the west coast there are many large estates that have been
well preserved. But, out here in the Midwest they are very few. So, for this museum to
take this on and uh treasure it as a work of art, which it really is with itís architecture
and itís furnishings and itís landscape design it is really quite remarkable.
And finally weíll travel to Olney Illinois where a unique breed of white squirrel makes
its home. Thatís all coming up next on Heartland Highways. Donít go away.
[music] Weíre here today at the outdoor classroom
at Eastern, located just behind our famous Old Main building. This is a great place to
sit back and enjoy the scenery at the University and one person who makes the campus gardens
beautiful is our grounds garden Larry Shobe. Not only is Larry passionate about the plants
here on campus, that same passion has overflowed to his home garden, just a few blocks away
Iím a gardener from the word go I suppose. Iím a person who likes uh a lot of uh color
changing color throughout the season. And to me I guess a variety is always been the
name of the game. My style is a little bit more like an English cottage garden, but I
do my own thing and here in Charleston on limited ground I break all my rules that I
ever set in the past for myself. (Narrator) Just one look around Larry Shobeís
yard and itís apparent; this is not your average landscaping project. When he moved
to this home in 1989, the yard pretty much looked like everyone elseís. Over the years,
Larry has transformed the two original lots and a third into a garden oasis in the city.
Larryís training in gardening began at the age of 5, thanks to this great grandmother.
Uh she taught me how to propagate plants from cutting such as an African violet cutting
the leaf off and putting it in water and coleuses taking short stems of those putting them in
water and rooting them. I always had an inquisitive mind and when I went to the woods I was always
looking at the trees. Even in later years, supposed to be mushroom hunting and I didnít
find as many mushrooms, because I was uh looking up in the trees and watching them grow and
digging up things bringing them to the home and to the house and planting them there.
(Narrator) His education continued, by learning from other gardeners and on his own. He graduated
from Eastern Illinois University with a degree in history, but it would be several years
later that he would return to campus as university grounds gardener.
The campus was a wonderful opportunity to uh to work and to give back to the public,
but then I always look at myself as a public servant and thatís how I thought in the beginning
I would serve the public. Every year Iíve been here we have created new gardens and
itís uh gotten a little much to keep up with now, but uh I guess weíre just sort of addicted
to doing things like that.
(Narrator) You could say that Larry gardens by day and night. After he finishes his campus
work, he returns to his home garden, just a few blocks from the university. While many
of us fellow gardeners consider gardening a hobby, Larry views is as a way of life.
I noticed as a kid growing up that in America in particular that people who had green houses
never had time to keep up their private grounds. Uh and I uh who followed British horticulture
had every intention of living in a private garden. If working in horticulture meant that
I didnít have the time to do it or to own a green house and do it then I wasnít I wanted
some other line of work. (Narrator) Larryís passion for growing things
had resulted in a diversified and one-of-a-kind landscape. From early spring to fall, the
garden unveils color and variety, starting with bulbs in the spring, followed by a vast
peony collection. With so many types, the peonies are in bloom from mid April to mid
June. Azaleas and Rhodedrens are another favorite with vibrant colors of yellow, orange, red
and pink. And I have one that blooms uh in late July
and by I think thereís a second one actually and uh early August to. So, itís nice to
have those late blooming ones. (Narrator) Mid to late summer comes into full
bloom with many varieties for Asiatic and day lilies. In addition to flowers, Larry also has a collection
of specimen shrubs and trees. The Harry Lauder Walking Stick itís uh very
unusual. Itís uh branches uh are corkscrew like sometimes. Sometimes they make complete
loops on their own. Itís really interesting. (Narrator) Larry has been able to propagate
many plants and trees through a process called layering, something is great grandmother taught
him. You simply bury an extending limb or shoot, cover it with dirt and by the next
growing season the limb had rooted and can be cut from the parent plant. Layering, which
doesnít work on every plant or tree, is a good method for propagating specialty or heirloom
plants. You never have to worry about watering the
plant unless the entire plant is threatened by drought. And so itís a lot less worry.
