The Lost Tombs of Thebes (Featuring Dr Zahi Hawass and Dr Janice Karmin)


Uploaded by heritagekeymedia on 01.10.2009

Transcript:
We're in the foothills of the western banks at Thebes
Over the past century or so, over 800 private tombs dating mainly to the new kingdom
have been discovered in these foothills.
although the decoration of these tombs was designed mainly to ensure a successful afterlife for the tomb owner.
Many of the scenes also give us glimpses of what life on Earth must have been like for these people.
and allow us to explore differences and similarities between the past and the present.
You have hundreds of tombs there,
and the tombs are unique.
because they have beautiful scenes.
There are many sites that are not known
Egypt does not only have the Pyramids, Luxor, and Aswan,
but we have thousands and thousands of sites that are not known at all.
The scenes in the tomb, in my opinion,
tells us about daily life, religious scenes,
all of these unique scenes that connect the king with his people.
There is many lost tombs that nobody knows anything about them.
They were completely sealed inside
Can you believe that some of the tombs, inside them were mummies?
That nobody really cared to take the mummies out of the tomb.
We need people to go to these types of tombs, and open them.
and record them, and photograph them.
And also at the same time, gives us information that can add
important evidence to history.
The scenes are beginning to lose a lot
I took one photograph when I went on a trip to Upper Egypt
15 years ago
to a scene in the Temple of Esna
And every year I go, I found out at least 5 per cent
of the scene has deteriorated.
It means in 50 years, the scene will be gone completely.
The is the burial chamber
and lets just look at what we have here
Here we have the mummy of Amun-Nakht
on a line headed bed, traditionally used in embalming in mummification
And this is Anubis, the Jackal-head or a priest wearing the head of Anubis
all within a shrine made out of reeds
these are the fields of the Yaru, the fields of the blessed
and this is where, if you successfully reach the afterlife and have done everything right
and your heart has been weighed properly
this is where you end up in an idealised existence.
this is Amun-Nakht.
In other tombs, we see different types of scenes relating tot he jobs of their owners.
Men of the owner of TT69 worked for the agricultural estates of the king and the Garamun
so we find scenes of agriculture in his tomb chapel
The duties of TT79's owner included supervising the making of wine.
The public, and even a scholar, they know only very few tombs
the famous one - the tomb of Rekhmire
A vizier that once his king gave him orders
to rule through Madt. Just to send the truth.
And this is really, in my opinion one of the most unique
that shows the relation between the person, and the king.
A vizier, or a priest, or a high priest
or a treasurer, or a workman, or artisans
those are the people who actually made Egypt.
They built Egypt. And they built the Golden Age of the New Kingdom.