You donít have to worry about the pot drying out that you got it in and things of that
nature. (Narrator) While heís partial to perennials,
Larry also likes some annuals, especially coleus, but these are not new plants. Every
year, he winter-overs most of his coleus, in fact this one is over 30 years old. Many
of the plants also make their way to gardening beds at Eastern.
Iíve just always done that and and to me it goes with the job, because I preside over
a vast uh collection already. But, over a long period of time the vast majority finds
its ways to the campus. And uh because I do so much propagating anyway when we buy things
for the campus and I want it at home I just propagate it and bring it home to.
(Narrator) To the outside observer, the garden may seem out of control, but for Larry, it
serves a number of purposes as classroom, nursery and experimental lab.
I try to keep a lot of things here for the botanical classes that uh come from time to
time. Some of the faculty members bring their classes here and so that was the thing that
prompted me more than anything I guess to have such a variety here. And I suppose thatís
something that the public as they look in from the outside find a little bit difficult
to understand maybe. Iím probably driven by forces that most people arenít driven
by. Itís just a way of life for me. Itís not a hobby. I tell people itís not a hobby.
Iíd been at it since childhood, but I love watching things grow. I love having changing
color and uh thatís what drives me on.
For this next story we traveled to Indianapolis to the Lilly House and Gardens, which is part
of the Indianapolis Museum of Art. This getaway within the city offers visitors a chance to
experience life as it was during the American Country Place Era. (Narrator) During the late
1800ís and early 1900ís, well to do businessmen and industrialists constructed expansive country
estates as weekend getaways. Here in the Midwest one of the most notable and well preserved
examples still exists. The estate is really part of uh the country place era uh that began
back in the 1890s and continued on until about the onset of World War II. And I think what
makes this property so very special is that itís almost entirely intact from the way
that it was built uh back in 1912. And uh itís an expensive properties and 26 acres
and total but has a wide range of types of gardens throughout from the very formal to
the very informal. (Narrator) Two Indianapolis families lived in the house. The Landons were
the original builders and occupants of what they called Oldfields. Um Mr. Landon was involved
in the Indianapolis water company and he and a partner were looking for land that might
have served as a reservoir, but later uh there interests became diverted one might say and
they undertook a land development here on some of the highlands uh nearby and this became
a town of Woodstock. It was about 52 acres originally. Well, Mr. Landon chose to build
um in sort of a simplified French chateau style. So, youíll see it has some of those
typical characteristics the hipped roof the projected pavilions. At the time the house
was built it had a ground floor entrance that was combined with a stair tower in one of
those projecting pavilions. And all of those are characteristics taken directly from French
chateau architecture. (Narrator) Once the house was completed, landscaping plans were
underway that would eventually provide magnificent views from all directions. The initial layout
of the property was done by a Scotsman uh George McDougal uh who work with the Landon
family not only with this property but a number of other ones here in the north side of Indianapolis.
And he laid out just a general scheme of uh driveways and things to get the family to
the house itself. But, laid out the formal garden uh somewhat like we see today but with
some revisions later on. (Narrator) Designer Perceville Gallagher, who worked for the well-known
Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects in Brookline Massachusetts, was hired by the Landons to
further develop the property and gardens.Uh he revised the formal garden, uh made it a
bit more formal than it had been before, added some other sculpture elements including the
arbors that are there now, a um a very formal limestone bench. But, the ravine garden was
really done from scratch. That was really just a drainage ditch for the whole property.
When it rained heavily like it did last night here all of that water would have cascaded
down the hillside down into the river below, but he formalized that with a series of curving
pathways, put a bridge over the creek that he created, uh had three pools built all rock
lined that would catch that water and let it cascade down. The land in front of the
house was really quite undifferentiated at the time uh Mr. Gallagher came here and he
viewed that as inappropriate and incomplete. Now there were these open views distant views
to the west that he thought were quite attractive sort of in the home steady tradition of open
wilderness and he wanted something at the front of the house to act as a foil to counter
balance that. And so he created this allee feature out the front that sort of gives structure
and formality and balance you might say. So you have formal to the front and formal to
the rear. And flanking that (LA) were border gardens or strolling gardens that you view
much more close closely. Itís a more intimate setting. You view the plants at a closer distance.
(Narrator) In the early 1930ís, Hugh Landon sold the estate to JK Lilly Junior, grandson
of Col. Eli Lilly, founder of Eli Lilly Pharmaceuticals. The Lillyís became the stewards of the landscape
that the Landons had built and maintained it, but didnít really change it dramatically.
There were some areas where they made additions. You know there were other buildings built
on the estate and then smaller landscapes developed around them. But, the landscape
around the Oldfieldís residents remained much as Gallagher designed it. (Narrator)
Mrs. Lilly passed away in 1965 and Mr. Lilly the following year. The estate and its furnishing
were donated to the Art Association of Indianapolis by the Lilly children. In 1970, the estate
opened to the public as a museum space for the newly renamed Indianapolis Museum of Art.
Today the IMA campus of 152 acres includes the primary museum building and art galleries,
the Lilly House, the surrounding gardens and more. We think that it offers a visitor an
opportunity to have different sorts of experiences at their IMA visit or sort of rhythms to an
experience. Perhaps someone would go to the main museum to see an exhibit or just see
the permanent collection and then feel like it might be refreshing to have a walk in garden
say or to have the opposite visit the house visit a garden and say, ìYou know Iíd like
to see what American paintings were like from that time period.î I think it really offers
visitors a way to vary their experience. (Narrator) An extensive restoration of the Lilly House
was completed in 2002, which brought the home back to its 1930ís appearance. Visitors who
tour the home today will find eight furnished historic rooms on the main level. We are fortunate
to have the majority of the furniture in the house actually to have been to have belonged
to the Lilly family. Of course, at the time the art museum accepted the gift in the 1960s
the house was furnished and so many of the things transferred directly into the museums
collection. (Narrator) The upper level offers interactive and historical displays. Throughout
the home are incredible views of the gardens and the landscape. And as you go through the
house almost everywhere you look thereís an access that you can look out upon. Uh the
library with the view off to the formal garden, very importantly that view out the front door
or from the familyís bedrooms up on the second floor looking down that grand (LA), down at
the fountain, beyond uh really spectacular views and even out the backside looking down.
Uh Mrs. Landon and Mrs. Lilly later on looked down into that ravine garden and to me it
is one of the best views on the whole property.(Narrator) What started as a county getaway for two families
is now a treasured jewel for everyone to enjoy. The gardens and grounds are open daily from
dawn to dusk and admission to the IMA gallery and Lilly house is free. Itís a must stop
for any nature, art or garden enthusiast. Well people who come to visit have the opportunity
to see uh what that sense of integration between architecture and landscape was in the American
country place era when many many wealthy Americans built properties with highly developed landscapes
and so you can see this aesthetic of combining different garden experiences of combining
different architectural styles with in this large large type of setting. And itís quite
unusual that uh in an estate of this size and caliber exists in the middle of the Midwest.
Um on the east coast and even out in the west coast there are many large estates that have
been well preserved. But, out here in the Midwest they are very few. So, for this museum
to take this on and uh treasure it as a work of art, which it really is with itís architecture
and itís furnishings and itís landscape design it is really quite remarkable.
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allow 4 to 6 weeks for delivery. Squirrel intro
(Narrator) The sign pretty much says it all! Welcome to Olney, Illinois, home of the white
squirrels. White squirrels? You may be thinking. Well hereís a little more about them to fill
you in on this small townís unique phenomenon. They are eastern grey tree squires that are
albinos and their eyes are pink. Um even when I get them when theyíre tiny tiny babies,
I can tell if theyíre gonna be a while squire, because of their little fingernails are white.
And even if they donít have hair on them you know if theyíre gonna be an albino or
not. (Narrator) Thatís Belinda Henton. She works for the City of Olney and is their resident
squirrel expert. Belinda rehabilitates and raises white squirrels at her home, as well
as educating others about them and giving tours. You might say she knows almost everything
about white squirrels. But one thing you might be wondering is how these squirrels came to
Olney. Belinda knows that too. White squires originally came to Olney in 1902 and they
were brought about a farmer or a person that lived out in the county was out hunting and
actually happened to see a couple of white squirrels. And he ended up trapping a couple
took them home and thought they were so interesting he was telling the people in town about them.
And a local tavern owner by the name of Jasper Banks said you know that sounds really neat
bring them in. Iíd like to see them. Well he ended up buying them and putting them on
display at his tavern or his saloon at the time because he thought it would be really
good for business to lure people in to see these white squirrels. And the townspeople
were very curious about them came in to see them. But, after a while they got concerned
that the animals were being caged so long. So, they asked for them to be released. They
were released here in town and as they were being released a fox squirrel attacked one
of the two white squirrels and they shot the fox squirrel. So, the one remaining white
squirrel stayed in the woods. Well, luckily she had some babies that in the near future
a few weeks later and the population started um springing up from there. And that was in
1902 and here we are in 2009 and our population is um doing well.
(Narrator) The population of white squirrels, which is somewhere in the 130 range annually,
is calculated and tracked thanks to a tradition that takes place each year over three weekends
in October and has been going on for over 30 years. The squirrel count happens each
year on the second third and fourth weekends of October. Itís been going on since 1977.
Actually a couple years got missed in there. So, this is our 31st count this year in 2009.
And what we do we divide the town up into about thirty four sections and each counter
goes out with a map and they walk their area and describe where they see the squirrels.
They mark them down on their map and when they are done they come back to central location
and we tally those results. Theyíve been kept on a spreadsheet for the last 31 years
and since itís done for three weeks in a row we average those three weeks for one official
number each year. We look at the number of grey vs. the number of white and we look at
the ratio. This was started in 1977 by John Stencil and he was a biology teacher here
at OCC um Olney Central College. And he started his interest in the squirrels way back when
he came to town and he continued the interest until he retired a few years ago. And I still
send my results to him to have him look at them and evaluate them and give us some suggestions.
(Narrator) Volunteers tally white, gray and fox squirrels during the count, as well as
cats, squirrel nests and feeders, which are all marked on a map of their section of town.
Jean Weber, a regular volunteer, says the count is a great excuse to get outside on
a fall day. Um itís a nice way to get out on fall mornings. It gives some exercise.
Um we have dogs, so we always take along our dogs who help us at least find the cats. And
um weíve been matched with a little brother as a big brother, big sister kind of match.
Um and so as long as we have that match our little brother went a long with us to do the
count to. (Narrator) The annual squirrel count is a great time to get out and see the cityís
furry friends, but Belinda says theyíre around all year. Theyíre easiest to spot in the
morning between 7:30 and 10 am or early in the evening. And if you canít spot one on
your own, donít worry; Belinda wonít let you leave town without making sure you got
what you came for. If somebody wants to see a squirrel um white squirrels in particular
they are more than welcome to come to City Hall. Iím there Monday through Friday and
I have maps and brochures that Iíd be glad to give them. Point them in the right direction
and if they happen not to see a white squirrel while theyíre in town I donít want anyone
to come to Olney and not see a white squirrel. So, I do have some at my house I would be
glad to take ëem and show ëem and tell them our story.
Thanks for joining us this week. Kate and I would like to encourage you to visit our
universities garden oasis. The campus gardens are grounds are always open to the public
and make for a great garden walking tour. Some of our favorite sites on campus include
the gardens behind old main and the campus ponds and walking path, especially in the
spring when hundreds of daffodils come into bloom. Donít forget to check out the Toot
Greenhouse gardens, which change from season to season. In addition to gardens, EIU also
has a great collection of unique and specimen trees. Of course everyoneís favorite is the
historic burr oak, right next to old main. Heartland Highways is made possible in part
by Consolidated Communications, offering customers high speed internet, phone service and digital
TV service packages that include high definition channels, DVR and hundreds of sports, movies
and music channels. More information on these services available at consolidated dot com.